Error on Page

Southwest Information Office

News Release Information

15-620-DAL Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2014

From June 2014 to September 2014 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 106,145, while gross job losses numbered 93,279, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 12,866. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,391.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in September 2014, although larger than June 2014, remained below the recent peak of more than 115,000 jobs in March 2012. Louisiana’s employment gains have remained above 105,000 each quarter since September 2013. Gross job losses declined by 9,654 in the three months ended in September 2014 after increasing in the previous quarter. During the last five years, gross job losses in the state peaked in September 2009 when more than 111,000 jobs were lost, but have remained below 100,000 in four of the last five quarters. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Louisiana, September 2009–September 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 6.6 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana in the quarter ended September 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) With the exception of June 2013, Louisiana’s rates of gross job gain have equaled or exceeded the U.S. rates in every quarter since December 2004. Similarly, Louisiana’s rates of gross job loss have consistently exceeded the national averages since the third quarter of 1998, though the state’s September 2014 rate of 5.8 percent matched the U.S. rate. Gross job loss rates have trended downward for both the state and nation since 2009, with the latest state rate matching its series low first recorded in March 2014.

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Louisiana, September 2009-September 2014, seasonally adjusted

During the third quarter of 2014, Louisiana gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 11 industry sectors. For example, within construction, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,760. While nearly 10,500 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 17,200 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2014. In education and health services, more than 13,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and approximately 10,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 3,350. The leisure and hospitality industry led all sectors in gross job losses, with more than 16,700 jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments. However, these job losses were offset by the creation of more than 16,800 jobs at opening and expanding establishments in the industry. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors in Louisiana in September 2014. Within information, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,423. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 120 in two sectors in the state in the third quarter of 2014, manufacturing and other services.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Fourth Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2015.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

107,860 106,092 106,380 105,324 106,145 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6

At expanding establishments

84,412 84,294 87,245 87,784 90,221 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.6

At opening establishments

23,448 21,798 19,135 17,540 15,924 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

94,599 96,483 92,250 102,933 93,279 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.8

At contracting establishments

78,920 80,636 76,105 86,960 77,461 5.0 5.1 4.8 5.4 4.8

At closing establishments

15,679 15,847 16,145 15,973 15,818 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

13,261 9,609 14,130 2,391 12,866 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.2 0.8

Construction

 

Gross job gains

13,301 12,460 17,991 13,844 17,240 10.1 9.5 13.5 10.1 12.3

At expanding establishments

11,485 10,373 15,738 12,233 15,758 8.7 7.9 11.8 8.9 11.2

At opening establishments

1,816 2,087 2,253 1,611 1,482 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.2 1.1

Gross job losses

12,463 14,640 11,395 13,251 10,480 9.4 11.2 8.6 9.6 7.5

At contracting establishments

10,835 13,013 9,449 11,977 9,085 8.2 10.0 7.1 8.7 6.5

At closing establishments

1,628 1,627 1,946 1,274 1,395 1.2 1.2 1.5 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

838 -2,180 6,596 593 6,760 0.7 -1.7 4.9 0.5 4.8

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,943 6,397 5,889 5,999 5,584 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.1 3.8

At expanding establishments

5,183 5,771 5,133 5,375 5,110 3.6 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.5

At opening establishments

760 626 756 624 474 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3

Gross job losses

5,895 5,721 5,591 5,958 5,701 4.1 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9

At contracting establishments

5,198 5,097 5,118 5,092 5,163 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5

At closing establishments

697 624 473 866 538 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4

Net employment change (2)

48 676 298 41 -117 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,562 3,561 3,545 3,322 3,646 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.5 5.0

At expanding establishments

3,041 3,047 2,998 2,650 3,072 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.6 4.2

At opening establishments

521 514 547 672 574 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

3,009 3,304 3,426 3,343 2,769 4.1 4.5 4.6 4.5 3.7

At contracting establishments

2,567 2,574 2,594 2,513 2,157 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 2.9

At closing establishments

442 730 832 830 612 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

553 257 119 -21 877 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.0 1.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,764 13,826 13,153 15,039 13,462 8.0 6.1 5.8 6.6 5.9

