Mid-Atlantic Information Office

For release: Friday, May 13, 2011 PLS-4788

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
Media contact: (215) 861-5600 • BLSMediaPhiladelphia@bls.gov

Consumer Price Index, South Region – April 2011 (PDF)

Prices in the South up 0.7 percent over the month and 3.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.7 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that prices advanced for energy, food, and all items less food and energy. Within the all items less food and energy group, apparel, shelter, and medical care were among those indexes that recorded increases. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 3.4 percent. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.4 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, March 2008-March 2011

Food

Food prices rose 0.5 percent in April following a 0.7-percent increase in March. Within the food index, prices for food at home increased 0.7 percent and prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent over the month.

Over the year, the index for food advanced 3.3 percent as prices for food at home and food away from home increased 4.3 and 2.0 percent, respectively.

Energy

Energy prices advanced 4.7 percent in April, mainly due to a 7.2-percent rise in motor fuel prices. The indexes for electricity and utility (piped) gas service each increased 0.6 percent over the month.

Over the year, the energy index advanced 19.3 percent, primarily reflecting a 34.0-percent jump in motor fuel prices. Electricity prices rose 0.5 percent during the period, while prices for utility (piped) gas service declined 5.6 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in April. Among the components of the index, prices for apparel increased 0.9 percent, those for shelter inched up 0.1 percent, and those for medical care rose 0.4 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent, due largely to higher prices for shelter (1.3 percent) and medical care (2.4 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for May 2011 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 15, 2011 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 4.3 0.1 1.8 0.5 4.9 0.4 -0.1 0.3 2.8 0.5 1.7

February

0.2 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.3 4.6 0.5 0.1 0.0 2.3 0.5 2.2

March

0.5 3.7 1.0 2.6 0.8 4.4 0.3 -0.3 0.6 2.5 1.2 2.8

April

1.0 4.0 0.9 2.5 0.7 4.2 0.3 -0.7 0.1 2.4 0.7 3.4

May

0.4 4.4 0.6 2.7 0.9 4.6 0.3 -1.3 0.0 2.0 - -

June

0.4 4.5 0.4 2.7 1.1 5.3 1.0 -1.4 -0.1 0.9 - -

July

0.4 4.5 -0.1 2.3 0.5 5.8 -0.3 -2.1 -0.1 1.0 - -

August

0.1 4.1 -0.3 2.0 -0.4 5.6 0.1 -1.6 0.2 1.1 - -

September

-0.7 2.0 0.3 3.0 0.1 5.4 0.0 -1.8 0.2 1.4 - -

October

-0.6 1.1 0.2 3.8 -1.2 3.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1 1.3 - -

November

-0.2 1.9 0.6 4.7 -2.2 1.0 0.2 2.0 0.0 1.1 - -

December

0.3 2.5 0.0 4.4 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 2.9 0.2 1.4 - -

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 25,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of the items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period “market basket” of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: (800) 877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
Apr.
2010
Feb.
2011
Mar.
2011

Expenditure category

All Items

214.735 217.214 218.820 3.4 1.9 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

348.330 352.351 354.956

Food and beverages

222.160 223.642 224.691 3.2 1.1 0.5

Food

222.813 224.414 225.523 3.3 1.2 0.5

Food at home

218.731 220.852 222.313 4.3 1.6 0.7

Food away from home

231.160 232.055 232.685 2.0 0.7 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

212.023 211.903 212.153 2.2 0.1 0.1

Housing

201.858 202.135 202.368 0.9 0.3 0.1

Shelter

224.174 224.591 224.805 1.3 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

224.615 224.786 225.193 0.8 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

228.091 228.341 228.512 1.3 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

228.085 228.333 228.505 1.3 0.2 0.1

Fuels and utilities

212.278 212.508 213.609 0.9 0.6 0.5

Household energy

179.191 179.296 180.418 0.1 0.7 0.6

Energy services (1)

178.785 178.689 179.814 -0.4 0.6 0.6

Electricity (1)

175.143 175.388 176.498 0.5 0.8 0.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

187.983 185.514 186.639 -5.6 -0.7 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

126.194 125.987 125.700 -1.4 -0.4 -0.2

Apparel

127.908 130.803 131.976 0.3 3.2 0.9

Transportation

201.493 211.178 217.453 13.2 7.9 3.0

Private transportation

199.601 209.388 215.804 13.4 8.1 3.1

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.162 98.770 99.404 2.3 1.3 0.6

New vehicles

145.380 146.154 146.605 2.4 0.8 0.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.950 99.477 99.778 2.4 0.8 0.3

New cars (4)

148.521 149.309 149.886 2.3 0.9 0.4

Used cars and trucks

141.436 142.454 143.954 2.6 1.8 1.1

Motor fuel

268.611 303.500 325.316 34.0 21.1 7.2

Gasoline (all types)

267.358 302.323 324.483 34.0 21.4 7.3

Unleaded regular (4)

266.448 301.878 324.475 34.6 21.8 7.5

Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

278.431 313.704 335.785 32.8 20.6 7.0

Unleaded premium (4)

264.082 296.560 316.717 31.8 19.9 6.8

Medical care

376.516 377.518 378.857 2.4 0.6 0.4

Medical care commodities

303.035 304.012 305.829 1.9 0.9 0.6

Medical care services

401.083 402.073 403.163 2.5 0.5 0.3

Professional services

332.641 334.002 334.197 2.4 0.5 0.1

Recreation (3)

113.227 113.942 114.194 0.0 0.9 0.2

Education and communication (3)

126.787 126.783 126.614 1.1 -0.1 -0.1

Other goods and services

377.371 376.969 377.713 1.3 0.1 0.2

Commodity and service group

All Items

214.735 217.214 218.820 3.4 1.9 0.7

Commodities

180.237 184.635 187.378 6.0 4.0 1.5

Commodities less food and beverages

158.671 164.178 167.562 7.6 5.6 2.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

205.812 216.717 223.511 11.9 8.6 3.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

253.548 269.134 279.194 15.4 10.1 3.7

Durables

114.582 115.057 115.260 0.6 0.6 0.2

Services

250.127 250.749 251.257 1.7 0.5 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

230.387 230.824 231.046 1.2 0.3 0.1

Transportation services

274.416 276.570 278.265 4.7 1.4 0.6

Other services

301.750 302.893 303.139 1.7 0.5 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

205.528 208.034 209.631 3.5 2.0 0.8

All items less food

213.284 215.899 217.583 3.5 2.0 0.8

All items less shelter

212.362 215.735 217.945 4.4 2.6 1.0

Commodities less food

160.463 165.822 169.123 7.4 5.4 2.0

Nondurables

214.104 220.672 224.822 7.7 5.0 1.9

Nondurables less food

205.982 216.253 222.670 11.3 8.1 3.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

248.823 262.987 272.157 14.4 9.4 3.5

Services less rent of shelter (2)

282.733 283.619 284.520 2.2 0.6 0.3

Services less medical care services

236.203 236.791 237.255 1.6 0.4 0.2

Energy

216.095 232.733 243.658 19.3 12.8 4.7

All items less energy

215.229 216.108 216.661 1.7 0.7 0.3

All items less food and energy

214.278 215.028 215.481 1.4 0.6 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.380 147.192 147.656 0.4 0.9 0.3

Energy commodities

272.675 307.515 329.203 33.6 20.7 7.1

Services less energy services

257.467 258.165 258.607 1.8 0.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

Last Modified Date: May 13, 2011

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