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14-2283-KAN December 18, 2014

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Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2014

From December 2013 to March 2014, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 124,363, while gross job losses numbered 123,281, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,082. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 9,505.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Missouri, March 2009-March 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Missouri declined by 9,043 from December 2013 to March 2014. Even with the decrease, this was the sixth consecutive quarter in which gross job gains have exceeded gross job losses in Missouri. Gross job losses declined by 620 in the three months ended in March 2014. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Missouri, March 2009-March 2014, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Missouri has been below or equal to the U.S. rate since 1992.

During the first quarter 2014, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in five industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,567. While 25,068 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments, 21,501 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry in the 3 months ended in March 2014. In construction, 12,641 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 10,599 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in six industry sectors during the first quarter of 2014. Within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,011. In financial activities, 6,700 jobs were lost in contracting and closing establishments, offsetting the 5,691 jobs created in opening and expanding establishments. In the four other sectors, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 28, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses (3 months ended) Gross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

143,382 131,898 128,987 133,406 124,363 6.5 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.6

  At expanding establishments

108,443 111,537 106,123 110,411 102,779 4.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.6

  At opening establishments

34,939 20,361 22,864 22,995 21,584 1.6 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0

Gross job losses

123,038 118,164 125,906 123,901 123,281 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.5

  At contracting establishments

103,145 99,837 106,525 103,570 103,857 4.7 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.6

  At closing establishments

19,893 18,327 19,381 20,331 19,424 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

20,344 13,734 3,081 9,505 1,082 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.1
 

Construction

 

Gross job gains

11,214 13,523 13,021 11,759 12,641 10.6 12.7 12.0 10.8 11.5

  At expanding establishments

9,287 11,606 10,234 9,789 10,552 8.8 10.9 9.4 9.0 9.6

  At opening establishments

1,927 1,917 2,787 1,970 2,089 1.8 1.8 2.6 1.8 1.9

Gross job losses

12,247 10,126 11,633 12,897 10,599 11.6 9.5 10.6 11.8 9.7

  At contracting establishments

9,718 8,571 10,070 10,661 8,730 9.2 8.0 9.2 9.8 8.0

  At closing establishments

2,529 1,555 1,563 2,236 1,869 2.4 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,033 3,397 1,388 -1,138 2,042 -1.0 3.2 1.4 -1.0 1.8
 

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

9,968 8,348 7,657 8,848 7,463 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.0

  At expanding establishments

9,149 7,780 7,148 8,329 6,772 3.6 3.1 2.8 3.3 2.7

  At opening establishments

819 568 509 519 691 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

7,856 6,803 7,944 8,289 7,326 3.1 2.7 3.1 3.2 2.9

  At contracting establishments

7,084 6,230 7,203 7,711 6,828 2.8 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.7

  At closing establishments

772 573 741 578 498 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Net employment change (2)

2,112 1,545 -287 559 137 0.8 0.6 -0.1 0.3 0.1
 

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,977 6,581 5,709 5,925 5,546 5.1 5.6 4.8 5.0 4.7

  At expanding establishments

4,827 5,218 4,474 4,892 4,393 4.1 4.4 3.8 4.1 3.7

  At opening establishments

1,150 1,363 1,235 1,033 1,153 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

5,805 5,180 5,447 5,025 5,378 4.9 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.5

  At contracting establishments

4,513 4,255 4,353 4,111 4,230 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.5

  At closing establishments

1,292 925 1,094 914 1,148 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

172 1,401 262 900 168 0.2 1.2 0.2 0.8 0.2
 

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

16,021 17,819 16,272 17,806 16,282 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.9 5.3

  At expanding establishments

13,995 15,818 14,201 15,423 14,099 4.7 5.2 4.7 5.1 4.6

  At opening establishments

2,026 2,001 2,071 2,383 2,183 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

