Midwest Information Office

News Release Information

14-737-CHI

Thursday, May 1, 2014

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Detroit Area Employment – March 2014


Total nonfarm employment for the Detroit-Warren-Livonia Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 1,840,900 in March 2014, down 4,400 or 0.2 percent over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During this same period the national job count increased 1.6 percent. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the March decline in Detroit area employment was the second over-the-year decrease after a period of 45 months of consecutive job growth. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, March 2008-2014

The Detroit metropolitan area is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills division, which accounted for 61 percent of the metropolitan area's employment, added 1,800 jobs from March a year ago, a gain of 0.2 percent. In contrast, the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division representing the remaining area employment, lost 6,200 jobs over the 12-month period, a 0.9-percent decline.(See table 1.)

Industry employment

Leisure and hospitality lost the largest number of jobs in the Detroit area in March 2014, down 5,800 from March a year ago. This was the fifth consecutive over-the-year employment decline in this supersector following 37 months of uninterrupted gains. The rate of job loss in leisure and hospitality at 3.3 percent locally contrasted with a national gain of 2.9 percent in this same supersector. (See chart 2 and table 1.)

Chart 2. Over-the-year percent change in employment by selected industry supersector, United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, March 2014

Financial activities recorded the second-largest employment decrease in the Detroit area in March 2014, down 3,800 over the year. This marked the fourth consecutive over-the-year decline in local employment in this supersector after 38 months of largely uninterrupted gains. The rate of job loss in financial activities in March 2014 at 3.7 percent locally contrasted with a 0.7-percent increase nationally.

Government lost 3,400 jobs in the Detroit area in March 2014. The local rate of job loss in the public sector, at 1.8 percent, outpaced the national decline of 0.1 percent during this 12-month period. With few exceptions, the public sector in the Detroit area has recorded over-the-year employment losses since January 2004.

Manufacturing recorded the largest employment increase in the Detroit area in March 2014, up 7,200 over the year. Local employment gains in this supersector began in May 2010 and have continued unabated since that time. The rate of job growth in manufacturing in March 2014 was 3.2 percent locally, greater than the 0.7-percent increase nationally.

Two other local supersectors recorded over-the-year employment gains of more than 1,000 in March 2014. Professional and business services, the largest supersector in the Detroit area, gained 2,800 jobs, a 0.8-percent increase. Trade, transportation, and utilities, the second largest supersector locally, added 1,100 jobs over the year, an increase of 0.3 percent. Nationally, both of these sectors recorded higher rates of job growth–3.7 percent in professional and business services and 2.0 percent in trade, transportation, and utilities.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Detroit was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in March 2014. Employment rose over the year in 11 of the 12 areas, with 6 areas registering growth rates above the 1.6-percent national increase. (See chart 3 and table 2.) The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, up 3.1 percent, followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.0 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, up 0.1 percent. Detroit was the only area to experience a decline as employment slipped 0.2 percent.

Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, United States and 12 largest areas, March 2014

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana added the largest number of jobs from the previous March, up 119,000, followed by Dallas, up 92,700. Both New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown gained more than 80,000 jobs. Philadelphia registered the smallest 12-month increase, up 4,000, while employment declined by 4,400 in Detroit.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 6 of the 12 metropolitan areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont. (See table 2.) Trade, transportation, and utilities recorded the largest gains in three areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Houston, and Miami.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in three areas–Atlanta, Boston, and New York. Manufacturing was the largest job loser in three other areas: Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles. Houston and Miami experienced no annual job loss in any supersector.


Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data

Effective with the release of payroll employment estimates for January 2014 data, nonfarm payroll estimates for all states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions were revised to reflect 2013 benchmark levels. For more information on benchmark procedures, see www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2014.pdf.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are also available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Employment definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.


Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Mar
2013
Jan
2014
Feb
2014
Mar
2014 (P)
Change from Mar
2013 to Mar 2014
Number Percent

United States

Total nonfarm

134,917 135,451 136,194 137,135 2,218 1.6

Mining and logging

847 873 874 886 39 4.6

Construction

5,501 5,533 5,527 5,658 157 2.9

Manufacturing

11,935 11,949 11,981 12,013 78 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,366 26,014 25,783 25,881 515 2.0

Information

2,694 2,634 2,646 2,659 -35 -1.3

Financial activities

7,813 7,846 7,862 7,871 58 0.7

Professional and business services

18,173 18,560 18,696 18,838 665 3.7

Education and health services

21,153 21,132 21,388 21,485 332 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,740 13,783 13,868 14,133 393 2.9

Other services

5,422 5,416 5,430 5,462 40 0.7

Government

22,273 21,711 22,139 22,249 -24 -0.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

1,845.3 1,827.3 1,829.8 1,840.9 -4.4 -0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

51.8 49.9 49.1 51.0 -0.8 -1.5

Manufacturing

226.1 229.8 231.7 233.3 7.2 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

341.9 345.8 342.3 343.0 1.1 0.3

Information

26.8 26.9 26.8 26.8 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

101.5 98.1 98.1 97.7 -3.8 -3.7

Professional and business Services

355.0 356.8 356.8 357.8 2.8 0.8

Education and health services

298.8 293.8 297.1 297.5 -1.3 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

174.2 165.4 163.9 168.4 -5.8 -3.3

Other services

77.2 75.9 76.1 76.8 -0.4 -0.5

Government

192.0 184.9 187.9 188.6 -3.4 -1.8

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

715.4 704.8 706.5 709.2 -6.2 -0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

16.6 16.6 16.1 16.4 -0.2 -1.2

Manufacturing

81.0 81.1 82.7 82.4 1.4 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

134.8 136.1 135.1 134.7 -0.1 -0.1

Information

7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

33.2 32.9 33.1 32.5 -0.7 -2.1

Professional and business services

118.5 117.9 118.7 119.4 0.9 0.8

Education and health services

130.9 128.9 129.8 130.2 -0.7 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

72.6 68.5 66.6 68.9 -3.7 -5.1

Other services

30.5 29.9 30.1 30.2 -0.3 -1.0

Government

90.0 85.6 87.0 87.2 -2.8 -3.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,129.9 1,122.5 1,123.3 1,131.7 1.8 0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

35.2 33.3 33.0 34.6 -0.6 -1.7

Manufacturing

145.1 148.7 149.0 150.9 5.8 4.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

207.1 209.7 207.2 208.3 1.2 0.6

Information

19.5 19.6 19.5 19.5 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

68.3 65.2 65.0 65.2 -3.1 -4.5

Professional and business services

236.5 238.9 238.1 238.4 1.9 0.8

Education and health services

167.9 164.9 167.3 167.3 -0.6 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

101.6 96.9 97.3 99.5 -2.1 -2.1

Other services

46.7 46.0 46.0 46.6 -0.1 -0.2

Government

102.0 99.3 100.9 101.4 -0.6 -0.6

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Mar
2013
Jan
2014
Feb
2014
Mar
2014 (P)
Change from Mar
2013 to Mar 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

Total nonfarm

2,375.6 2,410.9 2,409.6 2,427.1 51.5 2.2

Mining and logging

1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.1 9.1

Construction

88.3 92.6 93.4 94.3 6.0 6.8

Manufacturing

149.1 149.4 149.8 149.9 0.8 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

526.0 542.5 538.7 542.4 16.4 3.1

Information

84.1 84.8 84.6 85.3 1.2 1.4

Financial activities

154.2 156.8 155.6 155.0 0.8 0.5

Professional and business services

428.5 433.9 435.3 441.2 12.7 3.0

Education and health services

292.7 296.5 298.0 298.0 5.3 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

237.2 243.7 241.5 247.7 10.5 4.4

Other services

92.3 92.1 92.5 92.3 0.0 0.0

Government

322.1 317.4 319.0 319.8 -2.3 -0.7

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,518.8 2,526.5 2,533.0 2,545.6 26.8 1.1

Mining and logging

0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.1 25.0

Construction

80.2 79.7 77.9 79.2 -1.0 -1.2

Manufacturing

192.4 192.9 192.7 192.4 0.0 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

399.8 412.6 407.5 407.9 8.1 2.0

Information

73.5 76.2 76.7 77.0 3.5 4.8

Financial activities

171.6 170.5 169.5 169.7 -1.9 -1.1

Professional and business services

421.6 429.1 431.8 431.0 9.4 2.2

Education and health services

543.4 536.5 545.8 549.7 6.3 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

230.3 229.0 227.1 232.2 1.9 0.8

Other services

96.5 98.1 97.4 98.9 2.4 2.5

Government

309.1 301.4 306.2 307.1 -2.0 -0.6

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,363.2 4,369.0 4,369.9 4,392.5 29.3 0.7

Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

135.4 127.6 128.4 131.8 -3.6 -2.7

Manufacturing

409.9 405.6 406.1 406.2 -3.7 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

879.6 895.7 880.2 880.4 0.8 0.1

Information

79.6 79.7 79.3 79.4 -0.2 -0.3

Financial activities

286.0 287.3 284.8 285.8 -0.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

743.7 754.1 758.7 760.7 17.0 2.3

Education and health services

677.6 677.3 685.2 686.5 8.9 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

408.6 405.4 402.6 413.3 4.7 1.2

Other services

189.1 189.8 189.9 191.3 2.2 1.2

Government

552.5 545.3 553.5 555.9 3.4 0.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,053.0 3,100.4 3,123.8 3,145.7 92.7 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

171.4 174.3 176.8 177.7 6.3 3.7

Manufacturing

257.8 252.2 255.0 256.0 -1.8 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

623.7 649.0 644.1 646.6 22.9 3.7

Information

78.2 79.4 80.0 80.7 2.5 3.2

Financial activities

251.2 248.8 252.0 251.7 0.5 0.2

Professional and business services

477.1 485.8 490.6 502.1 25.0 5.2

Education and health services

380.9 384.1 388.5 388.0 7.1 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

308.3 317.8 321.5 325.0 16.7 5.4

Other services

109.8 114.0 114.0 115.1 5.3 4.8

Government

394.6 395.0 401.3 402.8 8.2 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

Total nonfarm

1,845.3 1,827.3 1,829.8 1,840.9 -4.4 -0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

51.8 49.9 49.1 51.0 -0.8 -1.5

Manufacturing

226.1 229.8 231.7 233.3 7.2 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

341.9 345.8 342.3 343.0 1.1 0.3

Information

26.8 26.9 26.8 26.8 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

101.5 98.1 98.1 97.7 -3.8 -3.7

Professional and business services

355.0 356.8 356.8 357.8 2.8 0.8

Education and health services

298.8 293.8 297.1 297.5 -1.3 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

174.2 165.4 163.9 168.4 -5.8 -3.3

Other services

77.2 75.9 76.1 76.8 -0.4 -0.5

Government

192.0 184.9 187.9 188.6 -3.4 -1.8

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

Total nonfarm

2,767.1 2,806.7 2,828.3 2,847.2 80.1 2.9

Mining and logging

104.1 107.5 108.0 109.3 5.2 5.0

Construction

188.7 188.6 197.7 194.5 5.8 3.1

Manufacturing

249.5 256.3 255.9 256.4 6.9 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

555.4 570.3 567.1 575.7 20.3 3.7

Information

31.8 32.6 32.6 32.7 0.9 2.8

Financial activities

140.7 139.6 140.7 142.2 1.5 1.1

Professional and business services

424.1 427.1 428.9 432.6 8.5 2.0

Education and health services

334.6 338.7 340.0 341.5 6.9 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

267.4 272.5 275.5 277.8 10.4 3.9

Other services

98.1 99.9 100.0 100.6 2.5 2.5

Government

372.7 373.6 381.9 383.9 11.2 3.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

Total nonfarm

5,526.7 5,587.1 5,623.3 5,645.7 119.0 2.2

Mining and logging

5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2 0.2 4.0

Construction

187.6 201.1 202.7 206.7 19.1 10.2

Manufacturing

524.7 514.9 515.2 514.4 -10.3 -2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,014.7 1,043.4 1,037.1 1,033.1 18.4 1.8

Information

220.3 222.2 225.6 229.5 9.2 4.2

Financial activities

323.6 320.4 320.7 319.9 -3.7 -1.1

Professional and business services

844.2 867.9 877.0 881.9 37.7 4.5

Education and health services

893.9 908.3 921.4 927.7 33.8 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

609.4 617.1 620.6 622.9 13.5 2.2

Other services

189.4 190.8 192.7 193.0 3.6 1.9

Government

713.9 695.8 705.1 711.4 -2.5 -0.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,344.9 2,382.2 2,403.8 2,417.7 72.8 3.1

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

89.4 94.3 95.4 96.4 7.0 7.8

Manufacturing

77.0 78.5 79.2 79.0 2.0 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

543.9 561.4 561.8 563.7 19.8 3.6

Information

46.0 46.1 46.6 47.0 1.0 2.2

Financial activities

163.3 164.7 165.2 166.1 2.8 1.7

Professional and business services

368.9 376.1 382.6 384.4 15.5 4.2

Education and health services

346.5 349.6 352.8 354.1 7.6 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

291.7 290.8 296.5 301.9 10.2 3.5

Other services

111.2 113.7 114.8 115.7 4.5 4.0

Government

306.4 306.4 308.3 308.8 2.4 0.8

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

8,577.5 8,595.3 8,612.3 8,667.0 89.5 1.0

Mining, logging, and constructionn

302.9 296.8 290.8 299.1 -3.8 -1.3

Manufacturing

355.8 354.5 356.2 356.0 0.2 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,569.6 1,615.6 1,594.5 1,602.0 32.4 2.1

Information

272.7 274.5 275.6 273.1 0.4 0.1

Financial activities

731.0 730.1 728.7 728.8 -2.2 -0.3

Professional and business services

1,354.7 1,360.6 1,366.0 1,369.6 14.9 1.1

Education and health services

1,625.6 1,634.4 1,651.1 1,665.3 39.7 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

738.7 732.0 731.2 744.6 5.9 0.8

Other services

374.3 380.0 380.6 384.0 9.7 2.6

Government

1,252.2 1,216.8 1,237.6 1,244.5 -7.7 -0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,734.1 2,711.5 2,721.5 2,738.1 4.0 0.1

Mining, logging, and construction

98.1 99.5 97.4 100.3 2.2 2.2

Manufacturing

179.1 178.4 178.3 178.2 -0.9 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

500.7 504.8 498.9 501.6 0.9 0.2

Information

49.3 46.7 46.6 46.3 -3.0 -6.1

Financial activities

202.5 200.8 202.6 201.8 -0.7 -0.3

Professional and business services

428.7 426.2 430.9 432.4 3.7 0.9

Education and health services

579.1 574.0 579.7 581.1 2.0 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

229.2 227.6 227.1 232.8 3.6 1.6

Other services

120.5 118.3 117.8 119.1 -1.4 -1.2

Government

346.9 335.2 342.2 344.5 -2.4 -0.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

Total nonfarm

2,078.1 2,107.8 2,119.1 2,125.2 47.1 2.3

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

90.5 92.7 95.0 95.0 4.5 5.0

Manufacturing

114.1 117.3 117.4 116.8 2.7 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

337.5 347.8 344.7 345.3 7.8 2.3

Information

71.9 73.3 74.0 74.4 2.5 3.5

Financial activities

125.4 124.7 125.7 125.3 -0.1 -0.1

Professional and business services

409.4 420.5 422.0 421.7 12.3 3.0

Education and health services

315.6 316.9 322.1 323.7 8.1 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

232.2 237.0 237.4 238.1 5.9 2.5

Other services

78.5 77.7 78.4 79.7 1.2 1.5

Government

301.7 298.7 301.2 304.0 2.3 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,059.2 3,051.5 3,049.0 3,064.7 5.5 0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

141.6 143.7 142.0 142.3 0.7 0.5

Manufacturing

48.2 45.8 45.6 45.6 -2.6 -5.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

381.2 391.8 385.9 386.4 5.2 1.4

Information

77.4 75.0 75.1 74.7 -2.7 -3.5

Financial activities

149.9 151.6 151.8 151.8 1.9 1.3

Professional and business services

707.6 691.5 691.1 696.1 -11.5 -1.6

Education and health services

393.3 398.6 401.0 401.6 8.3 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

279.9 284.7 282.2 288.7 8.8 3.1

Other services

187.5 190.4 188.3 188.5 1.0 0.5

Government

692.6 678.4 686.0 689.0 -3.6 -0.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Last Modified Date: May 6, 2014

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