Mid-Atlantic Information Office

For release: Thursday, September 15, 2011 PLS-4824

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
Media contact: (215) 861-5600 • BLSMediaPhiladelphia@bls.gov

Consumer Price Index, South Region – August 2011 (PDF)

Prices in the South up 0.4 percent over the month and 4.3 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South advanced 0.4 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that prices for food rose 0.5 percent, those for energy inched up 0.1 percent, and those for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in August. Within the all items less food and energy group, apparel, education and communication, and shelter were among the components that recorded increases. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 4.3 percent. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, August 2008-August 2011

Food

Food prices increased 0.5 percent in August, reflecting higher prices for both food at home (0.6 percent) and food away from home (0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for food advanced 4.8 percent as prices for food at home and food away from home increased 6.4 and 2.8 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index inched up 0.1 percent in August, led by a 2.5-percent price increase for utility (piped) gas service. Prices for both motor fuel and electricity were unchanged over the month.

Over the year, the energy index advanced 20.9 percent, dominated by a 36.3-percent jump in motor fuel prices. Electricity prices rose 3.0 percent during the same period, while those for utility (piped) gas service declined 1.5 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in August. Among the components of the index, prices for apparel advanced 2.4 percent and those for education and communication increased 1.1 percent over the month. During this period, the shelter index edged up 0.2 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.1 percent, reflecting higher prices for shelter (1.7 percent), new and used motor vehicles (4.0 percent), and medical care (3.6 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for September 2011 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 19, 2011 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 4.3 0.1 1.8 0.5 4.9 0.4 -0.1 0.3 2.8 0.5 1.7

February

0.2 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.3 4.6 0.5 0.1 0.0 2.3 0.5 2.2

March

0.5 3.7 1.0 2.6 0.8 4.4 0.3 -0.3 0.6 2.5 1.2 2.8

April

1.0 4.0 0.9 2.5 0.7 4.2 0.3 -0.7 0.1 2.4 0.7 3.4

May

0.4 4.4 0.6 2.7 0.9 4.6 0.3 -1.3 0.0 2.0 0.5 4.0

June

0.4 4.5 0.4 2.7 1.1 5.3 1.0 -1.4 -0.1 0.9 -0.2 3.8

July

0.4 4.5 -0.1 2.3 0.5 5.8 -0.3 -2.1 -0.1 1.0 0.2 4.1

August

0.1 4.1 -0.3 2.0 -0.4 5.6 0.1 -1.6 0.2 1.1 0.4 4.3

September

-0.7 2.0 0.3 3.0 0.1 5.4 0.0 -1.8 0.2 1.4 - -

October

-0.6 1.1 0.2 3.8 -1.2 3.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1 1.3 - -

November

-0.2 1.9 0.6 4.7 -2.2 1.0 0.2 2.0 0.0 1.1 - -

December

0.3 2.5 0.0 4.4 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 2.9 0.2 1.4 - -

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of the items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period “market basket” of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: (800) 877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.


Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
Jun.
2011
Jul.
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Jun.
2011
Jul.
2011

Expenditure category

All Items

219.318 219.682 220.471 4.3 0.5 0.4

All items (December 1977=100)

355.764 356.354 357.635

Food and beverages

225.732 226.676 227.732 4.6 0.9 0.5

Food

226.606 227.604 228.736 4.8 0.9 0.5

Food at home

223.662 224.906 226.299 6.4 1.2 0.6

Food away from home

233.411 234.080 234.861 2.8 0.6 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

212.635 212.843 212.882 1.3 0.1 0.0

Housing

204.151 204.676 205.091 1.7 0.5 0.2

Shelter

225.444 225.836 226.288 1.7 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

225.675 226.059 227.710 2.4 0.9 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

228.994 229.391 230.028 1.6 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

228.982 229.380 230.015 1.6 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

224.511 226.591 227.333 3.3 1.3 0.3

Household energy

192.133 194.170 194.652 2.9 1.3 0.2

Energy services (1)

191.979 193.995 194.552 2.4 1.3 0.3

Electricity (1)

189.689 191.729 191.683 3.0 1.1 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

190.539 192.209 196.921 -1.5 3.3 2.5

Household furnishings and operations

125.566 125.548 125.619 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Apparel

129.977 128.469 131.544 4.0 1.2 2.4

Transportation

215.740 216.108 216.585 14.0 0.4 0.2

Private transportation

214.154 214.409 214.959 14.4 0.4 0.3

New and used motor vehicles (3)

101.198 101.636 101.868 4.0 0.7 0.2

New vehicles

148.046 147.671 147.285 4.1 -0.5 -0.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

100.762 100.509 100.259 4.1 -0.5 -0.2

New cars (4)

152.677 152.491 152.289 5.3 -0.3 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

149.165 151.621 153.261 4.8 2.7 1.1

Motor fuel

313.283 312.802 312.665 36.3 -0.2 0.0

Gasoline (all types)

312.350 311.861 311.764 36.4 -0.2 0.0

Unleaded regular (4)

311.700 311.461 311.105 37.1 -0.2 -0.1

Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

324.811 323.700 324.458 35.4 -0.1 0.2

Unleaded premium (4)

306.617 305.530 305.895 33.8 -0.2 0.1

Medical care

380.114 380.264 381.259 3.6 0.3 0.3

Medical care commodities

304.992 305.104 305.643 2.3 0.2 0.2

Medical care services

405.342 405.506 406.686 4.0 0.3 0.3

Professional services

335.645 335.655 336.351 2.5 0.2 0.2

Recreation (3)

114.056 113.897 113.681 0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Education and communication (3)

126.554 126.857 128.215 1.4 1.3 1.1

Other goods and services

377.234 377.020 377.966 0.4 0.2 0.3

Commodity and service group

All Items

219.318 219.682 220.471 4.3 0.5 0.4

Commodities

186.699 186.829 187.552 7.4 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

166.183 165.973 166.541 9.1 0.2 0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

219.384 218.730 219.893 13.6 0.2 0.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

273.796 273.601 273.730 16.4 0.0 0.0

Durables

116.443 116.647 116.660 2.0 0.2 0.0

Services

252.909 253.504 254.365 2.2 0.6 0.3

Rent of shelter (2)

231.711 232.118 232.575 1.7 0.4 0.2

Transportation services

278.109 278.889 280.250 4.2 0.8 0.5

Other services

303.008 303.418 305.394 1.6 0.8 0.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

210.092 210.460 211.231 4.4 0.5 0.4

All items less food

217.987 218.251 218.986 4.3 0.5 0.3

All items less shelter

218.386 218.741 219.680 5.5 0.6 0.4

Commodities less food

167.794 167.596 168.150 8.8 0.2 0.3

Nondurables

223.080 223.166 224.283 9.1 0.5 0.5

Nondurables less food

218.808 218.203 219.301 12.8 0.2 0.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

267.290 267.130 267.250 15.2 0.0 0.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

287.528 288.388 289.808 2.8 0.8 0.5

Services less medical care services

238.842 239.447 240.272 2.1 0.6 0.3

Energy

243.717 244.493 244.665 20.9 0.4 0.1

All items less energy

217.210 217.528 218.390 2.5 0.5 0.4

All items less food and energy

215.935 216.131 216.946 2.1 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.992 147.820 148.505 1.9 0.3 0.5

Energy commodities

317.176 316.783 316.588 36.0 -0.2 -0.1

Services less energy services

259.135 259.577 260.470 2.2 0.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

Last Modified Date: September 16, 2011

Recommend this page using: