Southwest Information Office

News Release Information

13-2286-DAL

Wednesday, December 4, 2013

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Further information:

Houston Area Employment — October 2013


Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,812,500 in October 2013, up 79,600 from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. From October 2012 to October 2013, local nonfarm employment rose 2.9 percent, above the national increase of 1.7 percent. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that among the 12 largest metropolitan areas in the country, Houston ranked second in the rate of job growth. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1.  Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Houston metropolitan area, October 2007—October 2013


Industry employment

Trade, transportation, and utilities, Houston’s largest supersector, added the most jobs from October a year ago, up 23,500. Job growth of 13,200 in retail trade accounted for the largest part of the local industry’s gain, but wholesalers also added 5,800 jobs during the period. Houston’s trade, transportation, and utilities sector grew by 4.3 percent from October 2012, more than double the national increase of 2.0 percent. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

The area’s professional and business services industry added the second largest number of jobs from October 2012, up 17,500. Within the local supersector, the employment services industry, along with the architectural, engineering, and related services industry, added 6,400 and 4,400 jobs, respectively. The supersector’s local 4.3-percent annual gain was above the national advance of 3.5 percent.

The education and health services supersector added 11,700 jobs since October 2012. The local increase of 3.5 percent was more than twice the national advance of 1.6 percent. Houston’s education and health services sector has posted over-the-year employment gains in every month since February 1991.

Employment in Houston’s leisure and hospitality industry rose 8,300 over the year, with food services and drinking places accounting for 86 percent of the increase. The supersector’s local 3.2-percent annual gain was similar to the national advance of 3.1 percent.

Chart 2.  Over-the-year percent change in employment by industry supersector, United States and the Houston metropolitan area, October 2013


Three local sectors recorded employment gains of at least 5,000 from October 2012: manufacturing; mining and logging; and construction. The manufacturing supersector added 6,100 jobs over the year, an increase of 2.5 percent, more than six times the national average of 0.4 percent. Employment in the local mining and logging industry rose 6,000, or 5.8 percent; nationally, this industry advanced 5.0 percent. Houston’s construction sector added 5,000 jobs, a 2.7-percent gain compared to a national increase of 3.0 percent.

Other area industries recording employment advances from October a year ago were government (3,700) and information (1,100). Annual growth rates in both of these Houston supersectors exceeded the national rates. Houston’s public sector employment registered the 13th consecutive month of annual gains following 19 months of annual declines. The local 1.0-percent increase in government compared to a national decrease of 0.1 percent. The Houston information sector expanded at a 3.4-percent pace, well above the national rate of 0.5 percent.

In sharp contrast, the number of jobs in Houston’s other services industry fell over the year while rising nationally. Other services in Houston lost 2,700 jobs from October 2012, a decline of 2.8 percent versus a 0.7-percent increase for the nation.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2013. All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with five exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.1 percent, closely followed by Houston, up 2.9 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, up 0.7 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Chart 3.  Over-the-year percent change in employment, 12 largest metropolitan areas and the United States, October 2013


The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 141,800, since October 2012. New York was followed by Dallas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and Houston where employment expanded by 79,000 or more in each area. Only Detroit-Warren-Livonia had an employment increase below 20,000 over the year.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 4 of the 12 metropolitan areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, and Detroit. (See table 2.) Education and health services recorded the largest gains in three areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, New York, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington. Leisure and hospitality added the most jobs in three other areas: Los Angeles, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, and Washington.

Government recorded the largest loss of jobs in seven areas–Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, New York, and Philadelphia.

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.


Partial Federal Government Shutdown

Bureau of Labor Statistics data collection, analysis, and dissemination activities were suspended from October 1, 2013, through October 16, 2013, due to the partial shutdown of the federal government. The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September 2013, which had been scheduled for October 22, 2013, was cancelled due to the lack of adequate processing time upon resumption of operations. Subnational employment and unemployment estimates for the latest month are generally preliminary, subject to revision the following month. With the publication of this news release highlighting preliminary data for October 2013, estimates for September 2013 are being issued for the first time. These September estimates will not be subject to further updating until early 2014, per our usual annual revision activities. Information on the impact of the partial federal government shutdown on these surveys is available at www.bls.gov/bls/shutdown_2013_empsit_qa.pdf

Technical Note


This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Employment definition. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, San Jacinto, and Waller Counties in Texas.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Houston metropolitan area,
not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Oct.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sep.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Change from Oct.
2012 to Oct. 2013
Number Percent

U.S.

Total nonfarm

135,241 136,002 136,600 137,540 2,299 1.7

Mining and logging

852 895 894 895 43 5.0

Construction

5,880 6,086 6,055 6,056 176 3.0

Manufacturing

11,980 12,060 12,033 12,029 49 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,684 26,006 26,015 26,187 503 2.0

Information

2,664 2,683 2,665 2,676 12 0.5

Financial activities

7,820 7,956 7,906 7,911 91 1.2

Professional and business services

18,239 18,770 18,743 18,884 645 3.5

Education and health services

20,616 20,420 20,661 20,948 332 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,796 14,837 14,402 14,227 431 3.1

Other services

5,456 5,526 5,481 5,495 39 0.7

Government

22,254 20,763 21,745 22,232 -22 -0.1

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

Total nonfarm

2,732.9 2,781.3 2,799.8 2,812.5 79.6 2.9

Mining and logging

102.8 108.9 109.2 108.8 6.0 5.8

Construction

184.8 188.6 186.6 189.8 5.0 2.7

Manufacturing

246.7 251.3 251.7 252.8 6.1 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

549.3 570.9 572.4 572.8 23.5 4.3

Information

31.9 32.7 32.8 33.0 1.1 3.4

Financial activities

141.5 143.6 142.3 140.9 -0.6 -0.4

Professional and business services

409.9 425.8 426.9 427.4 17.5 4.3

Education and health services

335.0 342.2 344.3 346.7 11.7 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

261.4 276.2 270.6 269.7 8.3 3.2

Other services

96.8 93.9 92.9 94.1 -2.7 -2.8

Government

372.8 347.2 370.1 376.5 3.7 1.0

(p) preliminary




Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted
(numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Oct.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sep.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Change from
Oct. 2012 to Oct. 2013
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

Total nonfarm

2,371.1 2,418.7 2,419.1 2,434.4 63.3 2.7

Mining and logging

1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.0 0.0

Construction

88.1 96.2 96.0 96.6 8.5 9.6

Manufacturing

149.7 147.2 147.2 148.9 -0.8 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

531.4 541.5 540.5 544.8 13.4 2.5

Information

83.4 86.5 86.1 86.0 2.6 3.1

Financial activities

154.6 157.3 157.4 158.5 3.9 2.5

Professional and business services

422.3 437.5 437.5 438.8 16.5 3.9

Education and health services

289.2 297.6 297.2 299.9 10.7 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

238.0 250.0 246.7 247.9 9.9 4.2

Other services

93.6 93.0 93.8 94.5 0.9 1.0

Government

319.7 310.8 315.6 317.4 -2.3 -0.7

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,540.1 2,556.9 2,572.2 2,593.0 52.9 2.1

Mining and logging

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

Construction

89.0 98.1 96.8 97.0 8.0 9.0

Manufacturing

195.1 194.2 192.4 192.6 -2.5 -1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

406.0 409.7 409.7 415.4 9.4 2.3

Information

75.5 79.8 81.2 81.5 6.0 7.9

Financial activities

173.7 176.7 173.2 173.3 -0.4 -0.2

Professional and business services

427.2 438.0 434.5 435.5 8.3 1.9

Education and health services

523.5 517.5 529.1 540.7 17.2 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

241.5 259.5 246.9 246.1 4.6 1.9

Other services

99.1 103.2 100.4 99.4 0.3 0.3

Government

309.0 279.7 307.5 311.0 2.0 0.6

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,427.0 4,456.6 4,458.1 4,483.0 56.0 1.3

Mining and logging

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 -0.1 -7.1

Construction

156.3 156.2 153.1 153.8 -2.5 -1.6

Manufacturing

415.6 414.7 414.2 414.2 -1.4 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

