Mountain-Plains Information Office

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13-1789-KAN

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

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Technical information:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Kansas – December 2012


From September 2012 to December 2012, gross job gains in Kansas totaled 68,148, while gross job losses numbered 58,540, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 9,608. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,899.

Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Kansas, December 2007-December 2012 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in December 2012, although larger than in June and September, was below the recent gains of 72,837 jobs in March 2012. Kansas’ employment gains have remained above 60,000 each quarter since June 2010. Gross job losses declined in the three months ended in December 2012 after increasing in each of the two previous quarters. Job losses peaked in June 2009, when more than 79,000 jobs were lost within the three-month period. (See chart 1.)

Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Kansas, December 2007-December 2012, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 6.3 percent of private sector employment in Kansas in the quarter ended December 2012, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) Generally, the rate of gross job gains in Kansas has been below the U.S. rate since March 2009.

During the fourth quarter 2012, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in seven industry sectors in Kansas. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,939. While approximately 11,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, nearly 14,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended December 2012. In education and health services, nearly 8,500 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and over 5,600 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors. Within manufacturing, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 716. Among the two other sectors—construction and other services—gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less by 50.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Kansas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses Gross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended) (3 months ended)
Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep. Dec. Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep. Dec.

2011 2012 2012 2012 2012 2011 2012 2012 2012 2012
Total private (1)

Gross job gains

65,220 72,837 63,539 62,992 68,148 6.1 6.8 5.9 5.9 6.3

At expanding establishments

52,097 61,288 51,946 52,485 53,389 4.9 5.7 4.8 4.9 4.9

At opening establishments

13,123 11,549 11,593 10,507 14,759 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.4

Gross job losses

61,690 57,228 60,718 66,891 58,540 5.8 5.3 5.7 6.2 5.4

At contracting establishments

50,897 45,422 50,346 51,957 47,682 4.8 4.2 4.7 4.8 4.4

At closing establishments

10,793 11,806 10,372 14,934 10,858 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.0

Net employment change (2)

3,530 15,609 2,821 -3,899 9,608 0.3 1.5 0.2 -0.3 0.9
Construction

Gross job gains

6,617 8,682 6,222 5,875 6,270 12.3 15.5 11.1 10.7 11.5

At expanding establishments

5,306 7,236 4,954 4,716 4,904 9.9 12.9 8.8 8.6 9.0

At opening establishments

1,311 1,446 1,268 1,159 1,366 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.5

Gross job losses

6,159 5,886 8,950 6,274 6,310 11.5 10.5 15.9 11.5 11.6

At contracting establishments

4,776 4,631 7,694 4,806 4,912 8.9 8.3 13.7 8.8 9.0

At closing establishments

1,383 1,255 1,256 1,468 1,398 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.7 2.6

Net employment change (2)

458 2,796 -2,728 -399 -40 0.8 5.0 -4.8 -0.8 -0.1
Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,154 7,396 5,246 5,084 4,883 3.2 4.7 3.2 3.2 3.0

At expanding establishments

4,852 6,982 4,888 4,817 4,309 3.0 4.4 3.0 3.0 2.6

At opening establishments

302 414 358 267 574 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Gross job losses

6,626 3,774 4,979 4,292 5,599 4.1 2.3 3.0 2.6 3.4

At contracting establishments

6,272 3,250 4,289 4,066 5,248 3.9 2.0 2.6 2.5 3.2

At closing establishments

354 524 690 226 351 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,472 3,622 267 792 -716 -0.9 2.4 0.2 0.6 -0.4
Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,082 3,201 3,265 2,893 3,236 5.1 5.4 5.5 4.8 5.5

At expanding establishments

2,464 2,703 2,832 2,334 2,347 4.1 4.6 4.8 3.9 4.0

At opening establishments

618 498 433 559 889 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.5

Gross job losses

2,737 2,802 2,629 3,368 2,697 4.6 4.8 4.5 5.7 4.6

At contracting establishments

2,164 2,053 2,003 2,644 2,105 3.6 3.5 3.4 4.5 3.6

At closing establishments

573 749 626 724 592 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

345 399 636 -475 539 0.5 0.6 1.0 -0.9 0.9
Retail trade

Gross job gains

8,592 8,720 8,466 7,705 8,752 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.4 6.1

At expanding establishments

7,368 7,651 7,136 6,702 7,409 5.2 5.4 5.0 4.7 5.2

At opening establishments

1,224 1,069 1,330 1,003 1,343 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9

Gross job losses

8,009 7,850 7,952 8,553 8,253 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.8

At contracting establishments

6,942 6,802 6,914 7,529 7,112 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.2 5.0

At closing establishments

1,067 1,048 1,038 1,024 1,141 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

583 870 514 -848 499 0.4 0.6 0.4 -0.5 0.3
Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

2,660 2,248 2,612 2,083 2,709 6.6 5.4 6.2 5.0 6.4

At expanding establishments

2,188 1,949 2,215 1,801 2,279 5.4 4.7 5.3 4.3 5.4

At opening establishments

472 299 397 282 430 1.2 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.0

Gross job losses

2,026 2,413 1,615 2,629 1,961 5.0 5.9 3.8 6.3 4.6

At contracting establishments

1,653 2,058 1,396 2,101 1,613 4.1 5.0 3.3 5.0 3.8

At closing establishments

373 355 219 528 348 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.8

Net employment change (2)

634 -165 997 -546 748 1.6 -0.5 2.4 -1.3 1.8
Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,662 3,444 3,484 3,089 3,896 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.4 5.6

At expanding establishments

2,805 2,722 2,817 2,501 2,833 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.6 4.1

At opening establishments

857 722 667 588 1,063 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.5

Gross job losses

3,298 3,203 3,514 3,752 3,171 4.7 4.6 5.0 5.4 4.5

At contracting establishments

2,543 2,302 2,848 2,919 2,320 3.6 3.3 4.1 4.2 3.3

At closing establishments

755 901 666 833 851 1.1 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

364 241 -30 -663 725 0.5 0.3 -0.1 -1.0 1.1
Professional and business services

Gross job gains

12,261 14,511 12,206 10,688 13,999 8.2 9.6 8.0 7.0 9.0

At expanding establishments

9,479 11,690 9,776 8,416 10,732 6.3 7.7 6.4 5.5 6.9

At opening establishments

2,782 2,821 2,430 2,272 3,267 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.5 2.1

Gross job losses

12,034 11,156 10,373 11,144 11,060 8.0 7.3 6.8 7.2 7.1

At contracting establishments

9,566 8,232 7,946 8,826 8,573 6.4 5.4 5.2 5.7 5.5

At closing establishments

2,468 2,924 2,427 2,318 2,487 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.6

Net employment change (2)

227 3,355 1,833 -456 2,939 0.2 2.3 1.2 -0.2 1.9
Education and health services

Gross job gains

7,618 7,317 6,848 7,007 8,481 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.9 4.7

At expanding establishments

6,239 6,532 5,717 5,956 6,661 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.7

At opening establishments

1,379 785 1,131 1,051 1,820 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.0

Gross job losses

6,826 7,133 6,788 7,368 5,687 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.1 3.1

At contracting establishments

5,951 5,642 5,676 5,453 4,925 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.7

At closing establishments

875 1,491 1,112 1,915 762 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.4

Net employment change (2)

792 184 60 -361 2,794 0.5 0.1 0.1 -0.2 1.6
Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

10,132 12,444 10,136 8,957 10,600 8.8 10.4 8.4 7.4 8.9

At expanding establishments

7,141 10,023 7,446 6,753 7,775 6.2 8.4 6.2 5.6 6.5

At opening establishments

2,991 2,421 2,690 2,204 2,825 2.6 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.4

Gross job losses

9,243 7,769 9,139 11,219 8,795 7.9 6.6 7.6 9.4 7.3

At contracting establishments

7,340 6,121 7,610 8,715 6,934 6.3 5.2 6.3 7.3 5.8

At closing establishments

1,903 1,648 1,529 2,504 1,861 1.6 1.4 1.3 2.1 1.5

Net employment change (2)

889 4,675 997 -2,262 1,805 0.9 3.8 0.8 -2.0 1.6
Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,629 2,285 2,305 2,594 2,199 8.0 7.0 7.1 8.0 6.7

