Error on Page

New England Information Office

News Release Information

14-2230-BOS December 18, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Boston Area Employment - October 2014

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan area (see box note)stood at 2,630,100 in October 2014, up 40,600 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that nonfarm employment rose 1.6 percent locally from October a year ago compared to 2.0 percent nationwide. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the year percent change in the United States and the Boston metropolitan area, October 2008 — October 2014

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy area includes nine metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy Metropolitan Division, which made up 70 percent of the workforce, gained 33,500 jobs from October 2013 to October 2014, accounting for 83 percent of the area’s growth. The other six divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year.

Industry employment

Two supersectors in the Boston area – professional and business services and education and health services –accounted for over half of the employment gain from October 2013 to October 2014. Locally, professional and business services added 11,500 jobs, a 2.6-percent gain which was lower than the national increase of 3.6 percent. Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, gained 10,800 jobs. The 2.0-percent growth rate locally in this industry was similar to the national increase of 2.1 percent.

Information and trade, transportation, and utilities were the next highest job gainers in the Boston area from October 2013 to October 2014, with increases of 5,900 and 5,700, respectively. The 7.9-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s information industry far outpaced the 1.0-percent gain nationwide

Employment in other services rose by 2,600 in the local area from October a year ago. The 2.6-percent increase in jobs locally over the 12-month period was above the 0.8-percent national rate.

Local employment in leisure and hospitality rose by 1,100 and in construction by 1,000 from October 2013. The 0.4-percent gain in Boston’s leisure and hospitality industry was below the 2.8-percent national increase. Likewise, the 1.1-percent gain recorded in construction was below the 4.0 percent increase nationwide.   

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2014. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with five exceeding the national average of 2.0 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 4.3 percent,  followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.6 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, up 0.3 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 123,900, since October 2013. Two other metropolitan areas gained more than 100,000 jobs over the year–Houston (120,600) and Dallas (111,900). Two areas added fewer than 10,000 jobs over the year–Philadelphia (9,100) and Detroit (6,900).

Two supersectors accounted for most of the job growth in the 12 largest areas. Professional and business services led employment growth in five metropolitan areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont. (See table 2.) Trade, transportation, and utilities recorded the largest gains in four areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Detroit, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, and Philadelphia.

Over the year, manufacturing recorded the largest loss of jobs in three areas–Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles. Information lost the most jobs in two areas–New York and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria. Houston and Miami experienced no annual job loss in any supersector.

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, October 2014

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202)-691-5200;  Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy Metropolitan Area

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions.  See technical note for more information on the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy NECTA.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.   

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level on line at http://www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes nine NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA, Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, Framingham, MA, Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, MA-NH, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, MA-NH, Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH, Nashua, NH-MA, Peabody, MA, Taunton-Norton-Raynham, MA, and select cities and towns within.  

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Oct Aug Sept Oct Change from Oct
2013 2014 2014 2014(p) 2013 to Oct 2014
Number Percent

U.S.

 

  Total nonfarm

138,013 139,061 139,753 140,817 2,804 2.0

   Mining and logging

888 936 939 936 48 5.4

    Construction

6,086 6,351 6,320 6,328 242 4.0

    Manufacturing

12,055 12,254 12,232 12,227 172 1.4

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,083 26,438 26,418 26,649 566 2.2

    Information

2,674 2,707 2,695 2,701 27 1.0

    Financial activities

7,905 8,032 7,993 7,999 94 1.2

    Professional and business services

18,918 19,455 19,453 19,591 673 3.6

    Educational and health services

21,392 21,229 21,515 21,850 458 2.1

    Leisure and hospitality

14,324 15,296 14,880 14,718 394 2.8

    Other services

5,473 5,560 5,506 5,519 46 0.8

    Government

22,215 20,803 21,802 22,299 84 0.4

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,589.5 2,592.2 2,611.2 2,630.1 40.6 1.6

   Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

94.3 96.2 94.5 95.3 1.0 1.1

    Manufacturing

193.8 195.1 193.8 193.6 -0.2 -0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