At expanding establishments

11,774 11,741 11,269 12,982 11,491 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.0

At opening establishments

5,990 2,085 1,884 2,057 1,971 2.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

11,527 13,092 13,737 12,757 13,417 5.2 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.8

At contracting establishments

10,252 11,291 12,212 11,168 11,712 4.6 5.0 5.4 4.9 5.1

At closing establishments

1,275 1,801 1,525 1,589 1,705 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

6,237 734 -584 2,282 45 2.8 0.3 -0.3 1.0 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,549 4,991 4,449 4,049 4,327 6.3 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.7

At expanding establishments

3,693 4,186 3,647 3,447 3,773 5.1 5.7 4.9 4.6 5.0

At opening establishments

856 805 802 602 554 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

3,916 3,142 3,953 4,472 2,842 5.4 4.3 5.3 5.9 3.7

At contracting establishments

2,954 2,490 3,217 4,019 2,388 4.1 3.4 4.3 5.3 3.1

At closing establishments

962 652 736 453 454 1.3 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

633 1,849 496 -423 1,485 0.9 2.5 0.7 -0.5 2.0

Information

 

Gross job gains

3,099 3,069 3,035 3,233 2,243 11.8 12.0 11.9 12.2 8.7

At expanding establishments

2,510 2,830 2,673 2,720 1,865 9.6 11.1 10.5 10.3 7.2

At opening establishments

589 239 362 513 378 2.2 0.9 1.4 1.9 1.5

Gross job losses

4,929 2,009 2,963 2,401 3,666 18.8 7.9 11.7 9.1 14.2

At contracting establishments

4,622 1,814 2,586 2,000 3,329 17.6 7.1 10.2 7.6 12.9

At closing establishments

307 195 377 401 337 1.2 0.8 1.5 1.5 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-1,830 1,060 72 832 -1,423 -7.0 4.1 0.2 3.1 -5.5

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,726 4,442 4,048 5,397 5,305 5.2 5.0 4.6 6.1 5.9

At expanding establishments

3,989 3,475 3,227 4,561 4,381 4.4 3.9 3.7 5.2 4.9

At opening establishments

737 967 821 836 924 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

3,973 5,386 4,490 5,267 4,613 4.4 6.0 5.1 5.9 5.2

At contracting establishments

3,100 4,511 3,581 4,261 3,477 3.4 5.0 4.1 4.8 3.9

At closing establishments

873 875 909 1,006 1,136 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

753 -944 -442 130 692 0.8 -1.0 -0.5 0.2 0.7

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

16,711 18,182 17,678 16,339 16,649 8.1 8.6 8.4 7.7 7.8

At expanding establishments

13,426 14,322 14,374 13,555 13,651 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.4

At opening establishments

3,285 3,860 3,304 2,784 2,998 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.4

Gross job losses

15,471 14,710 16,823 16,965 15,288 7.5 7.0 7.9 8.0 7.2

At contracting establishments

12,189 11,776 12,696 13,538 12,031 5.9 5.6 6.0 6.4 5.7

At closing establishments

3,282 2,934 4,127 3,427 3,257 1.6 1.4 1.9 1.6 1.5

Net employment change (2)

1,240 3,472 855 -626 1,361 0.6 1.6 0.5 -0.3 0.6

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

14,914 15,709 13,096 11,964 13,361 5.5 5.7 4.7 4.3 4.7

At expanding establishments

11,749 10,143 9,545 9,738 11,556 4.3 3.7 3.4 3.5 4.1

At opening establishments

3,165 5,566 3,551 2,226 1,805 1.2 2.0 1.3 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

10,927 12,383 10,602 13,173 10,011 4.0 4.5 3.8 4.7 3.5

At contracting establishments

8,495 9,855 8,883 11,240 7,660 3.1 3.6 3.2 4.0 2.7

At closing establishments

2,432 2,528 1,719 1,933 2,351 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

3,987 3,326 2,494 -1,209 3,350 1.5 1.2 0.9 -0.4 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

