Error on Page

Mountain-Plains Information Office

News Release Information

15-2453-KAN
Friday, December 18, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2015

From December 2014 to March 2015, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 127,642, while gross job losses numbered 122,952, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,690. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 26,230.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Missouri, March 2010-March 2015 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Missouri declined by 15,057 from December 2014 to March 2015. Even with the decrease in this quarter, the number of gross job gains has exceeded the number of gross job losses in 18 of the past 20 quarters. The number of gross job losses was 6,483 higher in the three months ended in March 2015 compared to the prior quarter when the series low was recorded. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Missouri, March 2010-March 2015 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Missouri has been the same as or below the U.S. rate since the series began in 1992. Missouri’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.4 percent in the first quarter of 2015, lower than the national rate of 5.7 percent. Generally, the state’s rate of gross job losses has also been the same as or below the U.S. rate in each quarter since 1992.

During the first quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in six industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,810. While 18,418 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments, 16,608 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry in the three months ended in March 2015. In leisure and hospitality, 23,616 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 22,076 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by more than 100 in three industry sectors in the first quarter of 2015–retail trade, transportation and warehousing, and construction.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 27, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.

Additionally, all historical BED series back to third quarter 1992 have been revised for both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted series, to incorporate an administrative scope change. These revisions are primarily due to the reclassification of a number of establishments from private households (NAICS 814110) to services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120). Private households are not within the scope of BED and, as a result, those     
establishments impacted by this industry reclassification are now within scope.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014
Sep.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014
Sep.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

125,153 134,758 126,076 142,699 127,642 5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.6

At expanding establishments

103,478 113,094 104,587 118,080 106,223 4.6 5.0 4.7 5.2 4.7

At opening establishments

21,675 21,664 21,489 24,619 21,419 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

123,829 119,955 126,568 116,469 122,952 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.4

At contracting establishments

104,157 101,259 106,862 97,543 102,847 4.7 4.5 4.8 4.3 4.5

At closing establishments

19,672 18,696 19,706 18,926 20,105 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,324 14,803 -492 26,230 4,690 0.0 0.7 0.0 1.2 0.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

12,697 11,816 11,827 12,347 11,319 11.6 10.7 10.7 11.1 10.0

At expanding establishments

10,592 9,862 9,938 10,152 9,415 9.7 8.9 9.0 9.1 8.3

At opening establishments

2,105 1,954 1,889 2,195 1,904 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.7

Gross job losses

10,571 12,680 11,068 10,942 11,823 9.6 11.5 10.1 9.8 10.4

At contracting establishments

8,690 10,407 9,229 9,034 9,546 7.9 9.4 8.4 8.1 8.4

At closing establishments

1,881 2,273 1,839 1,908 2,277 1.7 2.1 1.7 1.7 2.0

Net employment change (2)

2,126 -864 759 1,405 -504 2.0 -0.8 0.6 1.3 -0.4

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

7,523 8,939 7,477 8,889 7,851 3.0 3.5 2.9 3.5 3.0

At expanding establishments

6,821 8,445 7,041 8,417 7,506 2.7 3.3 2.7 3.3 2.9

At opening establishments

702 494 436 472 345 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Gross job losses

7,453 6,320 6,912 7,589 6,977 2.9 2.5 2.7 3.0 2.7

At contracting establishments

6,942 5,800 6,264 6,902 6,325 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.4

At closing establishments

511 520 648 687 652 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Net employment change (2)

70 2,619 565 1,300 874 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.5 0.3

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,571 6,167 5,254 5,847 5,761 4.7 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.8

At expanding establishments

4,419 5,101 4,329 4,799 4,752 3.7 4.2 3.6 3.9 4.0

At opening establishments

1,152 1,066 925 1,048 1,009 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

5,435 5,016 5,193 5,339 5,535 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.6

At contracting establishments

4,235 3,871 4,351 4,383 4,350 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.6

At closing establishments

1,200 1,145 842 956 1,185 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

136 1,151 61 508 226 0.2 1.0 0.1 0.4 0.2

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

16,255 18,425 15,516 17,379 16,545 5.3 6.0 5.1 5.6 5.4

At expanding establishments

14,056 16,336 13,173 15,716 14,479 4.6 5.3 4.3 5.1 4.7

At opening establishments

2,199 2,089 2,343 1,663 2,066 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7

Gross job losses

16,739 14,653 17,807 15,305 16,660 5.5 4.8 5.8 5.0 5.3

At contracting establishments

15,014 12,803 16,076 13,796 14,379 4.9 4.2 5.2 4.5 4.6

At closing establishments

1,725 1,850 1,731 1,509 2,281 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-484 3,772 -2,291 2,074 -115 -0.2 1.2 -0.7 0.6 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,223 4,955 4,323 5,838 5,232 5.0 5.9 5.0 6.8 5.9

