Midwest Information Office

News Release Information

13-1495-CHI

Friday, August 9, 2013

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

County Employment and Wages in Michigan – Fourth Quarter 2012


All 10 large counties in Michigan reported employment gains from December 2011 to December 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2011 annual average employment.) Ottawa and Oakland Counties posted the largest employment increase, up 3.8 percent and 3.4 percent respectively. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that 4 of the state's 10 large counties experienced over-the-year employment gains above the national increase.

Nationally, employment advanced 1.9 percent from December 2011 to December 2012 as 287 of the 328 largest U.S. counties registered increases. Elkhart, Ind., recorded the highest percentage increase in the country, up 7.4 percent over the year. Sangamon, Ill., registered the largest percentage employment decline, down 2.5 percent.

Among the 10 largest counties in Michigan, employment was highest in Wayne (696,300) in December 2012, followed by Oakland (675,600). Two other counties, Kent (341,800) and Macomb (294,700) had employment levels of more than 250,000. Collectively, Michigan's 10 large counties accounted for 70.2 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 328 largest counties made up 71.3 percent of total U.S. employment.

Average weekly wages in nine of the 10 large counties in Michigan rose from the fourth quarter of 2012. Oakland County had the highest average weekly wage in the state at $1,141, followed by Wayne ($1,083) and Washtenaw ($1,030). (See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage rose 4.7 percent over the year to $1,000 in the fourth quarter of 2012.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 73 counties in Michigan with employment below 75,000. With the exception of Midland ($1,055), all smaller counties had average weekly wages below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

None of Michigan's large counties recorded wage growth above the national increase of 4.7 percent from the fourth quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter of 2012 (See table 1.) Kalamazoo (4.0 percent) and Washtenaw (3.6 percent) Counties ranked 115th and 139th in the nation respectively, followed by Oakland (3.4 percent, 150th).

Genesee County experienced a wage decline of 1.7 percent from the fourth quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter of 2012, the only large county in Michigan to record an over-the-year wage loss.

Nationally, 316 of the 328 largest counties registered over-the-year wage increases. San Mateo, Calif., had the largest wage gain, up 107.3 percent from the fourth quarter of 2011. Douglas, Colo., was second with a wage increase of 48.0 percent, followed by the counties of Virginia Beach City, Va. (13.3 percent), and Rockingham, N.H. (12.0 percent).

Among the large U.S. counties, 10 experienced over-the-year wage decreases. Lake, Ohio, had the largest wage decrease with a loss of 3.2 percent. Passaic, N.J., had the second largest decrease in average weekly wages, down 2.1 percent from the fourth quarter 2011, followed by Genesee, Mich. (-1.7 percent), Atlantic, N.J. (-1.4 percent), and Benton, Wash. (-1.0 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

As noted, Oakland County ($1,141) had the highest average weekly wage in the state and ranked 48th among the 328 largest counties in the United States. Wayne ($1,083, 61st), Washtenaw ($1,030, 81st), and Macomb ($1,012, 89th) Counties also reported average weekly wages above the national average of $1,000. Saginaw ($789) reported the lowest average weekly wage among the state’s large counties and ranked 280th nationwide.

Nationally, 97 large counties registered average weekly wages above the U.S. average of $1,000 in the fourth quarter of 2012. San Mateo, Calif., held the top position among the highest-paid large counties with an average weekly wage of $3,240. New York, N.Y., was second at $2,107, followed by Santa Clara, Calif. ($1,906).

Seventy percent of the largest U.S. counties (231) reported weekly wages below the national average. Horry County, S.C., reported the lowest wage ($576), followed by the Texas counties of Cameron ($609) and Hidalgo ($612). Wages in these lowest-ranked counties were less than twenty percent of the average weekly wage reported for the highest-ranked county, San Mateo.

Average weekly wages in Michigan's smaller counties

With the exception of Midland County ($1,055), all 73 counties in Michigan with employment below 75,000 had average weekly wages below the national average of $1,000. Among these smaller counties, Kalkaska had the second highest average weekly wage at $945 while Keweenaw had the lowest at $392. (See table 2.)

