November 12, 2013
In October 2013, total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 204,000. Job growth averaged 190,000 per month over the prior 12 months. Job gains occurred in leisure and hospitality, retail trade, professional and technical services, manufacturing, and health care. Federal government employment continued to trend down. There were no discernible impacts of the partial federal government shutdown on the estimates of employment, hours, and earnings from the establishment survey.
|Industry||Oct 2012||Nov 2012||Dec 2012||Jan 2013||Feb 2013||Mar 2013||Apr 2013||May 2013||Jun 2013||Jul 2013||Aug 2013||Sep 2013(p)||Oct 2013(p)|
Mining and logging
Trade, transportation, and utilities
Transportation and warehousing
Professional and business services
Education and health services
Leisure and hospitality
Leisure and hospitality employment rose by 53,000 in October. Within the industry, employment in food services and drinking places increased by 29,000, the same as its average monthly gain over the prior 12 months.
In October, employment in retail trade increased by 44,000, compared with an average monthly gain of 31,000 over the prior 12 months. Job growth was widespread within the industry, with gains in food and beverage stores (+12,000), electronics and appliance stores (+10,000), sporting goods and hobby stores (+8,000), general merchandise stores (+8,000), and building material and garden supply stores (+7,000). Clothing and clothing accessories stores lost 13,000 jobs.
Professional and business services employment rose in October (+44,000) and has grown by 644,000 over the past 12 months. Within the industry, employment in management and technical consulting services rose by 8,000 in October.
In October, manufacturing added 19,000 jobs, with job growth occurring in motor vehicles and parts (+6,000), wood products (+3,000), and furniture and related products (+3,000). On net, manufacturing employment has changed little since February 2013.
Federal government employment declined by 12,000 in October. Over the past 12 months, federal government employment has decreased by 94,000. Federal employees on furlough during the partial government shutdown were still considered employed in the payroll survey because they worked or received pay for the pay period that included the 12th of the month.
These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent two months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — October 2013," (HTML) (PDF) news release USDL‑13‑2120. For more information on the classification of workers affected by the partial federal government shutdown, see "Frequently asked questions: The impact of the partial federal government shutdown on the Employment Situation for October 2013," (PDF). More charts featuring CES employment data can be found in Current Employment Statistics Highlights: October 2013.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Payroll employment up 204,000 in October 2013 on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2013/ted_20131112.htm (visited April 19, 2015).
New estimates of personal taxes in Consumer Expenditure Survey
In 2013, the Consumer Expenditure Survey improved its personal tax data.
Trends in long-term unemployment
Long-term unemployment reached historically high levels following the recession of 2007–2009.
Housing: before, during, and after the Great Recession
looks at consumer expenditures on household items, employment in residential construction, prices for household items, and injuries in occupations involved in building and maintaining our homes.