412.5 405.5 415.4 418.2 5.7 1.4

    Information

74.7 79.8 79.9 80.6 5.9 7.9

    Financial activities

172.6 176.2 174.3 174.2 1.6 0.9

    Professional and business services

440.9 451.3 448.7 452.4 11.5 2.6

    Educational and health services

547.4 541.4 547.6 558.2 10.8 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

249.9 266.8 254.4 251.0 1.1 0.4

    Other services

98.4 103.9 100.1 101.0 2.6 2.6

    Government

304.4 275.4 301.9 305.0 0.6 0.2

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA division

 

  Total nonfarm

1,796.5 1,814.5 1,815.3 1,830.0 33.5 1.9

   Mining and logging

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

58.9 60.1 58.3 58.5 -0.4 -0.7

    Manufacturing

91.7 93.2 92.4 92.3 0.6 0.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

412.5 405.5 415.4 418.2 5.7 1.4

    Information

58.8 63.2 63.2 63.6 4.8 8.2

    Financial activities

142.9 146.4 144.9 145.4 2.5 1.7

    Professional and business services

333.7 340.7 337.9 341.3 7.6 2.3

    Educational and health services

412.9 406.8 414.1 423.2 10.3 2.5

    Leisure and hospitality

175.4 191.6 182.2 178.9 3.5 2.0

    Other services

70.5 73.4 71.0 71.9 1.4 2.0

    Government

200.7 188.7 198.9 200.9 0.2 0.1

(p) preliminary

 
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Oct Aug Sept Oct Change from Oct
2013 2014 2014 2014(p) 2013 to Oct 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,431.3 2,472.6 2,470.3 2,489.1 57.8 2.4

    Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

    Construction

95.5 98.0 98.8 100.7 5.2 5.4

    Manufacturing

151.2 154.3 154.2 153.6 2.4 1.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

541.1 550.2 550.6 559.7 18.6 3.4

    Information

84.6 86.9 86.2 85.3 0.7 0.8

    Financial activities

158.2 161.0 161.6 162.9 4.7 3.0

    Professional and business services

440.7 457.8 453.0 456.9 16.2 3.7

    Educational and health services

298.6 295.9 298.0 300.1 1.5 0.5

    Leisure and hospitality

248.4 261.0 255.9 256.9 8.5 3.4

    Other services

93.9 93.1 91.7 91.9 -2.0 -2.1

    Government

317.9 313.2 319.1 319.9 2.0 0.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,589.5 2,592.2 2,611.2 2,630.1 40.6 1.6

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

94.3 96.2 94.5 95.3 1.0 1.1

    Manufacturing

193.8 195.1 193.8 193.6 -0.2 -0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

412.5 405.5 415.4 418.2 5.7 1.4

    Information

74.7 79.8 79.9 80.6 5.9 7.9

    Financial activities

172.6 176.2 174.3 174.2 1.6 0.9

    Professional and business services

440.9 451.3 448.7 452.4 11.5 2.6

    Educational and health services

547.4 541.4 547.6 558.2 10.8 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

249.9 266.8 254.4 251.0 1.1 0.4

    Other services

98.4 103.9 100.1 101.0 2.6 2.6

    Government

304.4 275.4 301.9 305.0 0.6 0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI

 

  Total nonfarm

4,498.7 4,511.1 4,515.6 4,537.1 38.4 0.9

    Mining and logging

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.0

    Construction

161.1 167.7 166.0 167.8 6.7 4.2

    Manufacturing

408.9 408.7 406.6 406.5 -2.4 -0.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

903.9 903.7 905.5 913.8 9.9 1.1

    Information

80.1 80.6 79.8 79.7 -0.4 -0.5

    Financial activities

290.2 290.6 288.3 288.2 -2.0 -0.7

    Professional and business services

788.0 799.1 799.8 800.0 12.0 1.5

    Educational and health services

685.3 675.3 681.1 691.9 6.6 1.0

    Leisure and hospitality

432.0 451.2 440.6 436.0 4.0 0.9

    Other services

192.4 193.5 192.5 191.9 -0.5 -0.3

    Government

555.4 539.3 554.0 559.9 4.5 0.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

