Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
16,140 5.1 % (4) $33,020 5.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $17,240 $18,730 $23,900 $36,880 $53,170
(4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government (OES Designation) 5,230 0.10 (4) $30,680
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 3,900 0.35 (4) $27,330
Spectator Sports 2,180 1.64 (4) $37,170
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1,950 0.02 (4) $34,400
Civic and Social Organizations 1,240 0.33 (4) $26,570

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 2,180 1.64 (4) $37,170
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 3,900 0.35 (4) $27,330
Civic and Social Organizations 1,240 0.33 (4) $26,570
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 240 0.23 (4) $27,800
Gambling Industries 170 0.13 (4) $37,040

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 2,180 1.64 (4) $37,170
Gambling Industries 170 0.13 (4) $37,040
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1,950 0.02 (4) $34,400
Other Schools and Instruction 30 0.01 (4) $33,770
State Government (OES Designation) 110 0.01 (4) $33,360


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,960 0.13 1.09 (4) $30,050
Illinois 1,150 0.20 1.66 (4) $26,650
Colorado 1,090 0.48 3.91 (4) $29,920
Florida 1,020 0.14 1.13 (4) $25,880
New York 930 0.11 0.89 (4) $98,380




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas 870 0.65 5.32 (4) $25,730
Colorado 1,090 0.48 3.91 (4) $29,920
Utah 440 0.35 2.91 (4) $20,800
Delaware 140 0.34 2.79 (4) $31,800
Missouri 680 0.26 2.11 (4) $29,560




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York 930 0.11 0.89 (4) $98,380
Louisiana 260 0.14 1.12 (4) $44,580
Oklahoma (8) (8) (8) (4) $36,390
Washington (8) (8) (8) (4) $35,980
Virginia 680 0.19 1.53 (4) $35,540





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 650 0.12 1.02 (4) $121,420
St. Louis, MO-IL 550 0.43 3.52 (4) $26,290
Kansas City, MO-KS 550 0.56 4.58 (4) $28,080
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 490 0.12 1.02 (4) $25,380
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 460 0.36 2.94 (4) $27,950
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 350 0.35 2.90 (8) (8)
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 330 0.09 0.74 (4) $25,430
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 270 0.26 2.16 (4) $23,000
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 250 0.14 1.14 (4) $33,980
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 230 0.23 1.91 (4) $20,830




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 120 1.83 15.01 (4) $35,100
Provo-Orem, UT 190 1.03 8.44 (4) $17,460
Peoria, IL 180 1.02 8.34 (4) $20,480
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 90 0.68 5.56 (4) $22,680
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 160 0.57 4.65 (4) $41,400
Kansas City, MO-KS 550 0.56 4.58 (4) $28,080
St. Louis, MO-IL 550 0.43 3.52 (4) $26,290
Colorado Springs, CO 90 0.37 3.04 (4) $25,130
Charlottesville, VA 40 0.37 3.04 (8) (8)
Tacoma, WA Metropolitan Division 90 0.36 2.98 (4) $24,200




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 650 0.12 1.02 (4) $121,420
Nassau-Suffolk, NY Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) (4) $54,890
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 160 0.57 4.65 (4) $41,400
Lexington-Fayette, KY 60 0.26 2.13 (4) $41,300
Memphis, TN-MS-AR (8) (8) (8) (4) $41,060
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 180 0.07 0.61 (4) $39,420
Raleigh-Cary, NC 90 0.17 1.44 (4) $38,500
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL 30 0.20 1.65 (4) $36,250
Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Metropolitan Division 40 0.11 0.91 (4) $35,590
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division 170 0.15 1.24 (4) $35,330

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 260 1.91 15.72 (4) $18,690
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 140 0.36 2.93 (4) $21,110
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 120 0.65 5.38 (4) $25,800
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 1.05 8.66 (4) $41,920
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 60 0.36 3.00 (4) $34,530

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 260 1.91 15.72 (4) $18,690
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 1.05 8.66 (4) $41,920
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 120 0.65 5.38 (4) $25,800
Southwestern Virginia nonmetropolitan area 60 0.43 3.55 (4) $35,210
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 60 0.36 3.00 (4) $34,530

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 1.05 8.66 (4) $41,920
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $38,180
Southwestern Virginia nonmetropolitan area 60 0.43 3.55 (4) $35,210
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 60 0.36 3.00 (4) $34,530
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 40 0.29 2.42 (4) $30,540


About May 2013 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2013 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: April 1, 2014

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