New York-New Jersey Information Office

News Release Information

14–16–NEW

Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • Martin Kohli (646) 264-3620

New York Area Employment – November 2013

Job Count up 2.3 Percent over the Year in Area and 2.8 Percent in New York City

Total nonfarm employment for the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area rose by 200,500 or 2.3 percent from November 2012 to November 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Martin Kohli, the Bureau’s chief regional economist, noted that this was the area’s largest 12-month percentage increase since December 2000. In New York City, employment increased by 110,200 or 2.8 percent from November a year ago. Nationally, employment increased by 1.7 percent from November 2012. (See table 1 and chart 1.) (The Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, New York City, and the United States, Nobember 2003 - November 2013

The New York metropolitan area is made up of four metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. New York-White Plains-Wayne had the largest increase in employment—128,500 jobs since November 2012. Nassau-Suffolk followed with a gain of 31,700. Employment in Newark-Union and Edison-New Brunswick rose by 21,000 and 19,300, respectively.

Nassau-Suffolk had the largest percentage increase in employment, 2.5 percent, the division’s largest annual increase since October 2000. New York-White Plains and Newark followed with increases of 2.4 percent and 2.1 percent, respectively. Edison was the only division with an increase of 2.0 percent or less, though it still exceeded the national gain of 1.7 percent. (See chart 2.)

Chart 2. Over-the-year change in employment, metropolitan divisions in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, November 2013

Industry employment

In the New York area, the education and health services supersector experienced the largest employment growth, adding 78,400 jobs over the year, a high for the series which started in 1990. New York City posted large employment gains in both ambulatory health care services (20,000) and in educational services (18,300). The New York area’s growth rate for this supersector, 4.9 percent, outpaced the national rate of 1.8 percent.

Two other industry divisions each posted job gains of over 40,000—leisure and hospitality; and trade, transportation, and utilities. Over-the-year increases in each of the supersectors were the largest since the series inception. In leisure and hospitality, three quarters of the job growth (35,700) was in accommodation and food services. In New York City, food services and drinking places added more than 18,000 jobs. In trade, transportation, and utilities, most of the increase occurred in retail trade (35,000). New York City added 11,600 retail jobs, and Edison and Nassau-Suffolk each added about 7,000 retail jobs. Local area growth rates for both leisure and hospitality and trade, transportation, and utilities exceeded their national rates. (See chart 3.)

Employment growth also occurred in mining, logging, and construction (15,100), which primarily reflected an increase of specialty trade contractors in New York-White Plains-Wayne.

In contrast, three supersectors lost jobs over the year. Government employment declined by 5,100. Manufacturing and information employment shrank by 1,900 and 1,300, respectively. The over-the-year job losses in government and manufacturing were the smallest ones recorded in 5 years.

Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, by selected industry supersector, the United States and New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, November 2013

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in November 2013. All 12 areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with 7 exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 3.1 percent, followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 2.7 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (0.8 percent) followed by Detroit-Warren-Livonia (0.9 percent). (See chart 4. and table 2.)

New York added the largest number of jobs, 200,500, since November 2012. Employment in Los Angeles-Long Beach Santa Ana, Houston, and Dallas increased by over 80,000. Detroit experienced the smallest gain, adding 17,200 jobs over the 12-month period.

Professional and business services registered the largest over-the-year employment gains in 5 of the 12 metropolitan areas from November a year ago—Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Detroit, and Los Angeles. Education and health services was the leading growth industry in Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, New York, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington.

Government recorded the largest loss of jobs in seven areas—Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, and Washington. Only Dallas experienced no job losses for any supersector from last November.

Chart 4. Over-the-year percent change in employment, the United States and the 12 largest metropolitan areas, November 2013

Metropolitan area employment data for December 2013 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 5, 2014.

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Employment

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
The estimates presented in this release are based on a sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Additional information
Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consists of Bronx, Kings, Nassau, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County, Pennsylvania.

The Edison-New Brunswick Metropolitan Division consists of Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset Counties in New Jersey.

The Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division consists of Nassau and Suffolk Counties in New York.

The New York-White Plains-Wayne Metropolitan Division consists of Bronx, Kings, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, and Westchester Counties in New York State; and Bergen, Hudson, and Passaic Counties in New Jersey.