3,133.2 3,214.3 3,221.3 3,245.1 111.9 3.6

    Mining, logging, and construction

180.6 193.3 192.3 194.8 14.2 7.9

    Manufacturing

258.3 258.5 256.8 256.8 -1.5 -0.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

645.1 666.6 667.0 676.6 31.5 4.9

    Information

79.8 79.7 79.3 79.1 -0.7 -0.9

    Financial activities

253.1 258.5 257.3 259.3 6.2 2.4

    Professional and business services

496.8 530.2 526.9 529.1 32.3 6.5

    Educational and health services

388.5 390.1 392.6 395.9 7.4 1.9

    Leisure and hospitality

320.5 334.5 333.3 330.2 9.7 3.0

    Other services

112.6 115.0 114.6 114.7 2.1 1.9

    Government

397.9 387.9 401.2 408.6 10.7 2.7

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

  Total nonfarm

1,883.9 1,866.8 1,877.6 1,890.8 6.9 0.4

    Mining, logging, and construction

61.6 65.6 66.3 66.3 4.7 7.6

    Manufacturing

233.4 233.3 234.7 237.3 3.9 1.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

349.1 353.3 352.0 356.9 7.8 2.2

    Information

27.1 27.5 27.1 27.1 0.0 0.0

    Financial activities

101.2 98.1 96.8 97.2 -4.0 -4.0

    Professional and business services

365.4 365.8 367.1 369.0 3.6 1.0

    Educational and health services

300.0 294.0 295.5 299.2 -0.8 -0.3

    Leisure and hospitality

177.8 182.6 177.4 173.3 -4.5 -2.5

    Other services

77.1 76.3 76.3 75.9 -1.2 -1.6

    Government

191.2 170.3 184.4 188.6 -2.6 -1.4

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

2,818.9 2,898.1 2,920.4 2,939.5 120.6 4.3

    Mining and logging

108.1 117.6 118.0 117.9 9.8 9.1

    Construction

192.9 201.4 203.0 205.8 12.9 6.7

    Manufacturing

255.0 262.1 261.6 263.0 8.0 3.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

567.7 585.4 584.2 588.0 20.3 3.6

    Information

32.5 33.2 33.2 33.3 0.8 2.5

    Financial activities

143.0 147.5 147.0 148.0 5.0 3.5

    Professional and business services

431.2 447.4 448.8 448.6 17.4 4.0

    Educational and health services

338.2 354.5 358.6 362.1 23.9 7.1

    Leisure and hospitality

272.1 287.5 283.5 280.8 8.7 3.2

    Other services

100.3 102.6 102.4 102.8 2.5 2.5

    Government

377.9 358.9 380.1 389.2 11.3 3.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

5,638.1 5,639.1 5,674.5 5,725.3 87.2 1.5

    Mining and logging

5.3 5.6 5.6 5.4 0.1 1.9

    Construction

199.4 210.2 213.2 212.5 13.1 6.6

    Manufacturing

524.4 510.1 509.2 508.9 -15.5 -3.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,039.2 1,041.5 1,042.7 1,052.3 13.1 1.3

    Information

229.5 236.5 233.7 236.2 6.7 2.9

    Financial activities

324.2 322.4 320.8 320.6 -3.6 -1.1

    Professional and business services

873.0 892.4 897.8 905.5 32.5 3.7

    Educational and health services

914.5 914.8 927.2 944.9 30.4 3.3

    Leisure and hospitality

634.0 649.2 647.7 644.3 10.3 1.6

    Other services

194.0 196.6 195.3 196.0 2.0 1.0

    Government

700.6 659.8 681.3 698.7 -1.9 -0.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL

 

