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New England Information Office

News Release Information

15-727-BOS Wednesday, April 22, 2015

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New England and State Unemployment - 2014

The annual average unemployment rate in New England, at 5.9 percent in 2014, was down 1.0 percentage point over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Nationally the unemployment rate fell 1.2 percentage points, to 6.2 percent in 2014. (See table 1.) Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that New England’s unemployment rate was not measurably different than the national average in 2014. The jobless rate in New England has rarely exceeded the U.S. average in the 38 years this data has been collected.   (See chart A.

 Chart A. Unemployment rates for the U.S. and New England, 1976 - 2014

 

New England is 1 of 9 geographic divisions in the United States. Jobless rates in the divisions ranged from a low of 4.6 percent in the West North Central to a high of 7.2 percent in the Pacific in 2014. Three divisions, the West North Central, West South Central, and Mountain recorded annual average unemployment rates that were significantly lower than that for the nation. Two divisions had rates significantly above the U.S. average--the East South Central and the Pacific. (See table 2.)

All nine geographic divisions reported statistically significant over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in 2014. The largest of these occurred in the East North Central (-1.7 percentage points) followed by the Middle Atlantic (-1.5 points).

Three of the six states that make up the New England division had jobless rates appreciably different from the U.S. average in 2014. Vermont (4.1 percent) and New Hampshire (4.3 percent) had rates significantly lower than that for the nation. In contrast, Rhode Island (7.7 percent) posted the highest unemployment rate in New England and was among the highest jobless rates nationwide. Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Maine posted unemployment rates that were not measurably different than that for the nation in 2014. (See table 1.)

Annual average unemployment rates decreased from 2013 to 2014 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. This was the first year since 1984 in which all states and the District had over-the-year rate declines. In New England, over-the-year rate declines ranged from 1.6 percentage points in Rhode Island to 0.3 percentage point in Vermont. Jobless rate declines from 2013 to 2014 in the other New England states ranged from 0.8 to 1.1 percentage points.


Technical Note

This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program.  Estimates for the U.S. are obtained directly from the CPS, which is a monthly sample survey of approximately 60,000 households nationwide that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the Census Bureau.  All subnational estimates presented in this release were derived from updated time-series models with monthly benchmarking to national Current Population Survey (CPS) estimates.  Subnational data reflect revised population controls and model reestimation.  Historical data were revised back to 2010.  Data for regions, divisions, states, and the District of Columbia are available back to 1976.

The LAUS program produces data for the nine geographic divisions in the United States:  New England, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, East North Central, West North Central, Mountain, and Pacific.  Data for all divisions, as well as the 50 states, are available in the Regional and State Unemployment release (www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm#news).  Analysis in this news release reflects the use of model-based error measures when making comparisons with the U.S. and the prior year.  BLS uses a 90-percent confidence level in determining whether changes or differences in subnational unemployment rates are statistically significant.  Model-based error measures are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.

This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.

 

Table 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population for the U.S., New England, and the New England states, 2013-14 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Area Civilian labor force Employed Unemployed Unemployment rate Error range of rate, 2014(1)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

United States

155,389 155,922 143,929 146,305 11,460 9,617 7.4 6.2 6.1 - 6.2

New England

7,735 7,785 7,202 7,327 533 458 6.9 5.9 5.6 - 6.2

Connecticut

1,869 1,885 1,724 1,760 145 125 7.7 6.6 6.1 - 7.1

Maine

707 699 660 659 47 40 6.6 5.7 5.2 - 6.2

Massachusetts

3,509 3,557 3,272 3,353 237 205 6.7 5.8 5.2 - 6.3

New Hampshire

742 741 704 709 38 32 5.1 4.3 3.9 - 4.7

Rhode Island

557 553 505 511 52 42 9.3 7.7 7.1 - 8.2

Vermont

351 349 336 335 16 14 4.4 4.1 3.7 - 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.
Note: Data refer to place of residence. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels. Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they will not add to U.S. totals.

