Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
15,570 4.0 % (4) $32,600 5.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $17,040 $18,460 $23,290 $36,960 $52,370
(4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government (OES Designation) 5,300 0.10 (4) $29,090
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 2,960 0.27 (4) $26,050
Elementary and Secondary Schools 2,440 0.03 (4) $35,040
Spectator Sports 2,200 1.68 (4) $33,330
Civic and Social Organizations 1,200 0.31 (4) $26,800

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 2,200 1.68 (4) $33,330
Civic and Social Organizations 1,200 0.31 (4) $26,800
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 2,960 0.27 (4) $26,050
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 200 0.20 (4) $35,100
Local Government (OES Designation) 5,300 0.10 (4) $29,090

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government (OES Designation) 100 (7) (4) $36,810
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 200 0.20 (4) $35,100
Elementary and Secondary Schools 2,440 0.03 (4) $35,040
Spectator Sports 2,200 1.68 (4) $33,330
Other Schools and Instruction 80 0.02 (4) $32,510


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,740 0.12 1.02 (4) $27,720
Illinois 1,250 0.22 1.85 (4) $27,500
Kansas 1,220 0.93 7.76 (4) $25,100
Colorado 1,100 0.49 4.12 (4) $29,150
New York 940 0.11 0.92 (4) $96,640




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas 1,220 0.93 7.76 (4) $25,100
Colorado 1,100 0.49 4.12 (4) $29,150
Utah 500 0.41 3.46 (4) $21,490
Wisconsin 720 0.27 2.26 (4) $25,660
Missouri 700 0.27 2.24 (4) $34,570




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York 940 0.11 0.92 (4) $96,640
West Virginia 50 0.07 0.56 (4) $41,380
Alaska 40 0.14 1.13 (4) $37,170
Michigan 240 0.06 0.52 (4) $36,180
Mississippi 50 0.05 0.40 (4) $36,100





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
St. Louis, MO-IL 640 0.50 4.22 (4) $32,350
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 610 0.12 0.98 (4) $132,080
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 470 0.38 3.16 (4) $27,680
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 450 0.11 0.96 (4) $25,100
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 400 0.11 0.92 (4) $23,490
Kansas City, MO-KS 320 0.33 2.72 (4) $29,780
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 290 0.30 2.50 (4) $26,280
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 260 0.15 1.22 (4) $31,020
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ 230 0.13 1.12 (4) $21,910
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 230 0.23 1.90 (4) $21,320




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 110 1.79 14.94 (4) $34,430
Provo-Orem, UT 190 1.07 8.99 (4) $17,080
Peoria, IL 170 0.94 7.88 (4) $25,040
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 90 0.67 5.57 (8) (8)
St. Louis, MO-IL 640 0.50 4.22 (4) $32,350
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 120 0.45 3.76 (4) $37,970
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 470 0.38 3.16 (4) $27,680
Kansas City, MO-KS 320 0.33 2.72 (4) $29,780
Salt Lake City, UT 200 0.32 2.66 (4) $19,580
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 290 0.30 2.50 (4) $26,280




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 610 0.12 0.98 (4) $132,080
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA (8) (8) (8) (4) $54,650
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division 80 0.08 0.64 (4) $39,640
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 200 0.23 1.94 (4) $38,250
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 120 0.45 3.76 (4) $37,970
Oklahoma City, OK 40 0.06 0.53 (4) $37,730
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 90 0.09 0.76 (4) $36,740
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 150 0.06 0.52 (4) $34,790
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 110 1.79 14.94 (4) $34,430
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 200 0.12 0.97 (4) $32,600

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 250 1.82 15.25 (8) (8)
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 240 0.63 5.25 (4) $25,130
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 140 1.38 11.56 (8) (8)
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 130 0.66 5.56 (4) $23,310
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 60 0.26 2.17 (4) $23,620

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 250 1.82 15.25 (8) (8)
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 140 1.38 11.56 (8) (8)
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 130 0.66 5.56 (4) $23,310
Southside Virginia nonmetropolitan area 40 0.65 5.45 (4) $18,960
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 240 0.63 5.25 (4) $25,130

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $38,250
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 30 0.27 2.30 (4) $30,420
Central Missouri nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $25,770
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 240 0.63 5.25 (4) $25,130
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 60 0.26 2.17 (4) $23,620


About May 2012 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2013

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