  Total nonfarm

2,364.1 2,402.7 2,416.0 2,440.7 76.6 3.2

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

97.6 102.9 104.3 105.8 8.2 8.4

    Manufacturing

77.7 78.9 79.9 80.7 3.0 3.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

551.0 564.6 566.9 571.6 20.6 3.7

    Information

46.5 46.7 46.7 46.8 0.3 0.6

    Financial activities

166.5 168.8 169.1 170.4 3.9 2.3

    Professional and business services

374.3 384.7 384.6 388.1 13.8 3.7

    Educational and health services

347.9 350.2 354.1 358.4 10.5 3.0

    Leisure and hospitality

283.1 288.8 287.5 290.4 7.3 2.6

    Other services

111.3 115.0 115.9 117.1 5.8 5.2

    Government

307.6 301.5 306.4 310.8 3.2 1.0

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

  Total nonfarm

8,786.7 8,839.9 8,844.0 8,910.6 123.9 1.4

    Mining, logging, and construction

329.1 333.5 332.8 327.2 -1.9 -0.6

    Manufacturing

358.4 356.6 355.1 355.3 -3.1 -0.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,619.4 1,633.4 1,640.1 1,649.1 29.7 1.8

    Information

279.0 276.5 272.8 273.8 -5.2 -1.9

    Financial activities

740.3 747.8 741.7 740.9 0.6 0.1

    Professional and business services

1,404.2 1,436.2 1,432.5 1,436.2 32.0 2.3

    Educational and health services

1,644.1 1,631.9 1,661.8 1,689.6 45.5 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

785.6 847.6 819.8 810.9 25.3 3.2

    Other services

383.0 388.9 383.9 386.5 3.5 0.9

    Government

1,243.6 1,187.5 1,203.5 1,241.1 -2.5 -0.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmingon, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

  Total nonfarm

2,775.2 2,752.2 2,761.4 2,784.3 9.1 0.3

    Mining, logging, and construction

106.3 114.7 112.7 111.7 5.4 5.1

    Manufacturing

179.5 179.3 179.3 179.6 0.1 0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

508.1 512.7 511.7 516.0 7.9 1.6

    Information

46.9 46.2 45.9 45.8 -1.1 -2.3

    Financial activities

204.0 206.5 204.5 204.0 0.0 0.0

    Professional and business services

442.8 444.9 443.6 446.9 4.1 0.9

    Educational and health services

580.5 567.3 577.6 585.4 4.9 0.8

    Leisure and hospitality

243.0 254.0 242.7 240.3 -2.7 -1.1

    Other services

121.8 120.4 120.1 120.8 -1.0 -0.8

    Government

342.3 306.2 323.3 333.8 -8.5 -2.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,132.5 2,166.1 2,175.9 2,192.0 59.5 2.8

    Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

    Construction

96.9 104.9 104.5 104.1 7.2 7.4

    Manufacturing

118.0 118.1 118.8 118.8 0.8 0.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

348.5 351.7 353.0 358.2 9.7 2.8

    Information

73.6 77.2 76.6 76.9 3.3 4.5

    Financial activities

126.0 127.1 125.9 125.0 -1.0 -0.8

    Professional and business services

424.1 436.3 440.3 443.2 19.1 4.5

    Educational and health services

317.7 321.8 324.9 328.1 10.4 3.3

    Leisure and hospitality

245.3 254.4 252.7 252.8 7.5 3.1

    Other services

80.3 80.9 80.3 80.8 0.5 0.6

    Government

300.8 292.5 297.7 302.9 2.1 0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

  Total nonfarm

3,093.3 3,081.6 3,086.7 3,110.9 17.6 0.6

    Mining, logging, and construction

146.8 151.8 150.7 151.5 4.7 3.2

    Manufacturing

46.9 46.4 45.5 44.6 -2.3 -4.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

392.8 394.7 392.3 395.5 2.7 0.7

    Information

75.4 73.5 73.0 72.2 -3.2 -4.2

    Financial activities

152.0 156.7 156.2 156.3 4.3 2.8

    Professional and business services

702.5 708.5 700.7 704.5 2.0 0.3

    Educational and health services

402.7 385.5 392.7 402.3 -0.4 -0.1

    Leisure and hospitality

293.8 309.4 300.7 299.6 5.8 2.0

    Other services

189.6 192.9 189.9 190.7 1.1 0.6

    Government

690.8 662.2 685.0 693.7 2.9 0.4

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 18, 2014

Recommend this page using:

News Release Information

14-2230-BOS December 18, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Boston Area Employment - October 2014

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan area (see box note)stood at 2,630,100 in October 2014, up 40,600 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that nonfarm employment rose 1.6 percent locally from October a year ago compared to 2.0 percent nationwide. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the year percent change in the United States and the Boston metropolitan area, October 2008 — October 2014

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy area includes nine metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy Metropolitan Division, which made up 70 percent of the workforce, gained 33,500 jobs from October 2013 to October 2014, accounting for 83 percent of the area’s growth. The other six divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year.

