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13-1815-BOS September 03, 2013

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Boston Area Employment - July 2013

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan area1 stood at 2,559,200 in July 2013, up 59,000 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that the annual gain in local jobs was the largest since January 2001 when 62,400 jobs were added. Nonfarm employment rose 2.4 percent locally from July a year ago compared to 1.7 percent nationwide. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the year percent change in the United States and the Boston metropolitan area, July 2013

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy area includes nine metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy Metropolitan Division, which made up 70 percent of the workforce, gained 48,600 jobs from July 2012 to July 2013, accounting for 82 percent of the area’s growth. Five of the other six divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year.

Industry employment

Two industries in the Boston area – education and health services and professional and business services –  accounted for over half of the employment gain from July 2012 to July 2013. Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, gained 17,400 jobs. The 3.5-percent growth rate in this industry was above the national average of 1.7 percent. Locally, professional and business services added 14,400 jobs, a 3.4-percent gain which was similar to the national increase of 3.5 percent.

The next-two-highest job gainers in the Boston area were construction and leisure and hospitality, with increases of 8,800 and 8,100 from July 2012 to July 2013, respectively. The 9.9-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s construction industry far outpaced the 2.8-percent gain nationwide. Locally, the construction supersector has recorded uninterrupted over-the-year employment growth since November 2010. 

 Chart 2. Over-the-year percent change in employment by industry supersector, United States and the Boston metropolitan area, July 2013

Local employment in information and trade, transportation, and utilities rose by 4,300 and 3,000, respectively from July 2012. While the 1.1-percent gain in Boston’s trade, transportation, and utilities industry was below the 1.9-percent increase recorded nationally, the 3.9-percent gain recorded in information was above a 0.7 percent increase nationwide.    

The only sector to record job losses over the year locally was manufacturing, down 1,400, a 0.7-percent decline. Nationally, manufacturing employment grew 0.1 percent from July a year ago.  

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2013. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with five exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.7 percent, closely followed by Houston-Sugar-Land-Baytown, up 3.6 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, up 0.7 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 189,400, since July 2012. New York was followed by Dallas, Houston, and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana where employment expanded by more than 90,000 in each area. Only Detroit had an employment increase below 15,000 over the year.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 3 of the 12 metropolitan areas–Atlanta–Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, and Dallas. (See table 2.) Education and health services recorded the largest gains in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington. (See table 2.) Leisure and hospitality added the most jobs in Los Angeles, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.

Government recorded the largest loss of jobs in five areas–Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Manufacturing shed the most jobs in three areas–Atlanta, Boston, and New York.

 Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, July 2013

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202)-691-5200;  Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.   

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level on line at http://www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes nine NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA, Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, Framingham, MA, Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, MA-NH, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, MA-NH, Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH, Nashua, NH-MA, Peabody, MA, Taunton-Norton-Raynham, MA, and select cities and towns within.  

 

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry July
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Change from July
2012 to July 2013
Number Percent
U.S.            

  Total nonfarm

133,368 136,383 136,777 135,664 2,296 1.7

    Natural resources and mining

868 868 881 889 21 2.4

    Construction

5,888 5,834 5,992 6,054 166 2.8

    Manufacturing

12,029 11,961 12,050 12,045 16 0.1

    Trade transportation and utilities

25,485 25,816 25,966 25,978 493 1.9

    Information

2,691 2,706 2,697 2,710 19 0.7

    Financial activities

7,847 7,875 7,941 7,971 124 1.6

    Professional and business services

18,053 18,492 18,657 18,691 638 3.5

    Educational and health services

19,991 20,714 20,460 20,330 339 1.7

    Leisure and hospitality

14,387 14,368 14,782 14,864 477 3.3

    Other services

5,507 5,507 5,549 5,549 42 0.8

    Government

20,622 22,242 21,802 20,583 -39 -0.2
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy MA-NH            

  Total nonfarm

2,500.2 2,556.4 2,576.1 2,559.2 59.0 2.4

    Natural resources and mining

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

    Construction

89.0 91.6 96.3 97.8 8.8 9.9

    Manufacturing

195.0 191.7 194.2 193.6 -1.4 -0.7

    Trade transportation and utilities

404.4 406.3 411.5 408.7 4.3 1.1

    Information

77.5 77.9 79.7 80.5 3.0 3.9

    Financial activities

175.0 171.7 175.1 176.4 1.4 0.8

    Professional and business services

424.6 433.7 438.0 439.0 14.4 3.4

    Educational and health services

499.3 528.8 515.1 516.7 17.4 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