18,342 13,611 17,411 15,619 16,633 6.1 4.4 5.7 5.2 5.5

  At contracting establishments

16,304 12,250 15,644 13,924 14,918 5.4 4.0 5.1 4.6 4.9

  At closing establishments

2,038 1,361 1,767 1,695 1,715 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-2,321 4,208 -1,139 2,187 -351 -0.7 1.5 -0.3 0.7 -0.2
 

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

3,820 4,628 5,167 5,554 4,219 4.6 5.6 6.2 6.6 5.0

  At expanding establishments

3,338 3,967 4,676 4,956 3,305 4.0 4.8 5.6 5.9 3.9

  At opening establishments

482 661 491 598 914 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.1

Gross job losses

4,630 4,126 4,446 3,889 5,151 5.6 5.0 5.3 4.6 6.0

  At contracting establishments

4,001 3,463 3,628 3,271 4,441 4.8 4.2 4.3 3.9 5.2

  At closing establishments

629 663 818 618 710 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-810 502 721 1,665 -932 -1.0 0.6 0.9 2.0 -1.0
 

Information

 

Gross job gains

1769 2262 1833 2274 1906 3.4 4.3 3.5 4.3 3.7

  At expanding establishments

1469 1994 1503 1940 1462 2.8 3.8 2.9 3.7 2.8

  At opening establishments

300 268 330 334 444 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9

Gross job losses

1369 2426 2042 2005 1991 2.6 4.6 3.9 3.8 3.9

  At contracting establishments

1114 1829 1745 1785 1700 2.1 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3

  At closing establishments

255 597 297 220 291 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.6

Net employment change (2)

400 -164 -209 269 -85 0.8 -0.3 -0.4 0.5 -0.2
 

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

7,827 6,951 6,331 6,600 5,691 5.0 4.5 4.1 4.2 3.7

  At expanding establishments

6,529 5,860 4,955 5,321 4,521 4.2 3.8 3.2 3.4 2.9

  At opening establishments

1,298 1,091 1,376 1,279 1,170 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

7,288 6,655 6,284 6,944 6,700 4.7 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.3

  At contracting establishments

5,776 5,076 5,197 5,469 5,334 3.7 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.4

  At closing establishments

1,512 1,579 1,087 1,475 1,366 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

539 296 47 -344 -1,009 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.6
 

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

23,181 24,194 23,952 26,842 21,518 6.7 7.0 6.9 7.7 6.0

  At expanding establishments

18,909 19,890 19,657 21,355 17,530 5.5 5.8 5.7 6.1 4.9

  At opening establishments

4,272 4,304 4,295 5,487 3,988 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.1

Gross job losses

22,258 21,356 22,687 21,899 24,529 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.9

  At contracting establishments

17,858 17,492 18,460 17,375 20,584 5.2 5.1 5.3 4.9 5.8

  At closing establishments

4,400 3,864 4,227 4,524 3,945 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

923 2,838 1,265 4,943 -3,011 0.2 0.8 0.4 1.5 -0.9
 

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

30,697 16,141 17,947 18,063 17,689 7.4 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.2

  At expanding establishments

14,069 13,223 14,486 14,248 13,741 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.3

  At opening establishments

16,628 2,918 3,461 3,815 3,948 4.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

15,070 17,730 16,384 16,582 17,755 3.7 4.2 3.9 4.0 4.2

  At contracting establishments

13,092 14,364 12,941 13,004 14,402 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.4

  At closing establishments

1,978 3,366 3,443 3,578 3,353 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

15,627 -1,589 1,563 1,481 -66 3.7 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0
 

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

26,036 24,615 24,930 23,535 25,068 9.3 8.7 8.8 8.3 8.8

  At expanding establishments

21,078 20,380 19,746 18,957 21,053 7.5 7.2 7.0 6.7 7.4

  At opening establishments

4,958 4,235 5,184 4,578 4,015 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.4