At expanding establishments

3,382 4,292 3,694 5,318 4,421 4.0 5.1 4.3 6.2 5.0

At opening establishments

841 663 629 520 811 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.9

Gross job losses

5,115 4,200 3,884 3,473 5,384 6.0 4.9 4.6 4.0 6.1

At contracting establishments

4,411 3,769 3,324 2,938 4,732 5.2 4.4 3.9 3.4 5.4

At closing establishments

704 431 560 535 652 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-892 755 439 2,365 -152 -1.0 1.0 0.4 2.8 -0.2

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,921 2,264 2,177 2,064 1,664 3.7 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.4

At expanding establishments

1,476 2,124 1,792 1,666 1,422 2.8 4.1 3.4 3.2 2.9

At opening establishments

445 140 385 398 242 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.5

Gross job losses

2,021 1,872 2,049 2,301 1,669 3.9 3.6 3.9 4.4 3.3

At contracting establishments

1,729 1,670 1,813 1,861 1,453 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.6 2.9

At closing establishments

292 202 236 440 216 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-100 392 128 -237 -5 -0.2 0.8 0.2 -0.4 0.1

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

5,729 6,318 6,259 7,209 6,825 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.6 4.3

At expanding establishments

4,553 5,151 5,059 5,759 5,387 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.4

At opening establishments

1,176 1,167 1,200 1,450 1,438 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

6,732 5,509 6,201 6,260 6,415 4.4 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.1

At contracting establishments

5,375 4,588 4,924 4,960 5,264 3.5 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.4

At closing establishments

1,357 921 1,277 1,300 1,151 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,003 809 58 949 410 -0.7 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.2

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

21,946 24,848 26,454 29,676 23,356 6.2 7.0 7.4 8.2 6.4

At expanding establishments

17,852 20,228 21,830 23,784 19,312 5.0 5.7 6.1 6.6 5.3

At opening establishments

4,094 4,620 4,624 5,892 4,044 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.1

Gross job losses

24,261 21,108 24,256 21,415 23,358 6.8 5.9 6.8 5.9 6.4

At contracting establishments

20,366 17,093 19,894 16,915 19,078 5.7 4.8 5.6 4.7 5.2

At closing establishments

3,895 4,015 4,362 4,500 4,280 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-2,315 3,740 2,198 8,261 -2 -0.6 1.1 0.6 2.3 0.0

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

17,715 18,164 19,150 19,021 18,418 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.3

At expanding establishments

13,786 14,405 15,190 14,433 14,050 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.3

At opening establishments

3,929 3,759 3,960 4,588 4,368 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

17,858 17,418 17,450 14,846 16,608 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.5 3.9

At contracting establishments

14,429 14,245 13,395 12,116 13,369 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.1

At closing establishments

3,429 3,173 4,055 2,730 3,239 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-143 746 1,700 4,175 1,810 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

25,243 25,749 21,042 28,321 23,616 8.8 9.0 7.4 9.8 8.1

At expanding establishments

21,203 21,160 17,145 23,043 19,653 7.4 7.4 6.0 8.0 6.7

At opening establishments

4,040 4,589 3,897 5,278 3,963 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.4

Gross job losses

21,904 24,882 25,018 22,661 22,076 7.7 8.7 8.8 7.9 7.5

At contracting establishments

18,127 21,751 21,843 19,254 19,079 6.4 7.6 7.7 6.7 6.5

At closing establishments

3,777 3,131 3,175 3,407 2,997 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

3,339 867 -3,976 5,660 1,540 1.1 0.3 -1.4 1.9 0.6

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

4,748 5,132 4,936 4,477 5,333 6.8 7.3 7.0 6.3 7.6

At expanding establishments

3,897 4,223 3,974 3,613 4,304 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.1 6.1

At opening establishments

851 909 962 864 1,029 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.5

Gross job losses

3,957 4,662 5,105 4,699 4,567 5.6 6.7 7.2 6.7 6.4

At contracting establishments

3,231 3,780 4,257 3,869 3,633 4.6 5.4 6.0 5.5 5.1

At closing establishments

726 882 848 830 934 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3

Net employment change (2)

791 470 -169 -222 766 1.2 0.6 -0.2 -0.4 1.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Dec. 2014 Mar. 2015 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Dec. 2014 Mar. 2015

United States (1)

