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Wednesday, April 30, 2014

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Houston Area Employment — March 2014


Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,847,200 in March 2014, up 80,100 from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. From March 2013 to March 2014, local nonfarm employment rose 2.9 percent, above the national increase of 1.6 percent. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that among the 12 largest metropolitan areas in the country, Houston ranked third in the rate of job growth. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1.  Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Houston metropolitan area, March 2008—March 2014


Industry employment

Trade, transportation, and utilities registered the largest annual job gain among Houston’s supersectors, up 20,300 from March 2013. Job growth of 11,100 in retail trade accounted for more than half of the supersector increase, but wholesalers also contributed a large number of jobs at 5,600. The metropolitan area’s largest supersector expanded at a rate of 3.7 percent, exceeding the national gain of 2.0 percent. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

Government added the second largest number of jobs in the local area from March 2013 to March 2014, up 11,200, and was the 17th consecutive month of annual increases following 20 months of annual declines. Job gains in local government educational services accounted for nearly all of this area supersector’s advance. Federal government employment registered no change over the year and employment in state government was little changed. Employment in Houston’s total government supersector rose 3.0 percent compared to a national decrease of 0.1 percent.

Employment in the area’s leisure and hospitality industry rose 10,400 over the year, with most of the job gains concentrated in food services and drinking places. Since March 2013, leisure and hospitality employment rose 3.9 percent locally and 2.9 percent nationally.

The professional and business services supersector added 8,500 jobs in Houston since March 2013. Annual growth was strong in the architectural, engineering, and related services industry, as well as the computer systems design and related services industry. Among Houston’s supersectors, professional and business services was the only industry to expand more slowly than its national counterpart, 2.0 versus 3.7 percent.

Chart 2.  Over-the-year percent change in employment by industry supersector, United States and the Houston metropolitan area, March 2014


Two local supersectors recorded job gains of 6,900 from March 2013, manufacturing and education and health services. Local non-durable manufacturing was responsible for 4,200 of the total manufacturing gain. Employment in Houston’s manufacturing supersector increased 2.8 percent over the year, four times the national advance of 0.7 percent. The education and health services supersector also added 6,900 jobs since March 2013 and has posted over-the-year employment gains in every month since February 1991. This supersector’s rate of growth in the Houston area was 2.1 percent compared to a national advance of 1.6 percent.

Two additional supersectors registered local annual gains of at least 5,000 jobs since March 2013. Employment in Houston’s construction sector rose 5,800, or 3.1 percent; nationally, this industry advanced 2.9 percent. The local mining and logging industry added 5,200 jobs, a 5.0-percent gain compared to a national increase of 4.6 percent.

Area industries recording employment advances of at least 1,000 from March a year ago were other services (2,500) and financial activities (1,500). Annual growth rates in both of these Houston supersectors exceeded their national rates.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in March 2014. Employment rose over the year in 11 of the 12 areas, with 6 areas registering growth rates above the 1.6-percent national increase. (See chart 3 and table 2.) The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, up 3.1 percent, followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.0 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, up 0.1 percent. Detroit was the only area to experience a decline as employment slipped 0.2 percent.

Chart 3.  Over-the-year percent change in employment, 12 largest metropolitan areas and the United States, March 2014


Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana added the largest number of jobs from the previous March, up 119,000, followed by Dallas, up 92,700. Both New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island and Houston gained more than 80,000 jobs. Philadephia registered the smallest 12-month increase, up 4,000, while employment declined by 4,400 in Detroit.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 6 of the 12 metropolitan areas: Boston- Cambridge-Quincy, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and San Francisco- Oakland-Fremont. (See table 2.) Trade, transportation, and utilities recorded the largest gains in three areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Houston, and Miami.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in three areas–Atlanta, Boston, and New York. Manufacturing was the largest job loser in three other areas: Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles. Houston and Miami experienced no annual job loss in any supersector.

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.


Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data

Effective with the release of payroll employment estimates for January 2014 data, nonfarm payroll estimates for all states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions were revised to reflect 2013 benchmark levels. For more information on benchmark procedures, see www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2014.pdf.


Technical Note


This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Employment definition. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, San Jacinto, and Waller Counties in Texas.


Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
(numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Change from Mar.
2013 to Mar. 2014
Number Percent

U.S.

Total nonfarm

134,917 135,451 136,194 137,135 2,218 1.6

Mining and logging

847 873 874 886 39 4.6

Construction

5,501 5,533 5,527 5,658 157 2.9

Manufacturing

11,935 11,949 11,981 12,013 78 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,366 26,014 25,783 25,881 515 2.0

Information

2,694 2,634 2,646 2,659 -35 -1.3

Financial activities

7,813 7,846 7,862 7,871 58 0.7

Professional and business services

18,173 18,560 18,696 18,838 665 3.7

Education and health services

21,153 21,132 21,388 21,485 332 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,740 13,783 13,868 14,133 393 2.9

Other services

5,422 5,416 5,430 5,462 40 0.7

Government

22,273 21,711 22,139 22,249 -24 -0.1

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

Total nonfarm

2,767.1 2,806.7 2,828.3 2,847.2 80.1 2.9

Mining and logging

104.1 107.5 108.0 109.3 5.2 5.0

Construction

188.7 188.6 197.7 194.5 5.8 3.1

Manufacturing

249.5 256.3 255.9 256.4 6.9 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

555.4 570.3 567.1 575.7 20.3 3.7

Information

31.8 32.6 32.6 32.7 0.9 2.8

Financial activities

140.7 139.6 140.7 142.2 1.5 1.1

Professional and business services

424.1 427.1 428.9 432.6 8.5 2.0

Education and health services

334.6 338.7 340.0 341.5 6.9 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

267.4 272.5 275.5 277.8 10.4 3.9

Other services

98.1 99.9 100.0 100.6 2.5 2.5

Government

372.7 373.6 381.9 383.9 11.2 3.0

(p) preliminary



Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted
(numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014(p)
Change from
Mar. 2013 to Mar. 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

Total nonfarm

2,375.6 2,410.9 2,409.6 2,427.1 51.5 2.2

Mining and logging

1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.1 9.1

Construction

88.3 92.6 93.4 94.3 6.0 6.8

Manufacturing

149.1 149.4 149.8 149.9 0.8 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

526.0 542.5 538.7 542.4 16.4 3.1

Information

84.1 84.8 84.6 85.3 1.2 1.4

Financial activities

154.2 156.8 155.6 155.0 0.8 0.5

Professional and business services

428.5 433.9 435.3 441.2 12.7 3.0

Education and health services

292.7 296.5 298.0 298.0 5.3 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

237.2 243.7 241.5 247.7 10.5 4.4

Other services

92.3 92.1 92.5 92.3 0.0 0.0

Government

322.1 317.4 319.0 319.8 -2.3 -0.7

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,518.8 2,526.5 2,533.0 2,545.6 26.8 1.1

Mining and logging

0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.1 25.0

Construction

80.2 79.7 77.9 79.2 -1.0 -1.2

Manufacturing

192.4 192.9 192.7 192.4 0.0 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

399.8 412.6 407.5 407.9 8.1 2.0

Information

73.5 76.2 76.7 77.0 3.5 4.8

Financial activities

171.6 170.5 169.5 169.7 -1.9 -1.1

Professional and business services

421.6 429.1 431.8 431.0 9.4 2.2

Education and health services

543.4 536.5 545.8 549.7 6.3 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

230.3 229.0 227.1 232.2 1.9 0.8

Other services

96.5 98.1 97.4 98.9 2.4 2.5

Government

309.1 301.4 306.2 307.1 -2.0 -0.6

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,363.2 4,369.0 4,369.9 4,392.5 29.3 0.7

Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

135.4 127.6 128.4 131.8 -3.6 -2.7

Manufacturing

409.9 405.6 406.1 406.2 -3.7 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

