Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2015

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
18,620 5.3 % (4) $33,990 5.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $17,890 $19,300 $24,870 $38,830 $57,750
(4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government (OES Designation) 6,310 0.12 (4) $31,370
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 5,140 0.43 (4) $30,980
Spectator Sports 1,850 1.34 (4) $37,810
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1,150 0.01 (4) $32,700
Civic and Social Organizations 1,140 0.30 (4) $25,800

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 1,850 1.34 (4) $37,810
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 5,140 0.43 (4) $30,980
Civic and Social Organizations 1,140 0.30 (4) $25,800
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 300 0.25 (4) $28,810
Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations 770 0.18 (8) (8)

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government (OES Designation) 110 0.01 (4) $40,030
Spectator Sports 1,850 1.34 (4) $37,810
Individual and Family Services (8) (8) (4) $34,100
Gambling Industries 110 0.04 (4) $32,790
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1,150 0.01 (4) $32,700


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,780 0.12 0.85 (4) $32,780
New York 1,660 0.18 1.37 (8) (8)
Illinois 1,560 0.27 1.97 (4) $29,090
Colorado 1,370 0.56 4.14 (4) $28,200
Florida 880 0.11 0.82 (4) $30,740




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 230 0.70 5.21 (4) $44,850
Kansas 820 0.60 4.44 (4) $29,580
Colorado 1,370 0.56 4.14 (4) $28,200
Utah 550 0.41 3.06 (4) $19,810
Missouri 850 0.31 2.31 (4) $26,820




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 230 0.70 5.21 (4) $44,850
North Carolina 620 0.15 1.11 (4) $40,590
Oklahoma 40 0.03 0.20 (4) $40,530
Kentucky 150 0.08 0.61 (4) $38,760
Washington 730 0.24 1.81 (4) $37,310





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 1,490 0.23 1.70 (8) (8)
St. Louis, MO-IL 550 0.41 3.06 (4) $27,790
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 520 0.38 2.82 (4) $26,890
Kansas City, MO-KS 520 0.50 3.74 (4) $29,360
Raleigh, NC 420 0.75 5.54 (4) $40,620
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 370 0.24 1.77 (4) $43,980
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Division 350 0.33 2.47 (4) $40,250
Provo-Orem, UT 350 1.69 12.49 (4) $17,890
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 260 0.11 0.79 (4) $40,280
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 250 0.06 0.44 (4) $21,970




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Provo-Orem, UT 350 1.69 12.49 (4) $17,890
Tacoma-Lakewood, WA Metropolitan Division 240 0.88 6.49 (4) $29,670
Raleigh, NC 420 0.75 5.54 (4) $40,620
Jefferson City, MO 50 0.71 5.27 (4) $22,660
Charlottesville, VA 60 0.62 4.57 (4) $44,640
Kansas City, MO-KS 520 0.50 3.74 (4) $29,360
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 30 0.46 3.43 (4) $35,260
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 80 0.44 3.25 (4) $19,750
Colorado Springs, CO 110 0.44 3.24 (4) $19,980
St. Louis, MO-IL 550 0.41 3.06 (4) $27,790




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Newark, NJ-PA Metropolitan Division 60 0.05 0.36 (4) $70,950
Jacksonville, FL (8) (8) (8) (4) $50,610
Charlottesville, VA 60 0.62 4.57 (4) $44,640
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 370 0.24 1.77 (4) $43,980
Memphis, TN-MS-AR 60 0.10 0.73 (4) $42,280
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA (8) (8) (8) (4) $41,800
Nassau County-Suffolk County, NY Metropolitan Division 150 0.12 0.86 (4) $41,570
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (8) (8) (8) (4) $40,870
Anchorage, AK (8) (8) (8) (4) $40,640
Raleigh, NC 420 0.75 5.54 (4) $40,620

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 1.22 9.00 (4) $36,530
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 90 0.43 3.20 (4) $32,490
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 60 0.25 1.89 (8) (8)

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 1.22 9.00 (4) $36,530
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 90 0.43 3.20 (4) $32,490
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 60 0.25 1.89 (8) (8)

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $38,200
Southwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 1.22 9.00 (4) $36,530
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $35,950
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 90 0.43 3.20 (4) $32,490
Southeast Kansas nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $28,880


About May 2015 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2015 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2016