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14-1893-CHI October 03, 2014

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Chicago Area Employment – August 2014

Job Growth Slower than Average Over the Year

Total nonfarm employment in the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 4,510,600 in August 2014, up 38,300 or 0.9 percent over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.8 percent. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the Chicago area has recorded over-the-year job growth of at least 21,000 since October 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Chicago metropolitan area, August 2008–2014

The Chicago metropolitan area is made up of three metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Division, which accounted for 85 percent of the area’s workforce, added 33,600 jobs from August a year ago. (See table 1.) Employment in the Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. Metropolitan Division grew by 4,100 while employment in the Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division recorded little change over the year.

Industry employment

The largest over-the-year employment increase in the Chicago metropolitan area in August 2014 was in professional and business services, up 18,600. The local area’s 2.4-percent rate of job growth in this supersector was less than the 3.5-percent gain nationwide. (See chart 2 and table 1.) Professional and business services, Chicago’s second-largest supersector, has recorded over-the-year employment gains of more than 13,000 each month since June 2010.

Construction employment expanded in the local area by 6,900 or 4.3 percent from August a year ago. Nationally, during the same period, the rate of job growth was 3.9 percent. Chicago’s construction supersector had over-the-year employment gains of 4,000 or more for each month since June 2014.

Leisure and hospitality employment increased by 5,900, a 1.3-percent gain from August 2013 to August 2014. Nationwide, employment in this supersector rose 2.4 percent from August a year ago. Locally, leisure and hospitality has experienced consecutive over-the-year employment gains since August 2010.

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Chicago metropolitan area, August 2014

Government added 3,900 jobs from August a year ago. The 0.7-percent rate of local job growth exceeded the 0.2-percent increase nationwide. Locally, this supersector has registered over-the-year employment gains of 1,500 or more since November 2013.

Two other local supersectors recorded over-the-year employment gains of more than 3,000. Education and health services gained 3,400 jobs in the Chicago area, a 0.5-percent increase while employment in trade, transportation and utilities rose by 3,300, or 0.4 percent from last August. Nationally, these sectors recorded gains of 1.8 percent and 2.0 percent, respectively.

In contrast, two local supersectors recorded over-the-year employment losses of more than 1,000 in August 2014. Manufacturing lost 2,300 jobs in the Chicago area, a 0.6-percent decrease while employment in financial activities fell by 1,300, or 0.4 percent from last August. Nationally, these sectors recorded gains of 1.4 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in August 2014. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth, with six exceeding or matching the national average of 1.8 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 3.9 percent, more than double that for the nation. Detroit-Warren-Livonia had the smallest increase, up 0.1 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 156,500, since August 2013. Two other metropolitan areas gained more than 100,000 jobs—Houston (107,400) and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (101,500). Detroit recorded the smallest employment gain over the year, up 2,700 jobs, and was the only area of the 12 to add fewer than 10,000 jobs.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 6 of the 12 metropolitan areas over the year: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago, Dallas, Detroit, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont. (See table 2.) Education and health services recorded the largest gains in four areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Houston, New York, and Philadelphia.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in two areas—New York and Philadelphia. Manufacturing lost the most jobs in two areas—Chicago and Los Angeles. Dallas, Houston, and Miami experienced no annual job losses in any supersector.

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, August 2014

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates.  The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae.

Area definitions.  The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

  • The Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois.
  • The Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Lake County in Illinois and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.
  • The Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Chicago metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Aug
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug
2014 (P)
Change from Aug
2013 to Aug 2014
Number Percent

United States

 

Total nonfarm

136,477 139,772 138,662 138,989 2,512 1.8

Mining and logging

887 916 931 936 49 5.5

Construction

6,114 6,207 6,315 6,352 238 3.9

Manufacturing

12,088 12,210 12,215 12,254 166 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,901 26,441 26,441 26,423 522 2.0

Information

2,683 2,674 2,688 2,683 0 0.0

Financial activities

7,950 7,999 8,028 8,022 72 0.9

Professional and business services

18,792 19,353 19,360 19,444 652 3.5

Education and health services

20,842 21,271 21,164 21,213 371 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