879.6 895.7 880.2 880.4 0.8 0.1

Information

79.6 79.7 79.3 79.4 -0.2 -0.3

Financial activities

286.0 287.3 284.8 285.8 -0.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

743.7 754.1 758.7 760.7 17.0 2.3

Education and health services

677.6 677.3 685.2 686.5 8.9 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

408.6 405.4 402.6 413.3 4.7 1.2

Other services

189.1 189.8 189.9 191.3 2.2 1.2

Government

552.5 545.3 553.5 555.9 3.4 0.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,053.0 3,100.4 3,123.8 3,145.7 92.7 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

171.4 174.3 176.8 177.7 6.3 3.7

Manufacturing

257.8 252.2 255.0 256.0 -1.8 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

623.7 649.0 644.1 646.6 22.9 3.7

Information

78.2 79.4 80.0 80.7 2.5 3.2

Financial activities

251.2 248.8 252.0 251.7 0.5 0.2

Professional and business services

477.1 485.8 490.6 502.1 25.0 5.2

Education and health services

380.9 384.1 388.5 388.0 7.1 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

308.3 317.8 321.5 325.0 16.7 5.4

Other services

109.8 114.0 114.0 115.1 5.3 4.8

Government

394.6 395.0 401.3 402.8 8.2 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

Total nonfarm

1,845.3 1,827.3 1,829.8 1,840.9 -4.4 -0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

51.8 49.9 49.1 51.0 -0.8 -1.5

Manufacturing

226.1 229.8 231.7 233.3 7.2 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

341.9 345.8 342.3 343.0 1.1 0.3

Information

26.8 26.9 26.8 26.8 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

101.5 98.1 98.1 97.7 -3.8 -3.7

Professional and business services

355.0 356.8 356.8 357.8 2.8 0.8

Education and health services

298.8 293.8 297.1 297.5 -1.3 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

174.2 165.4 163.9 168.4 -5.8 -3.3

Other services

77.2 75.9 76.1 76.8 -0.4 -0.5

Government

192.0 184.9 187.9 188.6 -3.4 -1.8

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

Total nonfarm

2,767.1 2,806.7 2,828.3 2,847.2 80.1 2.9

Mining and logging

104.1 107.5 108.0 109.3 5.2 5.0

Construction

188.7 188.6 197.7 194.5 5.8 3.1

Manufacturing

249.5 256.3 255.9 256.4 6.9 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

555.4 570.3 567.1 575.7 20.3 3.7

Information

31.8 32.6 32.6 32.7 0.9 2.8

Financial activities

140.7 139.6 140.7 142.2 1.5 1.1

Professional and business services

424.1 427.1 428.9 432.6 8.5 2.0

Education and health services

334.6 338.7 340.0 341.5 6.9 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

267.4 272.5 275.5 277.8 10.4 3.9

Other services

98.1 99.9 100.0 100.6 2.5 2.5

Government

372.7 373.6 381.9 383.9 11.2 3.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

Total nonfarm

5,526.7 5,587.1 5,623.3 5,645.7 119.0 2.2

Mining and logging

5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2 0.2 4.0

Construction

187.6 201.1 202.7 206.7 19.1 10.2

Manufacturing

524.7 514.9 515.2 514.4 -10.3 -2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,014.7 1,043.4 1,037.1 1,033.1 18.4 1.8

Information

220.3 222.2 225.6 229.5 9.2 4.2

Financial activities

323.6 320.4 320.7 319.9 -3.7 -1.1

Professional and business services

844.2 867.9 877.0 881.9 37.7 4.5

Education and health services

893.9 908.3 921.4 927.7 33.8 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

609.4 617.1 620.6 622.9 13.5 2.2

Other services

189.4 190.8 192.7 193.0 3.6 1.9

Government

713.9 695.8 705.1 711.4 -2.5 -0.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,344.9 2,382.2 2,403.8 2,417.7 72.8 3.1