Table 2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by region and division, 2013-14 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Census region and division Civilian labor force Employed Unemployed Unemployment rate Error range of rate, 2014(1)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Northeast

28,343 28,251 26,221 26,518 2,121 1,733 7.5 6.1 6.0 - 6.3

New England

7,735 7,785 7,202 7,327 533 458 6.9 5.9 5.6 - 6.2

Middle Atlantic

20,608 20,466 19,019 19,191 1,589 1,275 7.7 6.2 6.0 - 6.5

South

56,781 56,996 52,792 53,580 3,989 3,416 7.0 6.0 5.9 - 6.1

South Atlantic

30,078 30,240 27,897 28,359 2,181 1,881 7.3 6.2 6.0 - 6.4

East South Central

8,581 8,403 7,909 7,830 672 573 7.8 6.8 6.5 - 7.2

West South Central

18,122 18,353 16,987 17,392 1,135 962 6.3 5.2 5.0 - 5.5

Midwest

34,301 34,443 31,831 32,429 2,471 2,014 7.2 5.8 5.7 - 6.0

East North Central

23,286 23,319 21,390 21,817 1,896 1,502 8.1 6.4 6.2 - 6.7

West North Central

11,016 11,124 10,441 10,611 575 512 5.2 4.6 4.4 - 4.8

West

36,189 36,529 33,293 34,057 2,896 2,473 8.0 6.8 6.6 - 6.9

Mountain

11,130 11,252 10,352 10,601 777 652 7.0 5.8 5.5 - 6.0

Pacific

25,059 25,277 22,941 23,456 2,119 1,821 8.5 7.2 7.0 - 7.4

Footnotes
(1) Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.
Note: Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they will not add to U.S. totals. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels. 

Regions are defined as the four Census regions, comprised as follows: Northeast Region includes the New England Division - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; and the Middle Atlantic Division - New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. South Region includes the South Atlantic Division - Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central Division - Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; and West South Central Division - Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Midwest Region includes the East North Central Division - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and the West North Central Division - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. West Region includes the Mountain Division - Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and the Pacific Division - Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, April 22, 2015

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News Release Information

15-727-BOS Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Contacts

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Media contact:

New England and State Unemployment - 2014

The annual average unemployment rate in New England, at 5.9 percent in 2014, was down 1.0 percentage point over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Nationally the unemployment rate fell 1.2 percentage points, to 6.2 percent in 2014. (See table 1.) Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that New England’s unemployment rate was not measurably different than the national average in 2014. The jobless rate in New England has rarely exceeded the U.S. average in the 38 years this data has been collected.   (See chart A.

 Chart A. Unemployment rates for the U.S. and New England, 1976 - 2014

 

New England is 1 of 9 geographic divisions in the United States. Jobless rates in the divisions ranged from a low of 4.6 percent in the West North Central to a high of 7.2 percent in the Pacific in 2014. Three divisions, the West North Central, West South Central, and Mountain recorded annual average unemployment rates that were significantly lower than that for the nation. Two divisions had rates significantly above the U.S. average--the East South Central and the Pacific. (See table 2.)

All nine geographic divisions reported statistically significant over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in 2014. The largest of these occurred in the East North Central (-1.7 percentage points) followed by the Middle Atlantic (-1.5 points).

Three of the six states that make up the New England division had jobless rates appreciably different from the U.S. average in 2014. Vermont (4.1 percent) and New Hampshire (4.3 percent) had rates significantly lower than that for the nation. In contrast, Rhode Island (7.7 percent) posted the highest unemployment rate in New England and was among the highest jobless rates nationwide. Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Maine posted unemployment rates that were not measurably different than that for the nation in 2014. (See table 1.)

Annual average unemployment rates decreased from 2013 to 2014 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. This was the first year since 1984 in which all states and the District had over-the-year rate declines. In New England, over-the-year rate declines ranged from 1.6 percentage points in Rhode Island to 0.3 percentage point in Vermont. Jobless rate declines from 2013 to 2014 in the other New England states ranged from 0.8 to 1.1 percentage points.


