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13-1365-ATL

Thursday, July 18, 2013

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County Employment and Wages in Georgia-Fourth Quarter 2012


Employment rose in seven of the nine large counties in Georgia from December 2011 to December 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2011 annual average employment.) Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that employment increases ranged from 3.1 percent in Fulton County to 0.1 percent in Muscogee County. Employment declined 0.1 percent in Clayton and De Kalb counties. (See table 1.)

Nationally, employment increased 1.9 percent during the 12-month period, as 287 of the 328 largest U.S. counties gained jobs. Elkhart, Ind., posted the largest increase, with a gain of 7.4 percent over the year. Sangamon, Ill., experienced the largest over-the-year decrease in employment among the largest counties in the U.S. with a loss of 2.5 percent.

Among the largest counties in Georgia, employment was highest in Fulton County (738,000) in December 2012. Three other counties—Gwinnett, Cobb, and De Kalb—had employment levels exceeding 275,000. Together, Georgia's nine large counties accounted for 55.4 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 328 largest counties accounted for 71.3 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 133.7 million in December 2012.

Each of Georgia's nine largest counties experienced an increase in their average weekly wages from the fourth quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter of 2012. Fulton County recorded the largest wage increase (7.2 percent). Average weekly wages in three other counties exceeded 4.0 percent—Gwinnett (4.8 percent), De Kalb (4.4 percent), and Cobb (4.3 percent). Fulton County had the highest average weekly wage in the state at $1,317, followed by the counties of Cobb ($1,033), and De Kalb ($1,026). Nationally, the average weekly wage increased 4.7 percent over the year to $1,000 in the fourth quarter of 2012. (See table 1.)

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 150 counties with employment levels below 75,000 in Georgia. Average weekly wages in these counties ranged from $957 to $391. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

As noted, average weekly wages increased in all of Georgia's large counties from the fourth quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter of 2012. Fulton County's 7.2-percent wage increase ranked 20th among the nation's 328 large counties. Average weekly wage increases in three other counties—Gwinnett (4.8 percent), De Kalb (4.4 percent), and Cobb (4.3 percent)—ranked in the top 100 nationwide. Wage increases among the remaining five large counties in the state ranged from 3.2 percent to 1.4 percent. (See table 1.)

Nationwide, 316 large counties experienced over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. San Mateo, Calif., had the largest wage gain (107.3 percent). Douglas, Colo., had the second largest increase (48.0 percent), followed by Virginia Beach City, Va. (13.3 percent).

Among the 328 largest U.S. counties, 10 had over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages in the fourth quarter of 2012. Lake, Ohio, had the largest average weekly wage decline with a loss of 3.2 percent, followed by the counties of Passaic, N.J. (-2.1 percent), Genesee, Mich. (-1.7 percent), Atlantic, N.J. (-1.4 percent) and Benton, Wash. (-1.0 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in 5 of Georgia's 9 largest counties placed in the top half of the national ranking among the 328 largest counties in the fourth quarter of 2012. The highest-paid counties—Fulton, Cobb, and De Kalb—were all above the U.S. average of $1,000 and ranked in the top 100 nationwide. Gwinnet County ($968) and Clayton County ($914) ranked 122nd and 159th, respectively. Average weekly wages in the remaining four large counties placed in the bottom third of the national ranking. (See table 1.)

Nationally, San Mateo, Calif., recorded the highest average weekly wage at $3,240, followed by New York, N.Y. ($2,107), Santa Clara, Calif. ($1,906), Suffolk, Mass. ($1,724), and Fairfield, Conn. ($1,704).

There were 231 large counties with an average weekly wage below the U.S. average in the fourth quarter of 2012. Horry, S.C. ($576), reported the lowest wage, followed by the counties of Cameron, Texas ($609), Hidalgo, Texas ($612), and Lake, Fla. ($653).

Average weekly wages in Georgia’s smaller counties

Among the 150 counties in Georgia with employment below 75,000, none registered an average weekly wage above the national average of $1,000. Burke County ($957) reported the highest weekly wage among the smaller counties, followed by the counties of Forsyth ($908), and Chattahoochee ($905). Echols County reported the lowest weekly in the state, averaging $391 in the fourth quarter of 2012. (See table 2.)

When all 159 counties in Georgia were considered, 56 reported average weekly wages under $600, 63 reported wages from $600 to $699, 22 had wages from $700 to $799, 10 had wages from $800 to $899, and 8 had wages at or above $900. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information


Quarterly data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit the QCEW Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2011 edition of this publication, which was published in October 2012, contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2011 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2011 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn11.htm. The 2012 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available later in 2013.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 800-877-8339.

Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the United States on October 29, 2012, during the QCEW fourth quarter reference period. This event did not warrant changes to QCEW methodology.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.2 million employer reports cover 133.7 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons—some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states' continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.


OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 1. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and the 9 largest counties in Georgia, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
Area Employment Average Weekly Wage (3)
December 2012 (thousands) Percent change, December 2011-12 (4) National ranking by percent change (5) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (5) Percent change, fourth quarter 2011-12 (4) National ranking by percent change (5)

United States (6)

133,726.8 1.9 -- $1,000 -- 4.7 --

Georgia

3,889.9 1.7 -- 927 21 4.7 13

Bibb, Ga.

81.4 1.2 194 760 302 2.3 219

Chatham, Ga.

134.2 2.0 123 828 251 2.3 219

Clayton, Ga.

112.0 -0.1 291 914 159 1.4 271

Cobb, Ga.

306.0 1.1 207 1,033 79 4.3 94

De Kalb, Ga.

278.8 -0.1 291 1,026 82 4.4 91

Fulton, Ga.

738.0 3.1 48 1,317 18 7.2 20

Gwinnett, Ga.

312.0 1.6 162 968 122 4.8 78

Muscogee, Ga.

94.6 0.1 280 783 283 3.2 161

Richmond, Ga.

99.3 0.2 274 826 252 3.0 173

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(5) Ranking does not include the county of San Juan, Puerto Rico.
(6) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.


OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 2. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Georgia, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
Area Employment December 2012 Average weekly wage (3) Area Employment December 2012 Average weekly wage (3)

United States (4)

