Mid-Atlantic Information Office

For release: Friday, May 13, 2011 PLS-4789

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
Media contact: (215) 861-5600 • BLSMediaPhiladelphia@bls.gov


Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – April 2011 (PDF)

Regional Prices 0.5 Percent Higher Over the Month; 2.8 Percent Higher Over the Year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast region rose 0.5 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent increase was mostly due to a 3.5-percent advance in the energy index, which reflected higher gasoline prices. The all items less food and energy index also contributed to the overall advance in the CPI, edging up 0.2 percent since March, while the food index was unchanged over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index jumped 17.1 percent over the year. Prices were also higher for both all items less food and energy (1.4 percent) and food (2.4 percent) since April 2010. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), Northeast region, April 2008 to April 2011 (not seasonally adjusted)

Food

The food index was unchanged in April as higher food away from home prices (0.3 percent) offset lower food at home prices (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the food index rose 2.4 percent as the food at home and food away from home components increased 2.5 and 2.2 percent, respectively.

Energy

Due to higher gasoline prices, the energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 3.5 percent in April. Gasoline prices advanced for the seventh straight month, up 42.3 percent since September 2010 and 7.3 percent since March. Lower prices for electricity (-1.2 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-1.4 percent) moderated the rise in the energy index.

The energy index advanced 17.1 percent since April 2010—the largest over-the-year increase since September 2008—largely reflecting a 33.0-percent jump in gasoline prices. Utility (piped) gas service prices rose 0.4 percent over the year, while electricity prices declined 4.4 percent since April 2010.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent since March. Higher prices for shelter (0.2 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (0.6 percent) led the rise. Lower prices for apparel and education and communication, down 0.6 and 0.2 percent respectively, helped to moderate the one-month increase in the all items less food and energy index.

Over the last 12 months, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.4 percent. Higher prices for shelter (1.0 percent) and medical care (3.1 percent) led the overall increase. Partially offsetting these and other advances was a 0.8-percent decline in recreation prices.

The May 2011 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast region is scheduled to be released on June 15, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

1.0 4.1 0.3 2.3 0.4 3.9 0.2 0.5 0.4 3.0 0.4 1.6

February

0.3 3.9 0.4 2.4 0.4 4.0 0.6 0.7 0.0 2.5 0.5 2.0

March

0.6 3.3 0.8 2.6 0.8 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.6 0.8 2.5

April

0.9 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.5 3.9 0.2 -0.1 0.2 2.5 0.5 2.8

May

0.5 4.6 0.5 2.3 0.9 4.3 0.1 -0.8 0.2 2.6

June

0.5 5.1 0.4 2.3 1.1 5.0 0.8 -1.2 -0.1 1.7

July

0.4 4.6 0.2 2.0 0.8 5.7 0.1 -1.9 0.0 1.6

August

0.3 4.5 -0.2 1.6 -0.3 5.5 0.3 -1.2 0.1 1.4

September

-0.8 2.6 -0.1 2.4 -0.4 5.2 0.1 -0.7 -0.1 1.2

October

-0.5 1.7 0.2 3.1 -0.9 4.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.5

November

-0.2 2.3 0.6 4.0 -1.6 1.7 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.5

December

0.2 3.0 0.0 3.8 -0.9 0.7 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.6

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 25,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 1-800-877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
Apr.
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011

All items

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237.110 239.074 240.267 2.8 1.3 0.5

All items (December 1977 = 100)

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373.375 376.469 378.347

Food and beverages

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230.484 231.199 231.284 2.4 0.3 0.0

Food

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230.025 230.765 230.790 2.4 0.3 0.0

Food at home

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228.583 229.710 229.242 2.5 0.3 -0.2

Food away from home

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234.883 235.103 235.801 2.2 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

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235.369 235.737 236.659 2.2 0.5 0.4

Housing

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245.371 246.351 246.734 1.3 0.6 0.2

Shelter

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292.916 293.555 294.098 1.0 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

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290.256 291.306 291.612 2.1 0.5 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

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304.944 305.263 305.728 0.8 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

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304.888 305.219 305.668 0.8 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

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222.591 225.415 224.674 3.8 0.9 -0.3

Household energy

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204.811 207.895 207.076 3.4 1.1 -0.4

Energy services (1) (3)

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196.073 196.991 194.448 -3.0 -0.8 -1.3

Electricity (1)

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187.846 189.694 187.350 -4.4 -0.3 -1.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

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202.959 201.513 198.652 0.4 -2.1 -1.4

Household furnishings and operations

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124.760 125.652 126.345 -0.1 1.3 0.6

Apparel

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122.118 125.943 125.177 0.1 2.5 -0.6

Transportation

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202.701 208.702 213.683 10.9 5.4 2.4

Private transportation

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195.925 202.007 207.201 11.1 5.8 2.6

New and used motor vehicles (4)

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96.705 97.084 97.638 1.6 1.0 0.6

New vehicles

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138.824 139.188 139.888 1.9 0.8 0.5

New cars and trucks (4) (5)

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96.189 96.443 96.937 1.9 0.8 0.5

New cars (5)

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134.785 135.297 135.896 1.1 0.8 0.4

Used cars and trucks

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149.443 150.644 152.795 4.3 2.2 1.4

Motor fuel

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266.622 292.825 313.983 33.0 17.8 7.2

Gasoline (all types)

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265.477 291.604 312.891 33.0 17.9 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

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267.264 293.969 315.446 33.4 18.0 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (5) (6)

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268.958 294.700 316.104 32.4 17.5 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (5)

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254.914 278.384 298.619 31.2 17.1 7.3

Medical care

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418.653 419.884 421.215 3.1 0.6 0.3

Medical care commodities

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351.861 354.037 355.229 4.7 1.0 0.3

Medical care services

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435.180 436.001 437.354 2.6 0.5 0.3

Professional services

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335.176 334.852 335.405 1.7 0.1 0.2

Recreation (4)

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116.995 116.829 117.308 -0.8 0.3 0.4

Education and communication (4)

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133.216 133.255 133.051 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Other goods and services

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412.611 413.452 415.951 3.0 0.8 0.6

Commodity and service group

Commodities

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185.445 188.829 190.939 5.6 3.0 1.1

Commodities less food and beverages

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158.472 162.838 165.711 7.6 4.6 1.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

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202.616 210.651 215.557 11.7 6.4 2.3

Durables

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108.595 109.175 109.932 0.5 1.2 0.7

Services

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287.790 288.413 288.740 1.2 0.3 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

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218.500 220.981 222.429 3.8 1.8 0.7

All items less medical care

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229.052 231.028 232.208 2.8 1.4 0.5

Commodities less food

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161.444 165.720 168.553 7.4 4.4 1.7

Nondurables

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217.491 222.247 224.988 7.1 3.4 1.2

Nondurables less food

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204.462 212.088 216.782 11.1 6.0 2.2

Services less rent of shelter (2)

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292.580 293.204 293.288 1.4 0.2 0.0

Services less medical care services

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277.381 277.988 278.259 1.1 0.3 0.1

Energy

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230.741 243.593 252.063 17.1 9.2 3.5

All items less energy

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240.062 240.918 241.368 1.5 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

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243.395 244.277 244.808 1.4 0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) This index series was formerly titled Gas (piped) and electricity.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: May 13, 2011

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