New York-New Jersey Information Office

News Release Information

14–1253–NEW

Monday, June 30, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • Martin Kohli (646) 264-3620

New York Area Employment – May 2014

Job count up 1.3 percent over the year in area and 1.9 percent in New York City

Total nonfarm employment for the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area rose by 111,200 or 1.3 percent from May 2013 to May 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Martin Kohli, the Bureau’s chief regional economist, noted that the rate of growth in the area’s four divisions lagged the national figure of 1.8 percent, but in New York City, employment increased by 75,000 or 1.9 percent from May a year ago. (See table 1 and chart 1.) (The Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, the United States, the New York metropolitan area, and New York City, May 2004-May 2014

The New York metropolitan area is made up of four metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. New York-White Plains-Wayne had the largest increase in employment—88,000 jobs since May 2013. Nassau-Suffolk and Newark-Union added 12,200 and 7,200 jobs, respectively. Edison-New Brunswick gained 3,800 jobs.

New York-White Plains-Wayne, with an increase of 1.6 percent, posted the largest rate of growth among the metropolitan divisions. Nassau-Suffolk and Newark-Union followed, with employment growth of 0.9 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively. In Edison, employment grew by 0.4 percent. (See chart 2.)

Chart 2. Over-the-year change in employment, metropolitan divisions in the New York metropolitan area, May 2014

Industry employment

In the greater New York metropolitan area, employment increased 36,800 in each of two supersectors–education and health services and trade, transportation, and utilities. (See table 1.) In education and health services, ambulatory health care services accounted for slightly over half of the growth in the area, which included an addition of close to 9,000 jobs in New York City home health care services. In trade, transportation, and utilities, retail trade accounted for almost two-thirds of this supersector’s expansion. New York City’s groceries and clothing stores expanded by a total of 7,000. Locally, education and health services and trade, transportation, and utilites each grew 2.3 percent over the year compared to national growth rates of 1.8 and 2.2 percent, respectively. (See chart 3.)

Professional and business services increased 27,200 since last May, the second-largest gain in the New York area. Three-quarters of the expansion in this supersector occurred among professional and technical services in New York City. In the City, computer systems design, accounting, and management and technical consulting added a total of 8,200 jobs. In the New York area, employment in professional and business services grew 2.0 percent, compared to a 3.5-percent expansion nationally.

Only one other supersector in the area had an increase of at least 10,000 jobs—leisure and hospitality (15,200). Gains were concentrated in food services and drinking places, with almost 14,000 jobs added in New York City, Nassau-Suffolk, and Edison.

Three supersectors lost more than 3,000 jobs between May 2013 and May 2014. Government employment dropped 7,000, which included 3,400 jobs in Nassau-Suffolk local government. Financial activities shed 4,700 jobs, with a loss of 2,100 finance and insurance jobs in Nassau-Suffolk. Information declined 3,100; almost one-third of the loss was in the New York-White Plains-Wayne Metropolitan Division.

Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change by selected industry supersector, the United States and the New York metropolitan area, May 2014

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

New York was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in May 2014. Eleven of these 12 areas experienced over-the-year job growth, with 6 exceeding the national average of 1.8 percent. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington recorded the fastest rate of job growth, up 3.7 percent, followed by Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 3.3 percent. Detroit-Warren-Livonia was the only area to record a decrease in employment, down 0.2 percent. (See chart 4. and table 2.)

Dallas added the largest number of jobs, 113,100, and two other areas also added over 100,000 jobs: Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (111,900) and New York (111,200). Washington-Arlington-Alexandria was the only area to gain less than 10,000 jobs over the year. Detroit lost 3,300 jobs since May 2013.

Professional and businesses services registered the largest over-the-year employment gains in 4 of the 12 metropolitan areas from May a year ago: Dallas, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont. Education and health services led employment gains in three metropolitan areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in four areas: Atlanta, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. Manufacturing recorded the largest job losses in three other areas: Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles. Houston and Miami were the only metropolitan areas that had no annual job losses for any supersector.

Chart 4. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, the United States and the 12 largest metropolitan areas, Mayy 2014

Metropolitan area employment data for June 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 30, 2014.

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Employment

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
The estimates presented in this release are based on a sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Additional information
Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consists of Bronx, Kings, Nassau, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County, Pennsylvania.

The Edison-New Brunswick Metropolitan Division consists of Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset Counties in New Jersey.

The Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division consists of Nassau and Suffolk Counties in New York.

The New York-White Plains-Wayne Metropolitan Division consists of Bronx, Kings, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, and Westchester Counties in New York State; and Bergen, Hudson, and Passaic Counties in New Jersey.