133,726,808 $1,000

Georgia

3,889,929 927 Jeff Davis 3,959 $596

Appling

6,298 756 Jefferson 4,614 624

Atkinson

1,493 618 Jenkins 1,264 559

Bacon

3,192 613 Johnson 1,630 560

Baker

469 728 Jones 3,636 589

Baldwin

15,259 605 Lamar 3,764 616

Banks

4,595 526 Lanier 1,365 554

Barrow

15,079 653 Laurens 17,084 690

Bartow

31,605 774 Lee 5,380 598

Ben Hill

5,578 575 Liberty 17,364 751

Berrien

3,764 602 Lincoln 1,297 563

Bibb

81,376 760 Long 899 510

Bleckley

2,890 641 Lowndes 47,160 640

Brantley

1,993 521 Lumpkin 6,336 627

Brooks

3,281 543 McDuffie 6,590 617

Bryan

6,196 614 McIntosh 1,778 530

Bulloch

22,417 612 Macon 2,943 684

Burke

6,611 957 Madison 3,053 565

Butts

5,513 625 Marion 1,500 530

Calhoun

1,264 561 Meriwether 4,291 604

Camden

14,366 755 Miller 1,503 571

Candler

2,749 537 Mitchell 7,948 577

Carroll

37,735 743 Monroe 6,450 639

Catoosa

13,245 654 Montgomery 1,403 576

Charlton

2,151 633 Morgan 5,933 647

Chatham

134,154 828 Murray 9,191 655

Chattahoochee

2,212 905 Muscogee 94,586 783

Chattooga

5,828 552 Newton 20,770 731

Cherokee

46,298 727 Oconee 8,708 749

Clarke

65,839 761 Oglethorpe 1,717 519

Clay

622 537 Paulding 19,467 636

Clayton

111,980 914 Peach 8,017 679

Clinch

2,170 645 Pickens 6,953 710

Cobb

306,042 1,033 Pierce 3,719 594

Coffee

14,510 604 Pike 2,414 594

Colquitt

14,788 573 Polk 10,999 641

Columbia

29,854 694 Pulaski 2,739 648

Cook

4,070 484 Putnam 5,384 611

Coweta

31,678 718 Quitman 384 482

Crawford

1,195 600 Rabun 4,229 548

Crisp

7,205 600 Randolph 1,797 604

Dade

3,372 591 Richmond 99,253 826

Dawson

8,029 502 Rockdale 29,604 875

Decatur

8,517 591 Schley 947 676

De Kalb

278,792 1,026 Screven 3,311 590

Dodge

5,325 542 Seminole 2,089 646

Dooly

3,129 592 Spalding 20,562 636

Dougherty

47,120 762 Stephens 9,192 654

Douglas

36,177 661 Stewart 1,192 659

Early

4,313 823 Sumter 10,553 579

Echols

684 391 Talbot 825 561

Effingham

9,255 717 Taliaferro 164 526

Elbert

5,698 626 Tattnall 5,752 612

Emanuel

6,603 561 Taylor 1,613 627

Evans

4,233 586 Telfair 3,491 503

Fannin

5,094 569 Terrell 2,381 653

Fayette

38,073 824 Thomas 21,462 776

Floyd

37,012 766 Tift 18,440 666

Forsyth

59,787 908 Toombs 11,353 618

Franklin

6,294 627 Towns 3,571 485

Fulton

737,954 1,317 Treutlen 1,010 489

Gilmer

6,955 565 Troup 36,020 824

Glascock

390 470 Turner 2,018 584

Glynn

35,163 773 Twiggs 1,169 625

Gordon

20,388 690 Union 6,133 607

Grady

5,788 587 Upson 6,991 632

Greene

5,029 680 Walker 12,510 606

Gwinnett

312,033 968 Walton 18,566 705

Habersham

13,069 606 Ware 14,140 627

Hall

72,158 841 Warren 1,092 633

Hancock

1,224 553 Washington 6,566 656

Haralson

7,020 687 Wayne 8,282 724

Harris

3,804 555 Webster 558 601

Hart

5,778 667 Wheeler 1,353 604

Heard

2,053 803 White 6,338 578

Henry

49,924 691 Whitfield 52,029 789

Houston

57,941 821 Wilcox 1,185 506

Irwin

2,077 543 Wilkes 2,896 573

Jackson

18,878 698 Wilkinson 2,782 875

Jasper

2,044 530 Worth 3,481 630

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.


OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 3. Covered (1) employment and wages by state, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
State Employment Average weekly wage (3)
December 2012 (thousands) Percent change, December 2011-12 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, fourth quarter 2011-12 National ranking by percent change

United States (4)

133,726.8 1.9 $1,000 -- 4.7 --

Alabama

1,847.3 1.1 854 33 2.6 41

Alaska

314.8 1.1 1,007 15 2.7 38

Arizona

2,509.2 2.4 912 22 3.3 33

Arkansas

1,160.3 0.2 767 47 4.2 19

California

15,216.3 3.3 1,186 5 7.8 2

Colorado

2,311.4 2.7 1,032 11 5.8 5

Connecticut

1,657.6 1.0 1,253 3 5.3 8

Delaware

411.0 1.2 1,044 9 6.1 4

District of Columbia

721.5 1.7 1,703 1 2.2 47

Florida

7,535.5 2.3 880 27 3.9 23

Georgia

3,889.9 1.7 927 21 4.7 13

Hawaii

620.7 2.1 868 30 2.7 38

Idaho

618.4 2.0 732 50 2.1 48

Illinois

5,697.9 1.1 1,058 8 4.4 17

Indiana

2,850.5 1.8 816 40 3.4 32

Iowa

1,486.6 1.3 821 39 3.7 26

Kansas

1,339.2 1.5 835 37 4.4 17

Kentucky

1,796.0 1.4 801 42 1.8 49

Louisiana

1,891.9 1.0 884 26 4.1 20

Maine

582.2 0.2 773 46 2.4 45

Maryland

2,544.1 1.2 1,086 7 2.5 42

Massachusetts

3,279.3 1.3 1,248 4 4.8 11

Michigan

3,988.9 1.9 954 18 2.3 46

Minnesota

2,677.2 1.6 985 16 5.1 10

Mississippi

1,096.5 1.1 720 51 3.2 34

Missouri

2,641.9 0.9 863 31 4.6 14

Montana

434.6 1.9 757 48 4.1 20

Nebraska

931.3 2.2 797 43 4.6 14

Nevada

1,145.8 1.9 877 28 2.9 35

New Hampshire

620.8 0.8 1,023 13 5.5 6

New Jersey

3,846.4 1.1 1,172 6 2.9 35

New Mexico

796.8 1.5 802 41 0.4 51

New York

8,741.9 1.4 1,280 2 6.9 3

North Carolina

3,963.9 1.9 854 33 3.6 29

North Dakota

421.0 6.1 944 20 8.4 1

Ohio

5,098.0 1.3 887 25 3.6 29

Oklahoma

1,565.3 1.9 847 35 3.9 23

Oregon

1,654.1 1.4 871 29 2.5 42

Pennsylvania

5,629.8 0.5 972 17 3.8 25

Rhode Island

456.4 1.0 945 19 2.7 38

South Carolina

1,832.2 2.0 784 45 2.8 37

South Dakota

401.7 1.2 749 49 3.5 31

Tennessee

2,710.4 2.1 903 24 5.2 9

Texas

10,956.4 3.2 1,027 12 5.5 6

Utah

1,246.6 3.7 844 36 4.5 16

Vermont

306.1 0.7 829 38 2.5 42

Virginia

3,663.7 1.1 1,042 10 3.7 26

Washington

2,902.0 2.1 1,017 14 4.0 22

West Virginia

714.3 0.0 788 44 1.5 50

Wisconsin

2,723.6 1.2 855 32 4.8 11

Wyoming

277.6 0.2 908 23 3.7 26

Puerto Rico

978.6 1.6 550 (5) -0.4 (5)

Virgin Islands

39.8 -7.9 738 (5) -3.9 (5)

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(5) Data not included in the national ranking.