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13-2141-CHI

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

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County Employment and Wages in Ohio – First Quarter 2013


Eight of Ohio’s 13 large counties reported employment increases from March 2012 to March 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2012 annual average employment.) Delaware County had the largest gain, up 2.3 percent, followed by Franklin County, up 1.9 percent. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that six of the state's large counties experienced over-the-year employment gains less than the national increase.

Nationally, employment increased 1.6 percent during the 12-month period, as 282 of the 334 large U.S. counties gained jobs. Fort Bend, Texas, posted the largest increase, with a gain of 7.0 percent over the year. Sangamon, Ill., experienced the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment with a loss of 2.4 percent.

Among the 13 largest counties in Ohio, employment was highest in Cuyahoga County (696,500) in March 2013, followed by Franklin County (674,800). Three other counties—Hamilton (485,200), Summit (251,400), and Montgomery (239,700)—had employment levels of more than 200,000. Collectively, Ohio's 13 large counties accounted for 65.3 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 334 largest counties made up 71.6 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 132.3 million in March 2013.

The average weekly wage in Lake County rose 3.4 percent from the first quarter of 2012 to the first quarter of 2013, the largest increase among Ohio's large counties. Hamilton County had the highest average weekly wage at $1,109, followed by Delaware ($1,084) and Cuyahoga ($1,012). (See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage rose 0.6 percent over the year to $989 in the first quarter of 2013.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 75 counties in Ohio with employment below 75,000. With the exception of Union County ($1,009), all smaller counties had average weekly wages below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

Nine of Ohio’s large counties recorded wage growth greater than or equal to the national increase of 0.6 percent from the first quarter of 2012 to the first quarter of 2013. (See table 1.) As noted, Lake County experienced the state’s largest average weekly wage increase of 3.4 percent, ranking 16th in the nation. Three other counties that reported wage growth above the national average—Butler (1.8 percent, 65th), Warren (1.7 percent, 71st), and Hamilton (1.6 percent, 78th)—were also in the top quartile for wage increases nationwide.

Among the 334 largest U.S. counties, 232 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages in the first quarter of 2013. San Mateo, Calif., had the largest increase (14.8 percent), followed by the counties of Benton, Ark. (14.3 percent) and McLean, Ill. (11.8 percent).

Of the 334 largest counties, 92 experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages. Williamson, Texas, had the largest average weekly wage decrease with a loss of 13.4 percent. Middlesex, N.J., had the second largest decrease in average weekly wages (-5.8 percent), followed by Peoria, Ill. (-5.5 percent); Washington, Ore. (-3.5 percent); and Santa Cruz, Calif. (-3.4 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in 3 of Ohio’s 13 large counties were above the national average of $989 in the first quarter of 2013. As noted, Hamilton County ($1,109) had the highest average weekly wage in the state and ranked 55th nationwide. This was followed by Delaware ($1,084) and Cuyahoga ($1,012) Counties which ranked 60th and 89th, respectively, among the nation’s 334 large counties. Mahoning County ($671) reported the lowest average weekly wage among Ohio’s large counties and ranked 323rd nationwide.

In the first quarter of 2013, more than two-thirds of the largest U.S. counties (235) reported wages below the national weekly average of $989. Horry County, S.C., reported the lowest wage ($564), followed by the Texas counties of Cameron ($573) and Hidalgo ($580).

Among the nation’s 334 largest counties, 96 registered weekly wages above the U.S. average. New York, N.Y., held the top position with an average weekly wage of $2,448, more than four times the wage levels in the three lowest–paid counties. Somerset, N.J., was second-highest at $2,009, followed by the counties of Santa Clara, Calif. ($1,937), Fairfield, Conn. ($1,878), and San Mateo, Calif. ($1,859).

Average weekly wages in Ohio's smaller counties

Seventy-four of the 75 counties in Ohio with employment below 75,000 had average weekly wages lower than the national average of $989. The exception was Union County ($1,009). Meigs County ($526) reported the lowest average weekly wage among the smaller counties, as well as the state. (See table 2.)

When all 88 counties in Ohio were considered, all but 4 had wages below the national average of $989. One reported average weekly wages below $550, 21 reported wages from $550 to $649, 38 reported wages from $650 to $749, 18 reported wages from $750 to $849, and 10 reported wages of $850 or more. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew/.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2012 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2013 version of the news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2012 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn12htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.


