Southwest Information Office

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14-718-DAL

Thursday, May 29, 2014

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Further information:

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – September 2013


From June 2013 to September 2013 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 104,587, while gross job losses numbered 94,339, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,248. In contrast, during the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,220.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Louisiana rose by more than 6,000 between June and September 2013, though they remained within the levels generally experienced in each quarter since June 2012. Gross job losses declined by 5,194 in the three months ended in September 2013 after increasing in the two previous quarters. During the last five years, gross job losses in the state peaked in June 2009 when nearly 123,000 jobs were lost, but have remained below 100,000 in each of the last four quarters. (See chart 1.)


Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Louisiana, September 2008–September 2013 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 6.6 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana in the quarter ended September 2013, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) With the exception of June 2013, Louisiana’s rate of gross job gains has equaled or exceeded the U.S. rate in every quarter since December 2004. Louisiana’s rate of gross job loss as a percent of private sector employment, at 6.0 percent in September 2013, was higher than the national rate of 5.8 percent. With few exceptions, the state’s gross job loss rate has remained above the U.S. since September 1998. However, gross job loss rates for both the state and nation have generally trended downward since 2009 and Louisiana’s third quarter 2013 rate was the second lowest since the series inception in 1992.


Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as percent of employment, United States and Louisiana, September 2008–September 2013, seasonally adjusted

During the third quarter of 2013, Louisiana gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 7 of the 11 industry sectors. For example, within retail trade, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,059. While approximately 11,400 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments in the industry, almost 17,500 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2013. In education and health services, more than 13,600 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and nearly 11,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of almost 2,700. The professional and business services industry led all sectors in gross job losses, with more than 15,300 jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments. However, these job losses were offset by the creation of more than 16,600 jobs at opening and expanding establishments in the industry. (See table 1).

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors in Louisiana in September 2013. Within information, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,906. The leisure and hospitality sector experienced a net loss of 454 jobs. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 150 in two sectors in the state in the third quarter of 2013, manufacturing and other services.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.


Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2012
Dec.
2012
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Dec.
2012
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

101,975 107,395 104,541 98,313 104,587 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.2 6.6

At expanding establishments

83,275 87,383 87,283 80,635 83,440 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.1 5.3

At opening establishments

18,700 20,012 17,258 17,678 21,147 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.3

Gross job losses

102,711 91,414 94,234 99,533 94,339 6.7 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0

At contracting establishments

84,010 73,017 77,260 83,282 78,083 5.5 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.0

At closing establishments

18,701 18,397 16,974 16,251 16,256 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-736 15,981 10,307 -1,220 10,248 -0.1 1.1 0.6 -0.1 0.6

Construction

Gross job gains

14,503 12,411 13,926 12,568 13,035 11.4 9.7 10.7 9.6 10.0

At expanding establishments

12,332 10,766 12,193 11,013 11,344 9.7 8.4 9.4 8.4 8.7

At opening establishments

2,171 1,645 1,733 1,555 1,691 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

12,757 12,292 10,982 13,203 12,311 10.0 9.6 8.4 10.1 9.3

At contracting establishments

10,949 10,227 9,414 11,658 10,682 8.6 8.0 7.2 8.9 8.1

At closing establishments

1,808 2,065 1,568 1,545 1,629 1.4 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

1,746 119 2,944 -635 724 1.4 0.1 2.3 -0.5 0.7

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,986 5,605 5,993 6,327 5,769 4.2 3.9 4.2 4.4 4.0

At expanding establishments

5,316 5,034 5,484 5,724 5,166 3.7 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.6

At opening establishments

670 571 509 603 603 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Gross job losses

6,428 5,775 5,178 5,907 5,905 4.5 4.0 3.6 4.1 4.1

At contracting establishments

5,972 4,999 4,548 5,179 5,184 4.2 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.6

At closing establishments

456 776 630 728 721 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-442 -170 815 420 -136 -0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.3 -0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,328 3,703 3,751 3,177 3,464 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.4 4.7

At expanding establishments

2,619 3,111 2,916 2,683 2,991 3.6 4.3 4.0 3.7 4.1

At opening establishments

709 592 835 494 473 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

3,539 3,458 3,327 3,807 2,957 4.9 4.8 4.6 5.2 4.0

At contracting establishments

2,751 2,622 2,750 3,120 2,515 3.8 3.6 3.8 4.3 3.4

At closing establishments

788 836 577 687 442 1.1 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-211 245 424 -630 507 -0.3 0.3 0.5 -0.8 0.7