The Newark-Union Metropolitan Division consists of Essex, Hunterdon, Morris, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, not seasonally adjusted (Numbers in thousands)
Area Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013 (1)
Nov. 2012 to
Nov. 2013 (1)
Net
change
Percent
change

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

8,645.8 8,712.0 8,786.8 8,846.3 200.5 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

303.7 329.0 321.1 318.8 15.1 5.0

Manufacturing

358.0 354.2 354.7 356.1 -1.9 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,622.4 1,614.9 1,624.8 1,665.7 43.3 2.7

Information

278.0 274.4 275.2 276.7 -1.3 -0.5

Financial activities

733.7 743.4 744.0 740.2 6.5 0.9

Professional and business services

1,374.3 1,375.4 1,383.7 1,381.0 6.7 0.5

Education and health services

1,611.7 1,633.4 1,670.2 1,690.1 78.4 4.9

Leisure and hospitality

731.9 797.7 783.9 779.3 47.4 6.5

Other services

377.8 383.8 387.4 389.2 11.4 3.0

Government

1,254.3 1,205.8 1,241.8 1,249.2 -5.1 -0.4

Edison-New Brunswick Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,008.0 1,019.2 1,021.8 1,027.3 19.3 1.9

Mining, logging, and construction

36.6 36.8 36.2 36.0 -0.6 -1.6

Manufacturing

58.1 58.6 58.2 58.7 0.6 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

228.0 230.1 232.1 236.8 8.8 3.9

Information

24.7 24.6 24.4 24.7 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

55.3 59.9 59.2 59.5 4.2 7.6

Professional and business services

187.7 183.0 182.6 182.1 -5.6 -3.0

Education and health services

152.5 156.7 159.4 161.2 8.7 5.7

Leisure and hospitality

82.5 97.4 90.1 87.6 5.1 6.2

Other services

45.0 44.2 45.1 45.4 0.4 0.9

Government

137.6 127.9 134.5 135.3 -2.3 -1.7

Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,275.3 1,290.4 1,302.2 1,307.0 31.7 2.5

Mining, logging, and construction

60.8 71.2 67.7 67.1 6.3 10.4

Manufacturing

74.5 71.7 72.1 71.7 -2.8 -3.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

271.7 269.0 270.1 275.7 4.0 1.5

Information

24.3 23.6 23.6 23.6 -0.7 -2.9

Financial activities

73.2 73.0 72.3 72.2 -1.0 -1.4

Professional and business services

165.2 173.1 175.1 175.6 10.4 6.3

Education and health services

242.1 242.2 249.7 252.1 10.0 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

108.2 121.5 117.4 112.5 4.3 4.0

Other services

54.2 55.2 55.3 55.6 1.4 2.6

Government

201.1 189.9 198.9 200.9 -0.2 -0.1

New York-White Plains-Wayne Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

5,379.8 5,416.4 5,470.1 5,508.3 128.5 2.4

Mining, logging, and construction

172.6 183.4 179.7 178.5 5.9 3.4

Manufacturing

162.1 160.1 160.3 160.5 -1.6 -1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

921.5 917.7 923.3 947.5 26.0 2.8

Information

209.2 206.8 207.9 208.9 -0.3 -0.1

Financial activities

536.4 540.4 543.1 539.4 3.0 0.6

Professional and business services

853.4 853.0 860.1 858.3 4.9 0.6

Education and health services

1,067.3 1,083.9 1,108.5 1,122.2 54.9 5.1

Leisure and hospitality

468.8 500.4 498.2 501.3 32.5 6.9

Other services

233.3 238.9 241.6 242.0 8.7 3.7

Government

755.2 731.8 747.4 749.7 -5.5 -0.7

New York City

Total nonfarm

3,921.9 3,961.5 4,001.7 4,032.1 110.2 2.8

Mining, logging, and construction

116.5 121.3 119.6 119.8 3.3 2.8

Manufacturing

76.6 76.7 76.8 76.8 0.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

603.7 601.8 605.2 621.4 17.7 2.9

Information

177.5 176.1 177.4 177.9 0.4 0.2

Financial activities

434.4 439.4 441.8 438.1 3.7 0.9

Professional and business services

634.3 634.3 640.7 641.1 6.8 1.1

Education and health services

800.7 816.2 837.4 849.1 48.4 6.0

Leisure and hospitality

360.7 381.8 381.9 387.4 26.7 7.4

Other services

171.5 176.2 178.6 178.0 6.5 3.8

Government

546.0 537.7 542.3 542.5 -3.5 -0.6

Newark-Union Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

982.7 986.0 992.7 1,003.7 21.0 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

33.7 37.6 37.5 37.2 3.5 10.4

Manufacturing

63.3 63.8 64.1 65.2 1.9 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

201.2 198.1 199.3 205.7 4.5 2.2

Information

19.8 19.4 19.3 19.5 -0.3 -1.5

Financial activities

68.8 70.1 69.4 69.1 0.3 0.4

Professional and business services

168.0 166.3 165.9 165.0 -3.0 -1.8

Education and health services

149.8 150.6 152.6 154.6 4.8 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

72.4 78.4 78.2 77.9 5.5 7.6

Other services

45.3 45.5 45.4 46.2 0.9 2.0

Government

160.4 156.2 161.0 163.3 2.9 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently projected from March 2012 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark month are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.