Updated MSA Definitions

New Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) definitions, and those for other types of Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSA), were announced in March 2013. The QCEW program will be using those definitions for tabulating data referencing 2013 and future years effective with the release of the first quarter 2013 data. Prior year data will not be re-tabulated to the new definitions. For more information regarding the new area definitions, see www.whitehouse.gov/omb/inforeg_statpolicy#ms.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.2 million employer reports cover 132.3 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised (see Technical Note below) and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.


Table 1. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and the 13 largest counties in Ohio, first quarter 2013 (2)
Area Employment Average weekly wage (3)
March 2013 (thousands) Percent change, March 2012-13 (4) National ranking by percent change (5) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (5) Percent change, first quarter 2012-13 (4) National ranking by percent change (5)

United States (6)

132,338.9 1.6 -- $989 -- 0.6 --

Ohio

5,004.8 0.7 -- 884 23 1.1 19

Butler, Ohio

136.4 0.4 250 848 193 1.8 65

Cuyahoga, Ohio

696.5 0.9 199 1,012 89 0.6 176

Delaware, Ohio

78.5 2.3 91 1,084 60 0.9 141

Franklin, Ohio

674.8 1.9 125 985 102 1.2 115

Hamilton, Ohio

485.2 0.1 273 1,109 55 1.6 78

Lake, Ohio

91.6 -0.3 295 825 224 3.4 16

Lorain, Ohio

92.4 -1.0 317 794 250 -0.4 259

Lucas, Ohio

198.3 -0.3 295 852 190 1.1 122

Mahoning, Ohio

96.1 0.4 250 671 323 0.1 216

Montgomery, Ohio

239.7 -0.5 305 836 209 0.8 154

Stark, Ohio

153.2 0.9 199 737 305 -0.9 296

Summit, Ohio

251.4 -0.1 289 895 160 0.3 200

Warren, Ohio

76.3 0.8 212 835 210 1.7 71

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(5) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(6) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.


Table 2. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Ohio, first quarter 2013 (2)
Area Employment March 2013 Average weekly wage (3)

United States (4)

132,338,943 $989

Ohio

5,004,819 884

Adams

5,464 673

Allen

49,432 774

Ashland

17,364 667

Ashtabula

29,348 657

Athens

19,547 705

Auglaize

19,147 740

Belmont

22,224 685

Brown

8,141 634

Butler

136,358 848

Carroll

6,567 707

Champaign

10,161 748

Clark

46,987 686

Clermont

52,304 768

Clinton

15,286 753

Columbiana

29,975 623

Coshocton

10,607 711

Crawford

12,916 639

Cuyahoga

696,486 1,012

Darke

17,577 662

Defiance

15,395 833

Delaware

78,463 1,084

Erie

33,754 698

Fairfield

40,192 636

Fayette

11,062 618

Franklin

674,824 985

Fulton

17,181 671

Gallia

10,674 732

Geauga

31,658 722

Greene

67,531 964

Guernsey

14,003 670

Hamilton

485,233 1,109

Hancock

41,808 888

Hardin

7,950 659

Harrison

3,642 673

Henry

10,670 701

Highland

10,212 604

Hocking

6,296 593

Holmes

17,687 567

Huron

19,277 679

Jackson

10,501 615

Jefferson

21,014 697

Knox

19,112 762

Lake

91,615 825

Lawrence

11,900 591

Licking

49,920 722

Logan

18,263 780

Lorain

92,361 794

Lucas

198,302 852

Madison

14,136 733

Mahoning

96,081 671

Marion

23,850 708

Medina

55,909 737

Meigs

3,502 526

Mercer

18,007 641

Miami

38,907 716

Monroe

3,582 666

Montgomery

239,710 836

Morgan

2,505 610

Morrow

4,724 611

Muskingum

31,461 662

Noble

2,847 637

Ottawa

11,961 834

Paulding

4,528 603

Perry

5,588 629

Pickaway

13,662 739

Pike

8,910 876

Portage

51,342 750

Preble

10,191 660

Putnam

11,043 672

Richland

49,567 649

Ross

26,105 796

Sandusky

25,005 703

Scioto

22,758 649

Seneca

17,936 633

Shelby

25,632 807

Stark

153,198 737

Summit

251,434 895

Trumbull

68,582 757

Tuscarawas

34,413 634

Union

28,136 1,009

Van Wert

10,159 655

Vinton

2,127 629

Warren

76,343 835

Washington

23,527 771

Wayne

42,626 717

Williams

15,915 693

Wood

60,295 802

Wyandot

8,462 685

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.


