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13-1250-PHI

Monday, June 24, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Roanoke – May 2012

Workers in the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.25 in May 2012, measurably lower than the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 17 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and architecture and engineering. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Roanoke United States Roanoke Percent difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0
100.0
$22.01
$19.25*
-13

Management

4.9
3.8*
52.20
46.38*
-11

Business and financial operations

4.9
4.3*
33.44
27.85*
-17

Computer and mathematical

2.7
1.8*
38.55
31.83*
-17

Architecture and engineering

1.8
1.2*
37.98
29.87*
-21

Life, physical, and social science

0.8
0.3*
32.87
27.97*
-15

Community and social service

1.4
1.8*
21.27
20.39
-4

Legal

0.8
0.5*
47.39
40.38*
-15

Education, training, and library

6.4
5.4
24.62
22.87
-7

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3
1.0*
26.20
20.42*
-22

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9
7.5*
35.35
33.97
-4

Healthcare support

3.0
2.9
13.36
12.94*
-3

Protective service

2.5
2.5
20.70
16.63*
-20

Food preparation and serving related

8.9
8.9
10.28
9.55*
-7

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3
2.5*
12.34
10.75*
-13

Personal care and service

2.9
2.9
11.80
10.32*
-13

Sales and related

10.6
10.5
18.26
18.41
1

Office and administrative support

16.4
18.0*
16.54
15.13*
-9

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3
0.1*
11.65
15.10*
30

Construction and extraction

3.8
4.2
21.61
16.51*
-24

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9
4.5*
21.09
18.43*
-13

Production

6.6
7.6
16.59
15.05*
-9

Transportation and material moving

6.7
7.5*
16.15
14.46*
-10

* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Roanoke is above the national mean wage, while a negative percent difference reflects a lower wage.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Roanoke employment was more highly concentrated in 5 of the 22 occupational groups including healthcare practitioners and technical, office and administrative support, and transportation and material moving. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included management, computer and mathematical, and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Roanoke had 11,120 jobs in the healthcare practitioners and technical group, accounting for 7.5 percent of local area employment, significantly above the 5.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $33.97, which was not significantly different from the national average of $35.35.

With employment of 3,930, registered nurses was the largest occupation within the healthcare practitioners and technical group, followed by licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (1,250). Among the higher-paying jobs were general internists with a mean hourly wages of $118.40 and surgeons with a wage of $103.12. At the lower end of the wage scale were pharmacy technicians ($14.23) and medical records and health information technicians ($15.30). (Detailed occupational data for the healthcare practitioners and technical group are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_40220.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In Roanoke, above-average concentrations of employment were found in several of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, medical and clinical laboratory technicians were employed at nearly twice the national rate in Roanoke, and licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses at one-and-a-half times the U.S. average. On the other hand, speech-language pathologists had a location quotient of 1.0 in Roanoke, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Virginia Employment Commission.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,812 establishments with a response rate of 79 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Roanoke, Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Botetourt, Craig, Franklin, and Roanoke Counties and Roanoke and Salem Cities in Virginia.

Additional information
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro3. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation(1) Employment(2) Mean wage
Level Location quotient(3) Hourly Annual(4)

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

11,120 1.3 $33.97 $70,670

Dentists, general

80 0.7 79.34 165,020

Dietitians and nutritionists

90 1.3 24.84 51,660

Pharmacists

450 1.4 56.51 117,530

Family and general practitioners

70 0.6 79.98 166,350

Internists, general

70 1.3 118.40 246,260

Surgeons

40 0.8 103.12 214,500

Physicians and surgeons, all other

860 2.5 89.25 185,640

Physician assistants

140 1.4 41.56 86,450

Occupational therapists

100 0.8 40.18 83,570

Physical therapists

290 1.3 50.93 105,930

Respiratory therapists

180 1.4 24.30 50,550

Speech-language pathologists

130 1.0 34.60 71,970

Exercise physiologists

40 5.5 21.41 44,530

Veterinarians

70 1.1 56.29 117,090

Registered nurses

3,930 1.3 27.94 58,120

Nurse practitioners

70 0.6 41.38 86,070

Audiologists

(5) (5) 34.43 71,620

Medical and clinical laboratory technologists

150 0.8 24.75 51,490

Medical and clinical laboratory technicians

320 1.8 19.61 40,790

Dental hygienists

190 0.9 34.34 71,420

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

70 1.2 27.42 57,030

Diagnostic medical sonographers

90 1.4 29.03 60,380

Radiologic technologists

270 1.2 24.16 50,260

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

210 0.8 14.56 30,280

Dietetic technicians

(5) (5) 11.53 23,990

Pharmacy technicians

510 1.3 14.23 29,600

Surgical technologists

190 1.7 18.21 37,880

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

1,250 1.5 18.83 39,160

Medical records and health information technicians

360 1.7 15.30 31,820

Opticians, dispensing

(5) (5) 13.89 28,890

Occupational health and safety specialists

60 0.9 27.93 58,080

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

90 1.7 22.07 45,910

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Roanoke MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_40220.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not available.

Last Modified Date: June 24, 2013