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Friday, May 3, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Erie – May 2012

Workers in the Erie Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $18.09 in May 2012, 18 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 19 of the 22 major occupational groups, including computer and mathematical; architecture and engineering; management; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Erie Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Erie United States Erie Percent difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0
100.0
$22.01
$18.09*
-18

Management

4.9
3.2*
52.20
45.26*
-13

Business and financial operations

4.9
3.4*
33.44
27.71*
-17

Computer and mathematical

2.7
0.9*
38.55
28.60*
-26

Architecture and engineering

1.8
1.5
37.98
30.44*
-20

Life, physical, and social science

0.8
0.2*
32.87
30.19*
-8

Community and social service

1.4
2.1*
21.27
18.34*
-14

Legal

0.8
0.3*
47.39
33.11*
-30

Education, training, and library

6.4
6.6
24.62
25.90
5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3
1.3
26.20
18.97*
-28

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9
6.8*
35.35
30.89*
-13

Healthcare support

3.0
4.4*
13.36
11.85*
-11

Protective service

2.5
1.8*
20.70
18.05
-13

Food preparation and serving related

8.9
9.9*
10.28
9.75*
-5

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3
3.2
12.34
10.51*
-15

Personal care and service

2.9
4.2*
11.80
9.80*
-17

Sales and related

10.6
10.7
18.26
15.41*
-16

Office and administrative support

16.4
15.6
16.54
14.90*
-10

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3
0.0*
11.65
16.59*
42

Construction and extraction

3.8
2.8*
21.61
19.67*
-9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9
3.4*
21.09
17.36*
-18

Production

6.6
12.0*
16.59
15.96*
-4

Transportation and material moving

6.7
5.6*
16.15
13.72*
-15
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Erie is above the national mean wage, while a negative percent difference reflects a lower wage.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Erie employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups including production and personal care and service. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included computer and mathematical, management, and business and financial operations.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Erie had 15,350 jobs in production, accounting for 12.0 percent of local area employment, significantly above the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $15.96, which was significantly below the national average of $16.59.

With employment of 1,280, team assemblers was one of the largest occupations within the production group, along with machinists (1,110). Among the higher-paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers ($26.54) and tool and die makers ($22.33). At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers and team assemblers, with mean hourly wages of $11.16 and $12.23, respectively. (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_21500.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In the Erie area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in several of the occupations within the production group. For instance, metal and plastic molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders were employed at nearly six times the national rate in Erie, and machinists at nearly three times the U.S. average. On the other hand, laundry and dry-cleaning workers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Erie, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Erie Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Erie Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,666 establishments with a response rate of 76 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Erie, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Erie County in Pennsylvania.

Additional information
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro3. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Erie Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation(1) Employment(2) Mean wage
Level Location quotient(3) Hourly Annual(4)

Production occupations

15,350 1.8 $15.96 $33,190

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

830 1.5 26.54 55,200

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

350 1.8 12.49 25,970

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

90 1.1 16.26 33,820

Team assemblers

1,280 1.3 12.23 25,440

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

150 0.6 8.67 18,040

Bakers

(5) (5) 11.27 23,440

Butchers and meat cutters

130 1.0 13.97 29,060

Food batchmakers

170 1.7 14.34 29,840

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

430 3.1 15.82 32,910

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

120 4.9 17.84 37,100

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 16.61 34,550

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

620 3.5 14.26 29,660

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

60 2.9 14.47 30,100

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

210 3.1 15.38 31,990

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

170 4.5 15.66 32,570

Machinists

1,110 2.9 16.89 35,130

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

70 3.5 16.33 33,960

Pourers and casters, metal

30 3.0 18.76 39,020

Model makers, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 21.73 45,190

Foundry mold and coremakers

(5) (5) 13.67 28,430

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

720 5.9 15.34 31,910

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

320 3.9 17.71 36,840

Tool and die makers

240 3.2 22.33 46,440

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,280 4.0 15.94 33,150

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

80 1.7 17.13 35,630

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

210 6.2 13.36 27,790

Prepress technicians and workers

50 1.3 17.04 35,450

Printing press operators

240 1.4 15.55 32,340

Print binding and finishing workers

(5) (5) 15.09 31,380

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

190 1.0 11.16 23,220

Sewing machine operators

(5) (5) 12.76 26,540

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

80 1.0 17.03 35,420

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

60 1.6 11.51 23,950

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

50 0.9 13.03 27,100

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

60 0.5 20.02 41,640

Gas plant operators

140 11.2 24.59 51,140

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

(5) (5) 19.11 39,750

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

50 1.3 20.68 43,020

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

30 1.1 12.55 26,100

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

80 0.7 18.98 39,480

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

140 2.1 21.54 44,800

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

910 2.0 15.06 31,320

Dental laboratory technicians

80 2.1 20.78 43,220

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

60 2.1 12.03 25,030

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

180 0.5 13.41 27,890

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

70 0.9 14.76 30,690

Painters, transportation equipment

(5) (5) 25.92 53,920

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

50 3.0 11.65 24,240

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

30 1.9 11.56 24,050

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

50 1.7 10.72 22,300

Helpers--production workers

700 1.7 13.00 27,040

Production workers, all other

60 0.3 (5) (5)
* This occupation has the same title, but not necessarily the same content, as the 2010 SOC occupation.

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Erie MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_21500.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a â??year-round, full-timeâ?? hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not available.

Last Modified Date: May 3, 2013