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14-1227-DAL June 26, 2014

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Fort Smith, May 2013

Workers in the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $16.81 in May 2013, more than 20 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in all but 1 of the 22 major occupational groups; local wages for the farming, fishing, and forestry occupational group were not measurably different from the national average.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; transportation and material moving; and construction and extraction. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including office and administrative support; business and financial operations; and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)


Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Fort Smith United States Fort Smith Percent
difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0%   $22.33 $16.81 * -25

Management

4.9 4.4 * 53.15 40.58 * -24

Business and financial operations

5.0 3.2 * 34.14 27.86 * -18

Computer and mathematical

2.8 0.9 * 39.43 29.57 * -25

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.8 * 38.51 31.24 * -19

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.2 * 33.37 24.24 * -27

Community and social service

1.4 1.2 * 21.50 17.68 * -18

Legal

0.8 0.4 * 47.89 37.28 * -22

Education, training, and library

6.3 5.8 * 24.76 18.70 * -24

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 0.7 * 26.72 18.86 * -29

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.8 5.7   35.93 28.99 * -19

Healthcare support

3.0 3.1   13.61 10.66 * -22

Protective service

2.5 2.4   20.92 15.49 * -26

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 9.1   10.38 8.88 * -14

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.7 * 12.51 10.57 * -16

Personal care and service

3.0 2.9   11.88 9.52 * -20

Sales and related

10.6 10.1   18.37 13.91 * -24

Office and administrative support

16.2 14.8 * 16.78 13.90 * -17

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.8   11.70 11.48   -2

Construction and extraction

3.8 4.2 * 21.94 17.29 * -21

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.3 * 21.35 18.01 * -16

Production

6.6 12.1 * 16.79 13.86 * -17

Transportation and material moving

6.8 10.1 * 16.28 14.94 * -8

* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Fort Smith is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.

One occupational group–production–was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Fort Smith had 13,570 jobs in production, accounting for 12.1 percent of local area employment, nearly double the 6.6-percent national share. The local average hourly wage for this occupational group was $13.86, 17 percent below the national average of $16.79. Still, the wage differential for this local group was much smaller than the overall local difference of 25 percent.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included production workers’ helpers and team assemblers (both at 1,660), followed by meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers (1,380). First-line supervisors of production and operating workers, along with machinists, were among the higher paying jobs with mean hourly wages of $21.91 and $18.50, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were slaughterers and meat packers ($8.58) and laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($9.19). (Detailed occupational data for the production occupational group are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_22900.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Fort Smith metropolitan area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, slaughterers and meat packers were employed at 9.6 times the national rate in Fort Smith, and meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers, at more than 10 times the U.S. average. Fort Smith’s meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers location quotient of 10.2 ranked third highest in the entire country, followed by another Arkansas area, Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers (9.9).

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Arkansas Department of Workforce Services.

Note

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

Note: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,864 establishments with a response rate of 87 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian Counties in Arkansas, and Le Flore and Sequoyah Counties in Oklahoma.

Additional information
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southwest/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation(1) Employment Mean wages
Level(2) Location
quotient(3)
Hourly Annual(4)

Production occupations

13,570 1.8 $13.86 $28,830

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

890 1.8 21.91 45,570

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

(5) (5) 13.03 27,110

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

40 0.6 14.64 30,450

Team assemblers

1,660 1.9 14.39 29,940

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

150 0.7 13.49 28,050

Bakers

90 0.6 9.88 20,550

Butchers and meat cutters

100 0.8 11.41 23,740

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

1,380 10.2 10.33 21,480

Slaughterers and meat packers

670 9.6 8.58 17,840

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

(5) (5) 8.89 18,490

Food batchmakers

110 1.1 9.99 20,770

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

200 7.0 12.46 25,910

Food processing workers, all other

380 10.4 9.70 20,180

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

330 2.1 17.58 36,560

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

40 0.6 13.62 28,320

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

30 1.0 17.19 35,760

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

30 1.5 (5) (5)

Machinists

150 0.5 18.50 38,490

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

220 2.8 13.34 27,750

Tool and die makers

(5) (5) 17.44 36,270

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

510 1.7 16.34 33,980

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 16.72 34,770

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

40 2.3 20.17 41,950

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 15.16 31,520

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

80 4.4 15.11 31,430

Prepress technicians and workers

70 2.1 16.93 35,210

Printing press operators

190 1.4 14.62 30,420

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

120 0.7 9.19 19,120

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

(5) (5) 9.56 19,890

Sewing machine operators

40 0.4 9.65 20,070

Upholsterers

50 1.9 (5) (5)

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

40 0.6 13.94 29,000

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

90 1.5 11.13 23,140

Power plant operators

(5) (5) 30.06 62,530

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

180 2.0 15.32 31,860

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

40 1.1 15.52 32,280

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

50 2.0 10.79 22,440

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

100 1.0 15.34 31,910

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

290 5.7 11.32 23,540

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

810 2.0 14.98 31,160

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

580 1.8 13.77 28,640

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

160 2.2 18.36 38,180

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

60 4.5 10.82 22,510

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

40 1.6 12.37 25,720

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

310 3.9 17.10 35,570

Helpers--production workers

1,660 4.6 11.08 23,040

Production workers, all other

90 0.5 11.79 24,510

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Fort Smith MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_22900.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not released.

