Mid-Atlantic Information Office

For release: Thursday, August 18, 2011 PLS-4808

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
Media contact: (215) 861-5600 • BLSMediaPhiladelphia@bls.gov

Consumer Price Index, South Region – July 2011 (PDF)

Prices in the South up 0.2 percent over the month and 4.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South edged up 0.2 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that prices for food rose 0.4 percent, those for energy increased 0.3 percent, and those for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in July. Within the all items less food and energy group, shelter and used cars and trucks were among the components that recorded increases. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 4.1 percent. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.9 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, March 2008-March 2011

Food

Food prices increased 0.4 percent in July, reflecting higher prices for both food at home (0.6 percent) and food away from home (0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for food advanced 4.5 percent as prices for food at home and food away from home increased 6.0 and 2.5 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.3 percent in July, led by price increases for electricity (1.1 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (0.9 percent). Partially offsetting these increases, motor fuel prices edged down 0.2 percent over the month.

Over the year, the energy index advanced 21.2 percent, dominated by a 37.0-percent jump in motor fuel prices. Electricity prices rose 3.3 percent during the same period, while prices for utility (piped) gas service declined 5.2 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in July. Among the components of the index, prices for shelter edged up 0.2 percent and those for used cars and trucks increased 1.6 percent over the month. During this period, the apparel index registered a smaller-than-usual seasonal decline of 1.2 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.9 percent, reflecting higher prices for shelter (1.4 percent), new and used motor vehicles (4.1 percent), and medical care (3.4 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for August 2011 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, September 15, 2011 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 4.3 0.1 1.8 0.5 4.9 0.4 -0.1 0.3 2.8 0.5 1.7

February

0.2 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.3 4.6 0.5 0.1 0.0 2.3 0.5 2.2

March

0.5 3.7 1.0 2.6 0.8 4.4 0.3 -0.3 0.6 2.5 1.2 2.8

April

1.0 4.0 0.9 2.5 0.7 4.2 0.3 -0.7 0.1 2.4 0.7 3.4

May

0.4 4.4 0.6 2.7 0.9 4.6 0.3 -1.3 0.0 2.0 0.5 4.0

June

0.4 4.5 0.4 2.7 1.1 5.3 1.0 -1.4 -0.1 0.9 -0.2 3.8

July

0.4 4.5 -0.1 2.3 0.5 5.8 -0.3 -2.1 -0.1 1.0 0.2 4.1

August

0.1 4.1 -0.3 2.0 -0.4 5.6 0.1 -1.6 0.2 1.1 - -

September

-0.7 2.0 0.3 3.0 0.1 5.4 0.0 -1.8 0.2 1.4 - -

October

-0.6 1.1 0.2 3.8 -1.2 3.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1 1.3 - -

November

-0.2 1.9 0.6 4.7 -2.2 1.0 0.2 2.0 0.0 1.1 - -

December

0.3 2.5 0.0 4.4 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 2.9 0.2 1.4 - -

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of the items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period “market basket” of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: (800) 877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.


Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
May
2011
Jun.
2011
Jul.
2011
Jul.
2010
May
2011
Jun.
2011

Expenditure category

All Items

219.820 219.318 219.682 4.1 -0.1 0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

356.579 355.764 356.354

Food and beverages

225.664 225.732 226.676 4.3 0.4 0.4

Food

226.560 226.606 227.604 4.5 0.5 0.4

Food at home

223.933 223.662 224.906 6.0 0.4 0.6

Food away from home

232.924 233.411 234.080 2.5 0.5 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

212.266 212.635 212.843 1.5 0.3 0.1

Housing

202.771 204.151 204.676 1.4 0.9 0.3

Shelter

224.907 225.444 225.836 1.4 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

225.387 225.675 226.059 1.2 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

228.554 228.994 229.391 1.4 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

228.547 228.982 229.380 1.4 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

216.430 224.511 226.591 3.2 4.7 0.9

Household energy

183.315 192.133 194.170 2.8 5.9 1.1

Energy services (1)

182.773 191.979 193.995 2.2 6.1 1.1

Electricity (1)

179.427 189.689 191.729 3.3 6.9 1.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

189.541 190.539 192.209 -5.2 1.4 0.9

Household furnishings and operations

125.576 125.566 125.548 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Apparel

132.526 129.977 128.469 2.8 -3.1 -1.2

Transportation

220.726 215.740 216.108 14.1 -2.1 0.2

Private transportation

219.300 214.154 214.409 14.5 -2.2 0.1

New and used motor vehicles (3)

100.401 101.198 101.636 4.1 1.2 0.4

New vehicles

147.881 148.046 147.671 4.2 -0.1 -0.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

100.659 100.762 100.509 4.2 -0.1 -0.3

New cars (4)

151.798 152.677 152.491 5.3 0.5 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

146.034 149.165 151.621 4.8 3.8 1.6

Motor fuel

335.115 313.283 312.802 37.0 -6.7 -0.2

Gasoline (all types)

334.583 312.350 311.861 37.1 -6.8 -0.2

Unleaded regular (4)

334.482 311.700 311.461 37.9 -6.9 -0.1

Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

346.758 324.811 323.700 35.9 -6.6 -0.3

Unleaded premium (4)

326.500 306.617 305.530 34.4 -6.4 -0.4

Medical care

379.828 380.114 380.264 3.4 0.1 0.0

Medical care commodities

306.046 304.992 305.104 2.3 -0.3 0.0

Medical care services

404.454 405.342 405.506 3.8 0.3 0.0

Professional services

334.583 335.645 335.655 2.5 0.3 0.0

Recreation (3)

114.278 114.056 113.897 0.5 -0.3 -0.1

Education and communication (3)

126.475 126.554 126.857 1.1 0.3 0.2

Other goods and services

377.149 377.234 377.020 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Commodity and service group

All Items

219.820 219.318 219.682 4.1 -0.1 0.2

Commodities

188.925 186.699 186.829 7.3 -1.1 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

169.312 166.183 165.973 9.0 -2.0 -0.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

226.548 219.384 218.730 13.5 -3.5 -0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

283.677 273.796 273.601 16.6 -3.6 -0.1

Durables

115.811 116.443 116.647 2.1 0.7 0.2

Services

251.730 252.909 253.504 2.0 0.7 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

231.164 231.711 232.118 1.4 0.4 0.2

Transportation services

278.494 278.109 278.889 3.7 0.1 0.3

Other services

303.213 303.008 303.418 1.6 0.1 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

210.620 210.092 210.460 4.2 -0.1 0.2

All items less food

218.576 217.987 218.251 4.1 -0.1 0.1

All items less shelter

219.334 218.386 218.741 5.4 -0.3 0.2

Commodities less food

170.830 167.794 167.596 8.7 -1.9 -0.1

Nondurables

226.912 223.080 223.166 8.9 -1.7 0.0

Nondurables less food

225.539 218.808 218.203 12.7 -3.3 -0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

276.243 267.290 267.130 15.4 -3.3 -0.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

285.478 287.528 288.388 2.6 1.0 0.3

Services less medical care services

237.672 238.842 239.447 1.8 0.7 0.3

Energy

249.746 243.717 244.493 21.2 -2.1 0.3

All items less energy

217.086 217.210 217.528 2.3 0.2 0.1

All items less food and energy

215.797 215.935 216.131 1.9 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.128 147.992 147.820 1.7 -0.2 -0.1

Energy commodities

338.961 317.176 316.783 36.8 -6.5 -0.1

Services less energy services

258.814 259.135 259.577 2.0 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

Last Modified Date: August 19, 2011

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