Gross job losses

21,750 23,549 25,076 23,792 21,501 7.8 8.3 9.0 8.5 7.6

  At contracting establishments

18,428 20,674 21,781 20,487 17,881 6.6 7.3 7.8 7.3 6.3

  At closing establishments

3,322 2,875 3,295 3,305 3,620 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.3

Net employment change (2)

4,286 1,066 -146 -257 3,567 1.5 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 1.2
 

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,405 4,829 4,648 4,312 4,754 7.7 6.9 6.6 6.2 6.8

  At expanding establishments

4,516 4,004 3,791 3,491 3,905 6.4 5.7 5.4 5.0 5.6

  At opening establishments

889 825 857 821 849 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

4,556 5,236 4,739 5,070 3,931 6.5 7.4 6.7 7.3 5.7

  At contracting establishments

3,622 4,408 3,939 4,175 3,199 5.2 6.2 5.6 6.0 4.6

  At closing establishments

934 828 800 895 732 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

849 -407 -91 -758 823 1.2 -0.5 -0.1 -1.1 1.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014

United States(1)

6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
 

Alabama

6.1 6.0 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.7

Alaska

10.9 10.7 9.8 10.1 10.8 9.7 9.9 10.1 10.4 9.6

Arizona

6.1 6.2 6.4 6.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.4 6.0

Arkansas

5.8 5.3 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.0

California

9.1 7.0 6.9 7.3 6.8 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.1

Colorado

7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.1 5.9

Connecticut

5.2 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.0

Delaware

6.5 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9

District of Columbia

5.9 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.5

Florida

6.7 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
 

Georgia

6.6 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.5 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.6

Hawaii

5.2 5.2 5.6 5.4 4.8 4.7 5.1 4.7 4.5 5.1

Idaho

8.1 8.0 7.7 8.3 8.4 7.2 7.4 7.2 7.3 7.2

Illinois

5.6 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.5

Indiana

5.6 5.7 5.6 6.1 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.5

Iowa

5.9 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.5

Kansas

5.7 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.5

Kentucky

5.9 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.9

Louisiana

7.0 6.3 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.1 6.6 6.0 6.1 5.8

Maine

6.8 8.1 7.4 7.0 6.7 7.0 6.4 7.3 7.5 7.0
 

Maryland

6.3 6.2 6.1 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.3 5.8

Massachusetts

6.4 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.3 5.0

Michigan

6.2 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.1

Minnesota

6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.7 5.5 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.9

Missouri

6.5 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.5

Montana

8.2 8.0 7.7 8.2 7.2 7.6 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.9

Nebraska

6.0 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.3 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.6 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.2

New Hampshire

6.4 6.8 6.0 6.8 5.7 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.8 5.9
 

New Jersey

6.5 6.5 6.2 6.4 5.9 6.0 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.2

New Mexico

6.4 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.4

New York

6.3 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.0

North Carolina

6.1 6.3 6.3 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6

North Dakota

8.3 7.3 8.3 8.2 8.6 6.6 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.8

Ohio

6.0 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

6.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.0

Oregon

7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 7.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.6 6.1

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9

Rhode Island

6.3 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.7
 

South Carolina

5.9 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.7 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.8

South Dakota

6.3 6.5 6.2 6.9 6.3 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.0 6.1

Tennessee

5.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.3 4.7 5.3

Texas

5.9 5.8 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.1

Utah

7.4 7.0 6.9 7.4 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.1 6.0

Vermont

7.0 7.4 7.1 7.6 6.7 6.9 7.7 7.4 6.6 6.8

Virginia

5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5

Washington

8.6 7.3 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.6 6.3 5.9

West Virginia

6.4 6.2 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.7

Wisconsin

5.5 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
 

Wyoming

8.8 8.6 8.4 9.4 8.4 8.7 9.1 8.2 8.1 8.0

Puerto Rico

5.7 6.0 6.1 6.6 5.1 6.3 6.0 6.6 5.2 6.4

Virgin Islands

5.7 4.9 5.7 5.5 4.9 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.0 6.1

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 18, 2014

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News Release Information

14-2283-KAN December 18, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2014

From December 2013 to March 2014, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 124,363, while gross job losses numbered 123,281, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,082. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 9,505.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Missouri, March 2009-March 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Missouri declined by 9,043 from December 2013 to March 2014. Even with the decrease, this was the sixth consecutive quarter in which gross job gains have exceeded gross job losses in Missouri. Gross job losses declined by 620 in the three months ended in March 2014. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Missouri, March 2009-March 2014, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Missouri has been below or equal to the U.S. rate since 1992.

