March 30, 2001
Among private service-producing industries, referral, hiring, and retention bonus plans were most prevalent last year in transportation, communications, and public utilities and in finance, insurance, and real estate.
With regard to referral bonuses, 14 percent of employees in finance, insurance, and real estate and 11 percent of those in transportation, communications, and public utilities had access to such bonus plans in March 2000. This compares to 8 percent of those in wholesale trade and in "other services" and 7 percent in retail trade.
Hiring bonus plans were offered to 8 percent of employees in transportation, communications, and public utilities and 7 percent in finance, insurance, and real estate. Next were other services, wholesale trade, and retail trade at 4 percent, 3 percent, and 2 percent, respectively.
Employees in transportation, communications, and public utilities had the highest incidence of retention bonus plans at 7 percent. Finance, insurance, and real estate and wholesale trade were both at 3 percent, while the two remaining industries were at 2 percent.
These data are a product of the Employment Cost Trendsprogram. Referral bonuses are made by the employer to an employee for recommending an applicant who is hired by the establishment. Hiring bonuses are payments made by the employer to induce an individual to accept employment. Retention bonuses are payments to an incumbent employee to retain that individual within the establishment. Learn more about bonuses in "The cost and incidence of referral, hiring, and retention bonuses" (PDF 66K), by Thomas G. Moehrle, in Compensation and Working Conditions, Winter 2000 edition.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Prevalence of bonus plans in service sector on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2001/mar/wk4/art05.htm (visited October 09, 2015).
New estimates of personal taxes in Consumer Expenditure Survey
In 2013, the Consumer Expenditure Survey improved its personal tax data.
Trends in long-term unemployment
Long-term unemployment reached historically high levels following the recession of 2007–2009.
Housing: before, during, and after the Great Recession
looks at consumer expenditures on household items, employment in residential construction, prices for household items, and injuries in occupations involved in building and maintaining our homes.