Workers in the Fargo Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.42 in May 2012, about 12 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 2 of the 22 major occupational groups. Twelve groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including computer and mathematical; architecture and engineering; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media.
When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including construction and extraction; sales and related; and personal care and service. Conversely, six groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including protective service; education, training, and library; and management. (See table A and box note at end of release.)
|Major occupational group||Percent of total employment||Mean hourly wage|
|United States||Fargo||United States||Fargo||Percent difference (1)|
Total, all occupations
Business and financial operations
Computer and mathematical
Architecture and engineering
Life, physical, and social science
Community and social services
Education, training, and library
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
Healthcare practitioner and technical
Food preparation and serving related
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance
Personal care and service
Sales and related
Office and administrative support
Farming, fishing, and forestry
Construction and extraction
Installation, maintenance, and repair
Transportation and material moving
One occupational groupconstruction and extractionwas chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Fargo had 6,500 jobs in construction and extraction, accounting for 5.2 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 3.8-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $19.02, measurably below the national wage of $21.61.
With employment of 1,050, construction laborers was the largest occupation within the construction and extraction group, followed by carpenters (720) and first-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers (600). Among the higher paying jobs were first-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers and also brickmasons and blockmasons, with mean hourly wages of $27.59 and $27.32, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were helpers--electricians ($12.37) and construction laborers ($13.58). (Detailed occupational data for construction and extraction are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_22020.htm)
Location quotients allow for the exploration of an areas occupational make-up by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Fargo Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the construction and extraction group. For instance, cement masons and concrete finishers were employed at 4.5 times the national rate in Fargo, and sheet metal workers, at 2.2 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, painters, construction and maintenance had a location quotient of 0.9 in Fargo, indicating that this particular occupations local and national employment shares were similar.
These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, Job Service North Dakota and the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development.
With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.
The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.
OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Fargo Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.
NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.
The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Fargo Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,968 establishments with a response rate of 78 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.
The Fargo, N.D.-Minn. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Cass County of North Dakota and Clay County of Minnesota.
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro5/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.
|Occupation (1)||Employment||Mean wages|
|Level (2)||Location quotient (3)||Hourly||Annual(4)|
Construction and Extraction Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers
Brickmasons and Blockmasons
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles
Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators
Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall
Painters, Construction and Maintenance
Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
Sheet Metal Workers
Structural Iron and Steel Workers
Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters
Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other
Construction and Building Inspectors
Highway Maintenance Workers
Construction and Related Workers, All Other