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16-773-NEW
Thursday, April 14, 2016

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Technical information:
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Consumer Price Index, New York-Northern New Jersey – March 2016

Area prices up 0.2 percent over the month and 0.7 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.2 percent for the third consecutive month in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the increase to higher prices for energy and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U was up 0.7 percent. (See table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent. (See chart 1.) Higher prices for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

  Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, March 2013-March 2016

Food

The food index declined 0.3 percent in March driven by lower prices for food at home (-0.8 percent). Price declines for flour and prepared flour mixes and ground beef contributed to the drop in grocery prices. By contrast, prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent.

Over the year, the food index increased 0.4 percent. While at-home food prices declined 1.5 percent, away-from-home food prices rose 3.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 3.7 percent in March, following eight consecutive monthly declines. Household energy prices rose 4.6 percent—the largest increase in over two years—with higher prices for natural gas (10.8 percent), electricity (2.8 percent), and fuel oil. Gasoline prices rose 2.0 percent.

For the year ended in March 2016, the energy index fell 12.7 percent. The decline was driven by a 21.8-percent drop in gasoline prices, along with lower prices for fuel oil. Electricity prices also declined, 3.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent. Shelter prices inched up 0.1 percent. Increases in both owners’ equivalent rent (0.2 percent) and residential rent (0.1 percent) contributed to the price rise. Recreation rose 0.6 percent, with higher prices reported for club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises. Household furnishings and operations also increased 0.6 percent, and other goods and services rose 0.5 percent. Price indexes for medical care and education and communication were unchanged.

From March 2015 to March 2016, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent. Shelter prices rose 2.9 percent, reflecting higher prices for residential rent (3.9 percent) and owners’ equivalent rent (3.0 percent). Other categories with higher prices included other goods and services (3.2 percent), education and communication (2.3 percent), and medical care (1.6 percent).

Table A. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.3 1.5 0.4 2.8 0.5 2.2 0.9 1.9 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.8

February

0.5 2.1 0.4 2.6 0.6 2.4 -0.2 1.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.6

March

0.7 2.3 0.6 2.6 0.1 1.9 0.4 1.3 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.7

April

0.4 2.5 0.2 2.4 -0.2 1.4 0.0 1.6 0.1 0.0    

May

0.6 2.9 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.4 0.5 1.9 0.4 -0.1    

June

0.2 3.2 -0.1 1.6 0.3 1.8 0.0 1.7 0.2 0.1    

July

0.3 3.3 -0.2 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.1 1.6 -0.1 -0.1    

August

0.4 3.5 0.6 1.4 0.1 1.7 -0.2 1.3 0.1 0.1    

September

0.2 3.8 0.4 1.6 0.3 1.6 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.3    

October

-0.2 3.3 -0.1 1.7 -0.6 1.1 -0.2 1.3 -0.1 0.4    

November

-0.3 3.0 0.0 2.0 0.1 1.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.2 0.6    

December

-0.4 2.7 -0.3 2.1 0.0 1.5 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 0.7    

CPI-W

In March, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 256.012, up 0.3 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 0.7 percent over the year.

The April 2016 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released Tuesday, May 17, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)(not seasonally adjusted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
March
2016
March
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
 

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

260.342 260.875 261.508 0.7 0.4 0.2

All items (1967=100)

752.612 754.153 755.983      
 

Food and beverages

258.139 257.176 256.386 0.5 -0.7 -0.3

Food

258.143 257.139 256.258 0.4 -0.7 -0.3

Food at home

254.764 252.679 250.602 -1.5 -1.6 -0.8

Food away from home

269.680 270.223 271.062 3.2 0.5 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

253.675 253.288 253.738 2.0 0.0 0.2
 

Housing

280.378 280.952 282.322 1.7 0.7 0.5

Shelter

354.211 355.645 356.133 2.9 0.5 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

367.552 368.693 369.185 3.9 0.4 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

361.376 362.154 362.714 3.0 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

360.930 361.705 362.266 2.9 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

173.800 171.281 177.962 -5.6 2.4 3.9

Household energy

164.783 161.641 169.118 -7.0 2.6 4.6

Energy services (1)

161.094 158.285 166.466 -2.2 3.3 5.2

Electricity (1)

175.765 172.533 177.430 -3.8 0.9 2.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