889.5 890.4 892.3 898.7 9.2 1.0

Information

80.6 81.9 81.1 81.8 1.2 1.5

Financial activities

288.7 295.4 291.2 290.9 2.2 0.8

Professional and business services

757.9 782.0 777.7 785.7 27.8 3.7

Education and health services

671.7 666.4 672.5 679.9 8.2 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

419.3 442.6 434.0 428.5 9.2 2.2

Other services

188.5 193.9 194.5 195.4 6.9 3.7

Government

557.5 531.7 546.1 552.8 -4.7 -0.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,052.3 3,133.0 3,134.8 3,148.4 96.1 3.1

Mining, logging, and construction

175.1 182.6 182.9 183.5 8.4 4.8

Manufacturing

258.2 260.9 260.3 260.4 2.2 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

624.2 646.1 642.1 644.4 20.2 3.2

Information

77.3 78.8 78.1 78.6 1.3 1.7

Financial activities

245.9 259.0 259.8 256.5 10.6 4.3

Professional and business services

482.1 509.0 507.0 512.8 30.7 6.4

Education and health services

385.9 391.7 391.0 394.2 8.3 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

304.2 319.2 316.7 315.8 11.6 3.8

Other services

107.9 109.3 109.2 108.4 0.5 0.5

Government

391.5 376.4 387.7 393.8 2.3 0.6

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

Total nonfarm

1,842.2 1,840.2 1,851.6 1,862.0 19.8 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

59.0 59.2 59.0 59.0 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing

221.0 228.1 228.8 229.6 8.6 3.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

341.1 346.8 344.7 345.1 4.0 1.2

Information

26.3 27.2 26.6 27.0 0.7 2.7

Financial activities

100.4 99.6 100.0 98.8 -1.6 -1.6

Professional and business services

346.8 348.3 353.2 358.1 11.3 3.3

Education and health services

297.7 296.7 294.7 298.8 1.1 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

175.1 183.6 177.9 174.9 -0.2 -0.1

Other services

75.8 74.2 74.0 74.2 -1.6 -2.1

Government

199.0 176.5 192.7 196.5 -2.5 -1.3

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

Total nonfarm

2,732.9 2,781.3 2,799.8 2,812.5 79.6 2.9

Mining and logging

102.8 108.9 109.2 108.8 6.0 5.8

Construction

184.8 188.6 186.6 189.8 5.0 2.7

Manufacturing

246.7 251.3 251.7 252.8 6.1 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

549.3 570.9 572.4 572.8 23.5 4.3

Information

31.9 32.7 32.8 33.0 1.1 3.4

Financial activities

141.5 143.6 142.3 140.9 -0.6 -0.4

Professional and business services

409.9 425.8 426.9 427.4 17.5 4.3

Education and health services

335.0 342.2 344.3 346.7 11.7 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

261.4 276.2 270.6 269.7 8.3 3.2

Other services

96.8 93.9 92.9 94.1 -2.7 -2.8

Government

372.8 347.2 370.1 376.5 3.7 1.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

Total nonfarm

5,324.8 5,324.1 5,347.0 5,409.5 84.7 1.6

Mining and logging

4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 -0.1 -2.1

Construction

185.0 198.8 198.4 201.3 16.3 8.8

Manufacturing

524.3 524.1 522.8 521.4 -2.9 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,017.3 1,007.9 1,009.1 1,016.0 -1.3 -0.1

Information

212.2 214.4 217.2 219.8 7.6 3.6

Financial activities

321.9 331.4 332.0 332.3 10.4 3.2

Professional and business services

839.4 850.0 847.7 860.3 20.9 2.5

Education and health services

724.0 716.7 726.7 738.3 14.3 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

604.4 635.4 629.7 629.0 24.6 4.1

Other services

188.2 186.9 187.4 189.5 1.3 0.7

Government

703.3 653.8 671.3 696.9 -6.4 -0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,288.9 2,302.1 2,313.8 2,329.4 40.5 1.8

