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14-1039-ATL

Wednesday, June 11, 2014

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Greensboro-High Point, May 2013

Workers in the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.59 in May 2013, 12 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 18 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction, healthcare support, and transportation and material moving.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production, and transportation and material moving. Conversely, 14 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including business and financial operations, construction and extraction, and food preparation and serving related. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Greensboro-High Point had 38,310 jobs in production, accounting for 11.1 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $15.74, measurably below the national wage of $16.79.

With employment of 4,140, team assemblers was the largest occupation within the production group, followed by inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (2,790) and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (2,570). Among the higher paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, and packaging and filling machine operators and tenders, with mean hourly wages of $26.66 and $18.27, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were sewing machine operators ($11.34) and helpers—production workers ($11.78). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/oes_24660.htm.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Greensboro United States Greensboro Percent difference 1

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.33 $19.59* -12

Management

4.9 4.3* 53.15 53.60 1

Business and financial operations

5.0 4.0* 34.14 31.41* -8

Computer and mathematical

2.8 1.9* 39.43 34.66* -12

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.4* 38.51 33.79* -12

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.6* 33.37 28.79* -14

Community and social services

1.4 0.9* 21.50 19.59* -9

Legal

0.8 0.4* 47.89 36.20* -24

Education, training, and library

6.3 5.9* 24.76 21.53* -13

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.1* 26.72 21.50* -20

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.8 5.4 35.93 33.92 -6

Healthcare support

3.0 3.4* 13.61 11.46* -16

Protective service

2.5 2.4 20.92 16.75* -20

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 8.4* 10.38 9.44* -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.0* 12.51 10.70* -14

Personal care and service

3.0 2.3* 11.88 10.76* -9

Sales and related

10.6 10.8 18.37 17.71 -4

Office and administrative support

16.2 15.8 16.78 16.06* -4

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 2* 11.70 13.61* 16

Construction and extraction

3.8 3.1* 21.94 16.55* -25

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.4* 21.35 20.59* -4

Production

6.6 11.1* 16.79 15.74* -6

Transportation and material moving

6.8 9.5* 16.28 13.87* -15

1 A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Greensboro is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
2 Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, upholsterers were employed at 19.2 times the national rate in Greensboro, and sewing machine operators, at 5.9 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, welders, cutters, solderers and brazers had a location quotient of 1.1 in Greensboro, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the North Carolina Department of Commerce.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Greensboro Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,994 establishments with a response rate of 87 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Greensboro-High Point, N.C. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Guilford, Randolph, and Rockingham Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro4. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Greensboro-High Point Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production Occupations

38,3101.7$15.74$32,730

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

2,5701.726.6655,460

Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers

5401.015.2931,810

Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers

700.513.6428,370

Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

900.517.0235,400

Team Assemblers

4,1401.514.8930,970

Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other

6701.011.0122,900

Bakers

2800.712.4325,850

Butchers and Meat Cutters

2200.613.8928,880

Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

2304.720.2642,130

Food Batchmakers

1600.612.7126,440

Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic

3400.919.6240,800

Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

801.322.1546,060

Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

4502.414.3029,740

Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

500.918.3038,070

Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

300.414.7430,660

Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

7201.515.4332,080

Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1102.212.3325,650

Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

2101.213.6628,420

Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

800.717.1735,720

Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

601.017.1835,730

Machinists

7700.818.6538,800

Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1,0703.315.1631,520

Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1800.814.9331,050

Tool and Die Makers

2501.223.4648,790

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

1,0101.117.7636,940

Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1401.017.5536,510

Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

(5)(5)13.9128,940

Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

800.918.8239,160

Prepress Technicians and Workers

1401.420.4742,580

Printing Press Operators

7601.816.5234,360

Print Binding and Finishing Workers

2501.912.6026,210

Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

2900.69.2819,310

Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials

2802.19.8920,570

Sewing Machine Operators

2,2005.911.3423,590

Sewers, Hand

302.111.9524,850

Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders

42013.812.7026,420

Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

2807.211.9824,930

Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

72012.413.0427,110

Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1,13016.712.1025,160

Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers

1102.314.4229,980

Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers

906.019.9341,460

Upholsterers

1,44019.215.0631,330

Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other

(5)(5)13.5428,170

Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

5502.513.2627,590

Furniture Finishers

(5)(5)12.7126,440

Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood

3703.412.9626,950

Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing

4802.812.3325,650

Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators

2000.717.7436,890

Chemical Plant and System Operators

1301.320.4542,530

Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders

2301.519.1939,910

Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

2603.212.7026,410

Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

8002.617.1235,600

Cutters and Trimmers, Hand

2005.713.8228,750

Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

3902.515.3731,960

Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

3702.118.5538,590

Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

501.013.5028,080

Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

2,7902.314.5630,290

Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers

801.416.6434,620

Dental Laboratory Technicians

800.817.1235,620

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians

701.013.6928,470

Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

2,2002.318.2738,000

Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

2901.314.1129,340

Painters, Transportation Equipment

1901.519.7941,170

Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers

1102.615.8933,040

Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators

800.814.4129,980

Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders

1503.212.7026,420

Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

4201.716.7034,740

Helpers--Production Workers

2,2402.011.7824,510

Production Workers, All Other

3700.718.8939,280

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Greensboro-High Point, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_24660.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

Last Modified Date: June 11, 2014

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