251.3 243.4 254.6 259.4 8.1 3.2

    Other services

101.9 100.4 102.5 103.1 1.2 1.2

    Government

281.7 310.4 308.6 283.5 1.8 0.6
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy MA division            

  Total nonfarm

1,731.8 1,770.5 1,781.7 1,780.4 48.6 2.8

    Natural resources and mining

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

55.1 59.6 62.6 63.5 8.4 15.2

    Manufacturing

92.3 90.9 92.4 92.5 0.2 0.2

    Trade transportation and utilities

404.4 406.3 411.5 408.7 4.3 1.1

    Information

60.9 61.3 62.8 63.5 2.6 4.3

    Financial activities

144.7 141.9 144.2 146.4 1.7 1.2

    Professional and business services

320.9 326.7 329.6 330.8 9.9 3.1

    Educational and health services

376.2 401.5 388.8 390.8 14.6 3.9

    Leisure and hospitality

176.3 172.4 180.9 185.0 8.7 4.9

    Other services

71.0 69.4 70.7 70.3 -0.7 -1.0

    Government

191.2 202.3 202.5 191.6 0.4 0.2
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry July May June July Change from July
2012 2013 2013 2013(p) 2012 to July 2013
Number Percent
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA            

  Total nonfarm

2,340.8 2,408.5 2,414.2 2,412.8 72.0 3.1

    Natural resources and mining

1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 -0.1 -8.3

    Construction

87.8 90.9 91.7 94.9 7.1 8.1

    Manufacturing

148.6 145.9 146.2 146.8 -1.8 -1.2

    Trade transportation and utilities

528.7 539.8 539.6 542.3 13.6 2.6

    Information

82.0 85.1 86.0 86.7 4.7 5.7

    Financial activities

154.2 154.9 156.6 156.9 2.7 1.8

    Professional and business services

418.1 436.4 440.9 440.8 22.7 5.4

    Educational and health services

280.0 293.8 291.8 293.2 13.2 4.7

    Leisure and hospitality

239.8 246.8 250.1 251.3 11.5 4.8

    Other services

93.9 94.7 94.6 94.0 0.1 0.1

    Government

306.5 319.1 315.6 304.8 -1.7 -0.6
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy MA-NH            

  Total nonfarm

2,500.2 2,556.4 2,576.1 2,559.2 59.0 2.4

    Natural resources and mining

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

    Construction

89.0 91.6 96.3 97.8 8.8 9.9

    Manufacturing

195.0 191.7 194.2 193.6 -1.4 -0.7

    Trade transportation and utilities

404.4 406.3 411.5 408.7 4.3 1.1

    Information

77.5 77.9 79.7 80.5 3.0 3.9

    Financial activities

175.0 171.7 175.1 176.4 1.4 0.8

    Professional and business services

424.6 433.7 438.0 439.0 14.4 3.4

    Educational and health services

499.3 528.8 515.1 516.7 17.4 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

251.3 243.4 254.6 259.4 8.1 3.2

    Other services

101.9 100.4 102.5 103.1 1.2 1.2

    Government

281.7 310.4 308.6 283.5 1.8 0.6
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet IL-IN-WI            

  Total nonfarm

4,391.6 4,443.4 4,474.5 4,459.9 68.3 1.6

    Natural resources and mining

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.0

    Construction

157.9 144.8 153.7 157.2 -0.7 -0.4

    Manufacturing

415.1 416.1 416.8 416.2 1.1 0.3

    Trade transportation and utilities

881.3 882.3 887.3 890.8 9.5 1.1

    Information

81.3 82.1 83.0 82.4 1.1 1.4

    Financial activities

289.7 294.4 296.3 296.8 7.1 2.5

    Professional and business services

747.1 762.2 773.9 780.6 33.5 4.5

    Educational and health services

655.1 678.9 672.3 663.2 8.1 1.2

    Leisure and hospitality

433.2 429.0 441.9 440.6 7.4 1.7

    Other services

191.5 193.7 196.2 195.6 4.1 2.1

    Government

538.0 558.5 551.7 535.1 -2.9 -0.5
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington TX            