14,945 15,270 15,345 15,298 353 2.4

Other services

5,507 5,572 5,574 5,554 47 0.9

Government

20,768 21,859 20,601 20,810 42 0.2

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

4,472.3 4,527.3 4,505.7 4,510.6 38.3 0.9

Mining and logging

1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.2 -12.5

Construction

160.4 163.1 167.0 167.3 6.9 4.3

Manufacturing

411.2 405.9 407.8 408.9 -2.3 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

900.1 904.5 903.0 903.4 3.3 0.4

Information

80.7 80.6 80.9 80.6 -0.1 -0.1

Financial activities

291.9 290.7 291.7 290.6 -1.3 -0.4

Professional and business services

780.4 790.8 794.5 799.0 18.6 2.4

Education and health Services

670.3 683.5 673.7 673.7 3.4 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

446.5 451.3 449.0 452.4 5.9 1.3

Other services

193.9 196.1 194.5 194.1 0.2 0.1

Government

535.3 559.4 542.2 539.2 3.9 0.7

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

3,797.4 3,840.5 3,823.6 3,831.0 33.6 0.9

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

129.7 133.5 136.8 139.6 9.9 7.6

Manufacturing

317.2 312.7 314.6 316.0 -1.2 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

755.9 759.0 756.4 758.0 2.1 0.3

Information

74.7 74.8 75.1 74.8 0.1 0.1

Financial activities

261.0 259.3 260.1 259.1 -1.9 -0.7

Professional and business services

687.0 696.4 700.0 704.3 17.3 2.5

Education and health services

578.6 589.6 580.1 580.6 2.0 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

371.6 375.2 371.4 374.7 3.1 0.8

Other services

168.8 170.6 169.1 168.8 0.0 0.0

Government

451.6 468.2 458.8 453.9 2.3 0.5

Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

402.0 409.9 409.5 406.1 4.1 1.0

Mining and logging

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Construction

12.4 12.1 12.5 12.2 -0.2 -1.6

Manufacturing

58.0 57.4 57.4 57.3 -0.7 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

85.4 86.0 87.0 86.9 1.5 1.8

Information

3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 -0.2 -5.1

Financial activities

22.1 22.5 22.7 22.6 0.5 2.3

Professional and business services

70.9 71.5 71.8 71.9 1.0 1.4

Education and health services

45.6 47.5 47.5 47.0 1.4 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

42.2 41.7 42.9 42.4 0.2 0.5

Other services

12.1 12.3 12.2 12.1 0.0 0.0

Government

49.3 55.1 51.7 49.9 0.6 1.2

Gary, IN Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

272.9 276.9 272.6 273.5 0.6 0.2

Mining and logging

0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -50.0

Construction

18.3 17.5 17.7 15.5 -2.8 -15.3

Manufacturing

36.0 35.8 35.8 35.6 -0.4 -1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

58.8 59.5 59.6 58.5 -0.3 -0.5

Information

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

8.8 8.9 8.9 8.9 0.1 1.1

Professional and business services

22.5 22.9 22.7 22.8 0.3 1.3

Education and health services

46.1 46.4 46.1 46.1 0.0 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

32.7 34.4 34.7 35.3 2.6 8.0

Other services

13.0 13.2 13.2 13.2 0.2 1.5

Government

34.4 36.1 31.7 35.4 1.0 2.9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Aug
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug
2014 (P)
Change from Aug
2013 to Aug 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,419.2 2,463.9 2,464.7 2,470.6 51.4 2.1

Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

94.3 97.5 97.7 98.1 3.8 4.0

Manufacturing

149.3 153.2 153.7 154.2 4.9 3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

538.2 548.6 551.0 549.5 11.3 2.1

Information

85.2 86.7 87.4 87.2 2.0 2.3

Financial activities

157.9 160.0 162.3 161.5 3.6 2.3

Professional and business services

439.8 453.6 458.2 457.4 17.6 4.0

Education and health services

294.5 292.2 291.8 295.8 1.3 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

252.9 263.7 264.4 261.4 8.5 3.4

Other services

94.2 92.3 92.2 92.6 -1.6 -1.7

Government

311.7 314.9 304.8 311.7 0.0 0.0

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,551.8 2,622.0 2,610.8 2,591.9 40.1 1.6

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

95.8 93.0 96.5 96.0 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

194.2 195.5 195.2 195.4 1.2 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

