Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2011

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
18,940 2.6 % $17.63 $36,680 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $11.02 $13.45 $16.96 $21.27 $25.97
Annual Wage (2) $22,910 $27,970 $35,270 $44,250 $54,030


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing 3,080 3.90 $17.56 $36,520
Rubber Product Manufacturing 1,970 1.58 $19.53 $40,620
Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing 1,600 3.95 $15.17 $31,560
Other Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,040 1.55 $17.64 $36,680
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,020 1.22 $15.75 $32,760

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing 1,600 3.95 $15.17 $31,560
Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing 3,080 3.90 $17.56 $36,520
Lime and Gypsum Product Manufacturing 320 2.62 $18.65 $38,800
Rubber Product Manufacturing 1,970 1.58 $19.53 $40,620
Other Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,040 1.55 $17.64 $36,680

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Metal Ore Mining 380 1.00 $24.82 $51,630
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills 570 0.52 $24.80 $51,590
Cement and Concrete Product Manufacturing 480 0.28 $21.12 $43,930
Engine, Turbine, and Power Transmission Equipment Manufacturing 30 0.03 $20.98 $43,630
Machinery, Equipment, and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers 30 0.01 $20.84 $43,350


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Carolina 1,320 0.35 2.34 $19.51 $40,590
Texas 1,150 0.11 0.75 $15.78 $32,810
Ohio 1,040 0.21 1.42 $18.14 $37,730
Pennsylvania 1,020 0.18 1.25 $16.89 $35,120
Tennessee 940 0.36 2.44 $15.08 $31,360




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Arkansas 590 0.52 3.49 $20.65 $42,960
Iowa 630 0.44 2.96 $16.25 $33,800
Oklahoma 600 0.40 2.71 $19.69 $40,950
Tennessee 940 0.36 2.44 $15.08 $31,360
Wyoming 90 0.35 2.36 $18.32 $38,110




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Virginia 420 0.12 0.80 $21.85 $45,450
Delaware 30 0.08 0.53 $20.84 $43,340
Arkansas 590 0.52 3.49 $20.65 $42,960
Maryland 80 0.03 0.22 $20.46 $42,560
Nevada 120 0.11 0.72 $20.43 $42,490





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pittsburgh, PA 360 0.32 2.19 $16.47 $34,260
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 260 0.12 0.78 $13.73 $28,560
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 250 0.53 3.58 $18.42 $38,320
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 230 0.11 0.78 $16.75 $34,830
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC 230 0.28 1.90 $19.29 $40,120
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 220 0.06 0.38 $14.94 $31,070
Duluth, MN-WI 200 1.63 11.02 $23.35 $48,560
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN 190 0.22 1.47 $13.96 $29,030
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 180 0.13 0.88 $18.88 $39,280
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 170 0.05 0.33 $19.52 $40,590




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Duluth, MN-WI 200 1.63 11.02 $23.35 $48,560
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ 70 1.15 7.76 $20.43 $42,500
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 70 0.62 4.21 $15.81 $32,890
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 250 0.53 3.58 $18.42 $38,320
Alexandria, LA 30 0.50 3.39 $14.32 $29,790
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 50 0.46 3.09 $18.72 $38,940
Knoxville, TN 130 0.40 2.70 $16.82 $34,980
Trenton-Ewing, NJ 80 0.38 2.59 (8) (8)
Toledo, OH 110 0.38 2.57 $18.55 $38,590
York-Hanover, PA 60 0.37 2.52 $17.01 $35,370




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 40 0.23 1.59 $24.75 $51,490
Tacoma, WA Metropolitan Division 40 0.16 1.06 $23.43 $48,720
Duluth, MN-WI 200 1.63 11.02 $23.35 $48,560
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 50 0.14 0.95 $22.25 $46,280
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 30 0.04 0.24 $22.01 $45,780
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 60 0.03 0.23 $20.59 $42,820
Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ Metropolitan Division 40 0.12 0.83 $20.47 $42,570
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ 70 1.15 7.76 $20.43 $42,500
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 130 0.13 0.89 $20.09 $41,780
Baltimore-Towson, MD 70 0.05 0.35 $19.91 $41,410

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 370 1.28 8.67 $23.33 $48,520
North Central Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 320 2.87 19.40 $14.28 $29,700
West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 280 1.27 8.62 $18.39 $38,240
Eastern Texas nonmetropolitan area 260 0.93 6.31 $14.87 $30,920
Southeastern Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 220 1.39 9.44 $18.57 $38,630

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Central Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 320 2.87 19.40 $14.28 $29,700
Lower Savannah South Carolina nonmetropolitan area 150 2.62 17.71 $12.57 $26,150
Upper Savannah South Carolina nonmetropolitan area 170 1.61 10.93 $13.51 $28,110
Northeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 70 1.45 9.80 $22.79 $47,400
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 160 1.44 9.78 $24.20 $50,340

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 110 0.88 5.95 $25.47 $52,980
Other Nevada nonmetropolitan area 30 0.61 4.15 $25.45 $52,940
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 160 1.44 9.78 $24.20 $50,340
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 30 0.17 1.15 $24.09 $50,110
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 370 1.28 8.67 $23.33 $48,520


About May 2011 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012

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