Retail trade

Gross job gains

11,895 14,305 13,441 12,900 17,473 5.3 6.4 6.0 5.7 7.8

At expanding establishments

9,664 12,601 11,910 11,465 11,653 4.3 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.2

At opening establishments

2,231 1,704 1,531 1,435 5,820 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 2.6

Gross job losses

13,170 10,678 14,173 12,322 11,414 5.9 4.8 6.3 5.5 5.1

At contracting establishments

11,380 9,101 12,372 10,772 10,077 5.1 4.1 5.5 4.8 4.5

At closing establishments

1,790 1,577 1,801 1,550 1,337 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-1,275 3,627 -732 578 6,059 -0.6 1.6 -0.3 0.2 2.7

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,395 4,608 4,921 3,794 4,345 6.2 6.4 6.8 5.2 6.0

At expanding establishments

3,733 3,943 4,093 3,073 3,630 5.3 5.5 5.7 4.2 5.0

At opening establishments

662 665 828 721 715 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0

Gross job losses

4,122 3,539 3,732 4,650 3,857 5.8 5.0 5.2 6.4 5.3

At contracting establishments

3,117 2,711 3,149 3,964 2,905 4.4 3.8 4.4 5.5 4.0

At closing establishments

1,005 828 583 686 952 1.4 1.2 0.8 0.9 1.3

Net employment change (2)

273 1,069 1,189 -856 488 0.4 1.4 1.6 -1.2 0.7

Information

Gross job gains

2,655 3,373 2,244 2,560 3,048 10.8 13.6 8.8 9.5 11.6

At expanding establishments

2,427 3,131 2,003 2,254 2,465 9.9 12.6 7.9 8.4 9.4

At opening establishments

228 242 241 306 583 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.1 2.2

Gross job losses

2,906 2,550 2,974 1,617 4,954 11.8 10.3 11.7 6.0 18.9

At contracting establishments

2,305 1,941 2,470 1,260 4,484 9.4 7.8 9.7 4.7 17.1

At closing establishments

601 609 504 357 470 2.4 2.5 2.0 1.3 1.8

Net employment change (2)

-251 823 -730 943 -1,906 -1.0 3.3 -2.9 3.5 -7.3

Financial activities

Gross job gains

5,126 5,077 4,334 4,752 4,776 5.8 5.7 4.8 5.3 5.3

At expanding establishments

4,112 4,095 3,321 3,849 4,079 4.7 4.6 3.7 4.3 4.5

At opening establishments

1,014 982 1,013 903 697 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

5,411 3,882 4,480 4,054 4,070 6.1 4.4 5.0 4.5 4.5

At contracting establishments

4,244 2,910 3,484 3,038 3,045 4.8 3.3 3.9 3.4 3.4

At closing establishments

1,167 972 996 1,016 1,025 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-285 1,195 -146 698 706 -0.3 1.3 -0.2 0.8 0.8

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

17,415 17,410 16,858 15,603 16,643 8.6 8.5 8.2 7.6 8.1

At expanding establishments

13,312 13,468 14,176 11,473 13,237 6.6 6.6 6.9 5.6 6.4

At opening establishments

4,103 3,942 2,682 4,130 3,406 2.0 1.9 1.3 2.0 1.7

Gross job losses

16,450 16,007 14,816 17,368 15,363 8.2 7.8 7.3 8.5 7.4

At contracting establishments

13,088 12,894 11,618 13,533 11,988 6.5 6.3 5.7 6.6 5.8

At closing establishments

3,362 3,113 3,198 3,835 3,375 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.6

Net employment change (2)

965 1,403 2,042 -1,765 1,280 0.4 0.7 0.9 -0.9 0.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

12,635 14,391 13,173 11,058 13,648 4.7 5.3 4.8 4.1 5.0

At expanding establishments

10,480 10,824 11,187 9,740 11,519 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.6 4.2

At opening establishments

2,155 3,567 1,986 1,318 2,129 0.8 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.8

Gross job losses

12,091 11,223 12,111 12,958 10,971 4.6 4.2 4.5 4.8 4.0

At contracting establishments

9,275 8,013 9,342 10,882 8,478 3.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 3.1

At closing establishments

2,816 3,210 2,769 2,076 2,493 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

544 3,168 1,062 -1,900 2,677 0.1 1.1 0.3 -0.7 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

