Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013

51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
18,750 4.8 % $14.14 $29,410 1.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $8.75 $10.34 $13.37 $17.34 $21.23
Annual Wage (2) $18,190 $21,510 $27,800 $36,060 $44,160


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing 4,000 1.40 $14.51 $30,180
Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing 2,570 1.55 $12.90 $26,830
Other Food Manufacturing 2,370 1.33 $14.89 $30,970
Animal Slaughtering and Processing 2,370 0.49 $12.67 $26,350
Other General Merchandise Stores 1,410 0.08 $12.78 $26,580

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Tobacco Manufacturing 820 6.03 $19.34 $40,220
Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing 2,570 1.55 $12.90 $26,830
Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing 4,000 1.40 $14.51 $30,180
Other Food Manufacturing 2,370 1.33 $14.89 $30,970
Grain and Oilseed Milling 640 1.08 $18.62 $38,740

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Beverage Manufacturing 110 0.06 $23.97 $49,850
Tobacco Manufacturing 820 6.03 $19.34 $40,220
Grain and Oilseed Milling 640 1.08 $18.62 $38,740
Dairy Product Manufacturing 730 0.55 $17.99 $37,420
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 40 0.01 $17.58 $36,580


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Michigan 1,980 0.49 3.49 $16.49 $34,290
Texas 1,650 0.15 1.07 $11.31 $23,530
California 1,380 0.09 0.66 $12.72 $26,460
North Carolina 1,080 0.27 1.93 $17.62 $36,650
Illinois 870 0.15 1.08 $12.82 $26,660




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Vermont 280 0.94 6.63 $16.53 $34,370
Idaho 570 0.93 6.57 $14.71 $30,590
Michigan 1,980 0.49 3.49 $16.49 $34,290
South Dakota 170 0.41 2.90 $13.40 $27,880
Maine 190 0.33 2.34 $11.82 $24,580




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Colorado 120 0.05 0.36 $21.38 $44,460
Tennessee 420 0.16 1.10 $17.92 $37,270
North Carolina 1,080 0.27 1.93 $17.62 $36,650
Minnesota 300 0.11 0.78 $17.45 $36,300
Vermont 280 0.94 6.63 $16.53 $34,370





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 830 2.09 14.77 $18.10 $37,640
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 790 0.21 1.50 $12.74 $26,500
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 360 0.13 0.92 $11.42 $23,760
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 320 0.14 0.97 $11.93 $24,820
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 310 0.08 0.55 $12.23 $25,450
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 300 0.14 0.99 $12.67 $26,360
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 260 0.05 0.35 $14.88 $30,960
Fresno, CA 250 0.78 5.54 $9.20 $19,140
Baltimore-Towson, MD 230 0.18 1.27 $12.50 $25,990
Greensboro-High Point, NC 230 0.66 4.70 $20.26 $42,130




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Idaho Falls, ID 110 2.29 16.18 $18.14 $37,740
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 830 2.09 14.77 $18.10 $37,640
Merced, CA 60 1.02 7.21 $10.86 $22,590
Yuba City, CA 30 0.89 6.29 $12.92 $26,860
Fresno, CA 250 0.78 5.54 $9.20 $19,140
Provo-Orem, UT 140 0.74 5.21 $11.06 $23,000
Dothan, AL 40 0.67 4.74 $14.01 $29,150
Greensboro-High Point, NC 230 0.66 4.70 $20.26 $42,130
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 50 0.65 4.58 $19.00 $39,520
El Paso, TX 160 0.56 3.94 $8.55 $17,790




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 90 0.07 0.47 $24.96 $51,920
Greensboro-High Point, NC 230 0.66 4.70 $20.26 $42,130
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 50 0.65 4.58 $19.00 $39,520
Racine, WI (8) (8) (8) $18.81 $39,130
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 100 0.21 1.47 $18.20 $37,860
Idaho Falls, ID 110 2.29 16.18 $18.14 $37,740
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 830 2.09 14.77 $18.10 $37,640
Salt Lake City, UT 110 0.17 1.22 $17.96 $37,360
Eugene-Springfield, OR (8) (8) (8) $17.74 $36,900
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN 50 0.08 0.57 $17.32 $36,020

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 250 2.24 15.82 $15.55 $32,330
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 170 0.87 6.14 $11.30 $23,500
North Central Oregon nonmetropolitan area 150 2.26 16.00 $12.08 $25,130
Northwestern Texas nonmetropolitan area 130 0.52 3.70 $9.87 $20,520
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 110 0.74 5.21 $14.11 $29,350

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Central Oregon nonmetropolitan area 150 2.26 16.00 $12.08 $25,130
Northwest Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 250 2.24 15.82 $15.55 $32,330
Northern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 100 1.31 9.24 $13.21 $27,470
Far Eastern North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 30 1.22 8.65 $15.69 $32,630
Central Washington nonmetropolitan area 70 1.08 7.65 $15.04 $31,280

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 30 0.21 1.48 $19.79 $41,160
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $17.59 $36,590
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $17.53 $36,460
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 40 0.34 2.40 $16.51 $34,350
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 40 0.20 1.42 $16.18 $33,660


About May 2013 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2013 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: April 1, 2014

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