When all 83 counties in Michigan were considered, all but 5 had wages below the national average. Two reported average weekly wages under $550, 16 had wages from $550 to $649, 33 reported wages from $650 to $749, 19 had wages from $750 to $849, and 13 had wages of $850 or more. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

Quarterly data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit the QCEW Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2011 edition of this publication, which was published in October 2012, contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2012 version of the news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2011 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn10htm. The 2012 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available later in 2013.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.2 million employer reports cover 133.7 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the BLS Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.


Table 1. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and the 10 largest counties in Michigan, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
Area Employment Average weekly wage (3)
December 2012 (thousands) Percent change, December 2011-12 (4) National ranking by percent change (5) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (5) Percent change, fourth quarter 2011-12 (4) National ranking by percent change (5)

United States (6)

133,726.8 1.9 -- $1,000 -- 4.7 --

Michigan

3,988.9 1.9 -- 954 18 2.3 46

Genesee, Mich.

131.9 0.9 223 816 259 -1.7 326

Ingham, Mich.

155.8 0.1 280 924 151 1.7 256

Kalamazoo, Mich.

110.9 0.9 223 892 177 4.0 115

Kent, Mich.

341.8 3.0 52 879 191 2.9 183

Macomb, Mich.

294.7 1.7 154 1,012 89 1.2 281

Oakland, Mich.

675.6 3.4 33 1,141 48 3.4 150

Ottawa, Mich.

110.1 3.8 20 831 247 0.1 313

Saginaw, Mich.

84.6 0.5 257 789 280 0.8 294

Washtenaw, Mich.

198.6 2.3 94 1,030 81 3.6 139

Wayne, Mich.

696.3 1.1 207 1,083 61 0.6 301

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(5) Ranking does not include the county of San Juan, Puerto Rico.
(6) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Table 2. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Michigan, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
Area Employment December 2012 Average weekly wage (3)

United States (4)

133,726,808 $1,000

Michigan

3,988,905 954

Alcona

1,492 652

Alger

2,420 720

Allegan

33,646 861

Alpena

11,576 720

Antrim

4,629 604

Arenac

4,336 570

Baraga

3,075 702

Barry

11,220 736

Bay

35,889 767

Benzie

3,754 567

Berrien

58,758 805

Branch

12,546 761

Calhoun

55,866 907

Cass

8,760 702

Charlevoix

9,355 765

Cheboygan

5,604 633

Chippewa

13,831 809

Clare

6,668 692

Clinton

14,407 806

Crawford

3,675 743

Delta

13,458 695

Dickinson

13,522 845

Eaton

30,305 828

Emmet

16,829 730

Genesee

131,945 816

Gladwin

3,953 640

Gogebic

5,717 650

Grand Traverse

44,496 821

Gratiot

13,295 761

Hillsdale

11,754 769

Houghton

11,592 714

Huron

12,209 723

Ingham

155,785 924

Ionia

21,435 612

Iosco

7,264 596

Iron

3,580 658

Isabella

28,875 673

Jackson

54,762 828

Kalamazoo

110,923 892

Kalkaska

3,752 945

Kent

341,763 879

Keweenaw

373 392

Lake

1,406 660

Lapeer

20,837 658

Leelanau

5,466 620

Lenawee

27,245 743

Livingston

48,974 825

Luce

1,708 746

Mackinac

3,204 626

Macomb

294,677 1,012

Manistee

6,745 691

Marquette

27,589 817

Mason

10,004 700

Mecosta

12,371 730

Menominee

7,502 613

Midland

35,381 1,055

Missaukee

2,913 601

Monroe

38,971 852

Montcalm

15,036 722

Montmorency

1,760 560

Muskegon

59,899 766

Newaygo

11,113 729

Oakland

675,577 1,141

Oceana

6,187 631

Ogemaw

6,030 549

Ontonagon

1,423 568

Osceola

5,424 879

Oscoda

1,532 584

Otsego

9,600 682

Ottawa

110,053 831

Presque Isle

3,067 668

Roscommon

5,146 570

Saginaw

84,574 789

St. Clair

45,449 794

St. Joseph

19,820 736

Sanilac

10,678 697

Schoolcraft

2,716 698

Shiawassee

15,959 678

Tuscola

11,157 736

Van Buren

20,063 732

Washtenaw

198,552 1,030

Wayne

696,310 1,083

Wexford

12,519 730

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Table 3. Covered (1) employment and wages by state, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
State Employment Average weekly wage (3)
December
2012
(thousands)
Percent change,
December
2011-12
Average
weekly
wage
National
ranking by
level
Percent change,
fourth quarter
2011-12
National
ranking by
percent change

