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Thursday, May 9, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Grand Rapids-Wyoming, Mich. MSA – May 2012


Workers in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.09 in May 2012, about 9 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, no occupational groups in the local area recorded wages significantly higher than their respective national averages among the 22 major occupational categories. Seventeen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including architecture and engineering, computer and mathematical occupations, and production.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; healthcare practitioners and technical occupations; and architecture and engineering. Conversely, 13 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including education, training, and library; food preparation and serving related; and construction and extraction occupations. (See table A and box note at end of release.)


Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Grand Rapids United States Grand Rapids Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.01 $20.09* -9

Management

4.9 5.1 52.20 47.47* -9

Business and financial operations

4.9 4.8 33.44 29.14* -13

Computer and mathematical

2.7 2.2* 38.55 32.70* -15

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.2* 37.98 30.38* -20

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.4* 32.87 29.92* -9

Community and social services

1.4 1.6* 21.27 21.14 -1

Legal

0.8 0.4* 47.39 42.51* -10

Education, training, and library

6.4 4.7* 24.62 24.77 1

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.2* 26.20 20.53* -22

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.9 6.4* 35.35 31.45* -11

Healthcare support

3.0 3.2 13.36 12.71* -5

Protective service

2.5 1.6* 20.70 20.03 -3

Food preparation and serving related

8.9 7.8* 10.28 9.86* -4

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 2.8* 12.34 11.97 -3

Personal care and service

2.9 2.5* 11.80 11.04* -6

Sales and related

10.6 9.7* 18.26 17.57* -4

Office and administrative support

16.4 15.6* 16.54 15.61* -6

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 11.65 13.47 16

Construction and extraction

3.8 2.9* 21.61 20.01* -7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.9 21.09 20.30* -4

Production

6.6 13.9* 16.59 15.44* -7

Transportation and material moving

6.7 7.1 16.15 15.06* -7

Footnotes:
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Grand Rapids is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Grand Rapids-Wyoming had 24,610 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 6.4 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $31.45, measurably below the national wage of $35.35.

With employment of 8,530, registered nurses was the largest occupation within the healthcare practitioners and technical group, followed by licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (2,380) and pharmacy technicians (1,120). Among the higher paying jobs were obstetricians and gynecologists and pediatricians, general, with mean hourly wages of $120.57 and $102.85, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were dietetic technicians ($12.30) and pharmacy technicians ($13.33). (Detailed occupational data for healthcare practitioners and technical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/oes_24340.htm)

Location quotients allow for the exploration of an area's occupational make-up by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, internists, general were employed at 4.7 times the national rate in Grand Rapids, and dietetic technicians, at 4.6 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, pharmacy technicians had a location quotient of 1.1 in Grand Rapids, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Michigan Department of Labor & Economic Growth.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm .

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Grand Rapids Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,071 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Grand Rapids-Wyoming, Mich. Metropolitan Statistical Area&nbsp includes Barry, Ionia, Kent, and Newaygo Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro5/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

24,6101.1$31.45$65,420

Chiropractors

901.136.5075,920

Dentists, General

3301.283.15172,940

Dietitians and Nutritionists

2001.126.7155,570

Optometrists

(5)(5)40.3383,880

Pharmacists

9001.149.85103,690

Family and General Practitioners

3201.097.31202,410

Internists, General

6304.753.66111,600

Obstetricians and Gynecologists

500.9120.57250,790

Pediatricians, General

(5)(5)102.85213,930

Psychiatrists

500.797.24202,260

Surgeons

1401.1(6)(6)

Physicians and Surgeons, All Other

6100.796.35200,410

Physician Assistants

4001.642.8289,060

Occupational Therapists

4201.427.8657,950

Physical Therapists

6501.234.6872,140

Radiation Therapists

1001.831.1464,770

Recreational Therapists

901.619.6540,880

Respiratory Therapists

4301.223.7549,400

Speech-Language Pathologists

3300.939.9483,070

Veterinarians

1000.640.6384,520

Registered Nurses

8,5301.128.0958,420

Nurse Anesthetists

500.554.32112,980

Nurse Practitioners

2200.742.9789,370

Audiologists

(5)(5)30.6663,770

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

6201.326.8855,900

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians

7101.514.9331,060

Dental Hygienists

8501.527.2956,770

Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians

2901.922.8847,590

Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

3101.827.8157,840

Nuclear Medicine Technologists

600.930.9764,410

Radiologic Technologists

6401.123.0547,950

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists

1201.430.2462,900

Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

3500.514.4730,090

Dietetic Technicians

3404.612.3025,580

Pharmacy Technicians

1,1201.113.3327,740

Surgical Technologists

3801.318.9439,390

Veterinary Technologists and Technicians

1900.814.5430,250

Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

2,3801.118.5938,680

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians

3800.716.7534,840

Opticians, Dispensing

1600.915.3331,890

Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other

3901.619.4740,500

Occupational Health and Safety Specialists

600.334.3771,480

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other

400.323.3748,620

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_24340.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

Last Modified Date: May 9, 2013

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