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Monday, March 24, 2014

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Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – June 2013


From March 2013 to June 2013, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 131,513, while gross job losses numbered 119,004, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 12,509.

Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Missouri, June 2008–June 2013 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Missouri’s gross job gains have remained above 130,000 in 5 of the last 7 quarters. Gross job losses declined for the fourth consecutive quarter, down 3,167 in the three months ended in June 2013. (See chart 1.) In the second quarter of 2013, the 119,004 gross job losses in Missouri was the second lowest level recorded since 1992 when data were first published.

Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Missouri, June 2008–June 2013, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended June 2013, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Missouri has been below or equal to the U.S. rate since 1992.

During the second quarter 2013, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in eight industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within retail trade, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,992. While 13,723 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, 17,715 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in June 2013. In construction, nearly 13,500 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and about 10,100 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors during the second quarter of 2013. Within education and health services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,563. Among the two other sectors—other services and information—gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 500.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.


Administrative Change Affecting Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

First quarter 2013 data were affected by an administrative change to the count of establishments in the education and health services industry. A review of these data revealed that certain establishments that provide non-medical, home-based services for the elderly and persons with disabilities had been misclassified in the private households industry (NAICS 814110), which is out of scope for the BED. These establishments are now in scope and are classified in services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120.) This non-economic industry code change artificially inflated the first quarter 2013 data for gross job gains, openings, births, and the net employment change for the following data series: national total private, state total private, the education and health services sector, firm size class, annual, and age and survival. As a result, data for first quarter 2013 are not comparable to data from other quarters.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses Gross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended) (3 months ended)
Jun. Sep. Dec. Mar. Jun. Jun. Sep. Dec. Mar. Jun.

2012 2012 2012 2013 2013 2012 2012 2012 2013 2013
Total private (1)

Gross job gains

133,660 127,233 138,250 142,864 131,513 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.5 5.9

At expanding establishments

109,640 103,617 113,061 107,813 111,497 5.0 4.8 5.2 4.9 5.0

At opening establishments

24,020 23,616 25,189 35,051 20,016 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.6 0.9

Gross job losses

134,163 128,691 122,509 122,171 119,004 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.4

At contracting establishments

107,186 109,114 102,845 102,066 99,717 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.5

At closing establishments

26,977 19,577 19,664 20,105 19,287 1.2 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-503 -1,458 15,741 20,693 12,509 0.0 0.0 0.8 1.0 0.5
Construction

Gross job gains

12,005 11,905 12,204 11,182 13,498 11.4 11.3 11.6 10.6 12.6

At expanding establishments

9,664 9,473 9,805 9,320 11,573 9.2 9.0 9.3 8.8 10.8

At opening establishments

2,341 2,432 2,399 1,862 1,925 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.8 1.8

Gross job losses

12,312 11,752 11,236 12,198 10,103 11.7 11.2 10.6 11.6 9.4

At contracting establishments

9,469 10,007 9,230 9,694 8,566 9.0 9.5 8.7 9.2 8.0

At closing establishments

2,843 1,745 2,006 2,504 1,537 2.7 1.7 1.9 2.4 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-307 153 968 -1,016 3,395 -0.3 0.1 1.0 -1.0 3.2
Manufacturing

Gross job gains

8,906 7,324 7,734 10,097 8,256 3.5 2.9 3.2 4.0 3.3

At expanding establishments

8,063 6,766 7,069 8,995 7,785 3.2 2.7 2.9 3.6 3.1

At opening establishments

843 558 665 1,102 471 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

Gross job losses

8,729 8,509 9,962 7,863 6,769 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.1 2.7

At contracting establishments

7,609 7,487 8,960 7,087 6,208 3.0 3.0 3.6 2.8 2.5

At closing establishments

1,120 1,022 1,002 776 561 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2

Net employment change (2)

177 -1,185 -2,228 2,234 1,487 0.1 -0.5 -0.8 0.9 0.6
Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

6,366 5,760 5,712 5,996 6,504 5.4 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.5

At expanding establishments

5,262 4,572 4,713 4,881 5,224 4.5 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.4

At opening establishments

1,104 1,188 999 1,115 1,280 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.1

Gross job losses

5,766 5,723 6,160 5,734 5,179 4.9 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.4

At contracting establishments

4,428 4,627 4,648 4,417 4,241 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.6

At closing establishments

1,338 1,096 1,512 1,317 938 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

