New York-New Jersey Information Office

News Release Information

14–1987–NEW

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • Martin Kohli (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Northern New Jersey – September 2014

Area prices unchanged over the month and up 1.0 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were flat in September, after edging down 0.2 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli said that declining energy prices offset higher prices for food and other items. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U increased 1.0 percent. (See table A and chart 1.) The 12-month percentage in September was the smallest rate of increase recorded since October 2009. The all items less food and energy index rose 1.4 percent.

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, September 2011-September 2014

Food

The food index increased 0.7 percent, following a 0.5-percent fall in August. Prices for food at home rose 0.9 percent, and groceries with higher September prices included bakery products, beef and veal, and fresh fruits. Prices for food away from home rose 0.4 percent, partly reflecting an increased in food prices at employee sites and schools.

Over the year, the food index increased 2.6 percent. At-home food prices rose 2.3 percent, and away-from-home food prices advanced 3.1 percent. (See table 1.)

Energy

The energy index decreased 2.4 percent, after declines of 3.2 percent in August and 0.9 percent in July. Gasoline prices dropped for the third consecutive month, falling 3.0 percent. A 2.4-percent reduction in electricity charges, along with lower prices for fuel oil, helped pull household energy prices down 1.9 percent. In contrast, prices for natural gas increased 0.3 percent.

For the year ended September 2014, energy prices fell 5.4 percent. Prices for gasoline were down 5.4 percent. Household energy prices also decreased 5.4 percent, with lower prices for electricity (-6.4 percent) and for natural gas (-6.2 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy ticked up 0.1 percent, after edging up 0.2 percent in August. A seasonal rise in apparel prices (4.1 percent) led index components with increases. Other categories with higher prices included medical care (0.3 percent) and other goods and services (0.8 percent). Largely offsetting these increases was a 0.2-percent decline in shelter prices, primarily attributable to reduced charges for out-of-town lodging. Lower prices were also reported for recreation (-0.6 percent) and for used cars and trucks.

From September 2013 to September 2014, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent. Apparel prices advanced 1.2 percent, and medical care prices rose 2.3 percent. A 2.5-percent rise in shelter prices in part reflected a 3.0-percent increase in residential rent.

Table A. New York-Northern New Jersey CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.2 1.5 0.2 2.4 0.3 1.5 0.4 2.8 0.5 2.2 0.9 1.9

February

0.5 1.6 0.0 1.8 0.5 2.1 0.4 2.6 0.6 2.4 -0.2 1.1

March

0.2 0.8 0.5 2.1 0.7 2.3 0.6 2.6 0.1 1.9 0.4 1.3

April

0.2 0.8 0.2 2.1 0.4 2.5 0.4 2.4 -0.2 1.4 0.0 1.6

May

0.2 -0.1 0.2 2.2 0.6 2.9 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.4 0.5 1.9

June

0.5 -0.6 -0.1 1.5 0.2 3.2 -0.1 1.6 0.3 1.8 0.0 1.7

July

0.2 -1.1 0.1 1.5 0.3 3.3 -0.2 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.1 1.6

August

0.3 -0.9 0.2 1.4 0.4 3.5 0.6 1.4 0.1 1.7 -0.2 1.3

September

0.1 -0.6 0.0 1.2 0.2 3.8 0.4 1.6 0.3 1.6 0.0 1.0

October

-0.1 0.0 0.2 1.5 -0.2 3.3 -0.1 1.7 -0.6 1.1

November

0.2 1.8 0.0 1.3 -0.3 3.0 0.0 2.0 0.1 1.2

December

-0.1 2.3 0.0 1.4 -0.4 2.7 -0.3 2.1 0.0 1.5

CPI-W

In September, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 256.945, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 1.0 percent over the year.

The October 2014 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released on Thursday, November 20, 2014 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)(not seasonally adjusted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014

Expenditure category

All items

261.498 261.075 261.074 1.0 -0.2 0.0

All items (1967=100)

755.953 754.731 754.728

Food and beverages

252.924 251.871 253.453 2.5 0.2 0.6

Food

252.972 251.724 253.453 2.6 0.2 0.7

Food at home

253.161 250.762 253.019 2.3 -0.1 0.9

Food away from home

259.400 259.709 260.756 3.1 0.5 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

247.805 249.724 249.046 0.7 0.5 -0.3

Housing

277.203 277.613 276.841 1.4 -0.1 -0.3

Shelter

341.523 343.008 342.474 2.5 0.3 -0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

349.097 350.591 350.887 3.0 0.5 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

348.016 348.989 349.349 2.5 0.4 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

347.772 348.723 349.085 2.5 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

206.056 202.314 199.028 -4.4 -3.4 -1.6

Household energy

201.937 197.590 193.861 -5.4 -4.0 -1.9

Energy services (1)

186.360 181.837 178.783 -6.3 -4.1 -1.7

Electricity (1)

197.191 193.541 188.844 -6.4 -4.2 -2.4

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

158.973 152.783 153.190 -6.2 -3.6 0.3

Household furnishings and operations

117.559 117.169 117.424 -1.5 -0.1 0.2

Apparel

123.455 126.987 132.162 1.2 7.1 4.1

Transportation

234.140 230.259 228.226 -1.5 -2.5 -0.9

Private transportation

221.363 218.292 215.995 -1.3 -2.4 -1.1

Motor fuel

294.677 281.865 273.390 -5.4 -7.2 -3.0

Gasoline (all types)

293.381 280.609 272.166 -5.4 -7.2 -3.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

295.847 281.983 273.227 -5.8 -7.6 -3.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

295.651 286.186 277.896 -4.4 -6.0 -2.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

290.380 280.952 274.172 -4.0 -5.6 -2.4

Medical care

439.665 438.499 439.646 2.3 0.0 0.3

Recreation (5)

118.928 118.474 117.818 -0.5 -0.9 -0.6

Education and communication (5)

141.201 141.393 141.303 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Other goods and services

399.930 397.254 400.345 1.1 0.1 0.8

Commodity and service group

All items

261.498 261.075 261.074 1.0 -0.2 0.0

Commodities

195.806 194.679 195.666 0.3 -0.1 0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

158.531 157.426 158.077 -1.3 -0.3 0.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

204.037 201.983 203.547 -1.1 -0.2 0.8

Durables

101.127 101.080 100.738 -1.8 -0.4 -0.3

Services

317.859 317.985 317.203 1.4 -0.2 -0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

253.682 253.289 253.244 0.9 -0.2 0.0

All items less shelter

230.259 229.021 229.246 0.1 -0.4 0.1

Commodities less food

162.223 161.198 161.814 -1.2 -0.3 0.4

Nondurables

230.804 229.204 230.800 0.8 0.0 0.7

Nondurables less food

207.050 205.203 206.652 -1.0 -0.2 0.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.003 301.525 300.447 0.0 -0.8 -0.4

Services less medical care services

308.150 308.297 307.491 1.3 -0.2 -0.3

Energy

240.171 232.530 226.936 -5.4 -5.5 -2.4

All items less energy

265.451 265.715 266.248 1.6 0.3 0.2

All items less food and energy

269.426 269.964 270.284 1.4 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA consolidated area comprises the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam, Dutchess, and Orange Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, New Haven, and Middlesex Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Last Modified Date: October 22, 2014

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