Technical Note

This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program.  Estimates for the U.S. are obtained directly from the CPS, which is a monthly sample survey of approximately 60,000 households nationwide that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the Census Bureau.  All subnational estimates presented in this release were derived from updated time-series models with monthly benchmarking to national Current Population Survey (CPS) estimates.  Subnational data reflect revised population controls and model reestimation.  Historical data were revised back to 2010.  Data for regions, divisions, states, and the District of Columbia are available back to 1976.

The LAUS program produces data for the nine geographic divisions in the United States:  New England, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, East North Central, West North Central, Mountain, and Pacific.  Data for all divisions, as well as the 50 states, are available in the Regional and State Unemployment release (www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm#news).  Analysis in this news release reflects the use of model-based error measures when making comparisons with the U.S. and the prior year.  BLS uses a 90-percent confidence level in determining whether changes or differences in subnational unemployment rates are statistically significant.  Model-based error measures are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.

This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.

 

Table 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population for the U.S., New England, and the New England states, 2013-14 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Area Civilian labor force Employed Unemployed Unemployment rate Error range of rate, 2014(1)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

United States

155,389 155,922 143,929 146,305 11,460 9,617 7.4 6.2 6.1 - 6.2

New England

7,735 7,785 7,202 7,327 533 458 6.9 5.9 5.6 - 6.2

Connecticut

1,869 1,885 1,724 1,760 145 125 7.7 6.6 6.1 - 7.1

Maine

707 699 660 659 47 40 6.6 5.7 5.2 - 6.2

Massachusetts

3,509 3,557 3,272 3,353 237 205 6.7 5.8 5.2 - 6.3

New Hampshire

742 741 704 709 38 32 5.1 4.3 3.9 - 4.7

Rhode Island

557 553 505 511 52 42 9.3 7.7 7.1 - 8.2

Vermont

351 349 336 335 16 14 4.4 4.1 3.7 - 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.
Note: Data refer to place of residence. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels. Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they will not add to U.S. totals.

Table 2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by region and division, 2013-14 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Census region and division Civilian labor force Employed Unemployed Unemployment rate Error range of rate, 2014(1)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Northeast

28,343 28,251 26,221 26,518 2,121 1,733 7.5 6.1 6.0 - 6.3

New England

7,735 7,785 7,202 7,327 533 458 6.9 5.9 5.6 - 6.2

Middle Atlantic

20,608 20,466 19,019 19,191 1,589 1,275 7.7 6.2 6.0 - 6.5

South

56,781 56,996 52,792 53,580 3,989 3,416 7.0 6.0 5.9 - 6.1

South Atlantic

30,078 30,240 27,897 28,359 2,181 1,881 7.3 6.2 6.0 - 6.4

East South Central

8,581 8,403 7,909 7,830 672 573 7.8 6.8 6.5 - 7.2

West South Central

18,122 18,353 16,987 17,392 1,135 962 6.3 5.2 5.0 - 5.5

Midwest

34,301 34,443 31,831 32,429 2,471 2,014 7.2 5.8 5.7 - 6.0

East North Central

23,286 23,319 21,390 21,817 1,896 1,502 8.1 6.4 6.2 - 6.7

West North Central

11,016 11,124 10,441 10,611 575 512 5.2 4.6 4.4 - 4.8

West

36,189 36,529 33,293 34,057 2,896 2,473 8.0 6.8 6.6 - 6.9

Mountain

11,130 11,252 10,352 10,601 777 652 7.0 5.8 5.5 - 6.0

Pacific

25,059 25,277 22,941 23,456 2,119 1,821 8.5 7.2 7.0 - 7.4

Footnotes
(1) Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.
Note: Data for subnational areas reflect revised population controls and model reestimation. As a result, they will not add to U.S. totals. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels. 

Regions are defined as the four Census regions, comprised as follows: Northeast Region includes the New England Division - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; and the Middle Atlantic Division - New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. South Region includes the South Atlantic Division - Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central Division - Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; and West South Central Division - Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Midwest Region includes the East North Central Division - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and the West North Central Division - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. West Region includes the Mountain Division - Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and the Pacific Division - Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, April 22, 2015