126.638 124.721 138.168 1.6 9.1 10.8

Household furnishings and operations

112.542 112.376 113.012 -2.3 0.4 0.6
 

Apparel

126.608 131.283 131.207 -1.8 3.6 -0.1
 

Transportation

204.878 203.647 204.036 -3.7 -0.4 0.2

Private transportation

190.689 187.944 188.566 -4.7 -1.1 0.3

Motor fuel

159.057 147.105 150.069 -21.8 -5.7 2.0

Gasoline (all types)

158.357 146.459 149.409 -21.8 -5.7 2.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

155.611 143.421 146.864 -22.8 -5.6 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

174.355 164.097 163.927 -17.6 -6.0 -0.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

178.737 168.610 168.705 -15.4 -5.6 0.1
 

Medical care

451.773 457.224 457.077 1.6 1.2 0.0
 

Recreation (5)

118.595 118.637 119.296 -0.2 0.6 0.6
 

Education and communication (5)

143.617 143.642 143.604 2.3 0.0 0.0
 

Other goods and services

409.048 411.739 413.772 3.2 1.2 0.5
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

260.342 260.875 261.508 0.7 0.4 0.2

Commodities

184.350 184.012 184.251 -2.7 -0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

139.661 139.632 140.333 -5.3 0.5 0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

171.401 171.271 172.651 -7.1 0.7 0.8

Durables

97.767 97.839 97.818 -1.9 0.1 0.0

Services

324.812 326.020 326.969 2.3 0.7 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

252.005 252.333 252.997 0.6 0.4 0.3

All items less shelter

223.204 223.371 224.067 -0.7 0.4 0.3

Commodities less food

143.948 143.907 144.604 -5.0 0.5 0.5

Nondurables

215.997 215.464 215.825 -2.8 -0.1 0.2

Nondurables less food

176.390 176.245 177.572 -6.4 0.7 0.8

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.449 304.439 305.913 1.5 0.8 0.5

Services less medical care services

314.510 315.500 316.650 2.3 0.7 0.4

Energy

164.917 158.388 164.258 -12.7 -0.4 3.7

All items less energy

271.356 272.554 272.702 1.6 0.5 0.1

All items less food and energy

275.510 277.089 277.412 1.8 0.7 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA consolidated area comprises the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam, Dutchess, and Orange Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, New Haven, and Middlesex Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, April 14, 2016

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News Release Information

16-773-NEW
Thursday, April 14, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Northern New Jersey – March 2016

Area prices up 0.2 percent over the month and 0.7 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.2 percent for the third consecutive month in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the increase to higher prices for energy and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U was up 0.7 percent. (See table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent. (See chart 1.) Higher prices for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

  Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, March 2013-March 2016

Food

The food index declined 0.3 percent in March driven by lower prices for food at home (-0.8 percent). Price declines for flour and prepared flour mixes and ground beef contributed to the drop in grocery prices. By contrast, prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent.

Over the year, the food index increased 0.4 percent. While at-home food prices declined 1.5 percent, away-from-home food prices rose 3.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 3.7 percent in March, following eight consecutive monthly declines. Household energy prices rose 4.6 percent—the largest increase in over two years—with higher prices for natural gas (10.8 percent), electricity (2.8 percent), and fuel oil. Gasoline prices rose 2.0 percent.

For the year ended in March 2016, the energy index fell 12.7 percent. The decline was driven by a 21.8-percent drop in gasoline prices, along with lower prices for fuel oil. Electricity prices also declined, 3.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent. Shelter prices inched up 0.1 percent. Increases in both owners’ equivalent rent (0.2 percent) and residential rent (0.1 percent) contributed to the price rise. Recreation rose 0.6 percent, with higher prices reported for club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises. Household furnishings and operations also increased 0.6 percent, and other goods and services rose 0.5 percent. Price indexes for medical care and education and communication were unchanged.

From March 2015 to March 2016, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent. Shelter prices rose 2.9 percent, reflecting higher prices for residential rent (3.9 percent) and owners’ equivalent rent (3.0 percent). Other categories with higher prices included other goods and services (3.2 percent), education and communication (2.3 percent), and medical care (1.6 percent).