Industry employment

Two supersectors in the Boston area – professional and business services and education and health services –accounted for over half of the employment gain from October 2013 to October 2014. Locally, professional and business services added 11,500 jobs, a 2.6-percent gain which was lower than the national increase of 3.6 percent. Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, gained 10,800 jobs. The 2.0-percent growth rate locally in this industry was similar to the national increase of 2.1 percent.

Information and trade, transportation, and utilities were the next highest job gainers in the Boston area from October 2013 to October 2014, with increases of 5,900 and 5,700, respectively. The 7.9-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s information industry far outpaced the 1.0-percent gain nationwide

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year-percent change, United States and the Boston metropolitan area, October 2014

Employment in other services rose by 2,600 in the local area from October a year ago. The 2.6-percent increase in jobs locally over the 12-month period was above the 0.8-percent national rate.

Local employment in leisure and hospitality rose by 1,100 and in construction by 1,000 from October 2013. The 0.4-percent gain in Boston’s leisure and hospitality industry was below the 2.8-percent national increase. Likewise, the 1.1-percent gain recorded in construction was below the 4.0 percent increase nationwide.   

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2014. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with five exceeding the national average of 2.0 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 4.3 percent,  followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.6 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, up 0.3 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 123,900, since October 2013. Two other metropolitan areas gained more than 100,000 jobs over the year–Houston (120,600) and Dallas (111,900). Two areas added fewer than 10,000 jobs over the year–Philadelphia (9,100) and Detroit (6,900).

Two supersectors accounted for most of the job growth in the 12 largest areas. Professional and business services led employment growth in five metropolitan areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont. (See table 2.) Trade, transportation, and utilities recorded the largest gains in four areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Detroit, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, and Philadelphia.

Over the year, manufacturing recorded the largest loss of jobs in three areas–Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles. Information lost the most jobs in two areas–New York and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria. Houston and Miami experienced no annual job loss in any supersector.

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, October 2014

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202)-691-5200;  Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy Metropolitan Area

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions.  See technical note for more information on the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy NECTA.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.   

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level on line at http://www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes nine NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA, Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, Framingham, MA, Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, MA-NH, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, MA-NH, Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH, Nashua, NH-MA, Peabody, MA, Taunton-Norton-Raynham, MA, and select cities and towns within.  

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Oct Aug Sept Oct Change from Oct
2013 2014 2014 2014(p) 2013 to Oct 2014
Number Percent

U.S.

 

  Total nonfarm

138,013 139,061 139,753 140,817 2,804 2.0

   Mining and logging

888 936 939 936 48 5.4

    Construction

6,086 6,351 6,320 6,328 242 4.0

    Manufacturing

12,055 12,254 12,232 12,227 172 1.4

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,083 26,438 26,418 26,649 566 2.2

    Information

2,674 2,707 2,695 2,701 27 1.0

    Financial activities

7,905 8,032 7,993 7,999 94 1.2

    Professional and business services

18,918 19,455 19,453 19,591 673 3.6

    Educational and health services

21,392 21,229 21,515 21,850 458 2.1

    Leisure and hospitality

14,324 15,296 14,880 14,718 394 2.8

    Other services

5,473 5,560 5,506 5,519 46 0.8

    Government

22,215 20,803 21,802 22,299 84 0.4

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,589.5 2,592.2 2,611.2 2,630.1 40.6 1.6

   Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

94.3 96.2 94.5 95.3 1.0 1.1

    Manufacturing

193.8 195.1 193.8 193.6 -0.2 -0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

