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16-147-PHI
Wednesday, January 20, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Pittsburgh – Second Half 2015

Local prices up 1.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Pittsburgh area advanced 1.1 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that this was mostly due to a 2.8-percent rise in the all items less food and energy index. (See chart 1.) The food index also increased since the second half of 2014, up 1.5 percent. These over-the-year increases were moderated by a 14.7-percent decline in the energy index.

Food

Food prices advanced 1.5 percent since the second half of 2014, led by a 1.6-percent increase in prices for food at home. Prices for food away from home also rose, up 1.2 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, fell 14.7 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015, due mostly to a 24.7-percent drop in gasoline prices. Prices for utility (piped) gas service declined 15.3 percent, while prices for electricity increased 7.5 percent over the year.

All items less food and energy

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.8 percent. Price increases were led by shelter, up 2.8 percent, particularly the owners’ equivalent rent of residences component, which rose 3.1 percent. Prices were also higher for several other categories including medical care and recreation, up 3.7 and 3.8 percent, respectively.

The Consumer Price Index for the first half of 2016 is scheduled to be released on July 15, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Pittsburgh, Pa. metropolitan statistical area covered in this release is comprised of Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods, Pittsburgh, PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
2nd Half
2014
1st Half
2015
2nd Half
2015
2nd Half
2014
1st Half
2015

All items

Jump to page with historical data
239.249 239.232 241.972 1.1 1.1
 

Food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
251.685 253.727 255.464 1.5 0.7

Food

Jump to page with historical data
251.302 253.446 255.130 1.5 0.7

Food at home

Jump to page with historical data
247.861 250.170 251.806 1.6 0.7

Food away from home

Jump to page with historical data
258.681 260.064 261.828 1.2 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

Jump to page with historical data
257.078 257.924 260.287 1.2 0.9
 

Housing

Jump to page with historical data
239.211 241.078 243.792 1.9 1.1

Shelter

Jump to page with historical data
268.089 271.328 275.490 2.8 1.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

Jump to page with historical data
232.495 232.968 235.923 1.5 1.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
266.886 270.838 275.216 3.1 1.6

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
266.886 270.838 275.216 3.1 1.6

Fuels and utilities

Jump to page with historical data
250.513 246.825 243.616 -2.8 -1.3

Household energy

Jump to page with historical data
229.977 224.434 219.047 -4.8 -2.4

Energy services (1)

Jump to page with historical data
218.774 218.358 216.115 -1.2 -1.0

Electricity (1)

Jump to page with historical data
182.393 185.337 196.056 7.5 5.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

Jump to page with historical data
227.273 220.216 192.543 -15.3 -12.6

Household furnishings and operations

Jump to page with historical data
148.479 148.549 149.972 1.0 1.0
 

Apparel

Jump to page with historical data
154.048 150.354 159.920 3.8 6.4
 

Transportation

Jump to page with historical data
192.908 183.089 182.238 -5.5 -0.5

Private transportation

Jump to page with historical data
191.135 179.570 178.326 -6.7 -0.7

Motor fuel

Jump to page with historical data
300.549 234.225 226.329 -24.7 -3.4

Gasoline (all types)

Jump to page with historical data
303.533 236.472 228.603 -24.7 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

Jump to page with historical data
300.383 233.077 223.693 -25.5 -4.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

Jump to page with historical data
326.187 256.035 252.265 -22.7 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

Jump to page with historical data
292.338 231.662 229.687 -21.4 -0.9
 

Medical care

Jump to page with historical data
449.069 463.968 465.732 3.7 0.4
 

Recreation (5)

Jump to page with historical data
115.930 117.018 120.344 3.8 2.8
 

Education and communication (5)

Jump to page with historical data
146.310 147.150 147.618 0.9 0.3
 

Other goods and services

Jump to page with historical data
410.828 418.442 441.639 7.5 5.5
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Jump to page with historical data
205.905 200.652 201.552 -2.1 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
180.472 171.969 172.464 -4.4 0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
235.160 216.670 216.859 -7.8 0.1

Durables

Jump to page with historical data
122.666 123.218 123.942 1.0 0.6

Services

Jump to page with historical data
275.645 279.737 284.038 3.0 1.5
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less medical care

Jump to page with historical data
228.985 228.359 231.119 0.9 1.2

All items less shelter

Jump to page with historical data
231.041 229.605 231.785 0.3 0.9

Commodities less food

Jump to page with historical data
183.367 175.178 175.738 -4.2 0.3

Nondurables

Jump to page with historical data
243.929 235.510 236.463 -3.1 0.4

Nondurables less food

Jump to page with historical data
236.617 219.487 219.828 -7.1 0.2

Services less rent of shelter (2)

Jump to page with historical data
289.943 294.801 299.669 3.4 1.7

Services less medical care services

Jump to page with historical data
263.183 266.121 270.267 2.7 1.6

Energy

Jump to page with historical data
268.833 235.896 229.216 -14.7 -2.8

All items less energy

Jump to page with historical data
238.455 241.129 244.675 2.6 1.5

All items less food and energy

Jump to page with historical data
237.177 239.945 243.803 2.8 1.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January 1999.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a 6-month period as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 20, 2016

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News Release Information

16-147-PHI
Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Pittsburgh – Second Half 2015

Local prices up 1.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Pittsburgh area advanced 1.1 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that this was mostly due to a 2.8-percent rise in the all items less food and energy index. (See chart 1.) The food index also increased since the second half of 2014, up 1.5 percent. These over-the-year increases were moderated by a 14.7-percent decline in the energy index.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Pittsburgh, second half 2012-second half 2015

Food

Food prices advanced 1.5 percent since the second half of 2014, led by a 1.6-percent increase in prices for food at home. Prices for food away from home also rose, up 1.2 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, fell 14.7 percent from the second half of 2014 to the second half of 2015, due mostly to a 24.7-percent drop in gasoline prices. Prices for utility (piped) gas service declined 15.3 percent, while prices for electricity increased 7.5 percent over the year.

All items less food and energy

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.8 percent. Price increases were led by shelter, up 2.8 percent, particularly the owners’ equivalent rent of residences component, which rose 3.1 percent. Prices were also higher for several other categories including medical care and recreation, up 3.7 and 3.8 percent, respectively.

The Consumer Price Index for the first half of 2016 is scheduled to be released on July 15, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Pittsburgh, Pa. metropolitan statistical area covered in this release is comprised of Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods, Pittsburgh, PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
2nd Half
2014
1st Half
2015
2nd Half
2015
2nd Half
2014
1st Half
2015

All items

Jump to page with historical data
239.249 239.232 241.972 1.1 1.1
 

Food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
251.685 253.727 255.464 1.5 0.7

Food

Jump to page with historical data
251.302 253.446 255.130 1.5 0.7

Food at home

Jump to page with historical data
247.861 250.170 251.806 1.6 0.7

Food away from home

Jump to page with historical data
258.681 260.064 261.828 1.2 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

Jump to page with historical data
257.078 257.924 260.287 1.2 0.9
 

Housing

Jump to page with historical data
239.211 241.078 243.792 1.9 1.1

Shelter

Jump to page with historical data
268.089 271.328 275.490 2.8 1.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

Jump to page with historical data
232.495 232.968 235.923 1.5 1.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
266.886 270.838 275.216 3.1 1.6

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
266.886 270.838 275.216 3.1 1.6

Fuels and utilities

Jump to page with historical data
250.513 246.825 243.616 -2.8 -1.3

Household energy

Jump to page with historical data
229.977 224.434 219.047 -4.8 -2.4

Energy services (1)

Jump to page with historical data
218.774 218.358 216.115 -1.2 -1.0

Electricity (1)

Jump to page with historical data
182.393 185.337 196.056 7.5 5.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

Jump to page with historical data
227.273 220.216 192.543 -15.3 -12.6

Household furnishings and operations

Jump to page with historical data
148.479 148.549 149.972 1.0 1.0
 

Apparel

Jump to page with historical data
154.048 150.354 159.920 3.8 6.4
 

Transportation

Jump to page with historical data
192.908 183.089 182.238 -5.5 -0.5

Private transportation

Jump to page with historical data
191.135 179.570 178.326 -6.7 -0.7

Motor fuel

Jump to page with historical data
300.549 234.225 226.329 -24.7 -3.4

Gasoline (all types)

Jump to page with historical data
303.533 236.472 228.603 -24.7 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

Jump to page with historical data
300.383 233.077 223.693 -25.5 -4.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

Jump to page with historical data
326.187 256.035 252.265 -22.7 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

Jump to page with historical data
292.338 231.662 229.687 -21.4 -0.9
 

Medical care

Jump to page with historical data
449.069 463.968 465.732 3.7 0.4
 

Recreation (5)

Jump to page with historical data
115.930 117.018 120.344 3.8 2.8
 

Education and communication (5)

Jump to page with historical data
146.310 147.150 147.618 0.9 0.3
 

Other goods and services

Jump to page with historical data
410.828 418.442 441.639 7.5 5.5
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Jump to page with historical data
205.905 200.652 201.552 -2.1 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
180.472 171.969 172.464 -4.4 0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
235.160 216.670 216.859 -7.8 0.1

Durables

Jump to page with historical data
122.666 123.218 123.942 1.0 0.6

Services

Jump to page with historical data
275.645 279.737 284.038 3.0 1.5
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less medical care

Jump to page with historical data
228.985 228.359 231.119 0.9 1.2

All items less shelter

Jump to page with historical data
231.041 229.605 231.785 0.3 0.9

Commodities less food

Jump to page with historical data
183.367 175.178 175.738 -4.2 0.3

Nondurables

Jump to page with historical data
243.929 235.510 236.463 -3.1 0.4

Nondurables less food

Jump to page with historical data
236.617 219.487 219.828 -7.1 0.2

Services less rent of shelter (2)

Jump to page with historical data
289.943 294.801 299.669 3.4 1.7

Services less medical care services

Jump to page with historical data
263.183 266.121 270.267 2.7 1.6

Energy

Jump to page with historical data
268.833 235.896 229.216 -14.7 -2.8

All items less energy

Jump to page with historical data
238.455 241.129 244.675 2.6 1.5

All items less food and energy

Jump to page with historical data
237.177 239.945 243.803 2.8 1.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January 1999.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a 6-month period as a whole, not to any specific date.

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 20, 2016