  Total nonfarm

3,003.0 3,117.7 3,133.1 3,114.8 111.8 3.7

    Natural resources mining and construction

172.0 185.6 183.8 183.6 11.6 6.7

    Manufacturing

259.0 256.6 259.9 260.0 1.0 0.4

    Trade transportation and utilities

620.4 637.9 640.3 640.9 20.5 3.3

    Information

77.7 77.0 77.8 78.1 0.4 0.5

    Financial activities

244.7 252.2 255.9 258.4 13.7 5.6

    Professional and business services

470.1 496.7 504.7 503.7 33.6 7.1

    Educational and health services

376.8 389.4 388.1 386.9 10.1 2.7

    Leisure and hospitality

305.0 316.9 322.2 319.1 14.1 4.6

    Other services

108.4 111.0 110.6 109.5 1.1 1.0

    Government

368.9 394.4 389.8 374.6 5.7 1.5
Detroit-Warren-Livonia MI            

  Total nonfarm

1,818.4 1,853.1 1,856.8 1,831.7 13.3 0.7

    Natural resources mining and construction

59.7 56.1 57.9 59.2 -0.5 -0.8

    Manufacturing

218.3 226.8 228.1 225.9 7.6 3.5

    Trade transportation and utilities

340.5 345.3 345.8 345.3 4.8 1.4

    Information

26.7 26.6 26.7 27.2 0.5 1.9

    Financial activities

102.3 98.8 99.9 100.2 -2.1 -2.1

    Professional and business services

340.4 348.3 345.0 342.2 1.8 0.5

    Educational and health services

293.7 299.5 298.0 296.9 3.2 1.1

    Leisure and hospitality

181.7 181.9 185.7 181.7 0.0 0.0

    Other services

75.6 75.8 75.5 74.9 -0.7 -0.9

    Government

179.5 194.0 194.2 178.2 -1.3 -0.7
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown TX            

  Total nonfarm

2,686.6 2,784.3 2,792.7 2,784.3 97.7 3.6

    Natural resources and mining

102.8 105.5 106.3 108.5 5.7 5.5

    Construction

176.3 186.7 187.8 189.3 13.0 7.4

    Manufacturing

245.4 250.6 251.8 251.8 6.4 2.6

    Trade transportation and utilities

547.5 566.7 569.5 568.7 21.2 3.9

    Information

31.7 31.9 32.1 32.8 1.1 3.5

    Financial activities

140.6 142.1 142.7 144.8 4.2 3.0

    Professional and business services

411.6 418.6 422.3 422.8 11.2 2.7

    Educational and health services

325.9 340.9 340.8 340.8 14.9 4.6

    Leisure and hospitality

260.2 269.0 276.3 274.9 14.7 5.6

    Other services

96.6 95.6 95.9 95.2 -1.4 -1.4

    Government

348.0 376.7 367.2 354.7 6.7 1.9
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana CA            

  Total nonfarm

5,226.1 5,344.2 5,357.8 5,317.2 91.1 1.7

    Natural resources and mining

4.8 4.5 4.6 4.7 -0.1 -2.1

    Construction

182.4 188.2 193.7 194.4 12.0 6.6

    Manufacturing

526.1 520.2 522.2 522.1 -4.0 -0.8

    Trade transportation and utilities

1,005.4 997.4 1,001.6 1,009.1 3.7 0.4

    Information

215.4 212.0 210.7 217.5 2.1 1.0

    Financial activities

319.5 328.7 329.3 329.6 10.1 3.2

    Professional and business services

823.5 842.3 843.8 845.2 21.7 2.6

    Educational and health services

689.7 729.6 721.0 713.5 23.8 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

604.5 619.1 628.9 634.8 30.3 5.0

    Other services

186.8 186.7 186.3 186.3 -0.5 -0.3

    Government

668.0 715.5 715.7 660.0 -8.0 -1.2
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach FL            

  Total nonfarm

2,234.5 2,315.4 2,283.9 2,272.5 38.0 1.7

    Natural resources and mining

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0

    Construction

86.7 86.9 88.7 88.7 2.0 2.3

    Manufacturing

76.2 75.6 77.0 75.6 -0.6 -0.8

    Trade transportation and utilities

531.7 550.1 547.8 549.0 17.3 3.3

    Information

45.0 45.0 45.1 45.1 0.1 0.2

    Financial activities

162.1 162.9 165.3 165.3 3.2 2.0

    Professional and business services

346.7 352.6 351.7 352.7 6.0 1.7

    Educational and health services

335.1 346.1 341.6 338.0 2.9 0.9

    Leisure and hospitality

268.2 287.6 283.5 277.2 9.0 3.4

    Other services

107.1 107.0 107.0 107.1 0.0 0.0

    Government

275.0 300.9 275.5 273.1 -1.9 -0.7
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island NY-NJ-PA            