15,764 16,141 15,641 18,492 16,843 7.3 7.5 7.2 8.4 7.7

At expanding establishments

11,621 12,725 12,265 14,167 13,384 5.4 5.9 5.6 6.4 6.1

At opening establishments

4,143 3,416 3,376 4,325 3,459 1.9 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.6

Gross job losses

15,405 14,510 12,664 16,608 16,760 7.2 6.7 5.8 7.5 7.6

At contracting establishments

12,852 12,112 10,288 13,675 14,103 6.0 5.6 4.7 6.2 6.4

At closing establishments

2,553 2,398 2,376 2,933 2,657 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2

Net employment change (2)

359 1,631 2,977 1,884 83 0.1 0.8 1.4 0.9 0.1

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

3,129 2,832 3,229 3,277 3,093 7.1 6.5 7.3 7.4 7.0

At expanding establishments

2,439 2,143 2,514 2,641 2,568 5.5 4.9 5.7 6.0 5.8

At opening establishments

690 689 715 636 525 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

3,053 3,055 2,866 3,142 3,133 6.9 7.0 6.5 7.2 7.1

At contracting establishments

2,472 2,457 2,264 2,540 2,557 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.8 5.8

At closing establishments

581 598 602 602 576 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

76 -223 363 135 -40 0.2 -0.5 0.8 0.2 -0.1

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.



Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014

United States(1)

6.3 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.8

Alabama

5.5 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.4

Alaska

9.8 10.1 10.8 10.9 9.4 10.1 10.4 9.6 10.9 10.4

Arizona

6.4 6.7 5.7 6.0 6.4 5.5 5.4 6.0 6.0 5.4

Arkansas

5.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.3

California

6.9 7.3 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.0

Colorado

7.0 6.9 6.7 7.3 7.3 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.3

Delaware

6.6 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.2 6.1

District of Columbia

6.0 5.8 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5

Florida

7.0 7.0 6.5 7.2 7.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.9

Georgia

6.6 6.8 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.9

Hawaii

5.6 5.4 4.8 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.5 5.1 5.1 4.7

Idaho

7.7 8.3 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 8.0 7.3

Illinois

5.7 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.8

Indiana

5.6 6.1 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.3

Iowa

5.9 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7

Kansas

6.1 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.8

Kentucky

6.0 6.5 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.4

Louisiana

6.9 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.8

Maine

7.4 7.0 6.7 7.8 6.7 7.3 7.5 7.0 6.5 7.1

Maryland

6.1 6.4 5.9 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.2

Massachusetts

5.5 5.4 5.3 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.5

Michigan

5.9 6.0 5.5 6.4 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.4 5.8

Minnesota

5.6 5.6 5.3 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.9

Mississippi

6.2 6.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.7 6.0

Missouri

5.8 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6

Montana

7.7 8.2 7.2 8.2 8.0 7.6 7.5 7.9 7.7 8.1

Nebraska

6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7

Nevada

6.0 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.6 5.8 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.5

New Hampshire

6.0 6.8 5.7 6.7 5.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.3

New Jersey

6.2 6.4 5.9 6.9 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.3

New Mexico

6.7 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.1

New York

6.4 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0

North Carolina

6.3 6.4 5.9 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.8

North Dakota

8.3 8.2 8.6 7.6 8.2 6.9 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.7

Ohio

5.6 6.0 5.6 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.5

Oklahoma

6.4 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.5

Oregon

7.1 6.9 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.0

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1

Rhode Island

6.2 6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8

South Carolina

6.2 6.7 6.2 6.5 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.8

South Dakota

6.2 6.9 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0

Tennessee

5.5 6.3 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.3 4.7 5.3 5.0 5.0

Texas

6.0 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1

Utah

6.9 7.4 6.5 7.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.6 6.0

Vermont

7.1 7.6 6.7 7.4 6.8 7.4 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.2

Virginia

5.9 5.7 5.3 6.2 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8

Washington

7.0 6.9 6.6 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.5 6.0

West Virginia

6.0 6.5 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.6

Wisconsin

5.5 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.6

Wyoming

8.4 9.4 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4

Puerto Rico

6.1 6.6 5.1 5.6 5.6 6.6 5.2 6.4 6.3 5.9

Virgin Islands

5.7 5.5 4.9 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.5

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Recommend this page using:

