New England Information Office

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14-1249-BOS

Tuesday, July 1, 2014

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new england and state unemployment – MAY 2014

The New England unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at 5.9 percent in May the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that New England’s jobless rate declined from a year ago when it was 7.1 percent. The national jobless rate held at 6.3 in May but was 1.2 percentage points lower than in May 2013. (See chart 1.)

New England is 1 of 9 geographic divisions nationwide. In May, the Pacific division continued to have the highest jobless rate at 7.3 percent. The West North Central division again had the lowest unemployment rate, 5.0 percent. New England and seven other divisions had statistically significant rate changes from a year earlier, all of which were declines.

Unemployment rates for the United States and New England, May 2011 to May 2014, seasonally adjusted

In May, 3 of the 6 New England states posted jobless rates that were significantly different from that of the United States. Vermont (3.3 percent) and New Hampshire (4.4 percent) recorded significantly lower unemployment rates and were among 21 states in the country to do so. In contrast, Rhode Island (8.2 percent) had a jobless rate that was significantly higher than the U.S. average of 6.3 percent. In fact, Rhode Island had the highest unemployment rate in the nation and was among eight states and the District of Columbia with unemployment rates measurably higher than the national average. The 21 remaining states registered unemployment rates not appreciably different from that of the nation.
Massachusetts (-0.4 percentage point) was the only New England state to post a statistically significant unemployment rate change over the month. Nationwide, four other states posted significant rate declines from April, while two states had significant over-the-month rate increases. The remaining 43 states and the District of Columbia reported unemployment rates that were not measurably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.

Over the year, Massachusetts (-1.4 percentage points), Rhode Island (-1.3 point), Maine and Vermont (-1.0 point each) as well as New Hampshire (-0.8 point) all recorded statistically significant unemployment rate changes. Twenty seven additional states reported statistically significant unemployment rate changes from May 2013, all of which were declines. The remaining 18 states and the District of Columbia recorded unemployment rates that were not appreciably different from a year ago.

Technical Note

This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Estimates for the U.S. are obtained directly from the CPS, which is a sample survey of approximately 60,000 households nationwide that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the Census Bureau. The LAUS program produces data for the nine geographic divisions in the United States: New England, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, East North Central, West North Central, Mountain, and Pacific. Data for all divisions, as well as the 50 states and the District of Columbia, are available in the Regional and State Employment and Unemployment release www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm#news issued monthly by BLS, while national statistics are highlighted in the Employment Situation www.bls.gov/cps/home.htm#news.

Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect adjustments made at the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years (both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted) are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to or coincident with the release of January estimates.

Model-based error measures for seasonally adjusted data and for over-the-month and over-the-year changes are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. BLS uses a 90-percent confidence level in determining whether changes in LAUS unemployment rates are statistically significant. The average magnitude of the current year over-the-month change in a state unemployment rate that is required for statistical significance at the 90-percent confidence level is just over 0.2 percentage point; the average amount of the current over-the-year change in a state rate for significance is about 0.9 point. More details can be found on the website. Measures of nonsampling error are not available.

This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Services: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Labor force status for the U.S., New England, and New England states, seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug
2013
Sept
2013
Oct
2013
Nov
2013
Dec
2013
Jan
2014
Feb
2014
Mar
2014
Apr
2014
May
2014