  Total nonfarm

8,555.3 8,732.9 8,799.3 8,744.7 189.4 2.2

    Natural resources mining and construction

310.3 308.4 320.5 323.3 13.0 4.2

    Manufacturing

357.2 354.2 354.1 350.7 -6.5 -1.8

    Trade transportation and utilities

1,565.0 1,612.6 1,625.9 1,612.4 47.4 3.0

    Information

279.4 272.5 273.0 273.9 -5.5 -2.0

    Financial activities

745.9 735.4 748.2 756.9 11.0 1.5

    Professional and business services

1,354.5 1,381.9 1,390.8 1,388.0 33.5 2.5

    Educational and health services

1,546.6 1,643.8 1,628.7 1,595.7 49.1 3.2

    Leisure and hospitality

793.7 782.8 818.3 833.7 40.0 5.0

    Other services

379.5 389.3 389.8 387.8 8.3 2.2

    Government

1,223.2 1,252.0 1,250.0 1,222.3 -0.9 -0.1
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmingon PA-NJ-DE-MD            

  Total nonfarm

2,703.8 2,765.9 2,779.3 2,735.5 31.7 1.2

    Natural resources mining and construction

102.2 101.3 102.5 104.5 2.3 2.3

    Manufacturing

183.4 181.5 182.1 181.6 -1.8 -1.0

    Trade transportation and utilities

500.5 504.0 506.8 500.8 0.3 0.1

    Information

48.6 48.0 47.9 47.6 -1.0 -2.1

    Financial activities

202.6 201.2 203.1 203.8 1.2 0.6

    Professional and business services

426.5 432.1 439.4 437.0 10.5 2.5

    Educational and health services

560.8 591.5 583.8 580.1 19.3 3.4

    Leisure and hospitality

247.7 244.6 253.4 254.6 6.9 2.8

    Other services

123.1 123.7 125.5 124.0 0.9 0.7

    Government

308.4 338.0 334.8 301.5 -6.9 -2.2
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont CA            

  Total nonfarm

1,980.4 2,014.7 2,022.7 2,009.7 29.3 1.5

    Natural resources and mining

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

90.5 91.2 93.5 94.0 3.5 3.9

    Manufacturing

116.7 114.8 115.5 116.0 -0.7 -0.6

    Trade transportation and utilities

330.6 333.9 336.7 337.4 6.8 2.1

    Information

68.5 68.5 68.9 68.9 0.4 0.6

    Financial activities

127.6 127.9 127.8 128.3 0.7 0.5

    Professional and business services

396.3 403.8 403.7 406.0 9.7 2.4

    Educational and health services

251.7 259.7 258.5 254.9 3.2 1.3

    Leisure and hospitality

229.6 235.5 240.7 240.1 10.5 4.6

    Other services

77.8 76.5 76.5 76.5 -1.3 -1.7

    Government

289.8 301.6 299.6 286.3 -3.5 -1.2
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria DC-VA-MD-WV            

  Total nonfarm

3,045.1 3,090.8 3,108.6 3,095.7 50.6 1.7

    Natural resources mining and construction

147.8 145.7 147.4 146.0 -1.8 -1.2

    Manufacturing

49.1 48.7 49.0 48.5 -0.6 -1.2

    Trade transportation and utilities

385.9 388.9 392.3 392.0 6.1 1.6

    Information

77.0 75.6 76.7 77.2 0.2 0.3

    Financial activities

148.9 152.9 154.4 156.6 7.7 5.2

    Professional and business services

707.3 715.1 717.6 716.0 8.7 1.2

    Educational and health services

368.9 380.7 378.6 380.0 11.1 3.0

    Leisure and hospitality

292.7 296.8 309.0 307.9 15.2 5.2

    Other services

188.1 186.6 187.8 189.0 0.9 0.5

    Government

679.4 699.8 695.8 682.5 3.1 0.5

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 03, 2013

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13-1815-BOS September 03, 2013

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Boston Area Employment - July 2013

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan area1 stood at 2,559,200 in July 2013, up 59,000 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that the annual gain in local jobs was the largest since January 2001 when 62,400 jobs were added. Nonfarm employment rose 2.4 percent locally from July a year ago compared to 1.7 percent nationwide. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the year percent change in the United States and the Boston metropolitan area, July 2013

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy area includes nine metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy Metropolitan Division, which made up 70 percent of the workforce, gained 48,600 jobs from July 2012 to July 2013, accounting for 82 percent of the area’s growth. Five of the other six divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year.

