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13-840-PHI

Monday, May 6, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in York-Hanover – May 2012

Workers in the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.58 in May 2012, 11 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 11 of the 22 major occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; architecture and engineering; and community and social service. Only one group had an hourly wage that was significantly higher than its respective national average—production. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States York United States York

Percent

difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0
100.0
$22.01
$19.58*
-11

Management

4.9
3.5*
52.20
47.46*
-9

Business and financial operations

4.9
3.4*
33.44
31.03*
-7

Computer and mathematical

2.7
1.2*
38.55
34.09*
-12

Architecture and engineering

1.8
1.9
37.98
32.31*
-15

Life, physical, and social science

0.8
0.4*
32.87
30.03
-9

Community and social service

1.4
1.6
21.27
18.47*
-13

Legal

0.8
0.3*
47.39
30.83*
-35

Education, training, and library

6.4
5.4*
24.62
23.33
-5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3
0.9*
26.20
17.55*
-33

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9
5.7
35.35
34.60
-2

Healthcare support

3.0
3.0
13.36
13.36
0

Protective service

2.5
1.5*
20.70
20.04
-3

Food preparation and serving related

8.9
8.5
10.28
10.04
-2

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3
2.8*
12.34
11.89
-4

Personal care and service

2.9
2.2*
11.80
12.27
4

Sales and related

10.6
10.5
18.26
16.87*
-8

Office and administrative support

16.4
15.6
16.54
15.46*
-7

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3
0.1*
11.65
13.74
18

Construction and extraction

3.8
4.4*
21.61
20.49*
-5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9
4.3*
21.09
20.22*
-4

Production

6.6
12.9*
16.59
17.51*
6

Transportation and material moving

6.7
10.1*
16.15
15.70
-3
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in York-Hanover is above the national mean wage, while a negative percent difference reflects a lower wage.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, York employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups—production; transportation and material moving; construction and extraction; and installation, maintenance, and repair. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included business and financial operations, computer and mathematical, and management.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. York had 22,480 jobs in production, accounting for 12.9 percent of local area employment, nearly twice the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $17.51, measurably above the national wage of $16.59.

With employment of 2,430, team assemblers was the largest occupation within the production group, followed by production helpers, with 1,470 jobs, and inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers, with 1,440. Among the higher-paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers and machinists, with mean hourly wages of $26.96 and $20.19, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were production helpers ($11.83) and bakers ($12.12). (Detailed occupational data for business and financial operations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_49620.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In the York area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, engine and other machine assemblers were employed at over nine times the national rate in York, and welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers, at over two-and-a-half times the U.S. average.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,009 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The York-Hanover, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes York County in Pennsylvania.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at http://www.bls.gov/ro3. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation(1) Employment(2) Mean wages
Level Location quotient(3) Hourly Annual(4)

Production occupations

22,480 1.9 $17.51 $ 36,410

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

1,400 1.8 26.96 56,070

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

80 4.1 13.89 28,900

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

410 1.6 12.80 26,620

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

(5) (5) 20.29 42,210

Engine and other machine assemblers

500 9.2 12.76 26,550

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

380 3.6 22.12 46,010

Team assemblers

2,430 1.8 16.41 34,120

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

170 0.5 12.19 25,350

Bakers

380 1.8 12.12 25,210

Butchers and meat cutters

390 2.2 12.70 26,410

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

(5) (5) 11.27 23,440

Food batchmakers

280 2.1 15.10 31,410

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

200 4.5 13.80 28,700

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

280 1.5 21.10 43,890

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

40 1.1 25.82 53,700

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

150 1.5 14.99 31,180

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

800 3.3 17.15 35,670

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

30 1.2 15.56 32,370

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffering machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

410 4.4 20.22 42,050

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 16.95 35,270

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

100 3.4 18.93 39,370

Machinists

1,020 1.9 20.19 41,990

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

50 1.8 16.86 35,060

Pourers and casters, metal

(5) (5) 15.30 31,810

Patternmakers, metal and plastic

30 5.6 17.68 36,770

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

350 2.1 14.51 30,190

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

370 3.3 18.17 37,800

Tool and die makers

290 2.9 21.89 45,530

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,150 2.6 20.05 41,700

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 18.59 38,670

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) $19.67 $40,920

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 19.16 39,860

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

(5) (5) 16.41 34,140

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

50 1.7 16.28 33,860

Prepress technicians and workers

140 2.5 17.52 36,440

Printing press operators

660 2.9 18.15 37,760

Print binding and finishing workers

210 2.9 15.18 31,570

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

200 0.8 10.33 21,490

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

50 0.8 9.91 20,610

Sewing machine operators

250 1.3 12.29 25,570

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

40 1.7 10.27 21,360

Upholsterers

40 1.1 11.70 24,340

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

100 0.9 17.15 35,680

Furniture finishers

60 3.5 16.08 33,450

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

60 1.2 13.55 28,170

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

420 5.2 13.08 27,200

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

180 1.2 20.90 43,470

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

140 1.8 17.94 37,320

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

60 1.5 12.84 26,700

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

200 1.2 17.62 36,650

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

300 4.0 16.82 34,980

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 16.31 33,920

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

70 2.4 16.10 33,480

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

1,440 2.4 18.34 38,140

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

50 1.3 14.25 29,640

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

980 2.0 14.11 29,350

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

180 1.7 15.69 32,640

Painters, transportation equipment

80 1.3 19.50 40,570

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

(5) (5) 16.83 35,010

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

(5) (5) 11.67 24,260

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

40 1.0 14.17 29,480

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 21.15 44,000

Helpers--production workers

1,470 2.6 11.83 24,610

Production workers, all other

(5) (5) 16.46 34,240

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the York-Hanover MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_49620.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not available.

Last Modified Date: May 6, 2013