During the first quarter 2014, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in five industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,567. While 25,068 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments, 21,501 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry in the 3 months ended in March 2014. In construction, 12,641 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 10,599 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in six industry sectors during the first quarter of 2014. Within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,011. In financial activities, 6,700 jobs were lost in contracting and closing establishments, offsetting the 5,691 jobs created in opening and expanding establishments. In the four other sectors, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 28, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses (3 months ended) Gross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

143,382 131,898 128,987 133,406 124,363 6.5 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.6

  At expanding establishments

108,443 111,537 106,123 110,411 102,779 4.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.6

  At opening establishments

34,939 20,361 22,864 22,995 21,584 1.6 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0

Gross job losses

123,038 118,164 125,906 123,901 123,281 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.5

  At contracting establishments

103,145 99,837 106,525 103,570 103,857 4.7 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.6

  At closing establishments

19,893 18,327 19,381 20,331 19,424 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

20,344 13,734 3,081 9,505 1,082 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.1
 

Construction

 

Gross job gains

11,214 13,523 13,021 11,759 12,641 10.6 12.7 12.0 10.8 11.5

  At expanding establishments

9,287 11,606 10,234 9,789 10,552 8.8 10.9 9.4 9.0 9.6

  At opening establishments

1,927 1,917 2,787 1,970 2,089 1.8 1.8 2.6 1.8 1.9

Gross job losses

12,247 10,126 11,633 12,897 10,599 11.6 9.5 10.6 11.8 9.7

  At contracting establishments

9,718 8,571 10,070 10,661 8,730 9.2 8.0 9.2 9.8 8.0

  At closing establishments

2,529 1,555 1,563 2,236 1,869 2.4 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,033 3,397 1,388 -1,138 2,042 -1.0 3.2 1.4 -1.0 1.8
 

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

9,968 8,348 7,657 8,848 7,463 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.0

  At expanding establishments

9,149 7,780 7,148 8,329 6,772 3.6 3.1 2.8 3.3 2.7

  At opening establishments

819 568 509 519 691 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

7,856 6,803 7,944 8,289 7,326 3.1 2.7 3.1 3.2 2.9

  At contracting establishments

7,084 6,230 7,203 7,711 6,828 2.8 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.7

  At closing establishments

772 573 741 578 498 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Net employment change (2)

2,112 1,545 -287 559 137 0.8 0.6 -0.1 0.3 0.1
 

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,977 6,581 5,709 5,925 5,546 5.1 5.6 4.8 5.0 4.7

  At expanding establishments

4,827 5,218 4,474 4,892 4,393 4.1 4.4 3.8 4.1 3.7

  At opening establishments

1,150 1,363 1,235 1,033 1,153 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

5,805 5,180 5,447 5,025 5,378 4.9 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.5

  At contracting establishments

4,513 4,255 4,353 4,111 4,230 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.5

  At closing establishments

1,292 925 1,094 914 1,148 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

172 1,401 262 900 168 0.2 1.2 0.2 0.8 0.2
 

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

16,021 17,819 16,272 17,806 16,282 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.9 5.3

  At expanding establishments

13,995 15,818 14,201 15,423 14,099 4.7 5.2 4.7 5.1 4.6

  At opening establishments

2,026 2,001 2,071 2,383 2,183 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