United States (4)

133,726.8 1.9 $1,000 -- 4.7 --

Alabama

1,847.3 1.1 854 33 2.6 41

Alaska

314.8 1.1 1,007 15 2.7 38

Arizona

2,509.2 2.4 912 22 3.3 33

Arkansas

1,160.3 0.2 767 47 4.2 19

California

15,216.3 3.3 1,186 5 7.8 2

Colorado

2,311.4 2.7 1,032 11 5.8 5

Connecticut

1,657.6 1.0 1,253 3 5.3 8

Delaware

411.0 1.2 1,044 9 6.1 4

District of Columbia

721.5 1.7 1,703 1 2.2 47

Florida

7,535.5 2.3 880 27 3.9 23

Georgia

3,889.9 1.7 927 21 4.7 13

Hawaii

620.7 2.1 868 30 2.7 38

Idaho

618.4 2.0 732 50 2.1 48

Illinois

5,697.9 1.1 1,058 8 4.4 17

Indiana

2,850.5 1.8 816 40 3.4 32

Iowa

1,486.6 1.3 821 39 3.7 26

Kansas

1,339.2 1.5 835 37 4.4 17

Kentucky

1,796.0 1.4 801 42 1.8 49

Louisiana

1,891.9 1.0 884 26 4.1 20

Maine

582.2 0.2 773 46 2.4 45

Maryland

2,544.1 1.2 1,086 7 2.5 42

Massachusetts

3,279.3 1.3 1,248 4 4.8 11

Michigan

3,988.9 1.9 954 18 2.3 46

Minnesota

2,677.2 1.6 985 16 5.1 10

Mississippi

1,096.5 1.1 720 51 3.2 34

Missouri

2,641.9 0.9 863 31 4.6 14

Montana

434.6 1.9 757 48 4.1 20

Nebraska

931.3 2.2 797 43 4.6 14

Nevada

1,145.8 1.9 877 28 2.9 35

New Hampshire

620.8 0.8 1,023 13 5.5 6

New Jersey

3,846.4 1.1 1,172 6 2.9 35

New Mexico

796.8 1.5 802 41 0.4 51

New York

8,741.9 1.4 1,280 2 6.9 3

North Carolina

3,963.9 1.9 854 33 3.6 29

North Dakota

421.0 6.1 944 20 8.4 1

Ohio

5,098.0 1.3 887 25 3.6 29

Oklahoma

1,565.3 1.9 847 35 3.9 23

Oregon

1,654.1 1.4 871 29 2.5 42

Pennsylvania

5,629.8 0.5 972 17 3.8 25

Rhode Island

456.4 1.0 945 19 2.7 38

South Carolina

1,832.2 2.0 784 45 2.8 37

South Dakota

401.7 1.2 749 49 3.5 31

Tennessee

2,710.4 2.1 903 24 5.2 9

Texas

10,956.4 3.2 1,027 12 5.5 6

Utah

1,246.6 3.7 844 36 4.5 16

Vermont

306.1 0.7 829 38 2.5 42

Virginia

3,663.7 1.1 1,042 10 3.7 26

Washington

2,902.0 2.1 1,017 14 4.0 22

West Virginia

714.3 0.0 788 44 1.5 50

Wisconsin

2,723.6 1.2 855 32 4.8 11

Wyoming

277.6 0.2 908 23 3.7 26

Puerto Rico

978.6 1.6 550 (5) -0.4 (5)

Virgin Islands

39.8 -7.9 738 (5) -3.9 (5)

(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(5) Data not included in the national ranking.

Chart 1. Average weekly wages by county in Michigan, fourth quarter 2012

Last Modified Date: August 12, 2013

Recommend this page using: