Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012

19-3041 Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
2,340 6.2 % $38.86 $80,820 1.7 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $20.81 $27.44 $36.04 $46.57 $62.38
Annual Wage (2) $43,280 $57,080 $74,960 $96,850 $129,760


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 940 0.15 $44.31 $92,170
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 720 0.02 $34.03 $70,790
Local Government (OES Designation) 230 0.00 $32.61 $67,830
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 210 0.02 $45.26 $94,150
State Government (OES Designation) 90 0.00 $30.26 $62,950

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 940 0.15 $44.31 $92,170
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 720 0.02 $34.03 $70,790
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 210 0.02 $45.26 $94,150
Local Government (OES Designation) 230 0.00 $32.61 $67,830
State Government (OES Designation) 90 0.00 $30.26 $62,950

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 40 (7) $46.83 $97,410
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 210 0.02 $45.26 $94,150
Scientific Research and Development Services 940 0.15 $44.31 $92,170
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 720 0.02 $34.03 $70,790
Local Government (OES Designation) 230 (7) $32.61 $67,830


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 630 0.04 2.46 $40.95 $85,180
Michigan 240 0.06 3.48 $37.00 $76,960
Pennsylvania 230 0.04 2.32 $38.32 $79,710
Massachusetts 170 0.05 2.99 $44.40 $92,360
Washington 140 0.05 2.73 $30.13 $62,670




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 120 0.18 10.30 $48.48 $100,840
Michigan 240 0.06 3.48 $37.00 $76,960
Washington 140 0.05 2.73 $30.13 $62,670
Massachusetts 170 0.05 2.99 $44.40 $92,360
Pennsylvania 230 0.04 2.32 $38.32 $79,710




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New Jersey 30 0.01 0.46 $49.94 $103,880
District of Columbia 120 0.18 10.30 $48.48 $100,840
New York 120 0.01 0.79 $46.31 $96,330
Massachusetts 170 0.05 2.99 $44.40 $92,360
North Carolina 50 0.01 0.77 $41.18 $85,650





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 210 0.06 3.08 $39.98 $83,160
Ann Arbor, MI 190 0.97 53.98 $37.59 $78,190
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 170 0.10 5.56 $44.36 $92,270
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 160 0.09 4.89 $34.20 $71,140
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 150 0.15 8.61 $40.97 $85,230
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 140 0.06 3.29 $49.70 $103,370
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 120 0.08 4.72 $30.27 $62,970
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 100 0.02 1.06 $50.01 $104,010
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 90 0.11 6.36 $37.36 $77,700
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 50 0.05 2.70 $43.65 $90,800




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ann Arbor, MI 190 0.97 53.98 $37.59 $78,190
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 150 0.15 8.61 $40.97 $85,230
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 40 0.14 8.00 $36.97 $76,890
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 90 0.11 6.36 $37.36 $77,700
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 170 0.10 5.56 $44.36 $92,270
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 160 0.09 4.89 $34.20 $71,140
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 120 0.08 4.72 $30.27 $62,970
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 140 0.06 3.29 $49.70 $103,370
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 210 0.06 3.08 $39.98 $83,160
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 50 0.05 2.70 $43.65 $90,800




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 100 0.02 1.06 $50.01 $104,010
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 140 0.06 3.29 $49.70 $103,370
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA (8) (8) (8) $46.60 $96,930
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 170 0.10 5.56 $44.36 $92,270
Pittsburgh, PA 40 0.03 1.90 $44.21 $91,950
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 50 0.05 2.70 $43.65 $90,800
Baltimore-Towson, MD 40 0.04 1.96 $42.57 $88,540
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 150 0.15 8.61 $40.97 $85,230
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 210 0.06 3.08 $39.98 $83,160
Ann Arbor, MI 190 0.97 53.98 $37.59 $78,190


About May 2012 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2013

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