News Release Information

15-620-DAL Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2014

From June 2014 to September 2014 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 106,145, while gross job losses numbered 93,279, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 12,866. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,391.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in September 2014, although larger than June 2014, remained below the recent peak of more than 115,000 jobs in March 2012. Louisiana’s employment gains have remained above 105,000 each quarter since September 2013. Gross job losses declined by 9,654 in the three months ended in September 2014 after increasing in the previous quarter. During the last five years, gross job losses in the state peaked in September 2009 when more than 111,000 jobs were lost, but have remained below 100,000 in four of the last five quarters. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Louisiana, September 2009–September 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 6.6 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana in the quarter ended September 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) With the exception of June 2013, Louisiana’s rates of gross job gain have equaled or exceeded the U.S. rates in every quarter since December 2004. Similarly, Louisiana’s rates of gross job loss have consistently exceeded the national averages since the third quarter of 1998, though the state’s September 2014 rate of 5.8 percent matched the U.S. rate. Gross job loss rates have trended downward for both the state and nation since 2009, with the latest state rate matching its series low first recorded in March 2014.

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Louisiana, September 2009-September 2014, seasonally adjusted

During the third quarter of 2014, Louisiana gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 11 industry sectors. For example, within construction, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,760. While nearly 10,500 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 17,200 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2014. In education and health services, more than 13,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and approximately 10,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 3,350. The leisure and hospitality industry led all sectors in gross job losses, with more than 16,700 jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments. However, these job losses were offset by the creation of more than 16,800 jobs at opening and expanding establishments in the industry. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors in Louisiana in September 2014. Within information, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,423. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 120 in two sectors in the state in the third quarter of 2014, manufacturing and other services.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Fourth Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2015.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

107,860 106,092 106,380 105,324 106,145 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6

At expanding establishments

84,412 84,294 87,245 87,784 90,221 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.6

At opening establishments

23,448 21,798 19,135 17,540 15,924 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

94,599 96,483 92,250 102,933 93,279 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.8

At contracting establishments

78,920 80,636 76,105 86,960 77,461 5.0 5.1 4.8 5.4 4.8

At closing establishments

15,679 15,847 16,145 15,973 15,818 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

13,261 9,609 14,130 2,391 12,866 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.2 0.8

Construction

 

Gross job gains

13,301 12,460 17,991 13,844 17,240 10.1 9.5 13.5 10.1 12.3

At expanding establishments

11,485 10,373 15,738 12,233 15,758 8.7 7.9 11.8 8.9 11.2

At opening establishments

1,816 2,087 2,253 1,611 1,482 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.2 1.1

Gross job losses

12,463 14,640 11,395 13,251 10,480 9.4 11.2 8.6 9.6 7.5

At contracting establishments

10,835 13,013 9,449 11,977 9,085 8.2 10.0 7.1 8.7 6.5

At closing establishments

1,628 1,627 1,946 1,274 1,395 1.2 1.2 1.5 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

838 -2,180 6,596 593 6,760 0.7 -1.7 4.9 0.5 4.8

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,943 6,397 5,889 5,999 5,584 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.1 3.8

At expanding establishments

5,183 5,771 5,133 5,375 5,110 3.6 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.5

At opening establishments

760 626 756 624 474 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3

Gross job losses

5,895 5,721 5,591 5,958 5,701 4.1 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9

At contracting establishments

5,198 5,097 5,118 5,092 5,163 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5

At closing establishments

697 624 473 866 538 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4

Net employment change (2)

48 676 298 41 -117 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,562 3,561 3,545 3,322 3,646 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.5 5.0

At expanding establishments

3,041 3,047 2,998 2,650 3,072 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.6 4.2

At opening establishments

521 514 547 672 574 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

3,009 3,304 3,426 3,343 2,769 4.1 4.5 4.6 4.5 3.7

At contracting establishments

2,567 2,574 2,594 2,513 2,157 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 2.9

At closing establishments

442 730 832 830 612 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

553 257 119 -21 877 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.0 1.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,764 13,826 13,153 15,039 13,462 8.0 6.1 5.8 6.6 5.9

