Mid-Atlantic Information Office

For release: Thursday, February 17, 2011 PLS - 4757
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consumer price index, northeast region – January 2011 (pdf)

Regional Prices 0.4 Percent Higher Over the Month; 1.6 Percent Higher Over the Year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast region rose 0.4 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent increase was largely due to a 2.2-percent advance in the energy index. Prices were also higher for both food (0.8 percent) and all items less food and energy (0.1 percent) over the month. Within the energy index, higher gasoline prices led the recent increase. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.9 percent over the year. Prices were also higher for both energy (7.2 percent) and food (1.8 percent) since January 2010.

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), Northeast region, JanuARY 2008 to JANUARY 2011 (not seasonally adjusted)

12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), Northeast region, January 2008 to January 2011 (not seasonally adjusted)

Food

Following no change in December, the food index rose 0.8 percent in January. The food at home index advanced 1.2 percent—the largest one-month increase since July 2008. The food away from home index edged up 0.3 percent over the month.

Over the year, the food index rose 1.8 percent, as the food at home and food away from home components increased 2.0 and 1.7 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Energy

Due almost entirely to higher gasoline prices, the energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 2.2 percent in January. Gasoline prices advanced for the fourth straight month, up 19.0 percent since September and 3.1 percent since December. Utility (piped) gas service prices increased 1.1 percent over the month, while electricity prices declined 0.6 percent.

Over the year, the energy index advanced 7.2 percent, due to higher prices for gasoline (14.5 percent). Moderating the rise in the energy index were over-the-year declines in prices for utility (piped) gas service and electricity, down 5.0 and 0.9 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent over the month. Higher prices for shelter (0.2 percent) and medical care (0.7 percent) led the recent advance. Partially offsetting these one-month increases were lower prices for various categories including apparel, down 1.5 percent since December.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.9 percent over the year. Higher prices for shelter (0.8 percent) and medical care (3.5 percent) led the overall increase. Moderating these advances was a 2.2-percent decline in recreation prices over the year—the largest 12-month decrease since the inception of the index in December 1997.

The February 2011 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast region is scheduled to be released on March 17, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

1.0 4.1 0.3 2.3 0.4 3.9 0.2 0.5 0.4 3.0 0.4 1.6

February

0.3 3.9 0.4 2.4 0.4 4.0 0.6 0.7 0.0 2.5

March

0.6 3.3 0.8 2.6 0.8 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.6

April

0.9 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.5 3.9 0.2 -0.1 0.2 2.5

May

0.5 4.6 0.5 2.3 0.9 4.3 0.1 -0.8 0.2 2.6

June

0.5 5.1 0.4 2.3 1.1 5.0 0.8 -1.2 -0.1 1.7

July

0.4 4.6 0.2 2.0 0.8 5.7 0.1 -1.9 0.0 1.6

August

0.3 4.5 -0.2 1.6 -0.3 5.5 0.3 -1.2 0.1 1.4

September

-0.8 2.6 -0.1 2.4 -0.4 5.2 0.1 -0.7 -0.1 1.2

October

-0.5 1.7 0.2 3.1 -0.9 4.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.5

November

-0.2 2.3 0.6 4.0 -1.6 1.7 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.5

December

0.2 3.0 0.0 3.8 -0.9 0.7 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.6

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 25,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 1-800-877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2010
Nov.
2010
Dec.
2010

All items

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235.094 235.141 235.969 1.6 0.4 0.4

All items (December 1977 = 100)

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370.201 370.275 371.580

Food and beverages

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227.749 227.783 229.463 1.8 0.8 0.7

Food

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227.127 227.167 228.939 1.8 0.8 0.8

Food at home

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224.834 224.616 227.203 2.0 1.1 1.2

Food away from home

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233.113 233.507 234.185 1.7 0.5 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

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234.889 234.842 235.249 1.2 0.2 0.2

Housing

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244.016 244.365 244.953 0.6 0.4 0.2

Shelter

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292.073 292.219 292.671 0.8 0.2 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

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289.958 290.183 289.910 1.9 0.0 -0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

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304.418 304.444 304.827 0.5 0.1 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

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304.374 304.396 304.785 0.5 0.1 0.1

Fuels and utilities

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216.044 217.895 220.371 1.8 2.0 1.1

Household energy

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198.334 200.193 202.645 1.1 2.2 1.2

Energy services (1) (3)

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196.270 196.408 196.171 -2.2 -0.1 -0.1

Electricity (1)

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189.401 189.719 188.517 -0.9 -0.5 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

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199.783 199.464 201.632 -5.0 0.9 1.1

Household furnishings and operations

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125.308 125.288 125.024 -1.8 -0.2 -0.2

Apparel

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125.977 121.019 119.195 1.0 -5.4 -1.5

Transportation

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195.764 198.534 200.573 5.4 2.5 1.0

Private transportation

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189.450 192.328 194.172 5.1 2.5 1.0

New and used motor vehicles (4)

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96.107 96.305 96.192 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

New vehicles

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137.556 137.715 137.765 -0.6 0.2 0.0

New cars and trucks (4) (5)

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95.331 95.405 95.440 -0.6 0.1 0.0

New cars (5)

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134.340 134.258 133.844 -1.6 -0.4 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

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148.975 149.065 149.066 3.4 0.1 0.0

Motor fuel

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243.026 254.633 262.671 14.5 8.1 3.2

Gasoline (all types)

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242.163 253.807 261.786 14.5 8.1 3.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

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243.298 255.227 263.444 14.7 8.3 3.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (5) (6)

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246.375 257.833 265.530 14.2 7.8 3.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium (5)

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234.430 244.678 251.622 13.4 7.3 2.8

Medical care

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412.373 413.488 416.249 3.5 0.9 0.7

Medical care commodities

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343.691 345.090 348.337 4.9 1.4 0.9

Medical care services

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429.818 430.791 433.288 3.1 0.8 0.6

Professional services

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331.875 331.904 334.649 2.5 0.8 0.8

Recreation (4)

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117.873 115.960 115.853 -2.2 -1.7 -0.1

Education and communication (4)

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134.040 133.509 133.571 0.4 -0.3 0.0

Other goods and services

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412.454 412.220 411.706 2.4 -0.2 -0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

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182.328 182.667 183.864 2.5 0.8 0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

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155.328 155.781 156.724 3.0 0.9 0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

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196.282 197.273 199.401 5.5 1.6 1.1

Durables

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108.715 108.622 108.360 -1.4 -0.3 -0.2

Services

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286.811 286.580 287.061 1.0 0.1 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

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216.025 216.036 217.013 2.0 0.5 0.5

All items less medical care

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227.200 227.209 227.964 1.5 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food

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158.358 158.800 159.732 2.9 0.9 0.6

Nondurables

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212.745 213.307 215.251 3.7 1.2 0.9

Nondurables less food

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198.440 199.375 201.411 5.2 1.5 1.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

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291.423 290.747 291.271 1.3 -0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

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276.634 276.344 276.719 0.9 0.0 0.1

Energy

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217.035 223.012 227.822 7.2 5.0 2.2

All items less energy

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239.238 238.671 239.095 1.1 -0.1 0.2

All items less food and energy

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242.947 242.265 242.443 0.9 -0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) This index series was formerly titled Gas (piped) and electricity.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: February 23, 2011

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