At expanding establishments

2,094 1,773 1,848 2,167 1,761 6.4 5.4 5.7 6.7 5.4

At opening establishments

535 512 457 427 438 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

2,305 2,590 2,497 2,231 2,226 7.0 7.9 7.7 6.9 6.8

At contracting establishments

1,887 2,097 2,103 1,657 1,790 5.7 6.4 6.5 5.1 5.5

At closing establishments

418 493 394 574 436 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.8 1.3

Net employment change (2)

324 -305 -192 363 -27 1.0 -0.9 -0.6 1.1 -0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Dec. 2011 Mar. 2012 June 2012 Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012 Dec. 2011 Mar. 2012 June 2012 Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012

United States(1)

6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.8

Alabama

5.9 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4

Alaska

9.6 10.8 11.1 9.0 9.5 10.7 8.9 9.4 10.2 10.1

Arizona

6.9 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.8

Arkansas

6.5 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.2

California

7.2 6.9 7.2 6.7 7.2 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.2

Colorado

6.9 6.7 7.3 6.9 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.6 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.1

Delaware

6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.8 6.2 5.9 6.6 6.5 5.7

District of Columbia

5.8 6.4 5.8 5.7 6.5 5.4 4.4 5.6 6.0 5.4

Florida

7.1 6.7 6.8 7.1 7.1 6.7 5.9 6.3 6.6 6.2

Georgia

6.5 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.3 5.9

Hawaii

5.4 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.3 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.4

Idaho

7.4 7.7 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.0 7.2

Illinois

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.2

Indiana

6.1 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.4

Iowa

5.9 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.4

Kansas

6.1 6.8 5.9 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.3 5.7 6.2 5.4

Kentucky

6.1 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.3 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.6

Louisiana

6.7 7.1 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.7 5.9

Maine

6.8 7.2 7.9 6.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.6

Maryland

6.5 6.7 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.2

Massachusetts

5.4 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.6 5.3

Michigan

6.1 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.4

Minnesota

5.5 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.8

Mississippi

6.3 6.5 5.8 6.2 6.7 6.1 5.6 6.6 6.0 6.1

Missouri

6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.4 5.9 5.5 6.4 5.9 5.6

Montana

8.4 8.0 8.3 7.9 8.3 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.7

Nebraska

5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.2

Nevada

6.0 6.0 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7

New Hampshire

6.9 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.1 6.4 6.8 6.4

New Jersey

6.5 6.4 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.0

New Mexico

6.4 6.9 6.8 6.4 7.1 6.8 5.9 6.9 6.5 5.9

New York

6.1 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.0 6.2 6.1

North Carolina

6.5 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.0 6.0 5.9

North Dakota

10.0 10.3 7.8 8.5 8.3 6.2 6.0 6.4 7.6 6.8

Ohio

6.0 6.0 5.9 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.2 5.3 5.9 5.6

Oklahoma

6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 6.5 5.8 5.7 5.5 6.2 5.5

Oregon

6.9 6.9 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.6

Pennsylvania

5.7 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.0

Rhode Island

6.2 6.7 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.4 5.6 5.9 6.3 6.0

South Carolina

6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.9 5.4

South Dakota

6.6 6.6 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.1

Tennessee

6.1 5.9 5.9 5.6 6.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.5 5.1

Texas

6.0 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.0

Utah

7.2 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.3 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.0

Vermont

8.3 7.2 7.4 6.9 7.4 6.8 7.0 7.4 7.1 7.1

Virginia

6.2 6.0 5.8 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.8 6.2 5.6

Washington

7.2 6.8 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.5

West Virginia

6.8 7.2 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 6.1 7.0 6.6 6.5

Wisconsin

5.6 5.9 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.3

Wyoming

9.4 8.5 8.1 8.4 9.5 8.2 8.6 9.0 8.5 8.2

Puerto Rico

6.7 6.0 6.6 6.1 6.9 5.7 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.8

Virgin Islands

6.3 5.1 5.9 5.0 6.6 6.1 6.5 13.7 7.7 5.6

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Last Modified Date: August 27, 2013