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14-2263-CHI December 17, 2014

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Technical information:
Media contact:
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Consumer Price Index, Cleveland-Akron-Lorain – November 2014

The Cleveland-Akron, Ohio, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.6 percent from September to November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that food prices edged down 0.1 percent and energy costs fell 7.3 percent over the bi-monthly period. The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent. Within this last category, costs were higher for medical care over the two-month period. Costs for new and used motor vehicles and household furnishings and operations were lower in November compared to September. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months the Cleveland area all items CPI-U rose 1.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index declined 2.8 percent from its November 2013 level due to a decrease in gasoline prices over the year. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the past 12 months. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Cleveland-Akron, November 2011–November 2014

Food

Food prices edged down 0.1 percent from September to November following a 0.4-percent increase over the previous bi-monthly period. Between the food index’s two components, prices for food at home (groceries) fell 1.0 percent, while food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) prices rose 1.2 percent from September to November. Over the year, food at home prices were up 2.2 percent while prices for food away from home rose 2.9 percent. Overall food costs rose 2.5 percent from a year ago.

Energy

The energy index fell 7.3 percent from September to November following a 6.4-percent decline over the previous bi-monthly period. In the recent period, declines in costs for gasoline (-13.3 percent), and electricity (-1.6 percent) were contributing factors to the decrease in energy costs.

Over the year, the energy index declined 2.8 percent. Annual increases in costs for electricity (0.8 percent), and utility (piped) gas service (10.5 percent), were more than offset by a 9.2 percent drop in gasoline prices.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent from September to November. Among the index’s components, increases were recorded in medical care (2.5 percent). Prices were lower among the indexes components for new and used motor vehicles and household furnishings and operations (-1.8 percent) over the bi-monthly period.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent mostly due to a 2.7-percent annual increase in the cost of shelter. Also contributing, but to a lesser extent, were annual gains in costs for apparel (5.0 percent) and medical care (2.2 percent).

Table A. Percent Changes in the CPI-U, Cleveland-Akron (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure Category Percent changes from preceding 2 months 12 mo. ended Nov. '14
2013 2014
Nov. Jan. Mar. May July Sep. Nov.

All items

-0.7 0.3 1.6 0.2 0.5 -0.5 -0.6 1.5

Food & beverages

0.4 0.4 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.0 2.4

Food

0.3 0.4 1.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.1 2.5

Housing

-0.3 0.7 1.8 0.2 1.8 -1.8 -0.2 2.6

Apparel

-3.3 -4.3 3.5 -3.9 -1.3 13.2 -1.3 5.0

Transportation

-3.5 0.6 2.5 1.3 -1.3 -1.5 -3.5 -2.1

Medical care

-0.1 0.4 1.7 -1.6 -0.1 -0.5 2.5 2.2

Recreation

0.2 -0.1 -0.8 1.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.5

Education & communication

0.1 -0.3 0.7 -0.1 1.3 -0.5 -0.4 0.7

Other goods & services

1.0 0.5 0.4 1.3 -1.6 -0.3 0.6 0.8
 

Special Indexes

 

Energy

-4.8 3.5 8.7 -0.2 -0.2 -6.4 -7.3 -2.8

All items less food & energy

-0.4 -0.1 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.1 1.8

The January 2015 Consumer Price Index for Cleveland is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 26, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Cleveland-Akron, Ohio consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Summit Counties in Ohio.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Cleveland-Akron, OH (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

221.242 - 219.992 1.5 -0.6 -

All items (1967=100)

708.965 - 704.959 - - -

Food and beverages

247.172 - 247.067 2.4 0.0 -

Food

252.398 - 252.222 2.5 -0.1 -

Food at home

246.973 249.051 244.567 2.2 -1.0 -1.8

Food away from home

263.766 - 267.019 2.9 1.2 -

Alcoholic beverages

188.642 - 189.372 0.9 0.4 -

Housing

201.076 - 200.750 2.6 -0.2 -

Shelter

230.457 231.235 230.675 2.7 0.1 -0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

229.370 230.386 229.767 0.6 0.2 -0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

224.719 226.630 226.806 2.2 0.9 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

224.719 226.630 226.806 2.2 0.9 0.1

Fuels and utilities

195.855 - 195.305 4.8 -0.3 -

Household energy

165.105 165.787 164.661 4.6 -0.3 -0.7

Energy services (1)

163.427 163.944 162.773 4.6 -0.4 -0.7

Electricity (1)

165.030 164.013 162.442 0.8 -1.6 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

143.800 146.256 145.732 10.5 1.3 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

120.092 - 117.888 -1.2 -1.8 -

Apparel

142.229 - 140.445 5.0 -1.3 -

Transportation

212.930 - 205.579 -2.1 -3.5 -

Private transportation

215.180 - 205.866 -2.4 -4.3 -

Motor fuel

340.772 319.758 295.352 -9.1 -13.3 -7.6

Gasoline (all types)

336.998 316.206 292.049 -9.2 -13.3 -7.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

326.758 305.804 281.936 -9.9 -13.7 -7.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

345.323 325.260 301.820 -7.6 -12.6 -7.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

328.224 311.731 289.417 -6.5 -11.8 -7.2

Medical care

391.432 - 401.027 2.2 2.5 -

Recreation (5)

116.475 - 116.274 0.5 -0.2 -

Education and communication (5)

126.195 - 125.742 0.7 -0.4 -

Other goods and services

400.565 - 402.843 0.8 0.6 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

221.242 - 219.992 1.5 -0.6 -

Commodities

196.671 - 193.184 0.5 -1.8 -

Commodities less food & beverages

169.639 - 164.896 -0.6 -2.8 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

226.495 - 218.166 -0.3 -3.7 -

Durables

111.230 - 109.562 -1.2 -1.5 -

Services

247.175 - 247.903 2.2 0.3 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

213.377 - 211.662 1.4 -0.8 -

All items less shelter

219.624 - 217.756 0.9 -0.9 -

Commodities less food

170.592 - 166.007 -0.6 -2.7 -

Nondurables

238.150 - 233.704 1.1 -1.9 -

Nondurables less food

223.690 - 215.972 -0.2 -3.5 -

Services less rent of shelter (2)

270.685 - 272.044 1.6 0.5 -

Services less medical care services

236.083 - 236.811 2.6 0.3 -

Energy

231.133 223.915 214.291 -2.8 -7.3 -4.3

All items less energy

222.314 - 222.566 1.9 0.1 -

All items less food and energy

217.178 - 217.500 1.8 0.1 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, December 17, 2014

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News Release Information

14-2263-CHI December 17, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Cleveland-Akron-Lorain – November 2014

The Cleveland-Akron, Ohio, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.6 percent from September to November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that food prices edged down 0.1 percent and energy costs fell 7.3 percent over the bi-monthly period. The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent. Within this last category, costs were higher for medical care over the two-month period. Costs for new and used motor vehicles and household furnishings and operations were lower in November compared to September. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months the Cleveland area all items CPI-U rose 1.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index declined 2.8 percent from its November 2013 level due to a decrease in gasoline prices over the year. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent over the past 12 months. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Cleveland-Akron, November 2011–November 2014

Food

Food prices edged down 0.1 percent from September to November following a 0.4-percent increase over the previous bi-monthly period. Between the food index’s two components, prices for food at home (groceries) fell 1.0 percent, while food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) prices rose 1.2 percent from September to November. Over the year, food at home prices were up 2.2 percent while prices for food away from home rose 2.9 percent. Overall food costs rose 2.5 percent from a year ago.

Energy

The energy index fell 7.3 percent from September to November following a 6.4-percent decline over the previous bi-monthly period. In the recent period, declines in costs for gasoline (-13.3 percent), and electricity (-1.6 percent) were contributing factors to the decrease in energy costs.

Over the year, the energy index declined 2.8 percent. Annual increases in costs for electricity (0.8 percent), and utility (piped) gas service (10.5 percent), were more than offset by a 9.2 percent drop in gasoline prices.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent from September to November. Among the index’s components, increases were recorded in medical care (2.5 percent). Prices were lower among the indexes components for new and used motor vehicles and household furnishings and operations (-1.8 percent) over the bi-monthly period.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent mostly due to a 2.7-percent annual increase in the cost of shelter. Also contributing, but to a lesser extent, were annual gains in costs for apparel (5.0 percent) and medical care (2.2 percent).

Table A. Percent Changes in the CPI-U, Cleveland-Akron (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure Category Percent changes from preceding 2 months 12 mo. ended Nov. '14
2013 2014
Nov. Jan. Mar. May July Sep. Nov.

All items

-0.7 0.3 1.6 0.2 0.5 -0.5 -0.6 1.5

Food & beverages

0.4 0.4 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.0 2.4

Food

0.3 0.4 1.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.1 2.5

Housing

-0.3 0.7 1.8 0.2 1.8 -1.8 -0.2 2.6

Apparel

-3.3 -4.3 3.5 -3.9 -1.3 13.2 -1.3 5.0

Transportation

-3.5 0.6 2.5 1.3 -1.3 -1.5 -3.5 -2.1

Medical care

-0.1 0.4 1.7 -1.6 -0.1 -0.5 2.5 2.2

Recreation

0.2 -0.1 -0.8 1.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.5

Education & communication

0.1 -0.3 0.7 -0.1 1.3 -0.5 -0.4 0.7

Other goods & services

1.0 0.5 0.4 1.3 -1.6 -0.3 0.6 0.8
 

Special Indexes

 

Energy

-4.8 3.5 8.7 -0.2 -0.2 -6.4 -7.3 -2.8

All items less food & energy

-0.4 -0.1 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.1 1.8

The January 2015 Consumer Price Index for Cleveland is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 26, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Cleveland-Akron, Ohio consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Summit Counties in Ohio.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Cleveland-Akron, OH (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

221.242 - 219.992 1.5 -0.6 -

All items (1967=100)

708.965 - 704.959 - - -

Food and beverages

247.172 - 247.067 2.4 0.0 -

Food

252.398 - 252.222 2.5 -0.1 -

Food at home

246.973 249.051 244.567 2.2 -1.0 -1.8

Food away from home

263.766 - 267.019 2.9 1.2 -

Alcoholic beverages

188.642 - 189.372 0.9 0.4 -

Housing

201.076 - 200.750 2.6 -0.2 -

Shelter

230.457 231.235 230.675 2.7 0.1 -0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

229.370 230.386 229.767 0.6 0.2 -0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

224.719 226.630 226.806 2.2 0.9 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

224.719 226.630 226.806 2.2 0.9 0.1

Fuels and utilities

195.855 - 195.305 4.8 -0.3 -

Household energy

165.105 165.787 164.661 4.6 -0.3 -0.7

Energy services (1)

163.427 163.944 162.773 4.6 -0.4 -0.7

Electricity (1)

165.030 164.013 162.442 0.8 -1.6 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

143.800 146.256 145.732 10.5 1.3 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

120.092 - 117.888 -1.2 -1.8 -

Apparel

142.229 - 140.445 5.0 -1.3 -

Transportation

212.930 - 205.579 -2.1 -3.5 -

Private transportation

215.180 - 205.866 -2.4 -4.3 -

Motor fuel

340.772 319.758 295.352 -9.1 -13.3 -7.6

Gasoline (all types)

336.998 316.206 292.049 -9.2 -13.3 -7.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

326.758 305.804 281.936 -9.9 -13.7 -7.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

345.323 325.260 301.820 -7.6 -12.6 -7.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

328.224 311.731 289.417 -6.5 -11.8 -7.2

Medical care

391.432 - 401.027 2.2 2.5 -

Recreation (5)

116.475 - 116.274 0.5 -0.2 -

Education and communication (5)

126.195 - 125.742 0.7 -0.4 -

Other goods and services

400.565 - 402.843 0.8 0.6 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

221.242 - 219.992 1.5 -0.6 -

Commodities

196.671 - 193.184 0.5 -1.8 -

Commodities less food & beverages

169.639 - 164.896 -0.6 -2.8 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

226.495 - 218.166 -0.3 -3.7 -

Durables

111.230 - 109.562 -1.2 -1.5 -

Services

247.175 - 247.903 2.2 0.3 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

213.377 - 211.662 1.4 -0.8 -

All items less shelter

219.624 - 217.756 0.9 -0.9 -

Commodities less food

170.592 - 166.007 -0.6 -2.7 -

Nondurables

238.150 - 233.704 1.1 -1.9 -

Nondurables less food

223.690 - 215.972 -0.2 -3.5 -

Services less rent of shelter (2)

270.685 - 272.044 1.6 0.5 -

Services less medical care services

236.083 - 236.811 2.6 0.3 -

Energy

231.133 223.915 214.291 -2.8 -7.3 -4.3

All items less energy

222.314 - 222.566 1.9 0.1 -

All items less food and energy

217.178 - 217.500 1.8 0.1 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, December 17, 2014