At expanding establishments

11,774 11,741 11,269 12,982 11,491 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.0

At opening establishments

5,990 2,085 1,884 2,057 1,971 2.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

11,527 13,092 13,737 12,757 13,417 5.2 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.8

At contracting establishments

10,252 11,291 12,212 11,168 11,712 4.6 5.0 5.4 4.9 5.1

At closing establishments

1,275 1,801 1,525 1,589 1,705 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

6,237 734 -584 2,282 45 2.8 0.3 -0.3 1.0 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,549 4,991 4,449 4,049 4,327 6.3 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.7

At expanding establishments

3,693 4,186 3,647 3,447 3,773 5.1 5.7 4.9 4.6 5.0

At opening establishments

856 805 802 602 554 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

3,916 3,142 3,953 4,472 2,842 5.4 4.3 5.3 5.9 3.7

At contracting establishments

2,954 2,490 3,217 4,019 2,388 4.1 3.4 4.3 5.3 3.1

At closing establishments

962 652 736 453 454 1.3 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

633 1,849 496 -423 1,485 0.9 2.5 0.7 -0.5 2.0

Information

 

Gross job gains

3,099 3,069 3,035 3,233 2,243 11.8 12.0 11.9 12.2 8.7

At expanding establishments

2,510 2,830 2,673 2,720 1,865 9.6 11.1 10.5 10.3 7.2

At opening establishments

589 239 362 513 378 2.2 0.9 1.4 1.9 1.5

Gross job losses

4,929 2,009 2,963 2,401 3,666 18.8 7.9 11.7 9.1 14.2

At contracting establishments

4,622 1,814 2,586 2,000 3,329 17.6 7.1 10.2 7.6 12.9

At closing establishments

307 195 377 401 337 1.2 0.8 1.5 1.5 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-1,830 1,060 72 832 -1,423 -7.0 4.1 0.2 3.1 -5.5

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,726 4,442 4,048 5,397 5,305 5.2 5.0 4.6 6.1 5.9

At expanding establishments

3,989 3,475 3,227 4,561 4,381 4.4 3.9 3.7 5.2 4.9

At opening establishments

737 967 821 836 924 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

3,973 5,386 4,490 5,267 4,613 4.4 6.0 5.1 5.9 5.2

At contracting establishments

3,100 4,511 3,581 4,261 3,477 3.4 5.0 4.1 4.8 3.9

At closing establishments

873 875 909 1,006 1,136 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

753 -944 -442 130 692 0.8 -1.0 -0.5 0.2 0.7

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

16,711 18,182 17,678 16,339 16,649 8.1 8.6 8.4 7.7 7.8

At expanding establishments

13,426 14,322 14,374 13,555 13,651 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.4

At opening establishments

3,285 3,860 3,304 2,784 2,998 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.4

Gross job losses

15,471 14,710 16,823 16,965 15,288 7.5 7.0 7.9 8.0 7.2

At contracting establishments

12,189 11,776 12,696 13,538 12,031 5.9 5.6 6.0 6.4 5.7

At closing establishments

3,282 2,934 4,127 3,427 3,257 1.6 1.4 1.9 1.6 1.5

Net employment change (2)

1,240 3,472 855 -626 1,361 0.6 1.6 0.5 -0.3 0.6

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

14,914 15,709 13,096 11,964 13,361 5.5 5.7 4.7 4.3 4.7

At expanding establishments

11,749 10,143 9,545 9,738 11,556 4.3 3.7 3.4 3.5 4.1

At opening establishments

3,165 5,566 3,551 2,226 1,805 1.2 2.0 1.3 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

10,927 12,383 10,602 13,173 10,011 4.0 4.5 3.8 4.7 3.5

At contracting establishments

8,495 9,855 8,883 11,240 7,660 3.1 3.6 3.2 4.0 2.7

At closing establishments

2,432 2,528 1,719 1,933 2,351 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

3,987 3,326 2,494 -1,209 3,350 1.5 1.2 0.9 -0.4 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

15,764 16,141 15,641 18,492 16,843 7.3 7.5 7.2 8.4 7.7

At expanding establishments

11,621 12,725 12,265 14,167 13,384 5.4 5.9 5.6 6.4 6.1

At opening establishments

4,143 3,416 3,376 4,325 3,459 1.9 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.6