Table 3. Covered (1) employment and wages by state, first quarter 2013 (2)
State Employment Average weekly wage (3)
March 2013
(thousands)
Percent change,
March 2012-13
Average
weekly wage
National
ranking
by level
Percent change,
first quarter
2012-13
National
ranking by
percent change

United States (4)

132,338.9 1.6 $989 -- 0.6 --

Alabama

1,840.4 1.0 812 36 0.5 35

Alaska

317.9 0.5 988 15 1.5 12

Arizona

2,494.6 2.2 891 21 0.6 30

Arkansas

1,151.1 0.0 765 47 2.4 2

California

15,168.9 3.0 1,116 6 -0.2 45

Colorado

2,298.0 3.0 1,004 13 0.1 41

Connecticut

1,618.4 0.4 1,319 3 -0.5 49

Delaware

403.7 1.4 1,070 7 -0.2 45

District of Columbia

717.6 1.0 1,613 1 0.5 35

Florida

7,540.7 2.2 843 30 0.7 28

Georgia

3,878.7 1.8 940 18 1.0 20

Hawaii

616.3 2.4 842 31 1.2 14

Idaho

613.4 3.0 695 51 0.6 30

Illinois

5,601.4 0.7 1,058 9 -0.2 45

Indiana

2,808.1 1.1 832 34 1.2 14

Iowa

1,463.2 1.0 799 39 1.8 6

Kansas

1,322.0 0.7 807 37 0.4 37

Kentucky

1,765.2 0.9 791 40 0.8 23

Louisiana

1,885.8 1.0 847 28 1.3 13

Maine

561.6 0.0 771 45 1.8 6

Maryland

2,509.0 0.8 1,066 8 -0.6 50

Massachusetts

3,218.5 1.0 1,236 4 0.7 28

Michigan

3,950.7 2.1 922 20 0.3 39

Minnesota

2,632.9 1.9 1,002 14 1.2 14

Mississippi

1,088.9 0.4 696 50 1.2 14

Missouri

2,610.3 0.7 842 31 0.6 30

Montana

427.4 1.9 707 49 0.1 41

Nebraska

914.9 1.0 777 43 1.7 9

Nevada

1,144.1 2.3 844 29 -0.2 45

New Hampshire

606.0 0.7 938 19 1.6 11

New Jersey

3,780.4 1.1 1,234 5 0.6 30

New Mexico

784.7 0.6 778 42 -0.6 50

New York

8,565.7 1.0 1,362 2 0.4 37

North Carolina

3,934.4 1.6 884 23 1.7 9

North Dakota

415.0 4.4 885 22 3.1 1

Ohio

5,004.8 0.7 884 23 1.1 19

Oklahoma

1,551.3 1.2 823 35 2.4 2

Oregon

1,644.4 1.9 864 25 0.0 43

Pennsylvania

5,543.3 0.1 968 16 0.9 21

Rhode Island

445.3 0.8 954 17 2.4 2

South Carolina

1,823.7 1.4 773 44 1.2 14

South Dakota

394.3 1.0 709 48 0.9 21

Tennessee

2,675.0 1.5 854 27 0.8 23

Texas

10,928.5 3.0 1,015 12 0.3 39

Utah

1,233.4 3.3 804 38 0.6 30

Vermont

299.3 0.7 791 40 2.3 5

Virginia

3,616.8 0.9 1,027 11 0.8 23

Washington

2,890.8 2.3 1,028 10 1.8 6

West Virginia

701.0 -0.7 767 46 -0.1 44

Wisconsin

2,664.9 0.9 833 33 0.8 23

Wyoming

272.2 0.1 859 26 0.8 23

Puerto Rico

931.3 0.0 515 (5) -1.2 (5)

Virgin Islands

39.8 -6.7 726 (5) 0.4 (5)

(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(5) Data not included in the national ranking.




Chart 1. Average weekly wages by county in Ohio, first quarter 2013

Last Modified Date: November 13, 2013