New England Information Office

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Union Membership in New England, 2011

Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state (Numbers in thousands)
State 2010 2011
Total employed Members of unions1 Represented by unions2 Total employed Members of unions1 Represented by unions2
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed

Connecticut

1,549 258 16.7 270 17.4 1,542 259 16.8 272 17.7

Maine

543 63 11.6 71 13.0 554 63 11.3 74 13.4

Massachusetts

2,866 415 14.5 446 15.6 2,882 422 14.6 445 15.4

New Hampshire

622 63 10.2 73 11.7 617 68 11.1 77 12.5

Rhode Island

456 75 16.4 79 17.4 453 79 17.4 81 17.9

Vermont

289 34 11.8 40 13.6 290 35 12.0 39 13.5

¹ Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

² Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incoporated businesses as well as those with unincoporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table 2. Union membership1 of employed wage and salary workers in the U.S. and New England states, annual average, 2006 and 2011 (Numbers in thousands)
State 2006 2011 2006 to 2011 Membership
Total members Percent of employed Total members Percent of employed Net change Percent change

United States

15,359 12.0 14,764 11.8 -595 -3.9%

Connecticut

247 15.6 259 16.8 12 4.9%

Maine

69 11.9 63 11.3 -6 -8.7%

Massachusetts

414 14.5 422 14.6 8 1.9%

New Hampshire

63 10.1 68 11.1 5 7.9%

Rhode Island

76 15.3 79 17.4 3 3.9%

Vermont

34 11.0 35 12.0 1 2.9%
Table 3. Union representation2 of employed wage and salary workers in the U.S. and New England states, annual averages, 2006 and 2011 (Numbers in thousands)
State 2006 2011 2006 to 2011 Represented
Total represented Percent of employed Total represented Percent of employed Net change Percent change

United States

16,860 13.1 16,290 13.0 -570 -3.4%

Connecticut

263 16.5 272 17.7 9 3.4%

Maine

79 13.5 74 13.4 -5 -6.3%

Massachusetts

438 15.3 445 15.4 7 1.6%

New Hampshire

70 11.3 77 12.5 7 10.0%

Rhode Island

79 16.0 81 17.9 2 2.5%

Vermont

39 12.9 39 13.5 0 0.0%

¹ Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

² Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTES: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table 4. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, annual averages 1989-2011 (Numbers in thousands)
Year Connecticut
Total employed Members of Unions Represented by Unions
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed

1989

1,533 284 18.5 297 19.4

1990

1,573 277 17.6 309 19.7

1991

1,548 292 18.9 310 20.0

1992

1,500 267 17.8 285 19.0

1993

1,500 281 18.7 300 20.0

1994

- - - - -

1995

1,427 288 20.2 296 20.7

1996

1,454 239 16.5 250 17.2

1997

1,469 248 16.9 262 17.9

1998

1,501 263 17.5 272 18.1

1999

1,455 264 18.2 279 19.2

2000

1,508 246 16.3 262 17.4

2001

1,555 246 15.8 260 16.7

2002

1,534 258 16.8 271 17.7

2003

1,489 229 15.4 244 16.4

2004

1,539 235 15.3 256 16.6

2005

1,550 247 15.9 263 17.0

2006

1,591 247 15.6 263 17.0

2007

1,617 253 15.6 269 16.6

2008

1,625 275 16.9 291 17.9

2009

1,538 265 17.3 282 18.4

2010

1,549 258 16.7 270 17.4

2011

1,542 259 16.8 272 17.7
Table 4. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, annual averages 1989-2011 (Numbers in thousands)
Year Maine
Total employed Members of Unions Represented by Unions
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed

1989

506 77 15.2 87 17.2

1990

507 88 17.4 107 21.1

1991

489 89 18.2 102 20.9

1992

510 76 14.8 87 17.1

1993

494 69 14.0 79 16.0

1994

- - - - -

1995

502 78 15.6 89 17.8

1996

535 77 14.5 88 16.4

1997

532 72 13.5 80 15.0

1998

526 66 12.6 75 14.3

1999

544 84 15.4 93 17.1

2000

556 78 14.0 92 16.6

2001

569 73 12.9 83 14.6

2002

581 75 13.0 87 15.0

2003

567 73 12.8 81 14.3

2004

564 64 11.3 74 13.2

2005

582 69 11.9 79 13.6

2006

584 69 11.9 79 13.5

2007

574 67 11.7 79 13.8

2008

574 71 12.3 84 14.7

2009

543 63 11.7 74 13.7

2010

543 63 11.6 71 13.0

2011

554 63 11.3 74 13.4
Table 4. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, annual averages, 1989-2011 (Numbers in thousands)
Year Massachusetts
Total employed Members of Unions Represented by Unions
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed

1989

2,725 478 17.5 513 18.8

1990

2,735 479 17.5 513 18.8

1991

2,557 445 17.4 479 18.7

1992

2,557 434 17.0 468 18.3

1993

2,642 453 17.2 487 18.4

1994

- - - - -

1995

2,649 428 16.2 471 17.8

1996

2,703 415 15.4 455 16.8

1997

2,794 423 15.1 463 16.6

1998

2,844 453 15.9 494 17.4

1999

2,875 465 16.2 492 17.1

2000

2,841 406 14.3 445 15.7

2001

2,940 433 14.7 468 15.9

2002

2,999 427 14.2 464 15.5

2003

2,925 416 14.2 454 15.5

2004

2,920 393 13.5 430 14.7

2005

2,886 402 13.9 431 14.9

2006

2,859 414 14.5 438 15.3

2007

2,882 379 13.2 402 14.0

2008

2,909 458 15.7 491 16.9

2009

2,864 476 16.6 516 18.0

2010

2,866 415 14.5 446 15.6

2011

2,882 422 14.6 445 15.4
Table 4. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, annual averages 1989-2011 (Numbers in thousands)
Year New Hampshire
Total employed Members of Unions Represented by Unions
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed

1989

509 59 11.6 68 13.3

1990

516 59 11.4 67 13.0

1991

506 58 11.5 67 13.2

1992

498 48 9.7 61 12.2

1993

518 43 8.2 54 10.5

1994

- - - - -

1995

528 67 12.6 76 14.5

1996

514 57 11.2 65 12.6

1997

544 56 10.2 63 11.5

1998

559 62 11.0 71 12.6

1999

565 60 10.6 69 12.2

2000

576 60 10.4 67 11.6

2001

609 61 10.0 70 11.4

2002

613 60 9.8 68 11.2

2003

607 56 9.3 69 11.3

2004

618 61 9.9 68 11.0

2005

627 65 10.4 72 11.5

2006

620 63 10.1 70 11.3

2007

631 61 9.7 70 11.2

2008

635 67 10.6 79 12.4

2009

616 67 10.8 76 12.3

2010

622 63 10.2 73 11.7

2011

617 68 11.1 77 12.5
Table 4. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, annual averages 1989-2011 (Numbers in thousands)
Year Rhode Island
Total employed Members of Unions Represented by Unions
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed

1989

457 85 18.7 89 19.4

1990

434 78 18.0 84 19.4

1991

417 86 20.6 91 21.9

1992

425 84 19.7 91 21.4

1993

417 75 17.9 78 18.6

1994

- - - - -

1995

403 78 19.4 84 20.8

1996

424 81 19.1 85 20.1

1997

434 81 18.7 85 19.5

1998

427 81 19.0 84 19.6

1999

433 77 17.7 81 18.8

2000

438 80 18.2 83 18.8

2001

466 83 17.8 86 18.5

2002

471 81 17.3 84 17.9

2003

494 84 17.0 86 17.5

2004

487 79 16.3 83 17.0

2005

494 79 15.9 83 16.8

2006

498 76 15.3 79 16.0

2007

497 75 15.0 78 15.8

2008

471 78 16.5 82 17.4

2009

444 80 17.9 83 18.7

2010

456 75 16.4 79 17.4

2011

453 79 17.4 81 17.9
Table 4. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, annual averages 1989-2011 (Numbers in thousands)
Year Vermont
Total employed Members of Unions Represented by Unions
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed

1989

245 29 11.9 37 15.2

1990

233 29 12.6 35 15.1

1991

235 27 11.6 34 14.4

1992

243 26 10.5 32 13.0

1993

253 25 9.9 30 11.9

1994

- - - - -

1995

255 24 9.3 29 11.5

1996

257 25 9.7 29 11.3

1997

258 22 8.5 26 10.0

1998

268 25 9.4 29 11.0

1999

273 26 9.7 29 10.8

2000

274 28 10.3 34 12.4

2001

283 31 10.8 35 12.3

2002

289 28 9.6 32 11.1

2003

281 27 9.7 33 11.7

2004

291 29 9.8 33 11.4

2005

287 31 10.8 37 13.0

2006

305 34 11.0 39 12.9

2007

288 30 10.4 35 12.2

2008

284 29 10.4 36 12.8

2009

285 35 12.3 40 14.1

2010

289 34 11.8 40 13.6

2011

290 35 12.0 39 13.5

NOTE: Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union. Those represented by unions include both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. State estimates are not available for 1994. Beginning in 2000, data reflect population controls from Census 2000 and new industry and occupational classification systems.

SOURCE: Current Population Survey (CPS)

Last Modified Date: March 14, 2012

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