412.5 405.5 415.4 418.2 5.7 1.4

    Information

74.7 79.8 79.9 80.6 5.9 7.9

    Financial activities

172.6 176.2 174.3 174.2 1.6 0.9

    Professional and business services

440.9 451.3 448.7 452.4 11.5 2.6

    Educational and health services

547.4 541.4 547.6 558.2 10.8 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

249.9 266.8 254.4 251.0 1.1 0.4

    Other services

98.4 103.9 100.1 101.0 2.6 2.6

    Government

304.4 275.4 301.9 305.0 0.6 0.2

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA division

 

  Total nonfarm

1,796.5 1,814.5 1,815.3 1,830.0 33.5 1.9

   Mining and logging

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0

    Construction

58.9 60.1 58.3 58.5 -0.4 -0.7

    Manufacturing

91.7 93.2 92.4 92.3 0.6 0.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

412.5 405.5 415.4 418.2 5.7 1.4

    Information

58.8 63.2 63.2 63.6 4.8 8.2

    Financial activities

142.9 146.4 144.9 145.4 2.5 1.7

    Professional and business services

333.7 340.7 337.9 341.3 7.6 2.3

    Educational and health services

412.9 406.8 414.1 423.2 10.3 2.5

    Leisure and hospitality

175.4 191.6 182.2 178.9 3.5 2.0

    Other services

70.5 73.4 71.0 71.9 1.4 2.0

    Government

200.7 188.7 198.9 200.9 0.2 0.1

(p) preliminary

 
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Oct Aug Sept Oct Change from Oct
2013 2014 2014 2014(p) 2013 to Oct 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,431.3 2,472.6 2,470.3 2,489.1 57.8 2.4

    Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

    Construction

95.5 98.0 98.8 100.7 5.2 5.4

    Manufacturing

151.2 154.3 154.2 153.6 2.4 1.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

541.1 550.2 550.6 559.7 18.6 3.4

    Information

84.6 86.9 86.2 85.3 0.7 0.8

    Financial activities

158.2 161.0 161.6 162.9 4.7 3.0

    Professional and business services

440.7 457.8 453.0 456.9 16.2 3.7

    Educational and health services

298.6 295.9 298.0 300.1 1.5 0.5

    Leisure and hospitality

248.4 261.0 255.9 256.9 8.5 3.4

    Other services

93.9 93.1 91.7 91.9 -2.0 -2.1

    Government

317.9 313.2 319.1 319.9 2.0 0.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

  Total nonfarm

2,589.5 2,592.2 2,611.2 2,630.1 40.6 1.6

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

94.3 96.2 94.5 95.3 1.0 1.1

    Manufacturing

193.8 195.1 193.8 193.6 -0.2 -0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

412.5 405.5 415.4 418.2 5.7 1.4

    Information

74.7 79.8 79.9 80.6 5.9 7.9

    Financial activities

172.6 176.2 174.3 174.2 1.6 0.9

    Professional and business services

440.9 451.3 448.7 452.4 11.5 2.6

    Educational and health services

547.4 541.4 547.6 558.2 10.8 2.0

    Leisure and hospitality

249.9 266.8 254.4 251.0 1.1 0.4

    Other services

98.4 103.9 100.1 101.0 2.6 2.6

    Government

304.4 275.4 301.9 305.0 0.6 0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI

 

  Total nonfarm

4,498.7 4,511.1 4,515.6 4,537.1 38.4 0.9

    Mining and logging

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.0

    Construction

161.1 167.7 166.0 167.8 6.7 4.2

    Manufacturing

408.9 408.7 406.6 406.5 -2.4 -0.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

903.9 903.7 905.5 913.8 9.9 1.1

    Information

80.1 80.6 79.8 79.7 -0.4 -0.5

    Financial activities

290.2 290.6 288.3 288.2 -2.0 -0.7

    Professional and business services

788.0 799.1 799.8 800.0 12.0 1.5

    Educational and health services

685.3 675.3 681.1 691.9 6.6 1.0

    Leisure and hospitality

432.0 451.2 440.6 436.0 4.0 0.9

    Other services

192.4 193.5 192.5 191.9 -0.5 -0.3

    Government

555.4 539.3 554.0 559.9 4.5 0.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

