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Wednesday, November 6, 2013

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Fatal Work Injuries in Alabama – 2012


Fatal work injuries totaled 81 in 2012 for Alabama, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that while the 2012 count was preliminary, the number of work-related fatalities in Alabama increased by six over the year. Fatal occupational injuries in the state have ranged from a high of 155 in 1996 to a low of 75 in both 2009 and 2011. Over the last four years, the number of fatalities has remained below 100. (See chart 1.)

Nationwide, a preliminary total of 4,383 fatal work injuries was recorded in 2012, down from a final count of 4,693 fatal work injuries in 2011, according to results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program. Final 2012 CFOI data will be released in Spring 2014.


Chart 1. Total fatal occupational injuries, Alabama, 2003 – 2012

Of the 81 fatal work injuries reported in Alabama in 2012, 28 resulted from transportation incidents, followed by contact by objects and equipment, and violence and other injuries by persons and animals (20 each); together these three major categories accounted for more than 5 out of every 6 fatal work injuries. Other major event categories each reported less than 10 deaths. (See table 1.) Within transportation incidents, roadway incidents was the most frequent type of workplace fatality with 17 deaths; in fact, it accounted for more than one-fifth of all on-the-job fatalities in the state. In the contact with objects and equipment category, 14 deaths occurred from being struck by an object or equipment. All 20 fatalities caused by violence and other injuries by persons or animals were attributed to intentional injury by a person. (Note that transportation counts presented in this release are expected to rise when updated 2012 data are released in Spring 2014 because key source documentation detailing specific transportation-related incidents has not yet been received.)

In the United States, transportation incidents were also the most frequent fatal workplace event in 2012, accounting for 41 percent of fatal work injuries. Alabama’s 35-percent share of on-the-job fatalities due to this event was smaller than the nationwide share. (See chart 2.) Violence and other injuries was the second most frequent type of event nationally, with 17 percent of work-related fatalities, lower than the 25 percent share for this event in Alabama. Contact with objects or equipment (16 percent) and falls, slips, and trips (15 percent) were the third and fourth most frequent events, respectively, in the nation.

Chart 2. Fatal occupational injuries by selected event, Alabama and the United States, 2012

Additional key characteristics:

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Technical Note

Background of the program.The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, part of the BLS occupational safety and health statistics program, compiles a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the United States during the calendar year. The program uses diverse state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe fatal work injuries. This assures counts are as complete and accurate as possible.

For technical information about the CFOI program, please go to the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS web site at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch9.htm.

Federal/State agency coverage.The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries includes data for all fatal work injuries, whether the decedent was working in a job covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or other federal or state agencies or was outside the scope of regulatory coverage. Thus, any comparison between the BLS fatality census counts and those released by other agencies should take into account the different coverage requirements and definitions being used by each agency.

Acknowledgments.The Bureau of Labor Statistics appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that submitted source documents used to identify fatal work injuries, in particular the Alabama Department of Labor.


Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, Alabama, 2011-2012
Event or exposure (1) 2011 2012p
Number Number Percent

Total

75 81 100

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

6 20 25

Intentional injury by person

5 20 25

Intentional injury by other person

5 13 16

Shooting by other person--intentional

4 11 14

Self-inflicted injury--intentional

-- 7 9

Shooting--intentional self-harm

-- 6 7

Transportation incidents

37 28 35

Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicle

25 17 21

Roadway collision with other vehicle

17 10 12

Roadway collision--moving in same direction

7 4 5

Roadway collision--moving in opposite directions, oncoming

5 4 5

Roadway collision with object other than vehicle

8 5 6

Vehicle struck object or animal on side of roadway

7 5 6

Nonroadway incident involving motorized land vehicles

4 4 5

Falls, slips, trips

10 8 10

Falls to lower level

7 7 9

Other fall to lower level

5 4 5

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

4 4 5

Exposure to electricity

-- 4 5

Direct exposure to electricity

-- 3 4

Contact with objects and equipment

17 20 25

Struck by object or equipment

12 14 17

Struck by powered vehicle--nontransport

3 5 6

Struck by other falling powered vehicle

-- 3 4

Struck by falling object or equipment--other than powered vehicle

7 9 11

Struck by object falling from vehicle or machinery--other than vehicle part

-- 5 6

Struck, caught, or crushed in collapsing structure, equipment, or material

4 3 4

(1) Based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward. Total may include other events not shown.
p Data are preliminary. Revised and final 2012 data are scheduled to be released in Spring 2014.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with State, New York City, District of Columbia, and Federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries.


Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries by industry, Alabama, 2011-2012
Industry (1) 2011 2012p
Number Number Percent

Total

75 81 100

Private industry

65 71 88

Natural resources and mining

10 7 9

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

10 3 4

Fishing, hunting and trapping

1 1 1

Fishing

1 1 1

Shellfish fishing

1 1 1

Mining (2)

-- 4 5

Mining (except oil and gas)

-- 4 5

Coal mining

-- 3 4

Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining

-- 2 2

Bituminous coal underground mining

-- 1 1

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

-- 1 1

Sand, gravel, clay, and ceramic and refractory minerals mining and quarrying

-- 1 1

Construction

8 15 19

Heavy and civil engineering construction

2 1 1

Other heavy and civil engineering construction

-- 1 1

Specialty trade contractors

7 13 16

Foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors

-- 4 5

Building equipment contractors

3 5 6

Electrical contractors

-- 1 1

Plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors

1 4 5

Other specialty trade contractors

-- 3 4

Site preparation contractors

-- 3 4

Manufacturing

11 9 11

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18 24 30

Wholesale trade

-- 3 4

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

-- 3 4

Retail trade

6 9 11

Food and beverage stores

-- 3 4

Grocery stores

-- 3 4

Transportation and warehousing

11 12 15

Truck transportation

9 8 10

General freight trucking

6 3 4

General freight trucking, long-distance

4 3 4

Specialized freight trucking

-- 5 6

Specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, long-distance

-- 3 4

Support activities for transportation

1 4 5

Professional and business services

6 9 11

Administrative and waste services

6 8 10

Administrative and support services

6 8 10

Services to buildings and dwellings

4 4 5

Janitorial services

-- 2 2

Repair and maintenance

-- 3 4

Other services, except public administration

3 3 4

Government (3)

10 10 12

Federal government

3 7 9

State government

2 1 1

Footnotes:
(1) Industry data are based on the North American Industry Classification System, 2007. Total may include other industries not shown.
(2) Includes fatal injuries at all establishments categorized as Mining (Sector 21) in the North American Industry Classification System, including establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction.
(3) Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry.
p Data are preliminary. Revised and final 2012 data are scheduled to be released in Spring 2014.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with State, New York City, District of Columbia, and Federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries.


Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries by occupation, Alabama, 2011-2012
Occupation (1) 2011 2012p
Number Number Percent

Total

75 81 100

Management occupations

6 3 4

Protective service occupations

4 6 7

Law enforcement workers

3 3 4

Detectives and criminal investigators

-- 1 1

Other protective service workers

1 3 4

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

-- 3 4

Security guards

-- 3 4

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

6 5 6

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

-- 1 1

Sales and related occupations

-- 6 7

Supervisors of sales workers

1 3 4

First-line supervisors of sales workers

1 3 4

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

1 3 4

Retail sales workers

-- 3 4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

6 3 4

Fishing and hunting workers

1 1 1

Fishers and related fishing workers

1 1 1

Construction and extraction occupations

6 13 16

Supervisors of construction and extraction workers

1 1 1

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

1 1 1

Construction trades workers

4 10 12

Construction laborers

-- 3 4

Construction equipment operators

-- 1 1

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

-- 1 1

Extraction workers

-- 1 1

Helpers--extraction workers

-- 1 1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

7 12 15

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

-- 6 7

Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5 4 5

Production occupations

8 4 5

Transportation and material moving occupations

19 22 27

Motor vehicle operators

15 18 22

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

14 17 21

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

11 14 17

Material moving workers

4 4 5

Footnotes:
(1) Occupation data are based on the Standard Occupational Classification system, 2010. Total may include occupations not shown.
p Data are preliminary. Revised and final 2012 data are scheduled to be released in Spring 2014.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with State, New York City, District of Columbia, and Federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries.


Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics, Alabama, 2011-2012
Worker characteristics 2011 2012p
Number Number Percent

Total

75 81 100
Employee status

Wage and salary workers (1)

58 70 86

Self-employed (2)

17 11 14
Gender

Men

66 75 93

Women

9 6 7
Age (3)

20 to 24 years

5 5 6

25 to 34 years

11 9 11

35 to 44 years

19 17 21

45 to 54 years

17 27 33

55 to 64 years

9 14 17

65 years and over

13 8 10
Race or ethnic origin (4)

White, non-Hispanic

56 64 79

Black or African-American, non-Hispanic

15 11 14

Hispanic or Latino

3 5 6

Footnotes:
(1) May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation.
(2) Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships.
(3) Information may not be available for all age groups.
(4) Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown exclude Hispanic and Latino workers.
p Data are preliminary. Revised and final 2012 data are scheduled to be released in Spring 2014.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with State, New York City, District of Columbia, and Federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries.

Last Modified Date: November 6, 2013

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