Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2015

19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
31,800 2.9 % $50.83 $105,720 1.7 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $22.72 $29.82 $43.13 $61.26 (5)
Annual Wage (2) $47,250 $62,030 $89,700 $127,420 (5)


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 8,220 0.59 $43.17 $89,800
Oil and Gas Extraction 6,460 3.33 $70.91 $147,490
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 5,060 0.41 $41.92 $87,200
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 2,230 0.11 $47.53 $98,860
State Government (OES Designation) 2,190 0.10 $34.72 $72,220

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oil and Gas Extraction 6,460 3.33 $70.91 $147,490
Metal Ore Mining 590 1.36 $44.99 $93,570
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 8,220 0.59 $43.17 $89,800
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 5,060 0.41 $41.92 $87,200
Support Activities for Mining 1,290 0.31 $62.63 $130,270

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Natural Gas Distribution 50 0.04 $79.37 $165,080
Management of Companies and Enterprises 1,700 0.08 $79.24 $164,820
Oil and Gas Extraction 6,460 3.33 $70.91 $147,490
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 80 (7) $66.30 $137,890
Support Activities for Mining 1,290 0.31 $62.63 $130,270


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 9,000 0.78 3.37 $69.39 $144,340
California 4,610 0.30 1.29 $45.55 $94,730
Colorado 2,470 1.01 4.36 $54.40 $113,140
Oklahoma 1,110 0.70 3.02 $55.10 $114,610
Washington 1,070 0.36 1.55 $41.77 $86,890




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 540 1.66 7.20 $53.68 $111,650
Colorado 2,470 1.01 4.36 $54.40 $113,140
Texas 9,000 0.78 3.37 $69.39 $144,340
Wyoming 220 0.77 3.35 $36.67 $76,280
Nevada 870 0.71 3.06 $46.02 $95,730




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 9,000 0.78 3.37 $69.39 $144,340
District of Columbia (8) (8) (8) $60.25 $125,320
Oklahoma 1,110 0.70 3.02 $55.10 $114,610
Colorado 2,470 1.01 4.36 $54.40 $113,140
Alaska 540 1.66 7.20 $53.68 $111,650





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 6,140 2.10 9.09 $75.84 $157,750
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 1,800 1.31 5.67 $59.78 $124,340
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 800 0.53 2.28 $38.90 $80,900
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 770 0.50 2.18 $41.25 $85,790
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 580 0.14 0.61 $42.16 $87,690
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 580 0.09 0.39 $39.93 $83,060
Oklahoma City, OK 530 0.88 3.81 $49.96 $103,920
San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA Metropolitan Division 520 0.51 2.21 $53.83 $111,970
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 460 0.20 0.86 $64.46 $134,070
Midland, TX 460 4.91 21.29 $78.73 $163,750




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Midland, TX 460 4.91 21.29 $78.73 $163,750
Fairbanks, AK 110 2.91 12.60 $39.37 $81,880
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 6,140 2.10 9.09 $75.84 $157,750
Anchorage, AK 350 2.00 8.66 $60.49 $125,810
Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS 260 1.79 7.75 $45.21 $94,030
Grand Junction, CO 90 1.58 6.85 $36.21 $75,320
Lafayette, LA 310 1.41 6.13 $48.77 $101,440
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 1,800 1.31 5.67 $59.78 $124,340
Reno, NV 230 1.14 4.96 $53.34 $110,960
Corvallis, OR 40 1.13 4.89 $40.53 $84,300




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Midland, TX 460 4.91 21.29 $78.73 $163,750
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 6,140 2.10 9.09 $75.84 $157,750
Tulsa, OK 260 0.60 2.60 $74.19 $154,320
Bakersfield, CA 300 1.03 4.46 $65.59 $136,420
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 460 0.20 0.86 $64.46 $134,070
Salinas, CA 60 0.39 1.68 $62.88 $130,790
Anchorage, AK 350 2.00 8.66 $60.49 $125,810
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 1,800 1.31 5.67 $59.78 $124,340
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 320 0.58 2.52 $59.51 $123,780
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 320 0.13 0.57 $58.07 $120,780

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Nevada nonmetropolitan area 360 8.49 36.83 $48.06 $99,970
Eastern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 120 0.90 3.91 $68.33 $142,130
Northeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 120 1.03 4.46 $62.87 $130,770
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 100 0.78 3.39 $41.97 $87,290
West Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 90 0.45 1.95 (8) (8)

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Nevada nonmetropolitan area 360 8.49 36.83 $48.06 $99,970
Central Montana nonmetropolitan area 50 1.47 6.36 $41.55 $86,420
Central-Southeast Wyoming nonmetropolitan area 50 1.32 5.71 $32.44 $67,480
Southeast Idaho nonmetropolitan area 60 1.23 5.32 $34.31 $71,370
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 50 1.08 4.68 $27.56 $57,330

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 120 0.90 3.91 $68.33 $142,130
Hill Country Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $64.86 $134,910
Northeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 120 1.03 4.46 $62.87 $130,770
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 40 0.34 1.47 $54.68 $113,740
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 80 0.61 2.62 $51.86 $107,870


About May 2015 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $90.00 per hour or $187,200 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2015 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2016