Industry employment

Two industries in the Boston area – education and health services and professional and business services –  accounted for over half of the employment gain from July 2012 to July 2013. Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, gained 17,400 jobs. The 3.5-percent growth rate in this industry was above the national average of 1.7 percent. Locally, professional and business services added 14,400 jobs, a 3.4-percent gain which was similar to the national increase of 3.5 percent.

The next-two-highest job gainers in the Boston area were construction and leisure and hospitality, with increases of 8,800 and 8,100 from July 2012 to July 2013, respectively. The 9.9-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s construction industry far outpaced the 2.8-percent gain nationwide. Locally, the construction supersector has recorded uninterrupted over-the-year employment growth since November 2010. 

 Chart 2. Over-the-year percent change in employment by industry supersector, United States and the Boston metropolitan area, July 2013

Local employment in information and trade, transportation, and utilities rose by 4,300 and 3,000, respectively from July 2012. While the 1.1-percent gain in Boston’s trade, transportation, and utilities industry was below the 1.9-percent increase recorded nationally, the 3.9-percent gain recorded in information was above a 0.7 percent increase nationwide.    

The only sector to record job losses over the year locally was manufacturing, down 1,400, a 0.7-percent decline. Nationally, manufacturing employment grew 0.1 percent from July a year ago.  

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2013. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with five exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.7 percent, closely followed by Houston-Sugar-Land-Baytown, up 3.6 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, up 0.7 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 189,400, since July 2012. New York was followed by Dallas, Houston, and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana where employment expanded by more than 90,000 in each area. Only Detroit had an employment increase below 15,000 over the year.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 3 of the 12 metropolitan areas–Atlanta–Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, and Dallas. (See table 2.) Education and health services recorded the largest gains in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington. (See table 2.) Leisure and hospitality added the most jobs in Los Angeles, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.

Government recorded the largest loss of jobs in five areas–Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Manufacturing shed the most jobs in three areas–Atlanta, Boston, and New York.

 Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, July 2013

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202)-691-5200;  Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.   

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level on line at http://www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes nine NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA, Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, Framingham, MA, Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, MA-NH, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, MA-NH, Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH, Nashua, NH-MA, Peabody, MA, Taunton-Norton-Raynham, MA, and select cities and towns within.  

 

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry July
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013(p)
Change from July
2012 to July 2013
Number Percent
U.S.            

  Total nonfarm

133,368 136,383 136,777 135,664 2,296 1.7

    Natural resources and mining

868 868 881 889 21 2.4

    Construction

5,888 5,834 5,992 6,054 166 2.8

    Manufacturing

12,029 11,961 12,050 12,045 16 0.1

    Trade transportation and utilities

25,485 25,816 25,966 25,978 493 1.9

    Information

2,691 2,706 2,697 2,710 19 0.7

    Financial activities

7,847 7,875 7,941 7,971 124 1.6

    Professional and business services

18,053 18,492 18,657 18,691 638 3.5

    Educational and health services

19,991 20,714 20,460 20,330 339 1.7

    Leisure and hospitality

14,387 14,368 14,782 14,864 477 3.3

    Other services

5,507 5,507 5,549 5,549 42 0.8

    Government

20,622 22,242 21,802 20,583 -39 -0.2
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy MA-NH            

  Total nonfarm

2,500.2 2,556.4 2,576.1 2,559.2 59.0 2.4

    Natural resources and mining

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

    Construction

89.0 91.6 96.3 97.8 8.8 9.9

    Manufacturing

195.0 191.7 194.2 193.6 -1.4 -0.7

    Trade transportation and utilities

404.4 406.3 411.5 408.7 4.3 1.1

    Information

77.5 77.9 79.7 80.5 3.0 3.9

    Financial activities

175.0 171.7 175.1 176.4 1.4 0.8

    Professional and business services

424.6 433.7 438.0 439.0 14.4 3.4

    Educational and health services

499.3 528.8 515.1 516.7 17.4 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