600 37 -448 262 1,325 0.5 0.1 -0.4 0.1 1.1
Retail trade

Gross job gains

17,521 16,851 17,835 15,249 17,715 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.0 5.9

At expanding establishments

15,163 14,258 15,610 13,360 15,711 5.0 4.7 5.1 4.4 5.2

At opening establishments

2,358 2,593 2,225 1,889 2,004 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

16,252 17,641 16,834 18,179 13,723 5.3 5.8 5.6 6.1 4.5

At contracting establishments

14,094 16,013 14,804 16,167 12,441 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.4 4.1

At closing establishments

2,158 1,628 2,030 2,012 1,282 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.4

Net employment change (2)

1,269 -790 1,001 -2,930 3,992 0.5 -0.2 0.2 -1.1 1.4
Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,657 4,541 5,268 3,773 4,601 5.8 5.6 6.5 4.5 5.5

At expanding establishments

4,111 3,620 4,405 3,280 3,938 5.1 4.5 5.4 3.9 4.7

At opening establishments

546 921 863 493 663 0.7 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.8

Gross job losses

4,635 4,276 4,038 4,695 4,030 5.8 5.3 5.0 5.7 4.8

At contracting establishments

3,531 3,641 3,327 4,044 3,410 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.9 4.1

At closing establishments

1,104 635 711 651 620 1.4 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

22 265 1,230 -922 571 0.0 0.3 1.5 -1.2 0.7
Information

Gross job gains

1,857 2,211 2,275 1,837 2,276 3.4 4.2 4.4 3.5 4.3

At expanding establishments

1,730 1,833 1,924 1,463 2,010 3.2 3.5 3.7 2.8 3.8

At opening establishments

127 378 351 374 266 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

4,754 2,024 3,064 1,382 2,311 8.8 3.9 5.8 2.7 4.4

At contracting establishments

4,307 1,726 2,582 1,140 1,821 8.0 3.3 4.9 2.2 3.5

At closing establishments

447 298 482 242 490 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-2,897 187 -789 455 -35 -5.4 0.3 -1.4 0.8 -0.1
Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,901 7,624 8,075 7,748 7,040 4.4 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.5

At expanding establishments

5,454 5,996 6,412 6,476 5,954 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.8

At opening establishments

1,447 1,628 1,663 1,272 1,086 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

7,442 6,080 7,015 7,174 6,766 4.8 3.9 4.5 4.6 4.4

At contracting establishments

5,494 4,813 5,458 5,670 5,063 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.3

At closing establishments

1,948 1,267 1,557 1,504 1,703 1.3 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-541 1,544 1,060 574 274 -0.4 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.1
Professional and business services

Gross job gains

26,594 23,696 26,227 23,004 23,958 8.0 7.0 7.7 6.7 7.0

At expanding establishments

21,665 18,867 21,462 18,739 19,865 6.5 5.6 6.3 5.5 5.8

At opening establishments

4,929 4,829 4,765 4,265 4,093 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

23,735 24,351 21,243 22,311 21,275 7.0 7.2 6.2 6.5 6.2

At contracting establishments

17,902 20,219 17,386 17,910 17,432 5.3 6.0 5.1 5.2 5.1

At closing establishments

5,833 4,132 3,857 4,401 3,843 1.7 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

2,859 -655 4,984 693 2,683 1.0 -0.2 1.5 0.2 0.8
Education and health services

Gross job gains

15,762 16,520 16,366 30,517 16,166 3.9 4.2 4.1 7.5 3.9

At expanding establishments

13,262 14,143 13,588 13,822 13,178 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.2

At opening establishments

2,500 2,377 2,778 16,695 2,988 0.6 0.6 0.7 4.1 0.7

Gross job losses

17,086 14,049 13,221 14,857 17,729 4.3 3.6 3.3 3.6 4.3

At contracting establishments

14,267 11,795 11,584 12,818 14,396 3.6 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.5

At closing establishments

2,819 2,254 1,637 2,039 3,333 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,324 2,471 3,145 15,660 -1,563 -0.4 0.6 0.8 3.9 -0.4
Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