3,133.2 3,214.3 3,221.3 3,245.1 111.9 3.6

    Mining, logging, and construction

180.6 193.3 192.3 194.8 14.2 7.9

    Manufacturing

258.3 258.5 256.8 256.8 -1.5 -0.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

645.1 666.6 667.0 676.6 31.5 4.9

    Information

79.8 79.7 79.3 79.1 -0.7 -0.9

    Financial activities

253.1 258.5 257.3 259.3 6.2 2.4

    Professional and business services

496.8 530.2 526.9 529.1 32.3 6.5

    Educational and health services

388.5 390.1 392.6 395.9 7.4 1.9

    Leisure and hospitality

320.5 334.5 333.3 330.2 9.7 3.0

    Other services

112.6 115.0 114.6 114.7 2.1 1.9

    Government

397.9 387.9 401.2 408.6 10.7 2.7

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

  Total nonfarm

1,883.9 1,866.8 1,877.6 1,890.8 6.9 0.4

    Mining, logging, and construction

61.6 65.6 66.3 66.3 4.7 7.6

    Manufacturing

233.4 233.3 234.7 237.3 3.9 1.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

349.1 353.3 352.0 356.9 7.8 2.2

    Information

27.1 27.5 27.1 27.1 0.0 0.0

    Financial activities

101.2 98.1 96.8 97.2 -4.0 -4.0

    Professional and business services

365.4 365.8 367.1 369.0 3.6 1.0

    Educational and health services

300.0 294.0 295.5 299.2 -0.8 -0.3

    Leisure and hospitality

177.8 182.6 177.4 173.3 -4.5 -2.5

    Other services

77.1 76.3 76.3 75.9 -1.2 -1.6

    Government

191.2 170.3 184.4 188.6 -2.6 -1.4

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

  Total nonfarm

2,818.9 2,898.1 2,920.4 2,939.5 120.6 4.3

    Mining and logging

108.1 117.6 118.0 117.9 9.8 9.1

    Construction

192.9 201.4 203.0 205.8 12.9 6.7

    Manufacturing

255.0 262.1 261.6 263.0 8.0 3.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

567.7 585.4 584.2 588.0 20.3 3.6

    Information

32.5 33.2 33.2 33.3 0.8 2.5

    Financial activities

143.0 147.5 147.0 148.0 5.0 3.5

    Professional and business services

431.2 447.4 448.8 448.6 17.4 4.0

    Educational and health services

338.2 354.5 358.6 362.1 23.9 7.1

    Leisure and hospitality

272.1 287.5 283.5 280.8 8.7 3.2

    Other services

100.3 102.6 102.4 102.8 2.5 2.5

    Government

377.9 358.9 380.1 389.2 11.3 3.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

5,638.1 5,639.1 5,674.5 5,725.3 87.2 1.5

    Mining and logging

5.3 5.6 5.6 5.4 0.1 1.9

    Construction

199.4 210.2 213.2 212.5 13.1 6.6

    Manufacturing

524.4 510.1 509.2 508.9 -15.5 -3.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,039.2 1,041.5 1,042.7 1,052.3 13.1 1.3

    Information

229.5 236.5 233.7 236.2 6.7 2.9

    Financial activities

324.2 322.4 320.8 320.6 -3.6 -1.1

    Professional and business services

873.0 892.4 897.8 905.5 32.5 3.7

    Educational and health services

914.5 914.8 927.2 944.9 30.4 3.3

    Leisure and hospitality

634.0 649.2 647.7 644.3 10.3 1.6

    Other services

194.0 196.6 195.3 196.0 2.0 1.0

    Government

700.6 659.8 681.3 698.7 -1.9 -0.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL

 

