Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2015

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Excludes "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
20,070 4.5 % $20.57 $42,790 1.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $13.32 $16.35 $20.31 $24.06 $28.50
Annual Wage (2) $27,700 $34,020 $42,240 $50,040 $59,280


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,890 5.40 $23.15 $48,150
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,280 6.92 $21.12 $43,940
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,970 6.74 $19.53 $40,620
Foundries 3,460 2.73 $17.43 $36,260
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 900 1.50 $25.16 $52,340

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,280 6.92 $21.12 $43,940
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,970 6.74 $19.53 $40,620
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,890 5.40 $23.15 $48,150
Foundries 3,460 2.73 $17.43 $36,260
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 900 1.50 $25.16 $52,340

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Metal Ore Mining 130 0.29 $27.64 $57,500
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 900 1.50 $25.16 $52,340
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,890 5.40 $23.15 $48,150
Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing 90 0.04 $21.64 $45,020
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,280 6.92 $21.12 $43,940


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 2,530 0.86 5.89 $21.47 $44,650
Ohio 1,940 0.37 2.52 $18.78 $39,070
Pennsylvania 1,630 0.29 1.97 $21.62 $44,980
Michigan 1,390 0.34 2.30 $17.19 $35,760
Alabama 1,140 0.61 4.17 $25.80 $53,660




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 2,530 0.86 5.89 $21.47 $44,650
Utah 850 0.65 4.44 $21.79 $45,330
Alabama 1,140 0.61 4.17 $25.80 $53,660
West Virginia 270 0.38 2.63 $20.37 $42,360
Ohio 1,940 0.37 2.52 $18.78 $39,070




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nevada 140 0.11 0.77 $26.41 $54,940
Alabama 1,140 0.61 4.17 $25.80 $53,660
New Jersey (8) (8) (8) $24.77 $51,510
Virginia 150 0.04 0.28 $24.19 $50,310
South Carolina 450 0.23 1.59 $23.99 $49,910





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,620 6.13 42.12 $22.93 $47,690
Salt Lake City, UT 820 1.24 8.53 $22.06 $45,880
Mobile, AL 660 3.88 26.63 $26.86 $55,880
Pittsburgh, PA 630 0.56 3.82 $22.74 $47,310
St. Louis, MO-IL 620 0.47 3.20 (8) (8)
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 340 0.31 2.11 $23.66 $49,220
Cleveland-Elyria, OH 330 0.32 2.22 $18.09 $37,620
Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division 300 0.08 0.57 $18.46 $38,390
Evansville, IN-KY 260 1.72 11.80 $19.74 $41,050
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 230 0.46 3.19 $20.38 $42,400




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,620 6.13 42.12 $22.93 $47,690
Mobile, AL 660 3.88 26.63 $26.86 $55,880
Muskegon, MI 220 3.59 24.67 $19.85 $41,280
Evansville, IN-KY 260 1.72 11.80 $19.74 $41,050
Salt Lake City, UT 820 1.24 8.53 $22.06 $45,880
Sheboygan, WI 60 1.07 7.33 $19.49 $40,530
Canton-Massillon, OH 170 1.02 7.00 $20.02 $41,650
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 130 0.60 4.09 $19.32 $40,180
Pittsburgh, PA 630 0.56 3.82 $22.74 $47,310
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 30 0.56 3.87 $16.60 $34,540




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Newark, NJ-PA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $28.52 $59,320
Mobile, AL 660 3.88 26.63 $26.86 $55,880
Reading, PA (8) (8) (8) $26.45 $55,010
Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, PA Metropolitan Division 110 0.11 0.75 $25.75 $53,570
Richmond, VA 40 0.06 0.39 $25.49 $53,010
Albany, OR (8) (8) (8) $24.25 $50,440
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 340 0.31 2.11 $23.66 $49,220
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,620 6.13 42.12 $22.93 $47,690
Pittsburgh, PA 630 0.56 3.82 $22.74 $47,310
Salt Lake City, UT 820 1.24 8.53 $22.06 $45,880

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 200 0.74 5.11 $17.39 $36,180
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 160 0.75 5.18 $16.24 $33,770
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 150 1.01 6.92 $21.08 $43,850
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 140 0.75 5.15 $17.97 $37,380
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 120 0.59 4.06 $17.60 $36,610

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 150 1.01 6.92 $21.08 $43,850
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 140 0.75 5.15 $17.97 $37,380
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 160 0.75 5.18 $16.24 $33,770
Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 120 0.74 5.10 $18.62 $38,720
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 200 0.74 5.11 $17.39 $36,180

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 90 0.43 2.95 $22.48 $46,760
Northern West Virginia nonmetropolitan area 70 0.47 3.25 $22.05 $45,860
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 150 1.01 6.92 $21.08 $43,850
North Northeastern Ohio non-metropolitan area (non-contiguous) (8) (8) (8) $20.73 $43,120
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $20.68 $43,020


About May 2015 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2015 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2015 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2016