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

89.4 94.3 95.4 96.4 7.0 7.8

Manufacturing

77.0 78.5 79.2 79.0 2.0 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

543.9 561.4 561.8 563.7 19.8 3.6

Information

46.0 46.1 46.6 47.0 1.0 2.2

Financial activities

163.3 164.7 165.2 166.1 2.8 1.7

Professional and business services

368.9 376.1 382.6 384.4 15.5 4.2

Education and health services

346.5 349.6 352.8 354.1 7.6 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

291.7 290.8 296.5 301.9 10.2 3.5

Other services

111.2 113.7 114.8 115.7 4.5 4.0

Government

306.4 306.4 308.3 308.8 2.4 0.8

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

8,577.5 8,595.3 8,612.3 8,667.0 89.5 1.0

Mining, logging, and construction

302.9 296.8 290.8 299.1 -3.8 -1.3

Manufacturing

355.8 354.5 356.2 356.0 0.2 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,569.6 1,615.6 1,594.5 1,602.0 32.4 2.1

Information

272.7 274.5 275.6 273.1 0.4 0.1

Financial activities

731.0 730.1 728.7 728.8 -2.2 -0.3

Professional and business services

1,354.7 1,360.6 1,366.0 1,369.6 14.9 1.1

Education and health services

1,625.6 1,634.4 1,651.1 1,665.3 39.7 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

738.7 732.0 731.2 744.6 5.9 0.8

Other services

374.3 380.0 380.6 384.0 9.7 2.6

Government

1,252.2 1,216.8 1,237.6 1,244.5 -7.7 -0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,734.1 2,711.5 2,721.5 2,738.1 4.0 0.1

Mining, logging, and construction

98.1 99.5 97.4 100.3 2.2 2.2

Manufacturing

179.1 178.4 178.3 178.2 -0.9 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

500.7 504.8 498.9 501.6 0.9 0.2

Information

49.3 46.7 46.6 46.3 -3.0 -6.1

Financial activities

202.5 200.8 202.6 201.8 -0.7 -0.3

Professional and business services

428.7 426.2 430.9 432.4 3.7 0.9

Education and health services

579.1 574.0 579.7 581.1 2.0 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

229.2 227.6 227.1 232.8 3.6 1.6

Other services

120.5 118.3 117.8 119.1 -1.4 -1.2

Government

346.9 335.2 342.2 344.5 -2.4 -0.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

Total nonfarm

2,078.1 2,107.8 2,119.1 2,125.2 47.1 2.3

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

90.5 92.7 95.0 95.0 4.5 5.0

Manufacturing

114.1 117.3 117.4 116.8 2.7 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

337.5 347.8 344.7 345.3 7.8 2.3

Information

71.9 73.3 74.0 74.4 2.5 3.5

Financial activities

125.4 124.7 125.7 125.3 -0.1 -0.1

Professional and business services

409.4 420.5 422.0 421.7 12.3 3.0

Education and health services

315.6 316.9 322.1 323.7 8.1 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

232.2 237.0 237.4 238.1 5.9 2.5

Other services

78.5 77.7 78.4 79.7 1.2 1.5

Government

301.7 298.7 301.2 304.0 2.3 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,059.2 3,051.5 3,049.0 3,064.7 5.5 0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

141.6 143.7 142.0 142.3 0.7 0.5

Manufacturing

48.2 45.8 45.6 45.6 -2.6 -5.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

381.2 391.8 385.9 386.4 5.2 1.4

Information

77.4 75.0 75.1 74.7 -2.7 -3.5

Financial activities

149.9 151.6 151.8 151.8 1.9 1.3

Professional and business services

707.6 691.5 691.1 696.1 -11.5 -1.6

Education and health services

393.3 398.6 401.0 401.6 8.3 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

279.9 284.7 282.2 288.7 8.8 3.1

Other services

187.5 190.4 188.3 188.5 1.0 0.5

Government

692.6 678.4 686.0 689.0 -3.6 -0.5

(p) preliminary

Last Modified Date: April 30, 2014

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