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New York–New Jersey Information Office

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16-130-NEW
Wednesday, January 20, 2016

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Technical information:
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Consumer Price Index, New York-Northern New Jersey – December 2015

Area prices down 0.4 percent over the month and up 0.7 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), fell 0.4 percent after a 0.2-percent decline in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the decrease partly to lower prices for energy. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U was up 0.7 percent. (See table A.) The December increase was the largest since November 2014.(See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent. (See table 1.) Higher prices for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, December 2012-December 2015

 

Food

The food index inched down 0.1 percent in December after a 0.2-percent decline in November. Lower prices for uncooked ground beef, among other items, contributed to a 0.2-percent decrease in prices for food at home. Prices for food away from home were unchanged.

Over the year, the food index increased 0.8 percent. At-home food prices inched down 0.1 percent, while away-from-home food prices rose 2.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index fell 3.5 percent over the month, due to widespread price decreases including natural gas (-6.7 percent), gasoline (-3.1 percent), electricity (-2.0 percent), and fuel oil.

For the year ended in December 2015, the energy index fell 16.0 percent, reflecting a 22.7-percent drop in gasoline prices. The household energy index fell 11.1 percent, due to lower prices for natural gas (-12.0 percent), electricity (-6.4 percent), and fuel oil.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged down 0.2 percent for the second consecutive month due in part to lower prices for apparel (-1.2 percent), medical care (-0.6 percent), and lodging away from home. Offsetting the decrease in prices for lodging away from home, residential rent and owners’ equivalent rent rose 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively; as a result, shelter prices were unchanged.

From December 2014 to December 2015, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.1 percent. Shelter prices rose 3.1 percent, reflecting higher prices for residential rent and owners’ equivalent rent, which rose 3.8 and 3.0 percent, respectively. Other categories with higher prices included apparel (4.5 percent), other goods and services (2.4 percent), and education and communication (1.9 percent).

Table A. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.2 2.4 0.3 1.5 0.4 2.8 0.5 2.2 0.9 1.9 0.1 -0.5

February

0.0 1.8 0.5 2.1 0.4 2.6 0.6 2.4 -0.2 1.1 0.3 0.1

March

0.5 2.1 0.7 2.3 0.6 2.6 0.1 1.9 0.4 1.3 0.2 -0.1

April

0.2 2.1 0.4 2.5 0.2 2.4 -0.2 1.4 0.0 1.6 0.1 0.0

May

0.2 2.2 0.6 2.9 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.4 0.5 1.9 0.4 -0.1

June

-0.1 1.5 0.2 3.2 -0.1 1.6 0.3 1.8 0.0 1.7 0.2 0.1

July

0.1 1.5 0.3 3.3 -0.2 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.1 1.6 -0.1 -0.1

August

0.2 1.4 0.4 3.5 0.6 1.4 0.1 1.7 -0.2 1.3 0.1 0.1

September

0.0 1.2 0.2 3.8 0.4 1.6 0.3 1.6 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.3

October

0.2 1.5 -0.2 3.3 -0.1 1.7 -0.6 1.1 -0.2 1.3 -0.1 0.4

November

0.0 1.3 -0.3 3.0 0.0 2.0 0.1 1.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.2 0.6

December

0.0 1.4 -0.4 2.7 -0.3 2.1 0.0 1.5 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 0.7

CPI-W

In December, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 254.441, down 0.4 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 0.5 percent over the year.

The January 2016 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released Friday, February 19, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)(not seasonally adjusted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
 

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

261.515 261.009 259.941 0.7 -0.6 -0.4

All items (1967=100)

756.003 754.540 751.453      
 

Food and beverages

257.485 257.088 256.782 0.9 -0.3 -0.1

Food

257.468 257.038 256.735 0.8 -0.3 -0.1

Food at home

255.938 254.510 253.938 -0.1 -0.8 -0.2

Food away from home

266.390 267.327 267.390 2.1 0.4 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

253.265 253.392 253.029 1.6 -0.1 -0.1
 

Housing

280.808 280.746 280.056 1.6 -0.3 -0.2

Shelter

353.807 353.678 353.825 3.1 0.0 0.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

364.511 365.524 366.776 3.8 0.6 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

359.793 360.154 360.779 3.0 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

359.380 359.730 360.339 3.0 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

177.376 177.913 172.253 -9.3 -2.9 -3.2

Household energy

168.873 169.516 163.172 -11.1 -3.4 -3.7

Energy services (1)

162.600 163.433 158.123 -7.9 -2.8 -3.2

Electricity (1)

174.991 175.602 172.137 -6.4 -1.6 -2.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