The Newark-Union Metropolitan Division consists of Essex, Hunterdon, Morris, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
Area May
2013
March
2014
April
2014
May
2014 (1)
May 2013 to
May 2014 (1)
Net
change
Percent
change

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

8,728.2 8,667.2 8,766.0 8,839.4 111.2 1.3

Mining, logging, and construction

322.8 299.6 317.2 327.2 4.4 1.4

Manufacturing

357.3 355.2 355.3 356.3 -1.0 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,591.1 1,602.0 1,612.4 1,627.9 36.8 2.3

Information

276.0 273.7 273.6 272.9 -3.1 -1.1

Financial activities

733.4 728.4 732.3 728.7 -4.7 -0.6

Professional and business services

1,380.0 1,371.2 1,396.3 1,407.2 27.2 2.0

Education and health services

1,635.0 1,665.7 1,667.4 1,671.8 36.8 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

794.5 743.3 775.3 809.7 15.2 1.9

Other services

381.9 383.8 385.8 388.5 6.6 1.7

Government

1,256.2 1,244.3 1,250.4 1,249.2 -7.0 -0.6

Edison-New Brunswick Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,023.6 994.9 1,012.4 1,027.4 3.8 0.4

Mining, logging, and construction

40.9 37.2 39.2 40.9 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing

59.0 58.9 60.2 60.7 1.7 2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

221.9 219.0 221.5 225.2 3.3 1.5

Information

24.7 24.0 23.9 23.9 -0.8 -3.2

Financial activities

56.4 54.5 54.7 54.8 -1.6 -2.8

Professional and business services

184.4 179.0 184.1 185.3 0.9 0.5

Education and health services

158.7 158.9 159.2 158.9 0.2 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

92.6 81.2 87.5 93.8 1.2 1.3

Other services

43.9 43.8 43.4 44.0 0.1 0.2

Government

141.1 138.4 138.7 139.9 -1.2 -0.9

Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,287.7 1,260.4 1,284.9 1,299.9 12.2 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

68.6 62.5 68.0 72.3 3.7 5.4

Manufacturing

73.9 73.7 73.9 73.5 -0.4 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

265.3 266.8 270.3 272.0 6.7 2.5

Information

23.9 23.3 23.4 23.4 -0.5 -2.1

Financial activities

72.6 70.5 70.8 70.3 -2.3 -3.2

Professional and business services

169.3 161.4 168.3 171.3 2.0 1.2

Education and health services

239.9 244.7 245.6 245.8 5.9 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

117.5 105.3 111.0 117.0 -0.5 -0.4

Other services

56.4 56.2 56.7 57.7 1.3 2.3

Government

200.3 196.0 196.9 196.6 -3.7 -1.8

New York-White Plains-Wayne Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

5,426.9 5,435.7 5,480.2 5,514.9 88.0 1.6

Mining, logging, and construction

179.1 169.1 178.5 181.5 2.4 1.3

Manufacturing

159.7 159.8 158.3 158.2 -1.5 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

906.7 915.9 918.8 925.9 19.2 2.1

Information

208.2 208.0 207.9 207.2 -1.0 -0.5

Financial activities

537.1 537.6 539.8 537.6 0.5 0.1

Professional and business services

857.7 863.5 873.7 879.9 22.2 2.6

Education and health services

1,082.8 1,111.7 1,112.2 1,115.3 32.5 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

507.1 485.4 500.1 518.1 11.0 2.2

Other services

235.7 238.0 240.0 240.8 5.1 2.2

Government

752.8 746.7 750.9 750.4 -2.4 -0.3

New York City

Total nonfarm

3,972.4 3,999.1 4,025.8 4,047.4 75.0 1.9

Mining, logging, and construction

121.2 118.0 124.1 124.8 3.6 3.0

Manufacturing

76.6 77.3 76.4 76.5 -0.1 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

597.2 606.9 609.1 612.4 15.2 2.5

Information

177.8 178.5 178.4 177.8 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

433.1 434.4 436.8 435.3 2.2 0.5

Professional and business services

639.3 648.8 653.0 656.7 17.4 2.7

Education and health services

817.7 841.2 841.5 844.8 27.1 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

387.7 376.6 386.4 397.5 9.8 2.5

Other services

175.2 176.1 177.1 177.7 2.5 1.4

Government

546.6 541.3 543.0 543.9 -2.7 -0.5

Newark-Union Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

990.0 976.2 988.5 997.2 7.2 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

34.2 30.8 31.5 32.5 -1.7 -5.0

Manufacturing

64.7 62.8 62.9 63.9 -0.8 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

197.2 200.3 201.8 204.8 7.6 3.9

Information

19.2 18.4 18.4 18.4 -0.8 -4.2

Financial activities

67.3 65.8 67.0 66.0 -1.3 -1.9

Professional and business services

168.6 167.3 170.2 170.7 2.1 1.2

Education and health services

153.6 150.4 150.4 151.8 -1.8 -1.2

Leisure and hospitality

77.3 71.4 76.7 80.8 3.5 4.5

Other services

45.9 45.8 45.7 46.0 0.1 0.2

Government

162.0 163.2 163.9 162.3 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently projected from March 2013 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark month are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.