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 26, 2014

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News Release Information

14-1227-DAL June 26, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Occupational Employment and Wages in Fort Smith, May 2013

Workers in the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $16.81 in May 2013, more than 20 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in all but 1 of the 22 major occupational groups; local wages for the farming, fishing, and forestry occupational group were not measurably different from the national average.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; transportation and material moving; and construction and extraction. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including office and administrative support; business and financial operations; and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)


Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Fort Smith United States Fort Smith Percent
difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0%   $22.33 $16.81 * -25

Management

4.9 4.4 * 53.15 40.58 * -24

Business and financial operations

5.0 3.2 * 34.14 27.86 * -18

Computer and mathematical

2.8 0.9 * 39.43 29.57 * -25

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.8 * 38.51 31.24 * -19

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.2 * 33.37 24.24 * -27

Community and social service

1.4 1.2 * 21.50 17.68 * -18

Legal

0.8 0.4 * 47.89 37.28 * -22

Education, training, and library

6.3 5.8 * 24.76 18.70 * -24

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 0.7 * 26.72 18.86 * -29

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.8 5.7   35.93 28.99 * -19

Healthcare support

3.0 3.1   13.61 10.66 * -22

Protective service

2.5 2.4   20.92 15.49 * -26

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 9.1   10.38 8.88 * -14

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.7 * 12.51 10.57 * -16

Personal care and service

3.0 2.9   11.88 9.52 * -20

Sales and related

10.6 10.1   18.37 13.91 * -24

Office and administrative support

16.2 14.8 * 16.78 13.90 * -17

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.8   11.70 11.48   -2

Construction and extraction

3.8 4.2 * 21.94 17.29 * -21

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.3 * 21.35 18.01 * -16

Production

6.6 12.1 * 16.79 13.86 * -17

Transportation and material moving

6.8 10.1 * 16.28 14.94 * -8

* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Fort Smith is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.

One occupational group–production–was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Fort Smith had 13,570 jobs in production, accounting for 12.1 percent of local area employment, nearly double the 6.6-percent national share. The local average hourly wage for this occupational group was $13.86, 17 percent below the national average of $16.79. Still, the wage differential for this local group was much smaller than the overall local difference of 25 percent.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included production workers’ helpers and team assemblers (both at 1,660), followed by meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers (1,380). First-line supervisors of production and operating workers, along with machinists, were among the higher paying jobs with mean hourly wages of $21.91 and $18.50, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were slaughterers and meat packers ($8.58) and laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($9.19). (Detailed occupational data for the production occupational group are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_22900.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Fort Smith metropolitan area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, slaughterers and meat packers were employed at 9.6 times the national rate in Fort Smith, and meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers, at more than 10 times the U.S. average. Fort Smith’s meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers location quotient of 10.2 ranked third highest in the entire country, followed by another Arkansas area, Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers (9.9).

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Arkansas Department of Workforce Services.

Note

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

Note: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,864 establishments with a response rate of 87 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian Counties in Arkansas, and Le Flore and Sequoyah Counties in Oklahoma.

Additional information
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southwest/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation(1) Employment Mean wages
Level(2) Location
quotient(3)
Hourly Annual(4)

Production occupations

13,570 1.8 $13.86 $28,830

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

890 1.8 21.91 45,570

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

(5) (5) 13.03 27,110

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

40 0.6 14.64 30,450

Team assemblers

1,660 1.9 14.39 29,940

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

150 0.7 13.49 28,050

Bakers

90 0.6 9.88 20,550

Butchers and meat cutters

100 0.8 11.41 23,740

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

1,380 10.2 10.33 21,480

Slaughterers and meat packers

670 9.6 8.58 17,840

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

(5) (5) 8.89 18,490

Food batchmakers

110 1.1 9.99 20,770

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

200 7.0 12.46 25,910

Food processing workers, all other

380 10.4 9.70 20,180

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

330 2.1 17.58 36,560

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

40 0.6 13.62 28,320

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

30 1.0 17.19 35,760

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

30 1.5 (5) (5)

Machinists

150 0.5 18.50 38,490

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

220 2.8 13.34 27,750

Tool and die makers

(5) (5) 17.44 36,270

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

510 1.7 16.34 33,980

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 16.72 34,770

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

40 2.3 20.17 41,950

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 15.16 31,520

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

80 4.4 15.11 31,430

Prepress technicians and workers

70 2.1 16.93 35,210

Printing press operators

190 1.4 14.62 30,420

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

120 0.7 9.19 19,120

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

(5) (5) 9.56 19,890

Sewing machine operators

40 0.4 9.65 20,070

Upholsterers

50 1.9 (5) (5)

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

40 0.6 13.94 29,000

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

90 1.5 11.13 23,140

Power plant operators

(5) (5) 30.06 62,530

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

180 2.0 15.32 31,860

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

40 1.1 15.52 32,280

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

50 2.0 10.79 22,440

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

100 1.0 15.34 31,910

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

290 5.7 11.32 23,540

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

810 2.0 14.98 31,160

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

580 1.8 13.77 28,640

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

160 2.2 18.36 38,180

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

60 4.5 10.82 22,510

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

40 1.6 12.37 25,720

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

310 3.9 17.10 35,570

Helpers--production workers

1,660 4.6 11.08 23,040

Production workers, all other

90 0.5 11.79 24,510

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Fort Smith MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_22900.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not released.

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 26, 2014