132.664 133.930 124.975 -12.0 -5.8 -6.7

Household furnishings and operations

113.679 113.377 113.360 -1.3 -0.3 0.0
 

Apparel

132.622 127.008 125.502 4.5 -5.4 -1.2
 

Transportation

209.410 209.745 206.918 -4.5 -1.2 -1.3

Private transportation

194.577 194.066 192.802 -5.5 -0.9 -0.7

Motor fuel

175.975 174.566 169.153 -22.8 -3.9 -3.1

Gasoline (all types)

175.165 173.767 168.382 -22.7 -3.9 -3.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

172.554 171.284 165.856 -23.5 -3.9 -3.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

191.207 188.849 183.124 -20.2 -4.2 -3.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

194.610 192.346 187.281 -18.1 -3.8 -2.6
 

Medical care

452.809 448.440 445.724 0.7 -1.6 -0.6
 

Recreation (5)

119.023 118.727 118.415 0.0 -0.5 -0.3
 

Education and communication (5)

142.863 143.590 143.473 1.9 0.4 -0.1
 

Other goods and services

406.409 408.579 407.622 2.4 0.3 -0.2
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

261.515 261.009 259.941 0.7 -0.6 -0.4

Commodities

187.444 185.890 184.499 -2.1 -1.6 -0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

144.375 142.342 140.499 -4.6 -2.7 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

179.477 176.158 173.015 -6.2 -3.6 -1.8

Durables

98.710 98.145 97.775 -1.3 -0.9 -0.4

Services

324.499 324.813 323.982 2.0 -0.2 -0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

253.196 252.840 251.839 0.7 -0.5 -0.4

All items less shelter

225.062 224.390 222.794 -0.8 -1.0 -0.7

Commodities less food

148.540 146.556 144.744 -4.3 -2.6 -1.2

Nondurables

219.980 218.027 216.210 -2.3 -1.7 -0.8

Nondurables less food

184.023 180.878 177.874 -5.7 -3.3 -1.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.266 304.120 302.096 0.6 -0.4 -0.7

Services less medical care services

314.275 314.827 314.042 2.1 -0.1 -0.2

Energy

173.933 173.801 167.724 -16.0 -3.6 -3.5

All items less energy

271.795 271.249 270.652 1.9 -0.4 -0.2

All items less food and energy

276.144 275.574 274.920 2.1 -0.4 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA consolidated area comprises the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam, Dutchess, and Orange Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, New Haven, and Middlesex Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.
 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 20, 2016

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News Release Information

16-130-NEW
Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Northern New Jersey – December 2015

Area prices down 0.4 percent over the month and up 0.7 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), fell 0.4 percent after a 0.2-percent decline in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the decrease partly to lower prices for energy. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U was up 0.7 percent. (See table A.) The December increase was the largest since November 2014.(See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent. (See table 1.) Higher prices for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, December 2012-December 2015

 

Food

The food index inched down 0.1 percent in December after a 0.2-percent decline in November. Lower prices for uncooked ground beef, among other items, contributed to a 0.2-percent decrease in prices for food at home. Prices for food away from home were unchanged.

Over the year, the food index increased 0.8 percent. At-home food prices inched down 0.1 percent, while away-from-home food prices rose 2.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index fell 3.5 percent over the month, due to widespread price decreases including natural gas (-6.7 percent), gasoline (-3.1 percent), electricity (-2.0 percent), and fuel oil.

For the year ended in December 2015, the energy index fell 16.0 percent, reflecting a 22.7-percent drop in gasoline prices. The household energy index fell 11.1 percent, due to lower prices for natural gas (-12.0 percent), electricity (-6.4 percent), and fuel oil.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged down 0.2 percent for the second consecutive month due in part to lower prices for apparel (-1.2 percent), medical care (-0.6 percent), and lodging away from home. Offsetting the decrease in prices for lodging away from home, residential rent and owners’ equivalent rent rose 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively; as a result, shelter prices were unchanged.

From December 2014 to December 2015, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.1 percent. Shelter prices rose 3.1 percent, reflecting higher prices for residential rent and owners’ equivalent rent, which rose 3.8 and 3.0 percent, respectively. Other categories with higher prices included apparel (4.5 percent), other goods and services (2.4 percent), and education and communication (1.9 percent).