Connecticut

Civilian labor force

1,864.5 1,862.3 1,859.7 1,856.8 1,853.7 1,850.6 1,847.9 1,845.8 1,852.2 1,857.9 1,864.8 1,868.6 (P) 1,877.7

Employed

1,718.6 1,716.0 1,713.3 1,711.3 1,710.1 1,709.5 1,709.2 1,709.4 1,719.3 1,727.7 1,734.3 1,740.1 (P) 1,747.9

Unemployed

145.9 146.3 146.4 145.5 143.5 141.1 138.7 136.4 132.9 130.2 130.5 128.5 (P) 129.8

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.0 7.0 6.9 (P) 6.9

Maine

Civilian labor force

709.5 709.7 709.8 709.6 709.2 708.9 708.6 708.4 709.8 711.5 713.5 712.7 (P) 711.0

Employed

661.9 662.2 662.3 662.4 662.6 662.8 663.0 663.3 665.6 668.4 671.7 672.2 (P) 670.4

Unemployed

47.6 47.5 47.4 47.2 46.7 46.1 45.6 45.1 44.1 43.0 41.8 40.5 (P) 40.6

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 (P) 5.7

Massachusetts

Civilian labor force

3,486.6 3,487.3 3,487.0 3,486.0 3,484.8 3,484.0 3,483.3 3,483.1 3,485.5 3,494.7 3,506.9 3,505.6 (P) 3,501.8

Employed

3,241.1 3,238.6 3,235.7 3,234.0 3,233.6 3,234.2 3,235.2 3,236.8 3,248.3 3,266.6 3,285.9 3,295.7 (P) 3,304.5

Unemployed

245.5 248.7 251.3 252.1 251.2 249.8 248.1 246.3 237.2 228.1 221.0 210.0 (P) 197.3

Unemployment rate

7.0 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.0 (P) 5.6

New Hampshire

Civilian labor force

742.4 741.9 741.4 741.2 741.0 741.0 741.0 741.1 742.8 744.6 746.3 747.3 (P) 747.3

Employed

703.7 703.1 702.5 702.2 702.1 702.3 702.6 703.0 706.2 709.4 712.4 714.6 (P) 714.5

Unemployed

38.8 38.8 38.9 39.0 38.9 38.7 38.5 38.2 36.6 35.2 33.9 32.7 (P) 32.8

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 (P) 4.4

Rhode Island

Civilian labor force

557.7 556.7 555.6 554.4 553.2 552.0 551.0 550.1 550.3 552.9 554.4 555.8 (P) 557.8

Employed

504.8 503.6 502.3 501.3 500.5 499.9 499.4 499.1 499.7 503.3 505.9 509.5 (P) 512.2

Unemployed

52.9 53.1 53.3 53.1 52.7 52.1 51.6 51.1 50.5 49.6 48.5 46.2 (P) 45.6

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.0 8.7 8.3 (P) 8.2

Vermont

Civilian labor force

351.8 351.5 351.2 350.9 350.6 350.4 350.3 350.2 350.5 350.9 351.1 351.0 (P) 351.2

Employed

336.7 336.0 335.4 335.0 334.9 335.0 335.1 335.4 336.6 337.9 339.0 339.5 (P) 339.7

Unemployed

15.2 15.5 15.8 15.9 15.7 15.5 15.2 14.8 13.9 12.9 12.1 11.5 (P) 11.6

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3 (P) 3.3

New England

Civilian labor force

7,712.4 7,707.0 7,700.8 7,694.6 7,689.0 7,684.8 7,681.5 7,680.3 7,694.0 7,716.8 7,741.2 7,743.4 7,749.6

Employed

7,165.6 7,156.3 7,147.0 7,141.6 7,140.3 7,142.0 7,145.0 7,149.8 7,182.0 7,220.8 7,254.0 7,273.6 7,290.7

Unemployed

546.7 550.8 553.8 553.1 548.7 542.8 536.5 530.5 512.0 496.0 487.2 469.8 458.9

Unemployment rate

7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9

United States (1)

Civilian labor force

155,609 155,822 155,693 155,435 155,473 154,625 155,284 154,937 (2) 155,460 155,724 156,227 155,421 155,613

Employed

143,919 144,075 144,285 144,179 144,270 143,485 144,443 144,586 (2) 145,224 145,266 145,742 145,669 145,814

Unemployed

11,690 11,747 11,408 11,256 11,203 11,140 10,841 10,351 10,236 10,459 10,486 9,753 9,799

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Data for the U.S. are obtained directly from the national Current Population Survey (CPS) and are not preliminary. Seasonally adjusted CPS data have been revised as a result of routine seasonal updates processed at the end of each calendar year.
(2) Data affected by changes in population controls.
(P) Preliminary


Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by census region and division, seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Census region and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
May
2013
Mar
2014
Apr
2014
May
2014
Number Percent of the labor force
May
2013
Mar
2014
Apr
2014
May
2014
May
2013
Mar
2014
Apr
2014
May
2014

Northeast

28,391.2 28,289.2 28,288.9 28,289.8 2,167.5 1,853.5 1,781.3 1,764.6 7.6 6.6 6.3 6.2

New England

7,712.4 7,741.2 7,743.4 7,749.6 546.7 487.2 469.8 458.9 7.1 6.3 6.1 5.9

Middle Atlantic

20,678.9 20,548.1 20,545.5 20,540.3 1,620.8 1,366.3 1,311.5 1,305.7 7.8 6.6 6.4 6.4

South

56,769.3 56,932.2 57,016.4 57,097.3 4,073.4 3,436.4 3,363.8 3,410.9 7.2 6.0 5.9 6.0

South Atlantic

30,109.6 30,196.7 30,269.1 30,341.9 2,234.4 1,842.1 1,823.2 1,872.4 7.4 6.1 6.0 6.2

East South Central

8,600.3 8,526.3 8,525.0 8,526.9 682.8 608.6 596.0 598.1 7.9 7.1 7.0 7.0

West South Central

18,059.4 18,209.2 18,222.4 18,228.5 1,156.3 985.7 944.7 940.4 6.4 5.4 5.2 5.2

Midwest

34,330.4 34,458.7 34,467.0 34,459.5 2,488.3 2,191.3 2,109.0 2,078.4 7.2 6.4 6.1 6.0

East North Central

23,298.3 23,340.4 23,342.7 23,330.2 1,899.4 1,625.3 1,553.1 1,526.6 8.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

West North Central

11,032.2 11,118.3 11,124.2 11,129.3 588.9 566.0 555.9 551.7 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0

West

36,114.3 36,298.7 36,307.3 36,320.0 2,924.6 2,622.2 2,535.7 2,489.6 8.1 7.2 7.0 6.9

Mountain

11,089.6 11,208.4 11,217.5 11,217.9 791.2 714.8 682.1 665.9 7.1 6.4 6.1 5.9

Pacific

25,024.7 25,090.3 25,089.8 25,102.1 2,133.4 1,907.4 1,853.6 1,823.8 8.5 7.6 7.4 7.3

Note: Census region estimates are derived by summing the Census division model-based estimates. Data refer to place of residence. Regions are defined as the four Census regions, comprised as follows: Northeast Region includes the New England Division - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; and the Middle Atlantic Division - New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. South Rgion includes the South Atlantic Division - Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central Division - Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; and West South Central Division - Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Midwest Region includes the East North Central - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and the West North Central Division - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. West Region includes the Moutain Division - Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. Estimates for the current year are subject to revision early in the following calendar year.

Last Modified Date: July 1, 2014

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