409.5 421.3 418.9 405.4 -4.1 -1.0

Information

75.3 78.6 79.4 79.8 4.5 6.0

Financial activities

175.2 174.2 176.1 176.2 1.0 0.6

Professional and business services

441.4 447.3 450.9 451.0 9.6 2.2

Education and health services

522.8 539.5 543.8 541.0 18.2 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

259.8 262.5 265.0 267.0 7.2 2.8

Other services

101.8 103.0 104.7 104.1 2.3 2.3

Government

275.4 306.5 279.7 275.4 0.0 0.0

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,472.3 4,527.3 4,505.7 4,510.6 38.3 0.9

Mining and logging

1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.2 -12.5

Construction

160.4 163.1 167.0 167.3 6.9 4.3

Manufacturing

411.2 405.9 407.8 408.9 -2.3 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

900.1 904.5 903.0 903.4 3.3 0.4

Information

80.7 80.6 80.9 80.6 -0.1 -0.1

Financial activities

291.9 290.7 291.7 290.6 -1.3 -0.4

Professional and business services

780.4 790.8 794.5 799.0 18.6 2.4

Education and health services

670.3 683.5 673.7 673.7 3.4 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

446.5 451.3 449.0 452.4 5.9 1.3

Other services

193.9 196.1 194.5 194.1 0.2 0.1

Government

535.3 559.4 542.2 539.2 3.9 0.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,107.5 3,216.6 3,202.8 3,209.0 101.5 3.3

Mining, logging, and construction

180.5 191.1 191.2 193.0 12.5 6.9

Manufacturing

258.6 257.9 258.6 258.7 0.1 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

643.2 663.7 664.3 665.2 22.0 3.4

Information

80.2 81.0 80.5 80.2 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

256.4 255.5 256.3 257.5 1.1 0.4

Professional and business services

489.7 522.3 525.4 529.5 39.8 8.1

Education and health services

384.2 392.4 389.9 390.7 6.5 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

323.1 338.7 337.1 333.2 10.1 3.1

Other services

112.6 114.4 115.1 114.4 1.8 1.6

Government

379.0 399.6 384.4 386.6 7.6 2.0

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

Total nonfarm

1,867.8 1,896.9 1,865.1 1,870.5 2.7 0.1

Mining, logging, and construction

62.4 62.9 64.5 65.8 3.4 5.4

Manufacturing

232.5 238.4 230.8 237.0 4.5 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

350.5 355.9 354.2 353.1 2.6 0.7

Information

27.4 27.4 27.4 27.3 -0.1 -0.4

Financial activities

104.5 98.3 98.1 97.8 -6.7 -6.4

Professional and business services

360.2 365.3 359.3 366.2 6.0 1.7

Education and health services

294.6 298.5 297.4 293.7 -0.9 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

185.2 186.2 185.7 183.2 -2.0 -1.1

Other services

78.3 77.0 76.5 76.3 -2.0 -2.6

Government

172.2 187.0 171.2 170.1 -2.1 -1.2

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,789.0 2,895.3 2,892.7 2,896.4 107.4 3.9

Mining and logging

108.9 114.6 116.4 117.8 8.9 8.2

Construction

190.5 196.6 195.7 201.4 10.9 5.7

Manufacturing

252.8 260.5 261.5 262.2 9.4 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

570.8 583.1 585.4 584.8 14.0 2.5

Information

32.8 33.2 33.3 33.3 0.5 1.5

Financial activities

144.4 145.5 146.5 147.1 2.7 1.9

Professional and business services

431.6 443.1 446.1 447.6 16.0 3.7

Education and health services

335.4 347.6 348.5 354.4 19.0 5.7

Leisure and hospitality

276.9 290.0 291.3 287.6 10.7 3.9

Other services

98.9 102.6 103.5 102.4 3.5 3.5

Government

346.0 378.5 364.5 357.8 11.8 3.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,551.5 5,687.8 5,622.8 5,638.5 87.0 1.6

Mining and logging

5.2 5.4 5.5 5.6 0.4 7.7

Construction

198.4 210.0 207.8 209.5 11.1 5.6

Manufacturing

525.9 510.3 511.0 511.3 -14.6 -2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,031.9 1,043.0 1,041.7 1,041.4 9.5 0.9

Information

224.6 231.6 229.0 230.0 5.4 2.4

Financial activities

326.0 322.5 321.2 321.8 -4.2 -1.3

Professional and business services

859.0 884.1 887.9 894.8 35.8 4.2

Education and health services

890.6 922.0 909.8 916.8 26.2 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

636.2 649.2 650.3 649.4 13.2 2.1

Other services

191.2 197.9 196.5 197.3 6.1 3.2

Government

662.5 711.8 662.1 660.6 -1.9 -0.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,336.3 2,391.2 2,379.5 2,401.9 65.6 2.8

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

96.0 101.5 101.0 102.8 6.8 7.1

Manufacturing

78.0 79.3 78.4 78.6 0.6 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

545.6 563.2 563.9 564.0 18.4 3.4

Information

46.2 46.6 46.5 46.7 0.5 1.1

Financial activities

165.5 168.9 169.3 168.6 3.1 1.9

Professional and business services

371.8 384.6 382.9 384.2 12.4 3.3

Education and health services

343.8 351.3 349.3 351.0 7.2 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

279.8 297.4 291.7 288.8 9.0 3.2

Other services

110.2 115.5 115.6 115.1 4.9 4.4

Government

298.8 282.3 280.3 301.5 2.7 0.9

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

8,679.7 8,918.7 8,873.8 8,836.2 156.5 1.8

Mining, logging, and constructionn

334.7 330.9 334.8 334.3 -0.4 -0.1

Manufacturing

357.2 358.5 354.3 356.1 -1.1 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,592.5 1,647.2 1,632.9 1,634.0 41.5 2.6

Information

280.0 272.9 275.4 276.4 -3.6 -1.3

Financial activities

747.3 742.1 747.8 745.9 -1.4 -0.2

Professional and business services

1,405.1 1,425.0 1,430.2 1,435.1 30.0 2.1

Education and health services

1,568.8 1,656.8 1,636.7 1,632.4 63.6 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

820.1 849.6 854.6 845.2 25.1 3.1

Other services

383.0 392.1 390.7 389.6 6.6 1.7

Government

1,191.0 1,243.6 1,216.4 1,187.2 -3.8 -0.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,726.4 2,798.1 2,763.9 2,751.1 24.7 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

106.8 110.5 115.3 114.3 7.5 7.0

Manufacturing

180.6 179.7 179.8 178.9 -1.7 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

505.6 515.0 512.5 512.5 6.9 1.4

Information

47.6 46.4 46.2 46.1 -1.5 -3.2

Financial activities

204.8 205.2 206.4 206.5 1.7 0.8

Professional and business services

438.4 446.2 447.9 444.1 5.7 1.3

Education and health services

556.4 574.9 571.2 568.4 12.0 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

252.4 259.8 256.3 254.0 1.6 0.6

Other services

122.0 123.1 120.7 120.4 -1.6 -1.3

Government

311.8 337.3 307.6 305.9 -5.9 -1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,112.3 2,166.5 2,160.7 2,170.1 57.8 2.7

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

97.6 100.2 103.1 106.1 8.5 8.7

Manufacturing

117.0 117.7 118.5 118.0 1.0 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

345.6 350.7 352.2 353.7 8.1 2.3

Information

74.2 76.2 76.9 76.8 2.6 3.5

Financial activities

126.8 127.0 127.3 127.2 0.4 0.3

Professional and business services

423.2 433.3 436.3 437.2 14.0 3.3

Education and health services

312.7 324.0 321.9 322.0 9.3 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

245.4 252.2 251.7 255.0 9.6 3.9

Other services

80.3 80.3 80.3 81.1 0.8 1.0

Government

288.2 303.7 291.3 291.8 3.6 1.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,073.9 3,121.4 3,108.0 3,084.2 10.3 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

150.8 150.7 150.5 151.7 0.9 0.6

Manufacturing

48.4 46.0 45.8 46.4 -2.0 -4.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

389.3 396.5 397.5 395.1 5.8 1.5

Information

77.6 74.1 74.0 73.6 -4.0 -5.2

Financial activities

152.1 155.1 156.8 156.5 4.4 2.9

Professional and business services

713.3 712.8 713.3 707.9 -5.4 -0.8

Education and health services

385.9 391.8 390.6 387.0 1.1 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

302.7 314.1 312.9 310.7 8.0 2.6

Other services

190.2 192.8 193.6 192.9 2.7 1.4

Government

663.6 687.5 673.0 662.4 -1.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Last Modified Date: Friday, October 03, 2014

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News Release Information

14-1893-CHI October 03, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Chicago Area Employment – August 2014

Job Growth Slower than Average Over the Year

Total nonfarm employment in the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 4,510,600 in August 2014, up 38,300 or 0.9 percent over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.8 percent. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the Chicago area has recorded over-the-year job growth of at least 21,000 since October 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Chicago metropolitan area, August 2008–2014

The Chicago metropolitan area is made up of three metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Division, which accounted for 85 percent of the area’s workforce, added 33,600 jobs from August a year ago. (See table 1.) Employment in the Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. Metropolitan Division grew by 4,100 while employment in the Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division recorded little change over the year.

Industry employment

The largest over-the-year employment increase in the Chicago metropolitan area in August 2014 was in professional and business services, up 18,600. The local area’s 2.4-percent rate of job growth in this supersector was less than the 3.5-percent gain nationwide. (See chart 2 and table 1.) Professional and business services, Chicago’s second-largest supersector, has recorded over-the-year employment gains of more than 13,000 each month since June 2010.

Construction employment expanded in the local area by 6,900 or 4.3 percent from August a year ago. Nationally, during the same period, the rate of job growth was 3.9 percent. Chicago’s construction supersector had over-the-year employment gains of 4,000 or more for each month since June 2014.

Leisure and hospitality employment increased by 5,900, a 1.3-percent gain from August 2013 to August 2014. Nationwide, employment in this supersector rose 2.4 percent from August a year ago. Locally, leisure and hospitality has experienced consecutive over-the-year employment gains since August 2010.

 Chart 2. Total nonfarm and selected industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Chicago metropolitan area, August 2014

Government added 3,900 jobs from August a year ago. The 0.7-percent rate of local job growth exceeded the 0.2-percent increase nationwide. Locally, this supersector has registered over-the-year employment gains of 1,500 or more since November 2013.

Two other local supersectors recorded over-the-year employment gains of more than 3,000. Education and health services gained 3,400 jobs in the Chicago area, a 0.5-percent increase while employment in trade, transportation and utilities rose by 3,300, or 0.4 percent from last August. Nationally, these sectors recorded gains of 1.8 percent and 2.0 percent, respectively.

In contrast, two local supersectors recorded over-the-year employment losses of more than 1,000 in August 2014. Manufacturing lost 2,300 jobs in the Chicago area, a 0.6-percent decrease while employment in financial activities fell by 1,300, or 0.4 percent from last August. Nationally, these sectors recorded gains of 1.4 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in August 2014. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth, with six exceeding or matching the national average of 1.8 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 3.9 percent, more than double that for the nation. Detroit-Warren-Livonia had the smallest increase, up 0.1 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 156,500, since August 2013. Two other metropolitan areas gained more than 100,000 jobs—Houston (107,400) and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (101,500). Detroit recorded the smallest employment gain over the year, up 2,700 jobs, and was the only area of the 12 to add fewer than 10,000 jobs.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 6 of the 12 metropolitan areas over the year: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago, Dallas, Detroit, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont. (See table 2.) Education and health services recorded the largest gains in four areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Houston, New York, and Philadelphia.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in two areas—New York and Philadelphia. Manufacturing lost the most jobs in two areas—Chicago and Los Angeles. Dallas, Houston, and Miami experienced no annual job losses in any supersector.

 Chart 3. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, August 2014

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates.  The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae.

Area definitions.  The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Chicago metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Aug
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug
2014 (P)
Change from Aug
2013 to Aug 2014
Number Percent

United States

 

Total nonfarm

136,477 139,772 138,662 138,989 2,512 1.8

Mining and logging

887 916 931 936 49 5.5

Construction

6,114 6,207 6,315 6,352 238 3.9

Manufacturing

12,088 12,210 12,215 12,254 166 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,901 26,441 26,441 26,423 522 2.0

Information

2,683 2,674 2,688 2,683 0 0.0

Financial activities

7,950 7,999 8,028 8,022 72 0.9

Professional and business services

18,792 19,353 19,360 19,444 652 3.5

Education and health services

20,842 21,271 21,164 21,213 371 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

14,945 15,270 15,345 15,298 353 2.4

Other services

5,507 5,572 5,574 5,554 47 0.9

Government

20,768 21,859 20,601 20,810 42 0.2

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

4,472.3 4,527.3 4,505.7 4,510.6 38.3 0.9

Mining and logging

1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.2 -12.5

Construction

160.4 163.1 167.0 167.3 6.9 4.3

Manufacturing

411.2 405.9 407.8 408.9 -2.3 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

900.1 904.5 903.0 903.4 3.3 0.4

Information

80.7 80.6 80.9 80.6 -0.1 -0.1

Financial activities

291.9 290.7 291.7 290.6 -1.3 -0.4

Professional and business services

780.4 790.8 794.5 799.0 18.6 2.4

Education and health Services

670.3 683.5 673.7 673.7 3.4 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

446.5 451.3 449.0 452.4 5.9 1.3

Other services

193.9 196.1 194.5 194.1 0.2 0.1

Government

535.3 559.4 542.2 539.2 3.9 0.7

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

3,797.4 3,840.5 3,823.6 3,831.0 33.6 0.9

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

129.7 133.5 136.8 139.6 9.9 7.6

Manufacturing

317.2 312.7 314.6 316.0 -1.2 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

755.9 759.0 756.4 758.0 2.1 0.3

Information

74.7 74.8 75.1 74.8 0.1 0.1

Financial activities

261.0 259.3 260.1 259.1 -1.9 -0.7

Professional and business services

687.0 696.4 700.0 704.3 17.3 2.5

Education and health services

578.6 589.6 580.1 580.6 2.0 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

371.6 375.2 371.4 374.7 3.1 0.8

Other services

168.8 170.6 169.1 168.8 0.0 0.0

Government

451.6 468.2 458.8 453.9 2.3 0.5

Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

402.0 409.9 409.5 406.1 4.1 1.0

Mining and logging

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Construction

12.4 12.1 12.5 12.2 -0.2 -1.6

Manufacturing

58.0 57.4 57.4 57.3 -0.7 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

85.4 86.0 87.0 86.9 1.5 1.8

Information

3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 -0.2 -5.1

Financial activities

22.1 22.5 22.7 22.6 0.5 2.3

Professional and business services

70.9 71.5 71.8 71.9 1.0 1.4

Education and health services

45.6 47.5 47.5 47.0 1.4 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

42.2 41.7 42.9 42.4 0.2 0.5

Other services

12.1 12.3 12.2 12.1 0.0 0.0

Government

49.3 55.1 51.7 49.9 0.6 1.2

Gary, IN Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

272.9 276.9 272.6 273.5 0.6 0.2

Mining and logging

0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -50.0

Construction

18.3 17.5 17.7 15.5 -2.8 -15.3

Manufacturing

36.0 35.8 35.8 35.6 -0.4 -1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

58.8 59.5 59.6 58.5 -0.3 -0.5

Information

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

8.8 8.9 8.9 8.9 0.1 1.1

Professional and business services

22.5 22.9 22.7 22.8 0.3 1.3

Education and health services

46.1 46.4 46.1 46.1 0.0 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

32.7 34.4 34.7 35.3 2.6 8.0

Other services

13.0 13.2 13.2 13.2 0.2 1.5

Government

34.4 36.1 31.7 35.4 1.0 2.9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Aug
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug
2014 (P)
Change from Aug
2013 to Aug 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,419.2 2,463.9 2,464.7 2,470.6 51.4 2.1

Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

94.3 97.5 97.7 98.1 3.8 4.0

Manufacturing

149.3 153.2 153.7 154.2 4.9 3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

538.2 548.6 551.0 549.5 11.3 2.1

Information

85.2 86.7 87.4 87.2 2.0 2.3

Financial activities

157.9 160.0 162.3 161.5 3.6 2.3

Professional and business services

439.8 453.6 458.2 457.4 17.6 4.0

Education and health services

294.5 292.2 291.8 295.8 1.3 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

252.9 263.7 264.4 261.4 8.5 3.4

Other services

94.2 92.3 92.2 92.6 -1.6 -1.7

Government

311.7 314.9 304.8 311.7 0.0 0.0

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,551.8 2,622.0 2,610.8 2,591.9 40.1 1.6

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

95.8 93.0 96.5 96.0 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

194.2 195.5 195.2 195.4 1.2 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

409.5 421.3 418.9 405.4 -4.1 -1.0

Information

75.3 78.6 79.4 79.8 4.5 6.0

Financial activities

175.2 174.2 176.1 176.2 1.0 0.6

Professional and business services

441.4 447.3 450.9 451.0 9.6 2.2

Education and health services

522.8 539.5 543.8 541.0 18.2 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

259.8 262.5 265.0 267.0 7.2 2.8

Other services

101.8 103.0 104.7 104.1 2.3 2.3

Government

275.4 306.5 279.7 275.4 0.0 0.0

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,472.3 4,527.3 4,505.7 4,510.6 38.3 0.9

Mining and logging

1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.2 -12.5

Construction

160.4 163.1 167.0 167.3 6.9 4.3

Manufacturing

411.2 405.9 407.8 408.9 -2.3 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

900.1 904.5 903.0 903.4 3.3 0.4

Information

80.7 80.6 80.9 80.6 -0.1 -0.1

Financial activities

291.9 290.7 291.7 290.6 -1.3 -0.4

Professional and business services

780.4 790.8 794.5 799.0 18.6 2.4

Education and health services

670.3 683.5 673.7 673.7 3.4 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

446.5 451.3 449.0 452.4 5.9 1.3

Other services

193.9 196.1 194.5 194.1 0.2 0.1

Government

535.3 559.4 542.2 539.2 3.9 0.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,107.5 3,216.6 3,202.8 3,209.0 101.5 3.3

Mining, logging, and construction

180.5 191.1 191.2 193.0 12.5 6.9

Manufacturing

258.6 257.9 258.6 258.7 0.1 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

643.2 663.7 664.3 665.2 22.0 3.4

Information

80.2 81.0 80.5 80.2 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

256.4 255.5 256.3 257.5 1.1 0.4

Professional and business services

489.7 522.3 525.4 529.5 39.8 8.1

Education and health services

384.2 392.4 389.9 390.7 6.5 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

323.1 338.7 337.1 333.2 10.1 3.1

Other services

112.6 114.4 115.1 114.4 1.8 1.6

Government

379.0 399.6 384.4 386.6 7.6 2.0

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

Total nonfarm

1,867.8 1,896.9 1,865.1 1,870.5 2.7 0.1

Mining, logging, and construction

62.4 62.9 64.5 65.8 3.4 5.4

Manufacturing

232.5 238.4 230.8 237.0 4.5 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

350.5 355.9 354.2 353.1 2.6 0.7

Information

27.4 27.4 27.4 27.3 -0.1 -0.4

Financial activities

104.5 98.3 98.1 97.8 -6.7 -6.4

Professional and business services

360.2 365.3 359.3 366.2 6.0 1.7

Education and health services

294.6 298.5 297.4 293.7 -0.9 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

185.2 186.2 185.7 183.2 -2.0 -1.1

Other services

78.3 77.0 76.5 76.3 -2.0 -2.6

Government

172.2 187.0 171.2 170.1 -2.1 -1.2

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,789.0 2,895.3 2,892.7 2,896.4 107.4 3.9

Mining and logging

108.9 114.6 116.4 117.8 8.9 8.2

Construction

190.5 196.6 195.7 201.4 10.9 5.7

Manufacturing

252.8 260.5 261.5 262.2 9.4 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

570.8 583.1 585.4 584.8 14.0 2.5

Information

32.8 33.2 33.3 33.3 0.5 1.5

Financial activities

144.4 145.5 146.5 147.1 2.7 1.9

Professional and business services

431.6 443.1 446.1 447.6 16.0 3.7

Education and health services

335.4 347.6 348.5 354.4 19.0 5.7

Leisure and hospitality

276.9 290.0 291.3 287.6 10.7 3.9

Other services

98.9 102.6 103.5 102.4 3.5 3.5

Government

346.0 378.5 364.5 357.8 11.8 3.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,551.5 5,687.8 5,622.8 5,638.5 87.0 1.6

Mining and logging

5.2 5.4 5.5 5.6 0.4 7.7

Construction

198.4 210.0 207.8 209.5 11.1 5.6

Manufacturing

525.9 510.3 511.0 511.3 -14.6 -2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,031.9 1,043.0 1,041.7 1,041.4 9.5 0.9

Information

224.6 231.6 229.0 230.0 5.4 2.4

Financial activities

326.0 322.5 321.2 321.8 -4.2 -1.3

Professional and business services

859.0 884.1 887.9 894.8 35.8 4.2

Education and health services

890.6 922.0 909.8 916.8 26.2 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

636.2 649.2 650.3 649.4 13.2 2.1

Other services

191.2 197.9 196.5 197.3 6.1 3.2

Government

662.5 711.8 662.1 660.6 -1.9 -0.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,336.3 2,391.2 2,379.5 2,401.9 65.6 2.8

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

96.0 101.5 101.0 102.8 6.8 7.1

Manufacturing

78.0 79.3 78.4 78.6 0.6 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

545.6 563.2 563.9 564.0 18.4 3.4

Information

46.2 46.6 46.5 46.7 0.5 1.1

Financial activities

165.5 168.9 169.3 168.6 3.1 1.9

Professional and business services

371.8 384.6 382.9 384.2 12.4 3.3

Education and health services

343.8 351.3 349.3 351.0 7.2 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

279.8 297.4 291.7 288.8 9.0 3.2

Other services

110.2 115.5 115.6 115.1 4.9 4.4

Government

298.8 282.3 280.3 301.5 2.7 0.9

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

8,679.7 8,918.7 8,873.8 8,836.2 156.5 1.8

Mining, logging, and constructionn

334.7 330.9 334.8 334.3 -0.4 -0.1

Manufacturing

357.2 358.5 354.3 356.1 -1.1 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,592.5 1,647.2 1,632.9 1,634.0 41.5 2.6

Information

280.0 272.9 275.4 276.4 -3.6 -1.3

Financial activities

747.3 742.1 747.8 745.9 -1.4 -0.2

Professional and business services

1,405.1 1,425.0 1,430.2 1,435.1 30.0 2.1

Education and health services

1,568.8 1,656.8 1,636.7 1,632.4 63.6 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

820.1 849.6 854.6 845.2 25.1 3.1

Other services

383.0 392.1 390.7 389.6 6.6 1.7

Government

1,191.0 1,243.6 1,216.4 1,187.2 -3.8 -0.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,726.4 2,798.1 2,763.9 2,751.1 24.7 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

106.8 110.5 115.3 114.3 7.5 7.0

Manufacturing

180.6 179.7 179.8 178.9 -1.7 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

505.6 515.0 512.5 512.5 6.9 1.4

Information

47.6 46.4 46.2 46.1 -1.5 -3.2

Financial activities

204.8 205.2 206.4 206.5 1.7 0.8

Professional and business services

438.4 446.2 447.9 444.1 5.7 1.3

Education and health services

556.4 574.9 571.2 568.4 12.0 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

252.4 259.8 256.3 254.0 1.6 0.6

Other services

122.0 123.1 120.7 120.4 -1.6 -1.3

Government

311.8 337.3 307.6 305.9 -5.9 -1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,112.3 2,166.5 2,160.7 2,170.1 57.8 2.7

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

97.6 100.2 103.1 106.1 8.5 8.7

Manufacturing

117.0 117.7 118.5 118.0 1.0 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

345.6 350.7 352.2 353.7 8.1 2.3

Information

74.2 76.2 76.9 76.8 2.6 3.5

Financial activities

126.8 127.0 127.3 127.2 0.4 0.3

Professional and business services

423.2 433.3 436.3 437.2 14.0 3.3

Education and health services

312.7 324.0 321.9 322.0 9.3 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

245.4 252.2 251.7 255.0 9.6 3.9

Other services

80.3 80.3 80.3 81.1 0.8 1.0

Government

288.2 303.7 291.3 291.8 3.6 1.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,073.9 3,121.4 3,108.0 3,084.2 10.3 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

150.8 150.7 150.5 151.7 0.9 0.6

Manufacturing

48.4 46.0 45.8 46.4 -2.0 -4.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

389.3 396.5 397.5 395.1 5.8 1.5

Information

77.6 74.1 74.0 73.6 -4.0 -5.2

Financial activities

152.1 155.1 156.8 156.5 4.4 2.9

Professional and business services

713.3 712.8 713.3 707.9 -5.4 -0.8

Education and health services

385.9 391.8 390.6 387.0 1.1 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

302.7 314.1 312.9 310.7 8.0 2.6

Other services

190.2 192.8 193.6 192.9 2.7 1.4

Government

663.6 687.5 673.0 662.4 -1.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Last Modified Date: Friday, October 03, 2014