Table A. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.2 2.4 0.3 1.5 0.4 2.8 0.5 2.2 0.9 1.9 0.1 -0.5

February

0.0 1.8 0.5 2.1 0.4 2.6 0.6 2.4 -0.2 1.1 0.3 0.1

March

0.5 2.1 0.7 2.3 0.6 2.6 0.1 1.9 0.4 1.3 0.2 -0.1

April

0.2 2.1 0.4 2.5 0.2 2.4 -0.2 1.4 0.0 1.6 0.1 0.0

May

0.2 2.2 0.6 2.9 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.4 0.5 1.9 0.4 -0.1

June

-0.1 1.5 0.2 3.2 -0.1 1.6 0.3 1.8 0.0 1.7 0.2 0.1

July

0.1 1.5 0.3 3.3 -0.2 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.1 1.6 -0.1 -0.1

August

0.2 1.4 0.4 3.5 0.6 1.4 0.1 1.7 -0.2 1.3 0.1 0.1

September

0.0 1.2 0.2 3.8 0.4 1.6 0.3 1.6 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.3

October

0.2 1.5 -0.2 3.3 -0.1 1.7 -0.6 1.1 -0.2 1.3 -0.1 0.4

November

0.0 1.3 -0.3 3.0 0.0 2.0 0.1 1.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.2 0.6

December

0.0 1.4 -0.4 2.7 -0.3 2.1 0.0 1.5 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 0.7

CPI-W

In December, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 254.441, down 0.4 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 0.5 percent over the year.

The January 2016 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released Friday, February 19, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)(not seasonally adjusted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
 

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

261.515 261.009 259.941 0.7 -0.6 -0.4

All items (1967=100)

756.003 754.540 751.453      
 

Food and beverages

257.485 257.088 256.782 0.9 -0.3 -0.1

Food

257.468 257.038 256.735 0.8 -0.3 -0.1

Food at home

255.938 254.510 253.938 -0.1 -0.8 -0.2

Food away from home

266.390 267.327 267.390 2.1 0.4 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

253.265 253.392 253.029 1.6 -0.1 -0.1
 

Housing

280.808 280.746 280.056 1.6 -0.3 -0.2

Shelter

353.807 353.678 353.825 3.1 0.0 0.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

364.511 365.524 366.776 3.8 0.6 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

359.793 360.154 360.779 3.0 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

359.380 359.730 360.339 3.0 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

177.376 177.913 172.253 -9.3 -2.9 -3.2

Household energy

168.873 169.516 163.172 -11.1 -3.4 -3.7

Energy services (1)

162.600 163.433 158.123 -7.9 -2.8 -3.2

Electricity (1)

174.991 175.602 172.137 -6.4 -1.6 -2.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

132.664 133.930 124.975 -12.0 -5.8 -6.7

Household furnishings and operations

113.679 113.377 113.360 -1.3 -0.3 0.0
 

Apparel

132.622 127.008 125.502 4.5 -5.4 -1.2
 

Transportation

209.410 209.745 206.918 -4.5 -1.2 -1.3

Private transportation

194.577 194.066 192.802 -5.5 -0.9 -0.7

Motor fuel

175.975 174.566 169.153 -22.8 -3.9 -3.1

Gasoline (all types)

175.165 173.767 168.382 -22.7 -3.9 -3.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

172.554 171.284 165.856 -23.5 -3.9 -3.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

191.207 188.849 183.124 -20.2 -4.2 -3.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

194.610 192.346 187.281 -18.1 -3.8 -2.6
 

Medical care

452.809 448.440 445.724 0.7 -1.6 -0.6
 

Recreation (5)

119.023 118.727 118.415 0.0 -0.5 -0.3
 

Education and communication (5)

142.863 143.590 143.473 1.9 0.4 -0.1
 

Other goods and services

406.409 408.579 407.622 2.4 0.3 -0.2
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

261.515 261.009 259.941 0.7 -0.6 -0.4

Commodities

187.444 185.890 184.499 -2.1 -1.6 -0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

144.375 142.342 140.499 -4.6 -2.7 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

179.477 176.158 173.015 -6.2 -3.6 -1.8

Durables

98.710 98.145 97.775 -1.3 -0.9 -0.4

Services

324.499 324.813 323.982 2.0 -0.2 -0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

253.196 252.840 251.839 0.7 -0.5 -0.4

All items less shelter

225.062 224.390 222.794 -0.8 -1.0 -0.7

Commodities less food

148.540 146.556 144.744 -4.3 -2.6 -1.2

Nondurables

219.980 218.027 216.210 -2.3 -1.7 -0.8

Nondurables less food

184.023 180.878 177.874 -5.7 -3.3 -1.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.266 304.120 302.096 0.6 -0.4 -0.7

Services less medical care services

314.275 314.827 314.042 2.1 -0.1 -0.2

Energy

173.933 173.801 167.724 -16.0 -3.6 -3.5

All items less energy

271.795 271.249 270.652 1.9 -0.4 -0.2

All items less food and energy

276.144 275.574 274.920 2.1 -0.4 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA consolidated area comprises the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam, Dutchess, and Orange Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, New Haven, and Middlesex Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.
 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 20, 2016