New York-New Jersey Information Office

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13–684–NEW

Monday, April 15, 2013

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • Martin Kohli (646) 264-3620

Mass Layoffs in New York – 2012 Annual Totals

Employers in New York took 1,251 mass layoff actions in 2012 that resulted in the separation of 141,137 workers, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1.) Each action involved at least 50 persons from a single employer. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli pointed out that the number of claims rose by 21,739 over the year to reach the second highest total in the history of the series, which goes back to 1996 on an annual basis.

Chart 1. Mass layoff initial claims, New York State, annual totals, 2009-12

Industry distribution

Of all the industry sectors in New York, transportation and warehousing experienced the most mass layoff events with 278, resulting in 35,209 claims for unemployment insurance. (See table 1. and chart 1.) Accommodation and food services had the next highest number of layoff events (133) and initial claimants (14,679). Two other industries reported more than 100 events and 10,000 claimants—construction (132 events and 10,215 claimants) and administrative and waste services (124 events and 10,779 claimants). An additional four sectors recorded at least 7,000 claimants.

Of the 11 sectors recording an increase in mass layoffs-related initial claimants over the year, retail trade registered the largest rise (4,164), reaching a high in 2012. Transportation and warehousing posted the next highest increase (3,351), and five other sectors finished the year with at least 1,500 initial claimants above the 2011 level. (See table A.) In six of the seven industries, the number of claimants rose to highest total in the history of the series; in transportation and warehousing, the claimant total rose to the second-highest on record.

Table A. Sectors with at least 1,500 more mass layoff initial claims in 2012, New York
Sector Net change
2010-2011 2011-2012

Retail trade

-553 4,164

Transportation and warehousing

314 3,351

Healthcare and social assistance

-286 2,977

Administrative and waste services

-814 2,274

Accommodation and food services

-1,483 2,163

State government

417 1,596

Educational services

174 1,559

In contrast, six sectors saw a decrease in the number of initial claims associated with mass layoff events, led by local government, down 2,314, or 23.2 percent, from the 2011 total. Only one other sector experienced a drop of more than 1,000 claims—professional and technical services. A decline of 1,141 claims, or 24.0 percent, pulled that sector’s number of claimants down to the lowest level since 2004.

Among the states, California recorded the greatest number of initial claims, 327,275, in 2012. New York (141,137) ranked second, followed by Pennsylvania (106,303) and New Jersey (85,979). Thirty-six states and the District of Columbia experienced over-the-year declines in total initial claims. Eleven states recorded a decline of at least 5,000, with the largest reduction in claims occurring in California (-50,138) and Wisconsin (-19,338). Fourteen states had more initial claims related to mass layoffs in 2012 than in 2011, with New York, New Jersey, and North Carolina each recording more than 19,000 additional claimants. New Jersey and North Carolina’s 2012 claimant totals reached the highest levels on record; while in New York, the 2012 claimant total was 2.2 percent below the series high reported for 2009.

Mass Layoffs Data Discontinued

On March 1, 2013, President Obama ordered into effect the across-the-board spending cuts (commonly referred to as sequestration) required by the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act, as amended. Under the order, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) must cut its current budget by more than $30 million, 5 percent of the current 2013 appropriation, by September 30, 2013. In order to help achieve these savings and protect core programs, the BLS will eliminate two programs, including Mass Layoff Statistics, and all "measuring green jobs" products. The final release of Mass Layoffs Statistics data will occur on June 21st, with publication of the May 2013 data.

Technical note

The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing, and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected. States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that month. All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the first day of the month falls on Saturday. In this case, the week is included in the prior month's tabulations. This means that some months will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks. The number of weeks in a given month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year may vary. Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect into consideration.

The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995, monthly layoff statistics were not available.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help and professional employer organization industries, monthly MLS-related statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a mass layoff event may trigger.

Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of duration.

Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, New York State, selected sectors, annual totals
Industry Mass layoff events Initial claims for unemployment insurance
2009 2010 2011 2012 2009 2010 2011 2012

Total, all industries(1)

1,367 1,121 1,096 1,251 144,247 125,909 119,398 141,137

Total private

1,318 1,068 1,021 1,171 137,942 118,012 107,583 130,219

Total private nonfarm

1,318 1,068 1,021 1,171 137,942 118,012 107,583 130,219

Mining quarrying and oil and gas extraction

6 5 (2) (2) 612 364 (2) (2)

Mining except oil and gas

5 5 (2) (2) 538 364 (2) (2)

Construction

169 158 140 132 12,513 12,466 11,035 10,215

Construction of buildings

19 13 16 10 1,293 869 1,182 724

Heavy and civil engineering construction

36 46 31 28 2,752 3,473 2,370 1,933

Specialty trade contractors

114 99 93 94 8,468 8,124 7,483 7,558

Manufacturing

206 113 104 93 20,671 13,185 9,212 9,603

Food

17 16 20 18 1,837 1,752 1,797 2,020

Beverage and tobacco products

(2) 3 (2) (2) (2) 160 (2) (2)

Apparel

11 5 6 8 969 352 408 786

Paper

16 (2) (2) (2) 1,282 (2) (2) (2)