18,342 13,611 17,411 15,619 16,633 6.1 4.4 5.7 5.2 5.5

  At contracting establishments

16,304 12,250 15,644 13,924 14,918 5.4 4.0 5.1 4.6 4.9

  At closing establishments

2,038 1,361 1,767 1,695 1,715 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-2,321 4,208 -1,139 2,187 -351 -0.7 1.5 -0.3 0.7 -0.2
 

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

3,820 4,628 5,167 5,554 4,219 4.6 5.6 6.2 6.6 5.0

  At expanding establishments

3,338 3,967 4,676 4,956 3,305 4.0 4.8 5.6 5.9 3.9

  At opening establishments

482 661 491 598 914 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.1

Gross job losses

4,630 4,126 4,446 3,889 5,151 5.6 5.0 5.3 4.6 6.0

  At contracting establishments

4,001 3,463 3,628 3,271 4,441 4.8 4.2 4.3 3.9 5.2

  At closing establishments

629 663 818 618 710 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-810 502 721 1,665 -932 -1.0 0.6 0.9 2.0 -1.0
 

Information

 

Gross job gains

1769 2262 1833 2274 1906 3.4 4.3 3.5 4.3 3.7

  At expanding establishments

1469 1994 1503 1940 1462 2.8 3.8 2.9 3.7 2.8

  At opening establishments

300 268 330 334 444 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9

Gross job losses

1369 2426 2042 2005 1991 2.6 4.6 3.9 3.8 3.9

  At contracting establishments

1114 1829 1745 1785 1700 2.1 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3

  At closing establishments

255 597 297 220 291 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.6

Net employment change (2)

400 -164 -209 269 -85 0.8 -0.3 -0.4 0.5 -0.2
 

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

7,827 6,951 6,331 6,600 5,691 5.0 4.5 4.1 4.2 3.7

  At expanding establishments

6,529 5,860 4,955 5,321 4,521 4.2 3.8 3.2 3.4 2.9

  At opening establishments

1,298 1,091 1,376 1,279 1,170 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

7,288 6,655 6,284 6,944 6,700 4.7 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.3

  At contracting establishments

5,776 5,076 5,197 5,469 5,334 3.7 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.4

  At closing establishments

1,512 1,579 1,087 1,475 1,366 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

539 296 47 -344 -1,009 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.6
 

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

23,181 24,194 23,952 26,842 21,518 6.7 7.0 6.9 7.7 6.0

  At expanding establishments

18,909 19,890 19,657 21,355 17,530 5.5 5.8 5.7 6.1 4.9

  At opening establishments

4,272 4,304 4,295 5,487 3,988 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.1

Gross job losses

22,258 21,356 22,687 21,899 24,529 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.9

  At contracting establishments

17,858 17,492 18,460 17,375 20,584 5.2 5.1 5.3 4.9 5.8

  At closing establishments

4,400 3,864 4,227 4,524 3,945 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

923 2,838 1,265 4,943 -3,011 0.2 0.8 0.4 1.5 -0.9
 

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

30,697 16,141 17,947 18,063 17,689 7.4 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.2

  At expanding establishments

14,069 13,223 14,486 14,248 13,741 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.3

  At opening establishments

16,628 2,918 3,461 3,815 3,948 4.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

15,070 17,730 16,384 16,582 17,755 3.7 4.2 3.9 4.0 4.2

  At contracting establishments

13,092 14,364 12,941 13,004 14,402 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.4

  At closing establishments

1,978 3,366 3,443 3,578 3,353 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

15,627 -1,589 1,563 1,481 -66 3.7 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0
 

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

26,036 24,615 24,930 23,535 25,068 9.3 8.7 8.8 8.3 8.8

  At expanding establishments

21,078 20,380 19,746 18,957 21,053 7.5 7.2 7.0 6.7 7.4

  At opening establishments

4,958 4,235 5,184 4,578 4,015 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.4

