Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013

19-3041 Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
2,690 6.7 % $37.56 $78,120 2.0 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $19.13 $25.79 $34.82 $45.47 $61.34
Annual Wage (2) $39,790 $53,650 $72,430 $94,570 $127,590


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,160 0.18 $41.56 $86,440
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 880 0.03 $32.25 $67,080
Local Government (OES Designation) 200 0.00 $32.86 $68,360
State Government (OES Designation) 130 0.01 $31.62 $65,770
Social Advocacy Organizations 130 0.07 (8) (8)

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,160 0.18 $41.56 $86,440
Social Advocacy Organizations 130 0.07 (8) (8)
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 880 0.03 $32.25 $67,080
State Government (OES Designation) 130 0.01 $31.62 $65,770
Local Government (OES Designation) 200 0.00 $32.86 $68,360

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 40 (7) $45.77 $95,210
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,160 0.18 $41.56 $86,440
Local Government (OES Designation) 200 (7) $32.86 $68,360
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 880 0.03 $32.25 $67,080
State Government (OES Designation) 130 0.01 $31.62 $65,770


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 510 0.03 1.70 $41.71 $86,750
New York 460 0.05 2.65 $37.05 $77,060
Pennsylvania 290 0.05 2.52 $37.49 $77,990
Michigan 220 0.06 2.72 $39.62 $82,410
Massachusetts 200 0.06 3.05 $39.94 $83,070




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 200 0.30 14.67 $50.58 $105,210
Michigan 220 0.06 2.72 $39.62 $82,410
Massachusetts 200 0.06 3.05 $39.94 $83,070
Washington 140 0.05 2.49 $30.08 $62,560
Pennsylvania 290 0.05 2.52 $37.49 $77,990




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 200 0.30 14.67 $50.58 $105,210
California 510 0.03 1.70 $41.71 $86,750
Maryland 60 0.02 1.09 $40.37 $83,970
Massachusetts 200 0.06 3.05 $39.94 $83,070
Michigan 220 0.06 2.72 $39.62 $82,410





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 420 0.08 3.99 $37.02 $77,000
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 220 0.09 4.53 $51.81 $107,760
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 210 0.11 5.60 $34.58 $71,920
Ann Arbor, MI 200 0.99 48.79 $38.70 $80,500
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 200 0.11 5.65 $39.87 $82,920
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 150 0.04 1.84 $38.65 $80,380
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 110 0.07 3.69 $30.13 $62,660
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 80 0.10 4.89 $37.75 $78,520
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 70 0.07 3.67 $44.56 $92,680
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 50 0.06 3.14 $30.84 $64,150




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ann Arbor, MI 200 0.99 48.79 $38.70 $80,500
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 40 0.14 6.81 $37.53 $78,060
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 200 0.11 5.65 $39.87 $82,920
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 210 0.11 5.60 $34.58 $71,920
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 80 0.10 4.89 $37.75 $78,520
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 220 0.09 4.53 $51.81 $107,760
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 420 0.08 3.99 $37.02 $77,000
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 110 0.07 3.69 $30.13 $62,660
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 70 0.07 3.67 $44.56 $92,680
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 50 0.06 3.14 $30.84 $64,150




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 220 0.09 4.53 $51.81 $107,760
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA (8) (8) (8) $46.39 $96,490
Pittsburgh, PA (8) (8) (8) $45.14 $93,900
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 70 0.07 3.67 $44.56 $92,680
Baltimore-Towson, MD 40 0.03 1.47 $44.19 $91,920
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $41.60 $86,520
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 200 0.11 5.65 $39.87 $82,920
Ann Arbor, MI 200 0.99 48.79 $38.70 $80,500
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 150 0.04 1.84 $38.65 $80,380
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 80 0.10 4.89 $37.75 $78,520


About May 2013 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2013 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: April 1, 2014

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