Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
12,410 3.5 % $30.43 $63,290 0.8 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $17.31 $21.98 $28.24 $36.19 $46.59
Annual Wage (2) $36,010 $45,720 $58,740 $75,270 $96,920


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,790 0.44 $31.83 $66,210
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 1,880 0.06 $24.77 $51,520
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,540 0.08 $37.97 $78,970
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 1,450 0.13 $28.13 $58,510
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,330 0.41 $33.51 $69,700

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,790 0.44 $31.83 $66,210
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,330 0.41 $33.51 $69,700
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 190 0.25 $30.15 $62,700
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 180 0.13 $27.92 $58,080
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 1,450 0.13 $28.13 $58,510

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Management of Companies and Enterprises 270 0.01 $39.44 $82,040
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,540 0.08 $37.97 $78,970
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,330 0.41 $33.51 $69,700
Support Activities for Crop Production 150 0.05 $33.15 $68,940
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,790 0.44 $31.83 $66,210


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iowa 1,760 1.20 12.58 $33.01 $68,660
California 1,670 0.12 1.23 $34.79 $72,360
Illinois 840 0.15 1.57 $28.90 $60,110
Oregon 620 0.38 4.03 $27.70 $57,610
North Carolina 550 0.14 1.48 $30.41 $63,250




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iowa 1,760 1.20 12.58 $33.01 $68,660
South Dakota 350 0.89 9.29 $27.54 $57,290
Montana 340 0.80 8.36 $25.76 $53,570
North Dakota 190 0.47 4.96 $24.17 $50,270
Nebraska 390 0.42 4.42 $28.80 $59,910




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Louisiana 60 0.03 0.35 $40.88 $85,020
Maryland 210 0.08 0.87 $37.66 $78,340
Mississippi 100 0.09 0.99 $35.19 $73,200
Georgia 80 0.02 0.23 $34.79 $72,360
California 1,670 0.12 1.23 $34.79 $72,360





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 1,200 3.70 38.82 $34.93 $72,660
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 320 0.09 0.93 $27.44 $57,070
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 260 0.27 2.81 $36.22 $75,350
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 260 0.26 2.69 $26.33 $54,770
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.08 0.85 $43.48 $90,450
St. Louis, MO-IL 190 0.15 1.53 $31.08 $64,640
Madison, WI 180 0.53 5.60 $26.75 $55,630
Raleigh-Cary, NC 170 0.34 3.54 $29.39 $61,140
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 160 0.20 2.07 $33.71 $70,110
Kansas City, MO-KS 140 0.15 1.56 $27.54 $57,280




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 1,200 3.70 38.82 $34.93 $72,660
Corvallis, OR 80 2.38 24.96 $37.04 $77,050
Lafayette, IN 100 1.15 12.06 $25.02 $52,040
Champaign-Urbana, IL 110 1.14 11.95 $34.35 $71,450
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 120 0.90 9.48 $25.06 $52,120
Manhattan, KS 40 0.86 9.05 $26.64 $55,410
Fargo, ND-MN 110 0.84 8.84 $25.55 $53,140
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA 80 0.82 8.59 $29.90 $62,190
Salinas, CA 120 0.79 8.28 $38.81 $80,720
Gainesville, FL 90 0.78 8.21 $22.13 $46,020




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.08 0.85 $43.48 $90,450
Napa, CA 40 0.69 7.19 $40.13 $83,470
Boulder, CO (8) (8) (8) $39.00 $81,110
Salinas, CA 120 0.79 8.28 $38.81 $80,720
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $38.68 $80,450
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL (8) (8) (8) $38.46 $80,000
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $37.38 $77,750
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA (8) (8) (8) $37.34 $77,670
Corvallis, OR 80 2.38 24.96 $37.04 $77,050
Fresno, CA 70 0.23 2.46 $36.62 $76,160

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwestern Montana nonmetropolitan area 250 2.13 22.37 $24.06 $50,050
Eastern South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 210 1.71 17.94 $25.15 $52,310
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 150 1.01 10.59 $26.89 $55,940
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 150 0.38 4.00 $26.95 $56,060
Southeastern Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 100 2.07 21.74 $24.35 $50,650

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwestern Montana nonmetropolitan area 250 2.13 22.37 $24.06 $50,050
Southeastern Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 100 2.07 21.74 $24.35 $50,650
Eastern South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 210 1.71 17.94 $25.15 $52,310
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 150 1.01 10.59 $26.89 $55,940
Central South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 30 0.97 10.21 $28.48 $59,240

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 30 0.13 1.42 $38.64 $80,370
Northeastern Nebraska nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $32.91 $68,450
Northwest Mississippi nonmetropolitan area 60 0.56 5.88 $32.86 $68,350
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 40 0.15 1.53 $31.92 $66,400
Southern Oregon & Linn County nonmetropolitan area 60 0.66 6.89 $31.56 $65,640


About May 2012 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2013

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