251.3 243.4 254.6 259.4 8.1 3.2

    Other services

101.9 100.4 102.5 103.1 1.2 1.2

    Government

281.7 310.4 308.6 283.5 1.8 0.6
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy MA division            

  Total nonfarm

1,731.8 1,770.5 1,781.7 1,780.4 48.6 2.8

    Natural resources and mining

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

55.1 59.6 62.6 63.5 8.4 15.2

    Manufacturing

92.3 90.9 92.4 92.5 0.2 0.2

    Trade transportation and utilities

404.4 406.3 411.5 408.7 4.3 1.1

    Information

60.9 61.3 62.8 63.5 2.6 4.3

    Financial activities

144.7 141.9 144.2 146.4 1.7 1.2

    Professional and business services

320.9 326.7 329.6 330.8 9.9 3.1

    Educational and health services

376.2 401.5 388.8 390.8 14.6 3.9

    Leisure and hospitality

176.3 172.4 180.9 185.0 8.7 4.9

    Other services

71.0 69.4 70.7 70.3 -0.7 -1.0

    Government

191.2 202.3 202.5 191.6 0.4 0.2
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry July May June July Change from July
2012 2013 2013 2013(p) 2012 to July 2013
Number Percent
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA            

  Total nonfarm

2,340.8 2,408.5 2,414.2 2,412.8 72.0 3.1

    Natural resources and mining

1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 -0.1 -8.3

    Construction

87.8 90.9 91.7 94.9 7.1 8.1

    Manufacturing

148.6 145.9 146.2 146.8 -1.8 -1.2

    Trade transportation and utilities

528.7 539.8 539.6 542.3 13.6 2.6

    Information

82.0 85.1 86.0 86.7 4.7 5.7

    Financial activities

154.2 154.9 156.6 156.9 2.7 1.8

    Professional and business services

418.1 436.4 440.9 440.8 22.7 5.4

    Educational and health services

280.0 293.8 291.8 293.2 13.2 4.7

    Leisure and hospitality

239.8 246.8 250.1 251.3 11.5 4.8

    Other services

93.9 94.7 94.6 94.0 0.1 0.1

    Government

306.5 319.1 315.6 304.8 -1.7 -0.6
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy MA-NH            

  Total nonfarm

2,500.2 2,556.4 2,576.1 2,559.2 59.0 2.4

    Natural resources and mining

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

    Construction

89.0 91.6 96.3 97.8 8.8 9.9

    Manufacturing

195.0 191.7 194.2 193.6 -1.4 -0.7

    Trade transportation and utilities

404.4 406.3 411.5 408.7 4.3 1.1

    Information

77.5 77.9 79.7 80.5 3.0 3.9

    Financial activities

175.0 171.7 175.1 176.4 1.4 0.8

    Professional and business services

424.6 433.7 438.0 439.0 14.4 3.4

    Educational and health services

499.3 528.8 515.1 516.7 17.4 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

251.3 243.4 254.6 259.4 8.1 3.2

    Other services

101.9 100.4 102.5 103.1 1.2 1.2

    Government

281.7 310.4 308.6 283.5 1.8 0.6
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet IL-IN-WI            

  Total nonfarm

4,391.6 4,443.4 4,474.5 4,459.9 68.3 1.6

    Natural resources and mining

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.0

    Construction

157.9 144.8 153.7 157.2 -0.7 -0.4

    Manufacturing

415.1 416.1 416.8 416.2 1.1 0.3

    Trade transportation and utilities

881.3 882.3 887.3 890.8 9.5 1.1

    Information

81.3 82.1 83.0 82.4 1.1 1.4

    Financial activities

289.7 294.4 296.3 296.8 7.1 2.5

    Professional and business services

747.1 762.2 773.9 780.6 33.5 4.5

    Educational and health services

655.1 678.9 672.3 663.2 8.1 1.2

    Leisure and hospitality

433.2 429.0 441.9 440.6 7.4 1.7

    Other services

191.5 193.7 196.2 195.6 4.1 2.1

    Government

538.0 558.5 551.7 535.1 -2.9 -0.5
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington TX            

