New England Information Office

News Release Information

14-595-BOS

Friday, April 11, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:


new england and state unemployment – 2013

The annual average unemployment rate in New England, at 7.1 percent in 2013, was essentially unchanged over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Nationally the unemployment rate fell 0.7 percentage point, to 7.4 percent in 2013. (See table 1.) Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that New England’s unemployment rate was not measurably different than the national average in 2013. The jobless rate in New England has rarely exceeded the U.S. average in the 38 years this data has been collected. (See chart A.)

Unemployment rates for the U.S. and New England, 1976-2013

New England is one of nine geographic divisions in the United States. Jobless rates in the divisions ranged from a low of 5.2 percent in the West North Central to a high of 8.4 percent in the Pacific in 2013. Three divisions, the West North Central, West South Central, and Mountain recorded annual average unemployment rates that were significantly lower than that for the nation. Four divisions had rates significantly above the U.S. average--the Middle Atlantic, the East North Central, the East South Central, and the Pacific. (See table 2.)

Six of the nine geographic divisions reported statistically significant over-the-year unemployment rate changes in 2013, all of which were decreases. The largest of these occurred in the Pacific (-1.4 percentage points) followed by the South Atlantic (-1.0 point).

Four of the six states that make up the New England division had jobless rates appreciably different from the U.S. average in 2013. Vermont (4.4 percent), New Hampshire (5.3 percent), and Maine (6.7 percent) had rates significantly lower than that for the nation. These four states were among 25 states in the country to report significantly lower unemployment rates. In contrast, Rhode Island (9.5 percent) posted the highest unemployment rate in New England and was among the highest jobless rates nationwide. Rhode Island was among 11 states and the District of Columbia to report a jobless rate significantly above that for the United States. Massachusetts and Connecticut were among fourteen states that posted unemployment rates that were not measurably different than that for the nation in 2013. (See table 1.)

Three New England states posted statistically significant jobless rate changes over the year in 2013. The rate in Rhode Island fell 0.8 percentage point, while Maine and Vermont were down 0.5 point, each. Nationally, 25 states and the District of Columbia posted statistically significant unemployment rate decreases over the year. The largest decrease occurred in Nevada (-1.7 percentage points), while eight additional states posted decreases greater than 1.0 percentage point, including: Florida (-1.6 points), California (-1.5 points), and South Carolina (-1.4 points). Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire were among the remaining 25 states having annual average unemployment rates for 2013 that were not appreciably different from those of the previous year.

Technical Note

This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Estimates for the U.S. are obtained directly from the CPS, which is a monthly sample survey of approximately 60,000 households nationwide that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the Census Bureau. All subnational estimates presented in this release were derived from updated time-series models with monthly benchmarking to national Current Population Survey (CPS) estimates. Subnational data reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. Historical data were revised back to 2009. Data for regions, divisions, states, and the District of Columbia are available back to 1976.

The LAUS program produces data for the nine geographic divisions in the United States: New England, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, East North Central, West North Central, Mountain, and Pacific. Data for all divisions, as well as the 50 states, are available in the Regional and State Unemployment release (www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm#news). Analysis in this news release reflects the use of model-based error measures when making comparisons with the U.S. and the prior year. BLS uses a 90-percent confidence level in determining whether changes or differences in subnational unemployment rates are statistically significant. Model-based error measures are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.

This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Services: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population for the U.S., New England, and the New England states, 2012-13 annual averagess
(Numbers in thousands)

Area

Civilian labor force Employed Unemployed Unemployment rate Error range of rate, 20131

2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013

United States1

154,975 155,389 142,469 143,929 12,506 11,460 8.1 7.4 7.3 - 7.5

New England

7,721 7,702 7,164 7,157 557 545 7.2 7.1 6.8 - 7.4

Connecticut

1,887 1,860 1,731 1,715 156 145 8.3 7.8 7.3 - 8.3

Maine

707 709 656 662 51 47 7.2 6.7 6.2 - 7.2

Massachusetts

3,470 3,484 3,235 3,238 235 246 6.8 7.1 6.5 - 7.6

New Hampshire

743 742 702 703 41 39 5.5 5.3 4.9 - 5.6

Rhode Island

559 556 501 503 57 53 10.3 9.5 8.8 - 10.2

Vermont

356 351 338 336 17 15 4.9 4.4 4.0 - 4.8

¹Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.

Note: Data refer to place of residence. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels.

Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they will not add to U.S. totals.


Table 2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by region and division, 2012-13 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)

Census region and division

Civilian labor force Employed Unemployed Unemployment rate Error range of rate, 20131

2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013

Northeast

28,370 28,336 26,060 26,203 2,310 2,133 8.1 7.5 7.3 - 7.7

New England

7,721 7,702 7,164 7,157 557 545 7.2 7.1 6.8 - 7.4

Middle Atlantic

20,649 20,634 18,896 19,047 1,753 1,587 8.5 7.7 7.4 - 7.9

South

56,480 56,677 52,117 52,698 4,363 3,979 7.7 7.0 6.9 - 7.2

South Atlantic

29,989 30,054 27,521 27,887 2,467 2,167 8.2 7.2 7.0 - 7.4

East South Central

8,647 8,561 7,948 7,889 700 672 8.1 7.8 7.4 - 8.3

West South Central

17,844 18,063 16,648 16,922 1,196 1,140 6.7 6.3 6.1 - 6.6

Midwest

34,180 34,302 31,654 31,844 2,526 2,458 7.4 7.2 7.0 - 7.4

East North Central

23,212 23,282 21,305 21,398 1,908 1,884 8.2 8.1 7.8 - 8.4

West North Central

10,968 11,021 10,350 10,446 618 575 5.6 5.2 5.0 - 5.4

West

36,010 36,076 32,697 33,186 3,313 2,890 9.2 8.0 7.8 - 8.2

Mountain

11,043 11,080 10,174 10,301 868 780 7.9 7.0 6.8 - 7.3

Pacific

24,968 24,996 22,523 22,886 2,445 2,110 9.8 8.4 8.2 - 8.7

Regions are defined as the four Census regions, comprised as follows: Northeast Region includes the New England Division - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; and the Middle Atlantic Division - New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. South Region includes the South Atlantic Division - Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central Division - Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; and West South Central Division - Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Midwest Region includes the East North Central Division - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and the West North Central Division - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. West Region includes the Mountain Division - Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and the Pacific Division - Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

¹ Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data. Note: Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they will not add to U.S. totals. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels.

Last Modified Date: April 11, 2014

Recommend this page using: