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15-1374-CHI Friday, July 17, 2015

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Consumer Price Index, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint — June 2015

Local prices down 2.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint area remained unchanged from April to June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the energy index increased 8.1 percent while the food index declined 1.0 percent over the bi-monthly period. The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.7 percent from April to June. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were lower for apparel and household furnishings and operations. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months the Detroit all items CPI-U fell 2.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index fell 19.2 percent over the year due to annual declines in gasoline prices, electricity costs, and utility (piped) gas services costs. The index for all items less food and energy fell 0.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1.  Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Detroit, June 2012—June 2015

Food

Food prices declined 1.0 percent from April to June following a 0.1 percent decrease over the previous bi-monthly period. Between the two components of the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) decreased 0.7 percent while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) declined 1.4 percent.

On an annual basis, food prices in the Detroit area were up 0.7 percent. Grocery prices declined 0.5 percent while prices for food away from home were 2.7 percent higher over the year.

Energy

The energy index for Detroit rose 8.1 percent from April to June. Gasoline prices and electricity costs increased by 15.6 percent and 3.3 percent, respectively, while utility (piped) gas service costs fell 0.5 percent from April to June.

From June 2014 to June 2015, overall energy prices decreased 19.2 percent. Prices for gasoline fell 27.9 percent over the year and were the major contributing factor. The indexes for utility (piped) gas service and electricity fell 11.4 percent and 3.7 percent respectively, but with less impact.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.7 percent from April to June. Among the index’s components, prices were lower for apparel (-7.1 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-5.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy declined 0.5 percent. An annual decrease in the cost of apparel (-14.4 percent) was the major contributing factor. In contrast, prices for shelter rose 0.9 percent over the year.

Table A. Detroit CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.2 1.7 0.2 3.9 1.1 1.9 1.1 0.7 -0.7 -1.8

April

2.3 3.1 2.3 2.1 0.0 1.3 1.3 2.0 1.2 -1.9

June

0.9 4.2 0.9 0.4 1.2 3.3 0.5 1.3 0.0 -2.4

August

0.2 4.1 0.2 1.5 -0.7 1.3 -1.0 1.0    

October

-0.5 3.5 -0.5 2.4 -0.1 0.7 -0.1 1.0    

December

0.3 3.5 0.3 1.4 -0.7 0.8 -1.8 -0.1    

The August 2015 Consumer Price Index for Detroit is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 16, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force..

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Genesee, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, Washtenaw, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

219.005 - 219.034 -2.4 0.0 -

All items (1967=100)

650.973 - 651.060 - - -

Food and beverages

221.467 - 219.123 0.7 -1.1 -

Food

221.297 - 219.127 0.7 -1.0 -

Food at home

212.003 211.923 210.493 -0.5 -0.7 -0.7

Food away from home

235.887 - 232.634 2.7 -1.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

217.600 - 213.041 0.4 -2.1 -

Housing

200.008 - 199.562 -0.6 -0.2 -

Shelter

225.751 225.220 226.269 0.9 0.2 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

229.013 230.163 230.825 2.3 0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

220.988 221.894 222.757 -0.1 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

220.988 221.894 222.757 -0.1 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

228.978 - 231.377 -5.1 1.0 -

Household energy

179.027 177.767 181.299 -7.4 1.3 2.0

Energy services (1)

180.972 180.164 184.071 -6.9 1.7 2.2

Electricity (1)

199.769 199.724 206.297 -3.7 3.3 3.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

149.691 148.119 148.940 -11.4 -0.5 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

122.180 - 115.754 -4.6 -5.3 -

Apparel

116.476 - 108.254 -14.4 -7.1 -

Transportation

230.064 - 237.880 -8.6 3.4 -

Private transportation

229.188 - 237.355 -8.5 3.6 -

Motor fuel

213.275 225.354 246.449 -27.9 15.6 9.4

Gasoline (all types)

211.827 223.922 244.975 -27.9 15.6 9.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

215.017 227.800 249.616 -28.5 16.1 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

245.384 257.364 280.140 -26.1 14.2 8.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

211.570 221.594 240.607 -24.4 13.7 8.6

Medical care

408.376 - 397.696 -1.3 -2.6 -

Recreation (5)

112.387 - 113.763 -0.7 1.2 -

Education and communication (5)

144.552 - 144.486 -0.2 0.0 -

Other goods and services

389.000 - 394.849 -2.6 1.5 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

219.005 - 219.034 -2.4 0.0 -

Commodities

174.540 - 174.865 -6.0 0.2 -

Commodities less food & beverages

150.376 - 151.966 -10.1 1.1 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

176.133 - 181.473 -15.2 3.0 -

Durables

118.589 - 116.486 -1.4 -1.8 -

Services

264.937 - 264.682 0.0 -0.1 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

211.397 - 211.917 -2.5 0.2 -

All items less shelter

219.412 - 219.233 -3.8 -0.1 -

Commodities less food

152.840 - 154.232 -9.7 0.9 -

Nondurables

198.513 - 200.122 -7.4 0.8 -

Nondurables less food

178.715 - 183.434 -14.2 2.6 -

Services less rent of shelter (2)

320.450 - 319.122 -0.8 -0.4 -

Services less medical care services

254.960 - 255.728 0.3 0.3 -

Energy

198.291 202.940 214.369 -19.2 8.1 5.6

All items less energy

223.735 - 222.057 -0.3 -0.7 -

All items less food and energy

224.723 - 223.138 -0.5 -0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 17, 2015

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News Release Information

15-1374-CHI Friday, July 17, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint — June 2015

Local prices down 2.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint area remained unchanged from April to June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the energy index increased 8.1 percent while the food index declined 1.0 percent over the bi-monthly period. The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.7 percent from April to June. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were lower for apparel and household furnishings and operations. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months the Detroit all items CPI-U fell 2.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index fell 19.2 percent over the year due to annual declines in gasoline prices, electricity costs, and utility (piped) gas services costs. The index for all items less food and energy fell 0.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1.  Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Detroit, June 2012—June 2015

Food

Food prices declined 1.0 percent from April to June following a 0.1 percent decrease over the previous bi-monthly period. Between the two components of the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) decreased 0.7 percent while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) declined 1.4 percent.

On an annual basis, food prices in the Detroit area were up 0.7 percent. Grocery prices declined 0.5 percent while prices for food away from home were 2.7 percent higher over the year.

Energy

The energy index for Detroit rose 8.1 percent from April to June. Gasoline prices and electricity costs increased by 15.6 percent and 3.3 percent, respectively, while utility (piped) gas service costs fell 0.5 percent from April to June.

From June 2014 to June 2015, overall energy prices decreased 19.2 percent. Prices for gasoline fell 27.9 percent over the year and were the major contributing factor. The indexes for utility (piped) gas service and electricity fell 11.4 percent and 3.7 percent respectively, but with less impact.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.7 percent from April to June. Among the index’s components, prices were lower for apparel (-7.1 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-5.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy declined 0.5 percent. An annual decrease in the cost of apparel (-14.4 percent) was the major contributing factor. In contrast, prices for shelter rose 0.9 percent over the year.

Table A. Detroit CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.2 1.7 0.2 3.9 1.1 1.9 1.1 0.7 -0.7 -1.8

April

2.3 3.1 2.3 2.1 0.0 1.3 1.3 2.0 1.2 -1.9

June

0.9 4.2 0.9 0.4 1.2 3.3 0.5 1.3 0.0 -2.4

August

0.2 4.1 0.2 1.5 -0.7 1.3 -1.0 1.0    

October

-0.5 3.5 -0.5 2.4 -0.1 0.7 -0.1 1.0    

December

0.3 3.5 0.3 1.4 -0.7 0.8 -1.8 -0.1    

The August 2015 Consumer Price Index for Detroit is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 16, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force..

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Genesee, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, Washtenaw, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

219.005 - 219.034 -2.4 0.0 -

All items (1967=100)

650.973 - 651.060 - - -

Food and beverages

221.467 - 219.123 0.7 -1.1 -

Food

221.297 - 219.127 0.7 -1.0 -

Food at home

212.003 211.923 210.493 -0.5 -0.7 -0.7

Food away from home

235.887 - 232.634 2.7 -1.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

217.600 - 213.041 0.4 -2.1 -

Housing

200.008 - 199.562 -0.6 -0.2 -

Shelter

225.751 225.220 226.269 0.9 0.2 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

229.013 230.163 230.825 2.3 0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

220.988 221.894 222.757 -0.1 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

220.988 221.894 222.757 -0.1 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

228.978 - 231.377 -5.1 1.0 -

Household energy

179.027 177.767 181.299 -7.4 1.3 2.0

Energy services (1)

180.972 180.164 184.071 -6.9 1.7 2.2

Electricity (1)

199.769 199.724 206.297 -3.7 3.3 3.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

149.691 148.119 148.940 -11.4 -0.5 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

122.180 - 115.754 -4.6 -5.3 -

Apparel

116.476 - 108.254 -14.4 -7.1 -

Transportation

230.064 - 237.880 -8.6 3.4 -

Private transportation

229.188 - 237.355 -8.5 3.6 -

Motor fuel

213.275 225.354 246.449 -27.9 15.6 9.4

Gasoline (all types)

211.827 223.922 244.975 -27.9 15.6 9.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

215.017 227.800 249.616 -28.5 16.1 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

245.384 257.364 280.140 -26.1 14.2 8.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

211.570 221.594 240.607 -24.4 13.7 8.6

Medical care

408.376 - 397.696 -1.3 -2.6 -

Recreation (5)

112.387 - 113.763 -0.7 1.2 -

Education and communication (5)

144.552 - 144.486 -0.2 0.0 -

Other goods and services

389.000 - 394.849 -2.6 1.5 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

219.005 - 219.034 -2.4 0.0 -

Commodities

174.540 - 174.865 -6.0 0.2 -

Commodities less food & beverages

150.376 - 151.966 -10.1 1.1 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

176.133 - 181.473 -15.2 3.0 -

Durables

118.589 - 116.486 -1.4 -1.8 -

Services

264.937 - 264.682 0.0 -0.1 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

211.397 - 211.917 -2.5 0.2 -

All items less shelter

219.412 - 219.233 -3.8 -0.1 -

Commodities less food

152.840 - 154.232 -9.7 0.9 -

Nondurables

198.513 - 200.122 -7.4 0.8 -

Nondurables less food

178.715 - 183.434 -14.2 2.6 -

Services less rent of shelter (2)

320.450 - 319.122 -0.8 -0.4 -

Services less medical care services

254.960 - 255.728 0.3 0.3 -

Energy

198.291 202.940 214.369 -19.2 8.1 5.6

All items less energy

223.735 - 222.057 -0.3 -0.7 -

All items less food and energy

224.723 - 223.138 -0.5 -0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 17, 2015