  Total nonfarm

3,003.0 3,117.7 3,133.1 3,114.8 111.8 3.7

    Natural resources mining and construction

172.0 185.6 183.8 183.6 11.6 6.7

    Manufacturing

259.0 256.6 259.9 260.0 1.0 0.4

    Trade transportation and utilities

620.4 637.9 640.3 640.9 20.5 3.3

    Information

77.7 77.0 77.8 78.1 0.4 0.5

    Financial activities

244.7 252.2 255.9 258.4 13.7 5.6

    Professional and business services

470.1 496.7 504.7 503.7 33.6 7.1

    Educational and health services

376.8 389.4 388.1 386.9 10.1 2.7

    Leisure and hospitality

305.0 316.9 322.2 319.1 14.1 4.6

    Other services

108.4 111.0 110.6 109.5 1.1 1.0

    Government

368.9 394.4 389.8 374.6 5.7 1.5
Detroit-Warren-Livonia MI            

  Total nonfarm

1,818.4 1,853.1 1,856.8 1,831.7 13.3 0.7

    Natural resources mining and construction

59.7 56.1 57.9 59.2 -0.5 -0.8

    Manufacturing

218.3 226.8 228.1 225.9 7.6 3.5

    Trade transportation and utilities

340.5 345.3 345.8 345.3 4.8 1.4

    Information

26.7 26.6 26.7 27.2 0.5 1.9

    Financial activities

102.3 98.8 99.9 100.2 -2.1 -2.1

    Professional and business services

340.4 348.3 345.0 342.2 1.8 0.5

    Educational and health services

293.7 299.5 298.0 296.9 3.2 1.1

    Leisure and hospitality

181.7 181.9 185.7 181.7 0.0 0.0

    Other services

75.6 75.8 75.5 74.9 -0.7 -0.9

    Government

179.5 194.0 194.2 178.2 -1.3 -0.7
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown TX            

  Total nonfarm

2,686.6 2,784.3 2,792.7 2,784.3 97.7 3.6

    Natural resources and mining

102.8 105.5 106.3 108.5 5.7 5.5

    Construction

176.3 186.7 187.8 189.3 13.0 7.4

    Manufacturing

245.4 250.6 251.8 251.8 6.4 2.6

    Trade transportation and utilities

547.5 566.7 569.5 568.7 21.2 3.9

    Information

31.7 31.9 32.1 32.8 1.1 3.5

    Financial activities

140.6 142.1 142.7 144.8 4.2 3.0

    Professional and business services

411.6 418.6 422.3 422.8 11.2 2.7

    Educational and health services

325.9 340.9 340.8 340.8 14.9 4.6

    Leisure and hospitality

260.2 269.0 276.3 274.9 14.7 5.6

    Other services

96.6 95.6 95.9 95.2 -1.4 -1.4

    Government

348.0 376.7 367.2 354.7 6.7 1.9
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana CA            

  Total nonfarm

5,226.1 5,344.2 5,357.8 5,317.2 91.1 1.7

    Natural resources and mining

4.8 4.5 4.6 4.7 -0.1 -2.1

    Construction

182.4 188.2 193.7 194.4 12.0 6.6

    Manufacturing

526.1 520.2 522.2 522.1 -4.0 -0.8

    Trade transportation and utilities

1,005.4 997.4 1,001.6 1,009.1 3.7 0.4

    Information

215.4 212.0 210.7 217.5 2.1 1.0

    Financial activities

319.5 328.7 329.3 329.6 10.1 3.2

    Professional and business services

823.5 842.3 843.8 845.2 21.7 2.6

    Educational and health services

689.7 729.6 721.0 713.5 23.8 3.5

    Leisure and hospitality

604.5 619.1 628.9 634.8 30.3 5.0

    Other services

186.8 186.7 186.3 186.3 -0.5 -0.3

    Government

668.0 715.5 715.7 660.0 -8.0 -1.2
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach FL            

  Total nonfarm

2,234.5 2,315.4 2,283.9 2,272.5 38.0 1.7

    Natural resources and mining

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0

    Construction

86.7 86.9 88.7 88.7 2.0 2.3

    Manufacturing

76.2 75.6 77.0 75.6 -0.6 -0.8

    Trade transportation and utilities

531.7 550.1 547.8 549.0 17.3 3.3

    Information

45.0 45.0 45.1 45.1 0.1 0.2

    Financial activities

162.1 162.9 165.3 165.3 3.2 2.0

    Professional and business services

346.7 352.6 351.7 352.7 6.0 1.7

    Educational and health services

335.1 346.1 341.6 338.0 2.9 0.9

    Leisure and hospitality

268.2 287.6 283.5 277.2 9.0 3.4

    Other services

107.1 107.0 107.0 107.1 0.0 0.0

    Government

275.0 300.9 275.5 273.1 -1.9 -0.7
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island NY-NJ-PA            