Gross job losses

15,405 14,510 12,664 16,608 16,760 7.2 6.7 5.8 7.5 7.6

At contracting establishments

12,852 12,112 10,288 13,675 14,103 6.0 5.6 4.7 6.2 6.4

At closing establishments

2,553 2,398 2,376 2,933 2,657 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2

Net employment change (2)

359 1,631 2,977 1,884 83 0.1 0.8 1.4 0.9 0.1

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

3,129 2,832 3,229 3,277 3,093 7.1 6.5 7.3 7.4 7.0

At expanding establishments

2,439 2,143 2,514 2,641 2,568 5.5 4.9 5.7 6.0 5.8

At opening establishments

690 689 715 636 525 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

3,053 3,055 2,866 3,142 3,133 6.9 7.0 6.5 7.2 7.1

At contracting establishments

2,472 2,457 2,264 2,540 2,557 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.8 5.8

At closing establishments

581 598 602 602 576 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

76 -223 363 135 -40 0.2 -0.5 0.8 0.2 -0.1

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.



Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014

United States(1)

6.3 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.8

Alabama

5.5 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.4

Alaska

9.8 10.1 10.8 10.9 9.4 10.1 10.4 9.6 10.9 10.4

Arizona

6.4 6.7 5.7 6.0 6.4 5.5 5.4 6.0 6.0 5.4

Arkansas

5.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.3

California

6.9 7.3 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.0

Colorado

7.0 6.9 6.7 7.3 7.3 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.3

Delaware

6.6 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.2 6.1

District of Columbia

6.0 5.8 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5

Florida

7.0 7.0 6.5 7.2 7.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.9

Georgia

6.6 6.8 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.9

Hawaii

5.6 5.4 4.8 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.5 5.1 5.1 4.7

Idaho

7.7 8.3 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 8.0 7.3

Illinois

5.7 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.8

Indiana

5.6 6.1 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.3

Iowa

5.9 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7

Kansas

6.1 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.8

Kentucky

6.0 6.5 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.4

Louisiana

6.9 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.8

Maine

7.4 7.0 6.7 7.8 6.7 7.3 7.5 7.0 6.5 7.1

Maryland

6.1 6.4 5.9 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.2

Massachusetts

5.5 5.4 5.3 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.5

Michigan

5.9 6.0 5.5 6.4 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.4 5.8

Minnesota

5.6 5.6 5.3 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.9

Mississippi

6.2 6.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.7 6.0

Missouri

5.8 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6

Montana

7.7 8.2 7.2 8.2 8.0 7.6 7.5 7.9 7.7 8.1

Nebraska

6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7

Nevada

6.0 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.6 5.8 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.5

New Hampshire

6.0 6.8 5.7 6.7 5.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.3

New Jersey

6.2 6.4 5.9 6.9 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.3

New Mexico

6.7 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.1

New York

6.4 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0

North Carolina

6.3 6.4 5.9 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.8

North Dakota

8.3 8.2 8.6 7.6 8.2 6.9 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.7

Ohio

5.6 6.0 5.6 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.5

Oklahoma

6.4 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.5

Oregon

7.1 6.9 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.0

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1

Rhode Island

6.2 6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8

South Carolina

6.2 6.7 6.2 6.5 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.8

South Dakota

6.2 6.9 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0

Tennessee

5.5 6.3 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.3 4.7 5.3 5.0 5.0

Texas

6.0 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1

Utah

6.9 7.4 6.5 7.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.6 6.0

Vermont

7.1 7.6 6.7 7.4 6.8 7.4 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.2

Virginia

5.9 5.7 5.3 6.2 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8

Washington

7.0 6.9 6.6 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.5 6.0

West Virginia

6.0 6.5 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.6

Wisconsin

5.5 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.6

Wyoming

8.4 9.4 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4

Puerto Rico

6.1 6.6 5.1 5.6 5.6 6.6 5.2 6.4 6.3 5.9

Virgin Islands

5.7 5.5 4.9 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.5

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 19, 2015