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14-581-PHI

Monday, April 7, 2014

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Washington Area Employment – January 2014

Local Rate of Employment Growth Slower than National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,052,000 in January 2014, up 20,900, or 0.7 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.8 percent. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the January increase was the 46th consecutive month of over-the-year job gains in the area. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year net change in the Washington metropolitan area and its divisions, January 2005January 2014

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area is made up of two metropolitan divisions--separately identifiable employment centers within the greater metropolitan area. The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division, with 81 percent of the area’s employment, gained 17,800 jobs over the year. The Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md. Metropolitan Division, which represented the remaining 19 percent of area employment, added 3,100 jobs since January 2013, accounting for 15 percent of the Washington area’s growth.

Industry employment

Leisure and hospitality gained 13,100 jobs in the greater Washington metropolitan area from January 2013 to January 2014, more than any other supersector. Most of the local industry’s employment gain (10,800) was concentrated in the Washington division. The leisure and hospitality supersector also had the highest job growth rate in the area, up 4.8 percent over the year, faster than the national growth rate of 3.4 percent. (See chart 2.)

Chart 2. Over-the-year percent change in employment by selected industry supersector, United States and the Washington metropolitan area, January 2014

Two supersectors in the Washington area gained between 6,000 and 10,000 jobs since last January—education and health services (9,700) and trade, transportation, and utilities (6,300). Over-the-year job gains were recorded in both the Washington and Bethesda divisions for these industries. Local employment growth in education and health services was faster than its national growth rate, while trade, transportation, and utilities grew slower locally than it did nationally.

Three other supersectors added more than 1,000 jobs in the greater Washington area over the year—other services; mining, logging, and construction; and financial activities. The employment increases in financial activities were almost entirely due to gains in the Washington division, while the mining, logging, and construction industry lost jobs in the Bethesda division.

Locally, three supersectors lost more than 1,000 jobs from January 2013 to January 2014—professional and business services, government, and manufacturing. The professional and business services and manufacturing industries gained jobs nationwide, while government lost jobs over the year.



Twelve largest metropolitan areas

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in January 2014. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with six exceeding the national average of 1.8 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 3.4 percent, closely followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.2 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, up 0.1 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 135,600, since January 2013. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Dallas, and Houston all registered job gains numbering between 90,000 and 130,000. Employment in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville expanded by more than 50,000. Only Detroit had an employment increase of less than 15,000 over the year.

Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, January 2014

Professional and business services led employment growth in 4 of the 12 metropolitan areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Chicago, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. (See table 2.) Trade, transportation, and utilities recorded the largest gains in four areas: Atlanta, Dallas, Houston, and Miami. Education and health services added the most jobs in New York and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in three areas—Atlanta, New York, and Philadelphia. In Boston, Houston, and San Francisco, no supersector lost more than 1,000 jobs, while Miami was the only metropolitan area that had no annual job losses for any supersector.

Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data

With the release of payroll employment estimates for January 2014, nonfarm payroll data for states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions were revised to reflect the incorporation of the 2013 benchmarks. Not seasonally adjusted data were revised back to April 2012. For more information on benchmark procedures, see http://www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2014.pdf.

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a “link relative” technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and the Washington metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Jan 2013 Nov 2013 Dec 2013 Jan 2014 (p) Jan 2013 to Jan 2014 (p)
Net change Percent change
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

3,031.1 3,107.9 3,106.6 3,052.0 20.9 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

140.1 147.4 145.7 143.2 3.1 2.2

Manufacturing

48.3 46.6 45.8 45.8 -2.5 -5.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

384.9 402.7 408.7 391.2 6.3 1.6

Information

76.0 75.1 75.4 75.1 -0.9 -1.2

Financial activities

148.9 152.3 152.8 151.6 2.7 1.8

Professional and business services

701.5 703.8 702.2 690.3 -11.2 -1.6

Education and health services

388.0 403.7 402.4 397.7 9.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

273.2 294.1 290.9 286.3 13.1 4.8

Other services

187.2 190.1 190.0 190.5 3.3 1.8

Government

683.0 692.1 692.7 680.3 -2.7 -0.4
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

2,468.1 2,533.0 2,530.2 2,485.9 17.8 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

108.7 115.4 113.8 112.8 4.1 3.8

Manufacturing

32.2 30.8 30.1 30.2 -2.0 -6.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

309.9 323.9 328.1 314.6 4.7 1.5

Information

61.7 61.2 61.6 61.6 -0.1 -0.2

Financial activities

109.7 112.6 112.7 112.3 2.6 2.4

Professional and business services

579.0 580.4 580.0 569.8 -9.2 -1.6

Education and health services

307.1 321.9 320.3 315.8 8.7 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

224.8 243.1 239.6 235.6 10.8 4.8

Other services

157.1 159.6 159.5 160.3 3.2 2.0

Government

577.9 584.1 584.5 572.9 -5.0 -0.9
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md. Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

563.0 574.9 576.4 566.1 3.1 0.6

Mining, logging, and construction

31.4 32.0 31.9 30.4 -1.0 -3.2

Manufacturing

16.1 15.8 15.7 15.6 -0.5 -3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

75.0 78.8 80.6 76.6 1.6 2.1

Information

14.3 13.9 13.8 13.5 -0.8 -5.6

Financial activities

39.2 39.7 40.1 39.3 0.1 0.3

Professional and business services

122.5 123.4 122.2 120.5 -2.0 -1.6

Education and health services

80.9 81.8 82.1 81.9 1.0 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

48.4 51.0 51.3 50.7 2.3 4.8

Other services

30.1 30.5 30.5 30.2 0.1 0.3

Government

105.1 108.0 108.2 107.4 2.3 2.2
(p) = preliminary
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 large metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Jan 2013 Nov 2013 Dec 2013 Jan 2014 (p) Jan 2013 to Jan 2014 (p)
Net change Percent change
United States(1)

Total nonfarm

133,074 138,536 138,269 135,451 2,377 1.8

Mining and logging

838 881 879 873 35 4.2

Construction

5,353 5,996 5,774 5,533 180 3.4

Manufacturing

11,880 12,051 12,050 11,949 69 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,505 26,600 26,884 26,014 509 2.0

Information

2,635 2,699 2,682 2,634 -1 0.0

Financial activities

7,783 7,897 7,911 7,846 63 0.8

Professional and business services

17,845 18,975 18,906 18,560 715 4.0

Education and health services

20,791 21,488 21,419 21,132 341 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,324 14,148 14,095 13,783 459 3.4

Other services

5,388 5,461 5,461 5,416 28 0.5

Government

21,732 22,340 22,208 21,711 -21 -0.1
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga.

Total nonfarm

2,351.0 2,446.8 2,449.3 2,409.6 58.6 2.5

Mining and logging

1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.1 9.1

Construction

85.6 96.3 95.3 92.4 6.8 7.9

Manufacturing

148.9 150.8 151.0 149.0 0.1 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

527.6 549.6 555.4 542.9 15.3 2.9

Information

83.1 85.2 85.0 85.0 1.9 2.3

Financial activities

153.1 158.2 159.0 157.2 4.1 2.7

Professional and business services

419.7 442.2 441.9 432.1 12.4 3.0

Education and health services

289.4 299.8 299.3 295.4 6.0 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

231.0 249.8 249.5 244.5 13.5 5.8

Other services

92.1 93.8 92.6 92.1 0.0 0.0

Government

319.4 319.9 319.1 317.8 -1.6 -0.5
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,493.6 2,590.8 2,588.7 2,531.1 37.5 1.5

Mining and logging

0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.0

Construction

80.5 91.6 86.8 81.5 1.0 1.2

Manufacturing

192.6 194.2 194.5 192.9 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

406.1 419.9 429.8 412.2 6.1 1.5

Information

73.8 74.9 75.9 76.7 2.9 3.9

Financial activities

170.9 172.0 172.2 170.6 -0.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

417.2 441.2 438.9 429.6 12.4 3.0

Education and health services

530.0 549.0 546.5 538.5 8.5 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

226.4 241.0 237.5 228.9 2.5 1.1

Other services

94.9 98.7 99.1 97.9 3.0 3.2

Government

300.8 307.8 307.0 301.9 1.1 0.4
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

Total nonfarm

4,313.7 4,509.4 4,497.7 4,368.9 55.2 1.3

Mining and logging

1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

129.8 156.4 143.1 126.9 -2.9 -2.2

Manufacturing

408.7 408.1 409.5 406.3 -2.4 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