Mining and logging

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0

Construction

91.3 91.1 89.4 89.7 -1.6 -1.8

Manufacturing

77.1 76.9 77.3 76.8 -0.3 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

540.0 550.2 553.5 558.0 18.0 3.3

Information

45.0 45.2 45.4 45.4 0.4 0.9

Financial activities

162.3 166.7 166.7 167.0 4.7 2.9

Professional and business services

349.0 351.8 353.8 356.6 7.6 2.2

Education and health services

342.9 342.4 345.0 345.6 2.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

271.6 276.9 277.5 281.5 9.9 3.6

Other services

106.1 107.1 106.5 107.4 1.3 1.2

Government

302.9 293.1 298.0 300.7 -2.2 -0.7

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

8,645.5 8,699.4 8,712.0 8,787.3 141.8 1.6

Mining, logging, and construction

311.6 327.8 329.0 320.6 9.0 2.9

Manufacturing

360.3 353.1 354.2 355.0 -5.3 -1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,594.7 1,610.6 1,614.9 1,626.3 31.6 2.0

Information

277.9 275.1 274.4 275.0 -2.9 -1.0

Financial activities

735.4 747.2 743.4 744.3 8.9 1.2

Professional and business services

1,363.5 1,389.1 1,375.4 1,385.0 21.5 1.6

Education and health services

1,612.7 1,590.3 1,633.4 1,671.5 58.8 3.6

Leisure and hospitality

756.0 828.6 797.7 781.0 25.0 3.3

Other services

382.4 385.5 383.8 387.1 4.7 1.2

Government

1,251.0 1,192.1 1,205.8 1,241.5 -9.5 -0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,753.3 2,736.6 2,752.4 2,777.8 24.5 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

101.9 104.9 104.8 105.1 3.2 3.1

Manufacturing

181.3 182.4 180.4 180.2 -1.1 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

507.9 502.0 507.1 508.3 0.4 0.1

Information

48.2 47.9 47.4 47.6 -0.6 -1.2

Financial activities

201.8 204.2 202.8 203.5 1.7 0.8

Professional and business services

429.7 435.6 434.4 438.9 9.2 2.1

Education and health services

586.5 580.5 590.8 600.3 13.8 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

237.9 255.5 243.0 240.9 3.0 1.3

Other services

121.6 124.3 122.2 122.8 1.2 1.0

Government

336.5 299.3 319.5 330.2 -6.3 -1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

Total nonfarm

2,005.7 2,013.0 2,018.6 2,035.2 29.5 1.5

Mining and logging

1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

92.3 96.5 95.0 94.9 2.6 2.8

Manufacturing

116.1 116.0 116.4 116.8 0.7 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

333.2 337.5 338.0 341.1 7.9 2.4

Information

68.2 69.0 68.7 68.7 0.5 0.7

Financial activities

127.0 128.1 127.8 127.5 0.5 0.4

Professional and business services

403.6 406.3 406.1 410.7 7.1 1.8

Education and health services

259.5 254.5 258.2 260.4 0.9 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

231.3 239.7 238.3 239.3 8.0 3.5

Other services

76.6 77.1 76.6 76.6 0.0 0.0

Government

296.6 287.0 292.3 298.0 1.4 0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,067.1 3,070.5 3,072.8 3,087.8 20.7 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

145.4 146.5 144.8 142.9 -2.5 -1.7

Manufacturing

48.6 48.4 47.9 47.9 -0.7 -1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

388.4 390.3 388.3 393.5 5.1 1.3

Information

77.0 76.7 75.7 75.5 -1.5 -1.9

Financial activities

149.0 156.7 154.9 155.6 6.6 4.4

Professional and business services

707.7 710.7 707.0 705.3 -2.4 -0.3

Education and health services

387.9 379.9 384.1 391.0 3.1 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

279.9 305.1 295.4 295.4 15.5 5.5

Other services

187.1 188.7 185.8 186.3 -0.8 -0.4

Government

696.1 667.5 688.9 694.4 -1.7 -0.2

(p) preliminary

Last Modified Date: December 5, 2013