New York-New Jersey Information Office

News Release Information

14–592–NEW

Friday, April 11, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • Martin Kohli (646) 264-3620

New York Area Employment – February 2014

Job Count up 1.3 Percent over the Year in Area and 2.2 Percent in New York City

Total nonfarm employment for the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area rose by 112,400 or 1.3 percent from February 2013 to February 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Martin Kohli, the Bureau’s chief regional economist, noted that the area’s rate of growth slightly lagged the national figure of 1.6 percent. In New York City, employment increased by 85,400 or 2.2 percent from February a year ago. (See table 1 and chart 1.) (The Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, the United States, the New York metropolitan area, and New York City, February 2004-February 2014

The New York metropolitan area is made up of four metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. New York-White Plains-Wayne had the largest increase in employment—95,900 jobs since February 2013. Nassau-Suffolk and Newark-Union added 13,600 and 5,000 jobs, respectively. In contrast, Edison-New Brunswick lost 2,100 jobs—its first loss since June 2011.

New York-White Plains-Wayne, with an increase of 1.8 percent, was the only division to exceed the national rate. Nassau-Suffolk and Newark-Union followed with employment growth of 1.1 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively. In Edison, employment shrank by 0.2 percent. (See chart 2.)

Chart 2. Over-the-year change in employment, metropolitan divisions in the New York metropolitan area, February 2014

Industry employment

In the greater New York metropolitan area, employment increased by more than 30,000 in two supersectors–trade, transportation, and utilities (38,100), and education and health services (37,400). (See table 1.) In trade, transportation, and utilities, retail trade accounted for over half of this supersector’s expansion, with close to 10,000 jobs added in food and beverage stores while transportation and warehousing added almost 10,000 jobs. In education and health services, ambulatory health care services accounted for more than half of the growth in the area, while in New York City, home health care services picked up 8,600 jobs. Over-the-year job growth in trade, transportation, and utilities (2.4 percent) and in education and health services (2.3 percent) exceeded their national rates of growth of 1.9 and 1.5 percent, respectively. (See chart 3.)

Professional and business services registered the next largest employment gain, 25,900. More than half of that increase occurred among professional and technical services firms in New York City. In the City, advertising and computer systems design services added a total of 7,400 jobs. In the New York area, employment in professional and business services grew by 1.9 percent, compared to a 3.7-percent expansion nationally.

Only one other supersector in the area had an increase of at least 10,000 jobs—leisure and hospitality (12,300). Gains were concentrated in food services and drinking places, where a total of almost 18,000 jobs were added in New York City, Nassau-Suffolk, and Edison.

Three supersectors lost at least 1,500 jobs. Government shed 11,500 jobs, 3,300 of them in local government in Nassau-Suffolk. Mining, logging, and construction lost 4,200 jobs, with specialty trade contractors losing 3,200; in contrast, specialty trade contractors gained at least 10,000 in each of the two prior years ending in February. Financial activities lost 1,500 jobs.

Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, by selected industry supersector, the United States and the New York metropolitan area, February 2014

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in February 2014. Eleven of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth, with six exceeding the national average of 1.6 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, up 3.0 percent. Detroit-Warren-Livonia was the only area to record a decrease in employment, down 0.2 percent (See chart 4. and table 2.)

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana added the largest number of jobs, 117,100, followed by New York at 112,400. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown each had job increases over 75,000. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria were the only areas to gain less than 10,000 jobs over the year. Detroit lost 4,200 jobs since February 2013.

Professional and business services and trade, transportation, and utilities registered the largest over-the-year employment gains in five metropolitan areas each. Manufacturing and education and health services led employment gains in one area each.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in four areas—Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, New York, and Philadelphia. Manufacturing recorded the largest job losses in three other areas—Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, and Los Angeles. In Houston and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, no supersector lost more than 1,000 jobs, and Miami was the only metropolitan area that had no annual job losses for any supersector.

Chart 4. Over-the-year percent change in employment, the United States and the 12 largest metropolitan areas, February 2014

Metropolitan area employment data for March 2014 are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, April 29, 2014.

Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data

Effective with the release of January 2014 data, nonfarm payroll estimates for all states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions were revised to reflect 2013 benchmark levels. For more information on benchmark procedures, see www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2014.pdf.

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Employment

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
The estimates presented in this release are based on a sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Additional information
Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consists of Bronx, Kings, Nassau, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County, Pennsylvania.

The Edison-New Brunswick Metropolitan Division consists of Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset Counties in New Jersey.

The Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division consists of Nassau and Suffolk Counties in New York.

The New York-White Plains-Wayne Metropolitan Division consists of Bronx, Kings, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, and Westchester Counties in New York State; and Bergen, Hudson, and Passaic Counties in New Jersey.