Table A. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.3 1.5 0.4 2.8 0.5 2.2 0.9 1.9 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.8

February

0.5 2.1 0.4 2.6 0.6 2.4 -0.2 1.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.6

March

0.7 2.3 0.6 2.6 0.1 1.9 0.4 1.3 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.7

April

0.4 2.5 0.2 2.4 -0.2 1.4 0.0 1.6 0.1 0.0    

May

0.6 2.9 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.4 0.5 1.9 0.4 -0.1    

June

0.2 3.2 -0.1 1.6 0.3 1.8 0.0 1.7 0.2 0.1    

July

0.3 3.3 -0.2 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.1 1.6 -0.1 -0.1    

August

0.4 3.5 0.6 1.4 0.1 1.7 -0.2 1.3 0.1 0.1    

September

0.2 3.8 0.4 1.6 0.3 1.6 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.3    

October

-0.2 3.3 -0.1 1.7 -0.6 1.1 -0.2 1.3 -0.1 0.4    

November

-0.3 3.0 0.0 2.0 0.1 1.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.2 0.6    

December

-0.4 2.7 -0.3 2.1 0.0 1.5 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 0.7    

CPI-W

In March, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 256.012, up 0.3 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 0.7 percent over the year.

The April 2016 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released Tuesday, May 17, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)(not seasonally adjusted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
March
2016
March
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
 

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

260.342 260.875 261.508 0.7 0.4 0.2

All items (1967=100)

752.612 754.153 755.983      
 

Food and beverages

258.139 257.176 256.386 0.5 -0.7 -0.3

Food

258.143 257.139 256.258 0.4 -0.7 -0.3

Food at home

254.764 252.679 250.602 -1.5 -1.6 -0.8

Food away from home

269.680 270.223 271.062 3.2 0.5 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

253.675 253.288 253.738 2.0 0.0 0.2
 

Housing

280.378 280.952 282.322 1.7 0.7 0.5

Shelter

354.211 355.645 356.133 2.9 0.5 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

367.552 368.693 369.185 3.9 0.4 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

361.376 362.154 362.714 3.0 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

360.930 361.705 362.266 2.9 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

173.800 171.281 177.962 -5.6 2.4 3.9

Household energy

164.783 161.641 169.118 -7.0 2.6 4.6

Energy services (1)

161.094 158.285 166.466 -2.2 3.3 5.2

Electricity (1)

175.765 172.533 177.430 -3.8 0.9 2.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

126.638 124.721 138.168 1.6 9.1 10.8

Household furnishings and operations

112.542 112.376 113.012 -2.3 0.4 0.6
 

Apparel

126.608 131.283 131.207 -1.8 3.6 -0.1
 

Transportation

204.878 203.647 204.036 -3.7 -0.4 0.2

Private transportation

190.689 187.944 188.566 -4.7 -1.1 0.3

Motor fuel

159.057 147.105 150.069 -21.8 -5.7 2.0

Gasoline (all types)

158.357 146.459 149.409 -21.8 -5.7 2.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

155.611 143.421 146.864 -22.8 -5.6 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

174.355 164.097 163.927 -17.6 -6.0 -0.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

178.737 168.610 168.705 -15.4 -5.6 0.1
 

Medical care

451.773 457.224 457.077 1.6 1.2 0.0
 

Recreation (5)

118.595 118.637 119.296 -0.2 0.6 0.6
 

Education and communication (5)

143.617 143.642 143.604 2.3 0.0 0.0
 

Other goods and services

409.048 411.739 413.772 3.2 1.2 0.5
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

260.342 260.875 261.508 0.7 0.4 0.2

Commodities

184.350 184.012 184.251 -2.7 -0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

139.661 139.632 140.333 -5.3 0.5 0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

171.401 171.271 172.651 -7.1 0.7 0.8

Durables

97.767 97.839 97.818 -1.9 0.1 0.0

Services

324.812 326.020 326.969 2.3 0.7 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

252.005 252.333 252.997 0.6 0.4 0.3

All items less shelter

223.204 223.371 224.067 -0.7 0.4 0.3

Commodities less food

143.948 143.907 144.604 -5.0 0.5 0.5

Nondurables

215.997 215.464 215.825 -2.8 -0.1 0.2

Nondurables less food

176.390 176.245 177.572 -6.4 0.7 0.8

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.449 304.439 305.913 1.5 0.8 0.5

Services less medical care services

314.510 315.500 316.650 2.3 0.7 0.4

Energy

164.917 158.388 164.258 -12.7 -0.4 3.7

All items less energy

271.356 272.554 272.702 1.6 0.5 0.1

All items less food and energy

275.510 277.089 277.412 1.8 0.7 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA consolidated area comprises the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam, Dutchess, and Orange Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, New Haven, and Middlesex Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, April 14, 2016