Printing and related support activities

11 7 10 5 888 491 713 369

Petroleum and coal products

7 5 6 5 546 437 525 514

Chemicals

12 6 (2) 5 1,117 583 (2) 426

Nonmetallic mineral products

15 9 4 (2) 1,380 620 377 (2)

Primary metals

15 7 (2) (2) 1,722 576 (2) (2)

Fabricated metal products

8 3 (2) (2) 728 384 (2) (2)

Machinery

19 13 8 (2) 1,811 3,504 738 (2)

Computer and electronic products

15 6 6 9 1,188 725 578 933

Electrical equipment and appliances

13 (2) 4 (2) 2,613 (2) 407 (2)

Transportation equipment

25 19 14 12 2,441 2,216 1,651 1,364

Furniture and related products

8 4 (2) 3 706 318 (2) 249

Miscellaneous manufacturing

6 (2) (2) 6 636 (2) (2) 721

Wholesale trade

27 14 7 10 2,370 1,091 682 976

Merchant wholesalers durable goods

17 9 6 6 1,690 789 630 565

Merchant wholesalers nondurable goods

9 4 (2) 4 614 221 (2) 411

Retail trade

59 48 51 90 6,231 5,216 4,663 8,827

Furniture and home furnishings stores

3 (2) - - 241 (2) - -

Electronics and appliance stores

6 (2) (2) (2) 558 (2) (2) (2)

Building material and garden supply stores

7 (2) (2) 6 911 (2) (2) 835

Food and beverage stores

8 (2) 3 12 576 (2) 217 873

Health and personal care stores

(2) (2) 6 9 (2) (2) 501 629

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

9 (2) 7 15 739 (2) 537 1,641

Sporting goods hobby book and music stores

3 (2) 6 (2) 211 (2) 647 (2)

General merchandise stores

15 15 16 29 1,895 2,347 1,516 3,356

Miscellaneous store retailers

(2) (2) - 3 (2) (2) - 239

Nonstore retailers

(2) (2) 3 6 (2) (2) 213 379

Transportation and warehousing

246 220 250 278 35,457 31,544 31,858 35,209

Transit and ground passenger transportation

224 206 237 264 32,952 30,224 30,734 33,971

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

4 (2) (2) (2) 328 (2) (2) (2)

Couriers and messengers

5 4 (2) (2) 920 368 (2) (2)

Information

65 39 41 46 5,928 3,994 3,926 4,742

Publishing industries except Internet

16 4 5 (2) 1,246 265 367 (2)

Motion picture and sound recording industries

29 24 28 35 3,004 2,861 2,967 3,929

Broadcasting, except Internet

12 8 (2) (2) 976 554 (2) (2)

Telecommunications

6 (2) (2) (2) 568 (2) (2) (2)

Finance and insurance

65 26 22 30 6,266 2,059 2,203 2,515

Credit intermediation and related activities

27 16 13 15 2,904 1,399 1,133 1,256

Securities commodity contracts investments

29 6 6 8 2,730 385 576 711

Insurance carriers and related activities

9 (2) (2) (2) 632 (2) (2) (2)

Real estate and rental and leasing

6 6 (2) (2) 1,016 1,068 (2) (2)

Real estate

(2) 6 (2) (2) (2) 1,068 (2) (2)

Management of companies and enterprises

6 (2) (2) (2) 519 (2) (2) (2)

Professional and technical services

69 48 46 37 6,040 5,429 4,757 3,616

Administrative and waste services

117 110 97 124 10,578 9,319 8,505 10,779

Administrative and support services

110 105 91 117 9,963 9,023 8,046 10,287

Waste management and remediation services

(2) (2) 6 7 (2) (2) 459 492

Educational services

29 31 32 48 5,270 5,388 5,562 7,121

Health care and social assistance

50 54 53 80 3,548 4,401 4,115 7,092

Ambulatory health care services

7 (2) (2) 10 486 (2) (2) 893

Hospitals

13 11 7 18 968 1,183 510 1,846

Nursing and residential care facilities

(2) 3 (2) 9 (2) 177 (2) 1,041

Social assistance

28 36 35 43 1,935 2,788 2,728 3,312

Arts entertainment and recreation

54 54 48 47 4,643 5,041 5,200 4,591

Performing arts and spectator sports

45 41 37 35 4,015 3,728 3,610 3,358

Museums historical sites zoos and parks

3 (2) (2) 3 191 (2) (2) 367

Amusements gambling and recreation

6 11 9 9 437 1,137 1,417 866

Accommodation and food services

122 119 104 133 13,624 13,999 12,516 14,679

Accommodations

27 21 12 21 2,481 1,622 1,090 1,508

Food services and drinking places

95 98 92 112 11,143 12,377 11,426 13,171

Other services except public administration

21 17 18 13 2,599 1,721 2,295 1,561

Repair and maintenance

4 (2) (2) - 269 (2) (2) -

Personal and laundry services

15 12 12 9 2,175 1,329 1,587 1,259

Membership associations and organizations

(2) 3 4 4 (2) 236 360 302

Government

49 53 75 80 6,305 7,897 11,815 10,918

Federal

5 7 10 9 530 707 791 612

State

11 9 13 14 964 646 1,063 2,659

Local

33 37 52 57 4,811 6,544 9,961 7,647

Footnotes:
(1) Total includes all industries including those not listed in the table.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.

Last Modified Date: April 15, 2013

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