The Newark-Union Metropolitan Division consists of Essex, Hunterdon, Morris, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
Area Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014 (1)
Feb. 2013 to
Feb. 2014 (1)
Net
change
Percent
change

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

8,504.0 8,841.3 8,595.3 8,616.4 112.4 1.3

Mining, logging, and construction

296.0 311.6 296.8 291.8 -4.2 -1.4

Manufacturing

353.5 359.1 354.5 356.8 3.3 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,556.8 1,690.5 1,615.6 1,594.9 38.1 2.4

Information

271.0 279.8 274.5 275.6 4.6 1.7

Financial activities

730.0 740.6 730.1 728.5 -1.5 -0.2

Professional and business services

1,340.9 1,400.0 1,360.6 1,366.8 25.9 1.9

Education and health services

1,612.6 1,662.8 1,634.4 1,650.0 37.4 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

721.4 765.9 732.0 733.7 12.3 1.7

Other services

372.7 382.3 380.0 380.7 8.0 2.1

Government

1,249.1 1,248.7 1,216.8 1,237.6 -11.5 -0.9

Edison-New Brunswick Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

988.4 1,026.0 991.9 986.3 -2.1 -0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

36.1 39.8 38.2 35.2 -0.9 -2.5

Manufacturing

58.7 59.0 58.5 59.0 0.3 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

217.2 234.5 221.1 218.2 1.0 0.5

Information

24.7 24.3 23.9 24.0 -0.7 -2.8

Financial activities

56.0 55.5 54.3 54.4 -1.6 -2.9

Professional and business services

178.2 185.0 179.2 176.9 -1.3 -0.7

Education and health services

155.8 160.8 157.6 158.1 2.3 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

78.7 84.2 80.1 80.2 1.5 1.9

Other services

43.0 44.1 43.4 43.2 0.2 0.5

Government

140.0 138.8 135.6 137.1 -2.9 -2.1

Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,235.8 1,298.1 1,249.6 1,249.4 13.6 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

60.6 65.0 61.2 59.9 -0.7 -1.2

Manufacturing

72.8 74.1 73.0 73.4 0.6 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

257.5 282.9 268.9 264.7 7.2 2.8

Information

23.9 23.7 23.3 23.3 -0.6 -2.5

Financial activities

71.2 72.8 71.1 71.3 0.1 0.1

Professional and business services

159.6 168.7 160.5 157.9 -1.7 -1.1

Education and health services

236.6 245.3 239.7 242.9 6.3 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

101.0 110.7 103.8 104.5 3.5 3.5

Other services

53.8 56.8 56.2 56.4 2.6 4.8

Government

198.8 198.1 191.9 195.1 -3.7 -1.9

New York-White Plains-Wayne Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

5,311.3 5,519.8 5,382.9 5,407.2 95.9 1.8

Mining, logging, and construction

168.7 173.7 165.4 166.5 -2.2 -1.3

Manufacturing

157.5 161.4 159.0 160.0 2.5 1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

888.4 965.0 925.5 913.8 25.4 2.9

Information

203.4 213.3 208.8 209.9 6.5 3.2

Financial activities

535.9 545.5 538.7 538.3 2.4 0.4

Professional and business services

839.1 874.9 854.6 862.0 22.9 2.7

Education and health services

1,069.5 1,104.4 1,087.9 1,099.8 30.3 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

470.1 495.9 477.7 478.3 8.2 1.7

Other services

231.2 235.3 234.8 236.2 5.0 2.2

Government

747.5 750.4 730.5 742.4 -5.1 -0.7

New York City

Total nonfarm

3,895.6 4,051.3 3,958.4 3,981.0 85.4 2.2

Mining, logging, and construction

115.9 119.4 115.4 116.5 0.6 0.5

Manufacturing

74.9 78.0 77.1 77.0 2.1 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

583.2 637.9 612.8 604.7 21.5 3.7

Information

173.2 183.1 179.2 180.4 7.2 4.2

Financial activities

433.3 440.8 435.0 434.5 1.2 0.3

Professional and business services

630.2 655.1 640.2 648.3 18.1 2.9

Education and health services

807.3 835.2 823.9 833.5 26.2 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

363.0 383.2 369.6 371.9 8.9 2.5

Other services

172.5 174.0 174.3 175.4 2.9 1.7

Government

542.1 544.6 530.9 538.8 -3.3 -0.6

Newark-Union Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

968.5 997.4 970.9 973.5 5.0 0.5

Mining, logging, and construction

30.6 33.1 32.0 30.2 -0.4 -1.3

Manufacturing

64.5 64.6 64.0 64.4 -0.1 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

193.7 208.1 200.1 198.2 4.5 2.3

Information

19.0 18.5 18.5 18.4 -0.6 -3.2

Financial activities

66.9 66.8 66.0 64.5 -2.4 -3.6

Professional and business services

164.0 171.4 166.3 170.0 6.0 3.7

Education and health services

150.7 152.3 149.2 149.2 -1.5 -1.0

Leisure and hospitality

71.6 75.1 70.4 70.7 -0.9 -1.3

Other services

44.7 46.1 45.6 44.9 0.2 0.4

Government

162.8 161.4 158.8 163.0 0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently projected from March 2010 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark month are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.