Gross job losses

21,750 23,549 25,076 23,792 21,501 7.8 8.3 9.0 8.5 7.6

  At contracting establishments

18,428 20,674 21,781 20,487 17,881 6.6 7.3 7.8 7.3 6.3

  At closing establishments

3,322 2,875 3,295 3,305 3,620 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.3

Net employment change (2)

4,286 1,066 -146 -257 3,567 1.5 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 1.2
 

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,405 4,829 4,648 4,312 4,754 7.7 6.9 6.6 6.2 6.8

  At expanding establishments

4,516 4,004 3,791 3,491 3,905 6.4 5.7 5.4 5.0 5.6

  At opening establishments

889 825 857 821 849 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

4,556 5,236 4,739 5,070 3,931 6.5 7.4 6.7 7.3 5.7

  At contracting establishments

3,622 4,408 3,939 4,175 3,199 5.2 6.2 5.6 6.0 4.6

  At closing establishments

934 828 800 895 732 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

849 -407 -91 -758 823 1.2 -0.5 -0.1 -1.1 1.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Mar. 2014

United States(1)

6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
 

Alabama

6.1 6.0 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.7

Alaska

10.9 10.7 9.8 10.1 10.8 9.7 9.9 10.1 10.4 9.6

Arizona

6.1 6.2 6.4 6.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.4 6.0

Arkansas

5.8 5.3 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.0

California

9.1 7.0 6.9 7.3 6.8 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.1

Colorado

7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.1 5.9

Connecticut

5.2 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.0

Delaware

6.5 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9

District of Columbia

5.9 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.5

Florida

6.7 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
 

Georgia

6.6 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.5 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.6

Hawaii

5.2 5.2 5.6 5.4 4.8 4.7 5.1 4.7 4.5 5.1

Idaho

8.1 8.0 7.7 8.3 8.4 7.2 7.4 7.2 7.3 7.2

Illinois

5.6 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.5

Indiana

5.6 5.7 5.6 6.1 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.5

Iowa

5.9 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.5

Kansas

5.7 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.5

Kentucky

5.9 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.9

Louisiana

7.0 6.3 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.1 6.6 6.0 6.1 5.8

Maine

6.8 8.1 7.4 7.0 6.7 7.0 6.4 7.3 7.5 7.0
 

Maryland

6.3 6.2 6.1 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.3 5.8

Massachusetts

6.4 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.3 5.0

Michigan

6.2 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.1

Minnesota

6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.7 5.5 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.9

Missouri

6.5 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.5

Montana

8.2 8.0 7.7 8.2 7.2 7.6 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.9

Nebraska

6.0 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.3 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.6 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.2

New Hampshire

6.4 6.8 6.0 6.8 5.7 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.8 5.9
 

New Jersey

6.5 6.5 6.2 6.4 5.9 6.0 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.2

New Mexico

6.4 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.4

New York

6.3 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.0

North Carolina

6.1 6.3 6.3 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6

North Dakota

8.3 7.3 8.3 8.2 8.6 6.6 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.8

Ohio

6.0 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

6.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.0

Oregon

7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 7.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.6 6.1

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9

Rhode Island

6.3 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.7
 

South Carolina

5.9 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.7 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.8

South Dakota

6.3 6.5 6.2 6.9 6.3 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.0 6.1

Tennessee

5.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.3 4.7 5.3

Texas

5.9 5.8 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.1

Utah

7.4 7.0 6.9 7.4 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.1 6.0

Vermont

7.0 7.4 7.1 7.6 6.7 6.9 7.7 7.4 6.6 6.8

Virginia

5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5

Washington

8.6 7.3 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.6 6.3 5.9

West Virginia

6.4 6.2 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.7

Wisconsin

5.5 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
 

Wyoming

8.8 8.6 8.4 9.4 8.4 8.7 9.1 8.2 8.1 8.0

Puerto Rico

5.7 6.0 6.1 6.6 5.1 6.3 6.0 6.6 5.2 6.4

Virgin Islands

5.7 4.9 5.7 5.5 4.9 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.0 6.1

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 18, 2014