26,140 23,630 29,875 26,564 24,676 9.5 8.7 10.8 9.4 8.8

At expanding establishments

19,577 18,234 22,845 21,715 20,467 7.1 6.7 8.3 7.7 7.3

At opening establishments

6,563 5,396 7,030 4,849 4,209 2.4 2.0 2.5 1.7 1.5

Gross job losses

26,666 27,397 23,001 21,422 24,523 9.6 10.0 8.4 7.6 8.7

At contracting establishments

20,749 23,099 19,201 17,908 20,506 7.5 8.4 7.0 6.4 7.3

At closing establishments

5,917 4,298 3,800 3,514 4,017 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-526 -3,767 6,874 5,142 153 -0.1 -1.3 2.4 1.8 0.1
Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,049 5,190 4,742 5,456 4,827 7.2 7.4 6.8 7.7 6.9

At expanding establishments

4,046 4,252 3,701 4,507 4,002 5.8 6.1 5.3 6.4 5.7

At opening establishments

1,003 938 1,041 949 825 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.2

Gross job losses

5,054 5,203 4,817 4,477 5,237 7.2 7.5 6.9 6.4 7.5

At contracting establishments

3,839 4,181 3,928 3,565 4,416 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.1 6.3

At closing establishments

1,215 1,022 889 912 821 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-5 -13 -75 979 -410 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 1.3 -0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
June 2012 Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013 June 2012 Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013

United States(1)

6.4 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8

Alabama

5.9 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.5

Alaska

11.1 9.0 9.8 10.7 10.6 9.4 10.3 10.1 9.6 10.0

Arizona

6.3 6.7 6.9 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1

Arkansas

5.5 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.7 6.1 5.3 5.5 5.8

California

7.2 6.8 7.4 9.0 7.0 6.3 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.4

Colorado

7.3 6.9 7.1 7.1 7.1 6.3 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.1

Connecticut

5.5 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.6 4.9 5.4 5.1 5.2 4.8

Delaware

6.4 6.2 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.2 5.7 5.9 5.8

District of Columbia

5.8 5.8 6.8 5.7 6.1 5.3 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.6

Florida

6.9 7.3 7.1 6.7 7.1 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.3

Georgia

6.6 6.4 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.2

Hawaii

5.7 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.3 4.8 5.2

Idaho

8.0 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.0 7.5 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.5

Illinois

5.5 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.0 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.3

Indiana

5.8 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3

Iowa

5.8 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4

Kansas

6.0 5.6 6.3 5.6 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.5

Kentucky

6.1 5.7 6.5 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.6

Louisiana

6.7 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.2 6.9 6.7 5.9 6.1 6.3

Maine

7.9 6.7 7.0 6.7 8.1 6.9 7.3 7.5 7.0 6.4

Maryland

6.3 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.8 6.1

Massachusetts

5.9 5.3 5.4 6.2 6.1 4.9 5.6 5.3 4.9 5.0

Michigan

6.1 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.0 5.8

Minnesota

6.1 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.2

Mississippi

5.9 6.4 6.8 5.9 5.8 6.5 6.2 6.1 5.5 6.0

Missouri

6.1 5.9 6.4 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.4

Montana

8.3 7.9 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.3 7.8 7.4 7.7

Nebraska

5.7 5.6 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.7

Nevada

6.4 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.6 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.5

New Hampshire

7.1 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.8 6.4 6.9 6.4 6.1 5.9

New Jersey

6.5 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.6 5.9 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.6

New Mexico

6.7 6.4 7.4 6.2 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.2 6.5 6.8

New York

6.5 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8

North Carolina

6.4 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8

North Dakota

7.9 8.3 8.3 8.3 7.2 6.5 7.2 6.8 6.6 7.9

Ohio

5.8 5.6 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3

Oklahoma

6.3 6.1 6.7 6.0 6.1 5.6 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.7

Oregon

6.9 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.1 6.6 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.2

Rhode Island

6.4 6.0 6.3 6.1 6.5 5.9 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.7

South Carolina

6.1 5.8 6.6 5.8 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5

South Dakota

6.7 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 5.8

Tennessee

6.0 5.6 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.4

Texas

6.2 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.0

Utah

7.2 6.9 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5

Vermont

7.4 7.0 7.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.7 7.8

Virginia

5.8 6.4 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.6

Washington

7.4 7.0 7.1 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1

West Virginia

6.3 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 7.1 6.8 6.5 6.1 6.6

Wisconsin

5.8 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4

Wyoming

8.2 8.6 9.5 8.7 8.5 9.0 8.7 8.4 8.5 9.0

Puerto Rico

6.8 6.2 6.8 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.2

Virgin Islands

6.2 5.3 7.0 5.6 5.0 13.9 7.7 5.6 6.5 6.5

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Last Modified Date: March 24, 2014