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12-1486-ATL

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Montgomery, May 2011

Workers in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $18.76 in May 2011, about 14 percent below the nationwide average of $21.74, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 18 of the 22 major occupational groups, including construction and extraction; education, training, and library; and sales and related.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 3 of the 22 occupational groups: production, office and administrative support, and protective service. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including food preparation and serving related; management; and education, training, and library. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

One occupational group—office and administrative support—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Montgomery had 29,040 jobs in office and administrative support, accounting for 18.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 16.7-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $14.62, measurably below the national wage of $16.40.

With employment of 4,750, secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive was the largest occupation within the office and administrative support group, followed by general office clerks (3,700) and bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks (2,100). Among the higher paying jobs were postal service mail carriers and first-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers, with mean hourly wages of $24.13 and $23.89, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were general office clerks ($10.84) and tellers ($11.59). (Detailed occupational data for office and administrative support are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2011/may/oes_33860.htm.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2011
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Montgomery United States Montgomery Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $21.74 $18.76* -14

Management

4.8 3.8* 51.64 47.49* -8

Business and financial operations

4.8 4.7 33.05 28.84* -13

Computer and mathematical

2.7 2.8 37.85 32.02* -15

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.7 37.08 31.17* -16

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.7* 32.44 26.28* -19

Community and social services

1.5 1.2* 21.07 20.92 -1

Legal

0.8 0.9 47.30 38.06* -20

Education, training, and library

6.6 5.8* 24.46 19.29* -21

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.5 25.89 17.45* -33

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.9 5.7 34.97 30.75* -12

Healthcare support

3.1 2.5* 13.16 11.00* -16

Protective service

2.5 3.5* 20.54 18.30* -11

Food preparation and serving related

8.7 7.5* 10.30 9.42* -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 3.1 12.29 10.22* -17

Personal care and service

2.8 2.2* 11.84 11.32 -4

Sales and related

10.6 10.5 18.04 14.68* -19

Office and administrative support

16.7 18.5* 16.40 14.62* -11

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.2* 11.68 13.99 20

Construction and extraction

3.9 3.3* 21.46 15.90* -26

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.2 20.86 19.26* -8

Production

6.5 9.5* 16.45 16.03 -3

Transportation and material moving

6.7 6.2* 15.96 15.15* -5

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Montgomery is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the office and administrative support group. For instance, loan interviewers and clerks were employed at 2.5 times the national rate in Montgomery, and secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive, at 2.0 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks had a location quotient of 1.0 in Montgomery, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Alabama Department of Industrial Relations. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and nearly 800 non-military detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Montgomery metropolitan statistical area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands also are surveyed, but their data are not included in this release. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 establishments in May and November of each year for a 3-year period. The nationwide response rate for the May 2011 survey was 77.3 percent based on establishments and 73.3 percent based on employment. May 2011 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, November 2009, May 2009, and November 2008. The sample in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,772 establishments with a response rate of 82 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2011 OES estimates mark the first set of estimates based in part on data collected using the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Nearly all the occupations in this release are 2010 SOC occupations; however, some are not. The May 2012 OES data will reflect the full set of detailed occupations in the 2010 SOC. For a list of all occupations, including 2010 SOC occupations, and how data collected on two structures were combined, see the OES Frequently Asked Questions online at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#Ques41.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 1 (800) 877-8339.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Montgomery, Ala. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Autauga, Elmore, Lowndes, and Montgomery Counties.

OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2011
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Office and Administrative Support Occupations

29,0401.1$14.62$30,400

First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers

1,9101.223.8949,690

Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service

1801.111.0322,940

Bill and Account Collectors

7101.513.4227,920

Billing and Posting Clerks

5500.914.0129,130

Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

2,1001.015.7132,670

Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks

1900.916.5234,360

Procurement Clerks

901.018.9839,470

Tellers

1,0801.611.5924,100

Brokerage Clerks

600.819.8041,170

Court, Municipal, and License Clerks

1601.114.0129,140

Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks

400.715.8332,930

Customer Service Representatives

2,5901.013.4928,070

Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs

2902.019.2640,060

File Clerks

1700.810.4021,630

Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks

4601.78.8018,310

Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan

4301.816.9835,330

Library Assistants, Clerical

700.69.1819,090

Loan Interviewers and Clerks

5702.514.6630,490

New Accounts Clerks

(5)(5)15.8632,980

Order Clerks

2300.911.8324,610

Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping

2801.618.2637,990

Receptionists and Information Clerks

1,3001.111.0222,910

Information and Record Clerks, All Other

2000.918.8739,240

Couriers and Messengers

(5)(5)9.9720,740

Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers

2502.114.4330,010

Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance

1000.517.0735,510

Meter Readers, Utilities

501.114.5130,180

Postal Service Clerks

801.025.3352,690

Postal Service Mail Carriers

4001.024.1350,190

Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators

2501.522.8547,530

Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks

1800.620.1841,970

Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks

6700.814.1729,470

Stock Clerks and Order Fillers

2,1801.011.0723,030

Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping

(5)(5)10.2621,340

Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants

6000.523.1048,050

Legal Secretaries

3001.115.6932,630

Medical Secretaries

3400.612.9826,990

Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive

4,7502.015.3131,840

Computer Operators

1902.112.1625,290

Data Entry Keyers

2100.813.5228,120

Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks

1500.515.3431,910

Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service

1401.011.6824,290

Office Clerks, General

3,7001.110.8422,550

Office Machine Operators, Except Computer

500.612.5726,150

Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other

1600.516.5734,460

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Montgomery, AL, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_33860.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

Last Modified Date: July 24, 2012