  Total nonfarm

8,555.3 8,732.9 8,799.3 8,744.7 189.4 2.2

    Natural resources mining and construction

310.3 308.4 320.5 323.3 13.0 4.2

    Manufacturing

357.2 354.2 354.1 350.7 -6.5 -1.8

    Trade transportation and utilities

1,565.0 1,612.6 1,625.9 1,612.4 47.4 3.0

    Information

279.4 272.5 273.0 273.9 -5.5 -2.0

    Financial activities

745.9 735.4 748.2 756.9 11.0 1.5

    Professional and business services

1,354.5 1,381.9 1,390.8 1,388.0 33.5 2.5

    Educational and health services

1,546.6 1,643.8 1,628.7 1,595.7 49.1 3.2

    Leisure and hospitality

793.7 782.8 818.3 833.7 40.0 5.0

    Other services

379.5 389.3 389.8 387.8 8.3 2.2

    Government

1,223.2 1,252.0 1,250.0 1,222.3 -0.9 -0.1
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmingon PA-NJ-DE-MD            

  Total nonfarm

2,703.8 2,765.9 2,779.3 2,735.5 31.7 1.2

    Natural resources mining and construction

102.2 101.3 102.5 104.5 2.3 2.3

    Manufacturing

183.4 181.5 182.1 181.6 -1.8 -1.0

    Trade transportation and utilities

500.5 504.0 506.8 500.8 0.3 0.1

    Information

48.6 48.0 47.9 47.6 -1.0 -2.1

    Financial activities

202.6 201.2 203.1 203.8 1.2 0.6

    Professional and business services

426.5 432.1 439.4 437.0 10.5 2.5

    Educational and health services

560.8 591.5 583.8 580.1 19.3 3.4

    Leisure and hospitality

247.7 244.6 253.4 254.6 6.9 2.8

    Other services

123.1 123.7 125.5 124.0 0.9 0.7

    Government

308.4 338.0 334.8 301.5 -6.9 -2.2
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont CA            

  Total nonfarm

1,980.4 2,014.7 2,022.7 2,009.7 29.3 1.5

    Natural resources and mining

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

90.5 91.2 93.5 94.0 3.5 3.9

    Manufacturing

116.7 114.8 115.5 116.0 -0.7 -0.6

    Trade transportation and utilities

330.6 333.9 336.7 337.4 6.8 2.1

    Information

68.5 68.5 68.9 68.9 0.4 0.6

    Financial activities

127.6 127.9 127.8 128.3 0.7 0.5

    Professional and business services

396.3 403.8 403.7 406.0 9.7 2.4

    Educational and health services

251.7 259.7 258.5 254.9 3.2 1.3

    Leisure and hospitality

229.6 235.5 240.7 240.1 10.5 4.6

    Other services

77.8 76.5 76.5 76.5 -1.3 -1.7

    Government

289.8 301.6 299.6 286.3 -3.5 -1.2
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria DC-VA-MD-WV            

  Total nonfarm

3,045.1 3,090.8 3,108.6 3,095.7 50.6 1.7

    Natural resources mining and construction

147.8 145.7 147.4 146.0 -1.8 -1.2

    Manufacturing

49.1 48.7 49.0 48.5 -0.6 -1.2

    Trade transportation and utilities

385.9 388.9 392.3 392.0 6.1 1.6

    Information

77.0 75.6 76.7 77.2 0.2 0.3

    Financial activities

148.9 152.9 154.4 156.6 7.7 5.2

    Professional and business services

707.3 715.1 717.6 716.0 8.7 1.2

    Educational and health services

368.9 380.7 378.6 380.0 11.1 3.0

    Leisure and hospitality

292.7 296.8 309.0 307.9 15.2 5.2

    Other services

188.1 186.6 187.8 189.0 0.9 0.5

    Government

679.4 699.8 695.8 682.5 3.1 0.5

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 03, 2013