Mid-Atlantic Information Office

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14-1609-PHI

Monday, August 25, 2014

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Unemployment in the Philadelphia Area by County – June 2014

Unemployment Rates in All Area Counties Declined Over the Year

In June, Chester County, Pa., had the lowest unemployment rate in the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area at 4.5 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that Philadelphia County, Pa. (7.8 percent) had the highest unemployment rate among the 11 counties that make up the metropolitan area. Five other counties had jobless rates greater than or equal to the U.S. average of 6.3 percent, while five had rates lower than the U.S. rate. (See chart 1 and chart 2. The Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Unemployment rates for the United States and counties in the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area, June 2014, not seasonally adjusted

From June 2013 to June 2014, all 11 counties in the Philadelphia metropolitan area had unemployment rate declines, with Philadelphia, Pa., having the largest at 2.5 percentage points. New Castle, Del., had the smallest jobless rate decrease, 0.8 percentage point, and was the only county to have a smaller decrease than the U.S. decline of 1.5 points. The rate decrease in Salem County, N.J., matched the national decrease. (See table A.)


Table A. Unemployment rates for the United States, the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area, and its components, not seasonally adjusted

Area
Back
data
Unemployment rates
Change from
Jun
2012
Jun
2013
Jun
2014 (1)
Jun 2012
to
Jun 2014 (1)
Jun 2013
to
Jun 2014 (1)

United States

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8.4 7.8 6.3 -2.1 -1.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area

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9.0 8.2 6.2 -2.8 -2.0

Philadelphia, Pa. Metropolitan Division

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8.7 8.1 6.0 -2.7 -2.1

Bucks County, Pa.

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7.8 7.1 5.2 -2.6 -1.9

Chester County, Pa.

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6.7 6.5 4.5 -2.2 -2.0

Delaware County, Pa.

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8.7 8.0 5.9 -2.8 -2.1

Montgomery County, Pa.

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7.2 6.7 4.9 -2.3 -1.8

Philadelphia County, Pa.

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11.1 10.3 7.8 -3.3 -2.5

Camden, N.J. Metropolitan Division

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10.1 8.9 6.7 -3.4 -2.2

Burlington County, N.J.

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9.3 8.4 6.3 -3.0 -2.1

Camden County, N.J.

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10.8 9.4 7.1 -3.7 -2.3

Gloucester County, N.J.

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10.3 8.9 6.8 -3.5 -2.1

Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. Metropolitan Division

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7.9 7.5 6.5 -1.4 -1.0

New Castle County, Del.

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7.6 7.4 6.6 -1.0 -0.8

Cecil County, Md.

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8.4 7.7 6.1 -2.3 -1.6

Salem County, N.J.

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10.4 8.1 6.6 -3.8 -1.5

Footnotes
(1) Data for the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area and its components are preliminary for the most recent month.

Unemployment rates in the 11 Philadelphia-area counties were lower in June 2014 than in June 2012. Salem County, N.J., had the largest two-year jobless rate decrease at 3.8 percentage points. New Castle County, Del., had the smallest decrease at 1.0 percentage point, and was the only county with a smaller decrease than the national decline of 2.1 points.

The June 2014 unemployment rates for the three metropolitan divisions in the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington metropolitan area were 6.0 percent in the Philadelphia, Pa. division, 6.5 percent in the Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. division, and 6.7 percent in the Camden, N.J. division. Since June 2013, the Camden division had an unemployment rate decrease of 2.2 percentage points, followed by the Philadelphia division with a decline of 2.1 points; the Wilmington division’s rate decreased 1.0 point over the year.



The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 27, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Technical Note

This release presents unemployment rate data for states and counties from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, a federal-state cooperative endeavor.

Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force.

Methods of Estimation. The LAUS program is a hierarchy of non-survey methodologies for indirectly estimating employment and unemployment in states and local areas. Statewide data are produced through a modeling technique that uses estimates of payroll jobs from the Current Employment Statistics survey and unemployment insurance claims counts from the state workforce agencies to mitigate volatility in the direct CPS tabulations of employment and unemployment, respectively. Data for labor market areas, such as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions, are produced through a building block approach and adjusted proportionally to state model-based totals. Data for counties within labor market areas are produced through a disaggregation technique. A detailed description of the LAUS estimation procedures is available in chapter 4 of the BLS Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch4.htm.

Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually implemented with January estimates. The adjusted estimates reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based estimates.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Burlington, Camden, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Chart 2. Unemployment rates for counties in the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area, not seasonally adjusted, June 2014