  Total nonfarm

2,364.1 2,402.7 2,416.0 2,440.7 76.6 3.2

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

97.6 102.9 104.3 105.8 8.2 8.4

    Manufacturing

77.7 78.9 79.9 80.7 3.0 3.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

551.0 564.6 566.9 571.6 20.6 3.7

    Information

46.5 46.7 46.7 46.8 0.3 0.6

    Financial activities

166.5 168.8 169.1 170.4 3.9 2.3

    Professional and business services

374.3 384.7 384.6 388.1 13.8 3.7

    Educational and health services

347.9 350.2 354.1 358.4 10.5 3.0

    Leisure and hospitality

283.1 288.8 287.5 290.4 7.3 2.6

    Other services

111.3 115.0 115.9 117.1 5.8 5.2

    Government

307.6 301.5 306.4 310.8 3.2 1.0

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

  Total nonfarm

8,786.7 8,839.9 8,844.0 8,910.6 123.9 1.4

    Mining, logging, and construction

329.1 333.5 332.8 327.2 -1.9 -0.6

    Manufacturing

358.4 356.6 355.1 355.3 -3.1 -0.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,619.4 1,633.4 1,640.1 1,649.1 29.7 1.8

    Information

279.0 276.5 272.8 273.8 -5.2 -1.9

    Financial activities

740.3 747.8 741.7 740.9 0.6 0.1

    Professional and business services

1,404.2 1,436.2 1,432.5 1,436.2 32.0 2.3

    Educational and health services

1,644.1 1,631.9 1,661.8 1,689.6 45.5 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

785.6 847.6 819.8 810.9 25.3 3.2

    Other services

383.0 388.9 383.9 386.5 3.5 0.9

    Government

1,243.6 1,187.5 1,203.5 1,241.1 -2.5 -0.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmingon, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

  Total nonfarm

2,775.2 2,752.2 2,761.4 2,784.3 9.1 0.3

    Mining, logging, and construction

106.3 114.7 112.7 111.7 5.4 5.1

    Manufacturing

179.5 179.3 179.3 179.6 0.1 0.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

508.1 512.7 511.7 516.0 7.9 1.6

    Information

46.9 46.2 45.9 45.8 -1.1 -2.3

    Financial activities

204.0 206.5 204.5 204.0 0.0 0.0

    Professional and business services

442.8 444.9 443.6 446.9 4.1 0.9

    Educational and health services

580.5 567.3 577.6 585.4 4.9 0.8

    Leisure and hospitality

243.0 254.0 242.7 240.3 -2.7 -1.1

    Other services

121.8 120.4 120.1 120.8 -1.0 -0.8

    Government

342.3 306.2 323.3 333.8 -8.5 -2.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

  Total nonfarm

2,132.5 2,166.1 2,175.9 2,192.0 59.5 2.8

    Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

    Construction

96.9 104.9 104.5 104.1 7.2 7.4

    Manufacturing

118.0 118.1 118.8 118.8 0.8 0.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

348.5 351.7 353.0 358.2 9.7 2.8

    Information

73.6 77.2 76.6 76.9 3.3 4.5

    Financial activities

126.0 127.1 125.9 125.0 -1.0 -0.8

    Professional and business services

424.1 436.3 440.3 443.2 19.1 4.5

    Educational and health services

317.7 321.8 324.9 328.1 10.4 3.3

    Leisure and hospitality

245.3 254.4 252.7 252.8 7.5 3.1

    Other services

80.3 80.9 80.3 80.8 0.5 0.6

    Government

300.8 292.5 297.7 302.9 2.1 0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

  Total nonfarm

3,093.3 3,081.6 3,086.7 3,110.9 17.6 0.6

    Mining, logging, and construction

146.8 151.8 150.7 151.5 4.7 3.2

    Manufacturing

46.9 46.4 45.5 44.6 -2.3 -4.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

392.8 394.7 392.3 395.5 2.7 0.7

    Information

75.4 73.5 73.0 72.2 -3.2 -4.2

    Financial activities

152.0 156.7 156.2 156.3 4.3 2.8

    Professional and business services

702.5 708.5 700.7 704.5 2.0 0.3

    Educational and health services

402.7 385.5 392.7 402.3 -0.4 -0.1

    Leisure and hospitality

293.8 309.4 300.7 299.6 5.8 2.0

    Other services

189.6 192.9 189.9 190.7 1.1 0.6

    Government

690.8 662.2 685.0 693.7 2.9 0.4

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 18, 2014