884.0 926.3 938.3 896.2 12.2 1.4

Information

80.0 80.4 81.2 79.7 -0.3 -0.4

Financial activities

285.8 288.9 289.9 287.5 1.7 0.6

Professional and business services

731.2 783.5 775.6 752.3 21.1 2.9

Education and health services

665.3 691.4 688.7 678.0 12.7 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

400.0 424.4 421.6 404.8 4.8 1.2

Other services

187.2 191.2 191.1 189.7 2.5 1.3

Government

540.5 557.4 557.4 546.3 5.8 1.1
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas

Total nonfarm

3,005.4 3,149.1 3,142.5 3,101.3 95.9 3.2

Mining, logging, and construction

166.9 178.2 176.3 175.2 8.3 5.0

Manufacturing

256.5 257.8 257.4 255.1 -1.4 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

623.7 659.3 665.3 648.5 24.8 4.0

Information

78.0 79.8 80.3 79.6 1.6 2.1

Financial activities

247.6 251.0 251.5 248.6 1.0 0.4

Professional and business services

468.0 496.4 493.0 485.7 17.7 3.8

Education and health services

374.7 389.2 387.5 384.0 9.3 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

295.6 322.6 316.8 317.1 21.5 7.3

Other services

107.8 112.8 112.9 114.4 6.6 6.1

Government

386.6 402.0 401.5 393.1 6.5 1.7
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich.

Total nonfarm

1,825.8 1,886.1 1,875.4 1,828.3 2.5 0.1

Mining, logging, and construction

52.2 59.3 55.1 50.1 -2.1 -4.0

Manufacturing

222.7 235.1 235.0 231.0 8.3 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

343.5 356.5 359.8 345.7 2.2 0.6

Information

26.7 27.2 27.2 26.9 0.2 0.7

Financial activities

100.7 100.3 99.9 97.9 -2.8 -2.8

Professional and business services

348.9 366.9 362.2 356.7 7.8 2.2

Education and health services

295.4 299.4 298.4 293.8 -1.6 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

171.1 172.4 171.3 165.2 -5.9 -3.4

Other services

76.0 77.5 77.4 76.3 0.3 0.4

Government

188.6 191.5 189.1 184.7 -3.9 -2.1
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas

Total nonfarm

2,713.7 2,830.6 2,840.1 2,805.0 91.3 3.4

Mining and logging

102.9 106.9 107.4 107.5 4.6 4.5

Construction

181.1 189.2 188.9 189.0 7.9 4.4

Manufacturing

247.0 254.3 255.6 255.5 8.5 3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

554.6 580.9 587.2 571.2 16.6 3.0

Information

31.5 32.6 32.9 32.7 1.2 3.8

Financial activities

139.8 142.1 141.2 139.2 -0.6 -0.4

Professional and business services

413.7 431.8 431.0 427.0 13.3 3.2

Education and health services

329.8 338.6 340.1 338.3 8.5 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

255.5 273.2 277.9 271.0 15.5 6.1

Other services

96.4 100.0 99.5 99.9 3.5 3.6

Government

361.4 381.0 378.4 373.7 12.3 3.4
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif.

Total nonfarm

5,461.6 5,673.0 5,674.2 5,591.4 129.8 2.4

Mining and logging

5.0 5.3 5.2 5.2 0.2 4.0

Construction

183.8 202.3 202.2 199.7 15.9 8.7

Manufacturing

521.6 523.6 518.9 515.0 -6.6 -1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,024.3 1,068.9 1,074.8 1,047.2 22.9 2.2

Information

216.9 230.9 228.1 221.6 4.7 2.2

Financial activities

322.0 322.4 322.7 320.2 -1.8 -0.6

Professional and business services

829.7 874.2 876.5 868.8 39.1 4.7

Education and health services

878.1 916.7 917.6 906.8 28.7 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

596.0 628.7 629.0 619.0 23.0 3.9

Other services

186.0 193.3 192.2 191.4 5.4 2.9

Government

698.2 706.7 707.0 696.5 -1.7 -0.2
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla.