16,535 17,759 15,947 17,362 14,825 8.0 8.6 7.5 8.2 7.0

At expanding establishments

13,397 14,103 12,113 13,424 11,416 6.5 6.8 5.7 6.3 5.4

At opening establishments

3,138 3,656 3,834 3,938 3,409 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.6

Gross job losses

16,026 13,951 15,169 16,184 15,279 7.7 6.7 7.2 7.6 7.2

At contracting establishments

12,895 11,239 12,458 13,664 12,775 6.2 5.4 5.9 6.4 6.0

At closing establishments

3,131 2,712 2,711 2,520 2,504 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

509 3,808 778 1,178 -454 0.3 1.9 0.3 0.6 -0.2

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,930 3,317 3,310 3,143 3,025 6.7 7.6 7.5 7.2 6.8

At expanding establishments

2,523 2,574 2,599 2,412 2,438 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.5

At opening establishments

407 743 711 731 587 0.9 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.3

Gross job losses

3,372 2,943 2,955 3,253 3,026 7.8 6.8 6.8 7.4 6.8

At contracting establishments

2,547 2,344 2,228 2,772 2,438 5.9 5.4 5.1 6.3 5.5

At closing establishments

825 599 727 481 588 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-442 374 355 -110 -1 -1.1 0.8 0.7 -0.2 0.0

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.



Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Sept.
2012
Dec.
2012
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Dec.
2012
Mar.
2013
June
2013
Sept.
2013

United States (1)

6.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.8

Alabama

5.7 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.6

Alaska

9.0 9.8 10.7 10.6 9.7 10.3 10.1 9.6 10.0 9.8

Arizona

6.7 6.9 6.2 6.2 6.4 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.5

Arkansas

5.5 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.8 6.1 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.4

California

6.8 7.4 9.0 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.1

Colorado

6.9 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.3

Connecticut

5.2 5.4 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.4

Delaware

6.2 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.2 5.7 5.9 5.8 6.0

District of Columbia

5.8 6.8 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3

Florida

7.3 7.1 6.7 7.1 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2

Georgia

6.4 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.0

Hawaii

5.6 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.7 4.3 4.8 5.2 4.9

Idaho

8.2 7.9 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.5 7.2

Illinois

5.5 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.8

Indiana

5.7 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3

Iowa

5.7 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.5

Kansas

5.6 6.3 5.6 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7

Kentucky

5.7 6.5 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.4

Louisiana

6.6 7.0 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.7 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0

Maine

6.7 7.0 6.7 8.1 7.3 7.3 7.5 7.0 6.4 7.4

Maryland

6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3 5.8 6.1 6.1

Massachusetts

5.3 5.4 6.2 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.5

Michigan

6.2 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.8

Minnesota

6.0 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.2 5.5

Mississippi

6.4 6.8 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.5 6.0 5.8

Missouri

5.9 6.4 6.5 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.7

Montana

7.9 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3 7.8 7.4 7.7 7.5

Nebraska

5.6 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.7 5.6

Nevada

5.9 6.0 6.3 6.6 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.7

New Hampshire

6.4 6.5 6.3 6.8 6.0 6.9 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.5

New Jersey

6.2 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.6 6.0

New Mexico

6.4 7.4 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.2 6.5 6.8 6.7

New York

6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 6.1

North Carolina

6.3 6.5 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8

North Dakota

8.3 8.3 8.3 7.2 8.3 7.2 6.8 6.6 7.9 6.9

Ohio

5.6 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

6.1 6.7 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6

Oregon

7.1 7.0 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.2 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.2

Rhode Island

6.0 6.3 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.1

South Carolina

5.8 6.6 5.8 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6

South Dakota

6.4 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 5.8 6.3

Tennessee

5.6 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.2

Texas

5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.2

Utah

6.9 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.2

Vermont

7.0 7.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.7 7.8 7.4

Virginia

6.4 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.9 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.9

Washington

7.0 7.1 8.6 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4

West Virginia

6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.8 6.5 6.1 6.6 6.4

Wisconsin

5.4 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.4

Wyoming

8.6 9.5 8.7 8.5 8.2 8.7 8.4 8.5 9.0 8.1

Puerto Rico

6.2 6.8 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.6

Virgin Islands

5.3 7.0 5.6 5.0 5.5 7.7 5.6 6.5 6.5 6.8

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Last Modified Date: May 29, 2014