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15-315-PHI Thursday, February 26, 2015

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Consumer Price Index, Pittsburgh – Second Half 2014

Local prices up 1.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Pittsburgh area advanced 1.5 percent from the second half of 2013 to the second half of 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted that the all items less food and energy index rose 1.3 percent from the second half of 2013. Prices increased for several categories, most notably shelter. Food prices rose 2.9 percent over the year and energy prices increased 1.8 percent. (See chart 1.)

 

Food

Food prices advanced 2.9 percent since the second half of 2013, led by a 3.2-percent increase in prices for food away from home. Prices for food at home also rose, up 2.5 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 1.8 percent from the second half of 2013 to the second half of 2014, reflecting increases in prices for electricity (15.2 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (0.5 percent). These increases were partially offset by a decrease in prices for gasoline (-3.2 percent).

All items less food and energy

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent. Price increases were led by shelter, up 4.0 percent, particularly the owners’ equivalent rent of residences component which rose 5.2 percent. Moderating the 12-month increase in the all items less food and energy index were lower prices for recreation, down 6.4 percent, and medical care, down 3.0 percent.

The Consumer Price Index for the First Half of 2015 is scheduled to be released on August 19, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Pittsburgh, Pa. metropolitan statistical area covered in this release is comprised of Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods, Pittsburgh, PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
2nd Half
2013
1st Half
2014
2nd Half
2014
2nd Half
2013
1st Half
2014

All items

Jump to page with historical data
235.719 238.663 239.249 1.5 0.2
 

Food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
244.527 247.931 251.685 2.9 1.5

Food

Jump to page with historical data
244.114 247.450 251.302 2.9 1.6

Food at home

Jump to page with historical data
241.792 243.562 247.861 2.5 1.8

Food away from home

Jump to page with historical data
250.608 255.408 258.681 3.2 1.3

Alcoholic beverages

Jump to page with historical data
250.236 254.478 257.078 2.7 1.0
 

Housing

Jump to page with historical data
230.195 234.892 239.211 3.9 1.8

Shelter

Jump to page with historical data
257.816 262.980 268.089 4.0 1.9

Rent of primary residence (1)

Jump to page with historical data
225.437 229.548 232.495 3.1 1.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1)

Jump to page with historical data
253.679 261.258 266.886 5.2 2.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
253.679 261.258 266.886 5.2 2.2

Fuels and utilities

Jump to page with historical data
235.785 245.966 250.513 6.2 1.8

Household energy

Jump to page with historical data
214.455 224.112 229.977 7.2 2.6

Gas (piped) and electricity (1)

Jump to page with historical data
200.664 208.401 218.774 9.0 5.0

Electricity (1)

Jump to page with historical data
158.395 163.206 182.393 15.2 11.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

Jump to page with historical data
226.147 237.711 227.273 0.5 -4.4

Household furnishings and operations

Jump to page with historical data
148.588 146.939 148.479 -0.1 1.0
 

Apparel

Jump to page with historical data
155.864 152.905 154.048 -1.2 0.7
 

Transportation

Jump to page with historical data
192.410 198.608 192.908 0.3 -2.9

Private transportation

Jump to page with historical data
190.558 196.486 191.135 0.3 -2.7

Motor fuel

Jump to page with historical data
310.218 326.615 300.549 -3.1 -8.0

Gasoline (all types)

Jump to page with historical data
313.485 329.848 303.533 -3.2 -8.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

Jump to page with historical data
310.959 327.346 300.383 -3.4 -8.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

Jump to page with historical data
334.887 351.948 326.187 -2.6 -7.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

Jump to page with historical data
299.442 314.538 292.338 -2.4 -7.1
 

Medical care

Jump to page with historical data
462.856 462.432 449.069 -3.0 -2.9
 

Recreation (5)

Jump to page with historical data
123.874 119.347 115.930 -6.4 -2.9
 

Education and communication (5)

Jump to page with historical data
145.200 145.770 146.310 0.8 0.4
 

Other goods and services

Jump to page with historical data
403.789 403.483 410.828 1.7 1.8
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Jump to page with historical data
205.819 207.827 205.905 0.0 -0.9

Commodities less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
183.697 184.977 180.472 -1.8 -2.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
239.608 242.565 235.160 -1.9 -3.1

Durables

Jump to page with historical data
124.803 124.423 122.666 -1.7 -1.4

Services

Jump to page with historical data
269.053 273.070 275.645 2.5 0.9
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less medical care

Jump to page with historical data
224.758 227.833 228.985 1.9 0.5

All items less shelter

Jump to page with historical data
230.319 232.362 231.041 0.3 -0.6

Commodities less food

Jump to page with historical data
186.258 187.631 183.367 -1.6 -2.3

Nondurables

Jump to page with historical data
242.548 245.841 243.929 0.6 -0.8

Nondurables less food

Jump to page with historical data
240.292 243.317 236.617 -1.5 -2.8

Services less rent of shelter (2)

Jump to page with historical data
287.621 290.199 289.943 0.8 -0.1

Services less medical care services

Jump to page with historical data
255.255 259.535 263.183 3.1 1.4

Energy

Jump to page with historical data
264.137 277.082 268.833 1.8 -3.0

All items less energy

Jump to page with historical data
234.900 237.122 238.455 1.5 0.6

All items less food and energy

Jump to page with historical data
234.200 236.245 237.177 1.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: Thursday, February 26, 2015

Recommend this page using:

News Release Information

15-315-PHI Thursday, February 26, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Pittsburgh – Second Half 2014

Local prices up 1.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Pittsburgh area advanced 1.5 percent from the second half of 2013 to the second half of 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted that the all items less food and energy index rose 1.3 percent from the second half of 2013. Prices increased for several categories, most notably shelter. Food prices rose 2.9 percent over the year and energy prices increased 1.8 percent. (See chart 1.)

 

Food

Food prices advanced 2.9 percent since the second half of 2013, led by a 3.2-percent increase in prices for food away from home. Prices for food at home also rose, up 2.5 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 1.8 percent from the second half of 2013 to the second half of 2014, reflecting increases in prices for electricity (15.2 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (0.5 percent). These increases were partially offset by a decrease in prices for gasoline (-3.2 percent).

All items less food and energy

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent. Price increases were led by shelter, up 4.0 percent, particularly the owners’ equivalent rent of residences component which rose 5.2 percent. Moderating the 12-month increase in the all items less food and energy index were lower prices for recreation, down 6.4 percent, and medical care, down 3.0 percent.

The Consumer Price Index for the First Half of 2015 is scheduled to be released on August 19, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Pittsburgh, Pa. metropolitan statistical area covered in this release is comprised of Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods, Pittsburgh, PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
2nd Half
2013
1st Half
2014
2nd Half
2014
2nd Half
2013
1st Half
2014

All items

Jump to page with historical data
235.719 238.663 239.249 1.5 0.2
 

Food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
244.527 247.931 251.685 2.9 1.5

Food

Jump to page with historical data
244.114 247.450 251.302 2.9 1.6

Food at home

Jump to page with historical data
241.792 243.562 247.861 2.5 1.8

Food away from home

Jump to page with historical data
250.608 255.408 258.681 3.2 1.3

Alcoholic beverages

Jump to page with historical data
250.236 254.478 257.078 2.7 1.0
 

Housing

Jump to page with historical data
230.195 234.892 239.211 3.9 1.8

Shelter

Jump to page with historical data
257.816 262.980 268.089 4.0 1.9

Rent of primary residence (1)

Jump to page with historical data
225.437 229.548 232.495 3.1 1.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1)

Jump to page with historical data
253.679 261.258 266.886 5.2 2.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
253.679 261.258 266.886 5.2 2.2

Fuels and utilities

Jump to page with historical data
235.785 245.966 250.513 6.2 1.8

Household energy

Jump to page with historical data
214.455 224.112 229.977 7.2 2.6

Gas (piped) and electricity (1)

Jump to page with historical data
200.664 208.401 218.774 9.0 5.0

Electricity (1)

Jump to page with historical data
158.395 163.206 182.393 15.2 11.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

Jump to page with historical data
226.147 237.711 227.273 0.5 -4.4

Household furnishings and operations

Jump to page with historical data
148.588 146.939 148.479 -0.1 1.0
 

Apparel

Jump to page with historical data
155.864 152.905 154.048 -1.2 0.7
 

Transportation

Jump to page with historical data
192.410 198.608 192.908 0.3 -2.9

Private transportation

Jump to page with historical data
190.558 196.486 191.135 0.3 -2.7

Motor fuel

Jump to page with historical data
310.218 326.615 300.549 -3.1 -8.0

Gasoline (all types)

Jump to page with historical data
313.485 329.848 303.533 -3.2 -8.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

Jump to page with historical data
310.959 327.346 300.383 -3.4 -8.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

Jump to page with historical data
334.887 351.948 326.187 -2.6 -7.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

Jump to page with historical data
299.442 314.538 292.338 -2.4 -7.1
 

Medical care

Jump to page with historical data
462.856 462.432 449.069 -3.0 -2.9
 

Recreation (5)

Jump to page with historical data
123.874 119.347 115.930 -6.4 -2.9
 

Education and communication (5)

Jump to page with historical data
145.200 145.770 146.310 0.8 0.4
 

Other goods and services

Jump to page with historical data
403.789 403.483 410.828 1.7 1.8
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Jump to page with historical data
205.819 207.827 205.905 0.0 -0.9

Commodities less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
183.697 184.977 180.472 -1.8 -2.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
239.608 242.565 235.160 -1.9 -3.1

Durables

Jump to page with historical data
124.803 124.423 122.666 -1.7 -1.4

Services

Jump to page with historical data
269.053 273.070 275.645 2.5 0.9
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less medical care

Jump to page with historical data
224.758 227.833 228.985 1.9 0.5

All items less shelter

Jump to page with historical data
230.319 232.362 231.041 0.3 -0.6

Commodities less food

Jump to page with historical data
186.258 187.631 183.367 -1.6 -2.3

Nondurables

Jump to page with historical data
242.548 245.841 243.929 0.6 -0.8

Nondurables less food

Jump to page with historical data
240.292 243.317 236.617 -1.5 -2.8

Services less rent of shelter (2)

Jump to page with historical data
287.621 290.199 289.943 0.8 -0.1

Services less medical care services

Jump to page with historical data
255.255 259.535 263.183 3.1 1.4

Energy

Jump to page with historical data
264.137 277.082 268.833 1.8 -3.0

All items less energy

Jump to page with historical data
234.900 237.122 238.455 1.5 0.6

All items less food and energy

Jump to page with historical data
234.200 236.245 237.177 1.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: Thursday, February 26, 2015