Total nonfarm

2,313.8 2,392.9 2,414.4 2,382.5 68.7 3.0

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

87.4 97.1 97.2 96.1 8.7 10.0

Manufacturing

75.8 79.1 79.1 78.7 2.9 3.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

543.9 563.6 575.5 561.1 17.2 3.2

Information

45.4 46.5 46.6 46.1 0.7 1.5

Financial activities

162.4 166.8 167.3 165.4 3.0 1.8

Professional and business services

360.9 376.5 378.7 375.9 15.0 4.2

Education and health services

341.9 350.8 352.7 348.8 6.9 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

282.9 289.7 293.4 290.9 8.0 2.8

Other services

109.4 113.3 114.4 113.0 3.6 3.3

Government

303.2 308.9 308.9 305.9 2.7 0.9
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.

Total nonfarm

8,458.6 8,842.6 8,841.3 8,594.2 135.6 1.6

Mining, logging, and construction

298.9 326.9 311.6 297.0 -1.9 -0.6

Manufacturing

352.5 358.6 359.1 354.0 1.5 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,578.5 1,659.7 1,690.5 1,615.0 36.5 2.3

Information

269.4 280.1 279.8 274.8 5.4 2.0

Financial activities

727.7 738.8 740.6 730.1 2.4 0.3

Professional and business services

1,334.8 1,402.1 1,400.0 1,362.3 27.5 2.1

Education and health services

1,585.7 1,662.9 1,662.8 1,634.0 48.3 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

715.2 779.8 765.9 731.6 16.4 2.3

Other services

371.2 384.1 382.3 380.2 9.0 2.4

Government

1,224.7 1,249.6 1,248.7 1,215.2 -9.5 -0.8
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

Total nonfarm

2,693.0 2,795.7 2,777.6 2,710.5 17.5 0.6

Mining, logging, and construction

94.3 107.9 102.6 99.6 5.3 5.6

Manufacturing

179.4 180.4 180.7 178.4 -1.0 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

503.9 519.5 526.6 505.8 1.9 0.4

Information

48.0 47.5 47.1 46.7 -1.3 -2.7

Financial activities

201.7 202.7 202.3 200.4 -1.3 -0.6

Professional and business services

421.0 443.2 436.7 426.0 5.0 1.2

Education and health services

564.7 585.7 581.2 573.6 8.9 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

222.5 240.3 234.3 226.9 4.4 2.0

Other services

119.6 122.0 120.7 118.4 -1.2 -1.0

Government

337.9 346.5 345.4 334.7 -3.2 -0.9
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif.

Total nonfarm

2,048.4 2,142.3 2,149.2 2,106.2 57.8 2.8

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

88.7 96.9 95.5 92.6 3.9 4.4

Manufacturing

113.2 118.0 118.0 117.3 4.1 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

340.7 356.1 361.5 347.8 7.1 2.1

Information

71.5 73.8 73.9 73.1 1.6 2.2

Financial activities

124.7 125.8 125.9 124.4 -0.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

404.2 424.8 426.7 420.1 15.9 3.9

Education and health services

305.6 318.7 320.9 316.6 11.0 3.6

Leisure and hospitality

226.1 243.7 244.0 236.8 10.7 4.7

Other services

76.7 80.2 79.8 77.7 1.0 1.3

Government

295.7 303.1 301.8 298.6 2.9 1.0
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.

Total nonfarm

3,031.1 3,107.9 3,106.6 3,052.0 20.9 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

140.1 147.4 145.7 143.2 3.1 2.2

Manufacturing

48.3 46.6 45.8 45.8 -2.5 -5.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

384.9 402.7 408.7 391.2 6.3 1.6

Information

76.0 75.1 75.4 75.1 -0.9 -1.2

Financial activities

148.9 152.3 152.8 151.6 2.7 1.8

Professional and business services

701.5 703.8 702.2 690.3 -11.2 -1.6

Education and health services

388.0 403.7 402.4 397.7 9.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

273.2 294.1 290.9 286.3 13.1 4.8

Other services

187.2 190.1 190.0 190.5 3.3 1.8

Government

683.0 692.1 692.7 680.3 -2.7 -0.4
(p) = preliminary

Footnotes:
(1) U.S. data are preliminary for two months after they are first published.

Last Modified Date: April 7, 2014

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