6.1 6.5 6.3 6.6 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7

  Alabama

5.7 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.4

  Alaska

10.8 10.8 9.5 10.6 10.4 9.7 11.0 10.4 10.4 9.2

  Arizona

5.9 6.0 6.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.3 5.7

  Arkansas

5.9 5.6 6.0 6.6 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.7

  California

6.9 7.0 7.1 7.4 6.8 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.4 6.2

  Colorado

6.8 7.2 7.3 7.0 6.9 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1

  Connecticut

5.1 5.7 5.2 5.4 4.8 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.1

  Delaware

6.3 6.6 6.3 7.0 5.7 5.9 5.2 6.2 5.4 7.3

  District of Columbia

5.9 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4

  Florida

6.5 7.2 7.3 7.1 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.6

  Georgia

6.6 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.9 5.5 5.6

  Hawaii

4.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.8

  Idaho

8.4 7.7 7.5 8.0 9.1 7.2 7.9 7.3 7.0 7.0

  Illinois

5.8 6.2 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.7

  Indiana

5.3 5.9 5.4 6.3 5.3 5.6 5.0 5.3 5.0 5.3

  Iowa

5.8 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.4

  Kansas

5.7 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.8

  Kentucky

6.2 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.3 6.0

  Louisiana

6.8 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.9 5.8 6.7

  Maine

6.8 7.8 6.7 7.2 6.5 7.1 6.5 7.0 7.2 7.0

  Maryland

6.0 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.2

  Massachusetts

5.5 6.3 5.7 6.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2 5.4

  Michigan

5.4 6.4 5.4 6.2 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.2 5.1

  Minnesota

5.2 6.5 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.7 5.4 5.2

  Mississippi

5.8 6.2 6.2 6.9 5.5 6.0 6.6 6.0 5.4 6.4

  Missouri

5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.4

  Montana

7.3 8.2 8.1 8.5 9.1 8.0 7.7 8.1 8.0 7.2

  Nebraska

5.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.6

  Nevada

6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3

  New Hampshire

5.9 6.9 5.9 6.9 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.7

  New Jersey

6.0 7.0 6.3 6.9 5.8 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.0

  New Mexico

6.5 6.8 6.6 7.2 6.4 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.5

  New York

6.2 6.7 6.4 6.6 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9

  North Carolina

6.0 6.4 6.2 6.5 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

  North Dakota

8.7 7.6 8.2 8.7 7.1 6.7 7.0 6.9 6.7 8.7

  Ohio

5.6 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.6

  Oklahoma

6.2 6.3 6.2 6.7 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.5 6.1

  Oregon

7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.7

  Pennsylvania

5.2 5.6 5.2 5.6 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.1 4.9 5.2

  Rhode Island

5.7 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.8

  South Carolina

6.2 6.4 6.0 6.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.0 5.5

  South Dakota

6.5 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7

  Tennessee

5.5 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.2

  Texas

5.9 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.7

  Utah

6.5 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.3 6.0 6.7 6.0 5.8 5.9

  Vermont

6.9 7.3 6.9 7.5 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.3 6.7 6.8

  Virginia

5.4 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.6

  Washington

6.9 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.0 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.6

  West Virginia

6.5 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.7 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.7

  Wisconsin

5.3 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.2 5.1

  Wyoming

8.6 8.7 8.3 9.3 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.0 8.9

  Puerto Rico

5.3 5.5 5.6 6.4 5.3 6.5 6.3 6.0 4.9 6.4

  Virgin Islands

5.0 6.2 6.6 6.2 5.5 6.0 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.9

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 18, 2015

Recommend this page using:

News Release Information

15-2453-KAN
Friday, December 18, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2015

From December 2014 to March 2015, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 127,642, while gross job losses numbered 122,952, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,690. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 26,230.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Missouri, March 2010-March 2015 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Missouri declined by 15,057 from December 2014 to March 2015. Even with the decrease in this quarter, the number of gross job gains has exceeded the number of gross job losses in 18 of the past 20 quarters. The number of gross job losses was 6,483 higher in the three months ended in March 2015 compared to the prior quarter when the series low was recorded. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Missouri, March 2010-March 2015 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Missouri has been the same as or below the U.S. rate since the series began in 1992. Missouri’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.4 percent in the first quarter of 2015, lower than the national rate of 5.7 percent. Generally, the state’s rate of gross job losses has also been the same as or below the U.S. rate in each quarter since 1992.

During the first quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in six industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,810. While 18,418 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments, 16,608 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry in the three months ended in March 2015. In leisure and hospitality, 23,616 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 22,076 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by more than 100 in three industry sectors in the first quarter of 2015–retail trade, transportation and warehousing, and construction.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 27, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.

Additionally, all historical BED series back to third quarter 1992 have been revised for both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted series, to incorporate an administrative scope change. These revisions are primarily due to the reclassification of a number of establishments from private households (NAICS 814110) to services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120). Private households are not within the scope of BED and, as a result, those     
establishments impacted by this industry reclassification are now within scope.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014
Sep.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014
Sep.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

125,153 134,758 126,076 142,699 127,642 5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.6

At expanding establishments

103,478 113,094 104,587 118,080 106,223 4.6 5.0 4.7 5.2 4.7

At opening establishments

21,675 21,664 21,489 24,619 21,419 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

123,829 119,955 126,568 116,469 122,952 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.4

At contracting establishments

104,157 101,259 106,862 97,543 102,847 4.7 4.5 4.8 4.3 4.5

At closing establishments

19,672 18,696 19,706 18,926 20,105 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,324 14,803 -492 26,230 4,690 0.0 0.7 0.0 1.2 0.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

12,697 11,816 11,827 12,347 11,319 11.6 10.7 10.7 11.1 10.0

At expanding establishments

10,592 9,862 9,938 10,152 9,415 9.7 8.9 9.0 9.1 8.3

At opening establishments

2,105 1,954 1,889 2,195 1,904 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.7

Gross job losses

10,571 12,680 11,068 10,942 11,823 9.6 11.5 10.1 9.8 10.4

At contracting establishments

8,690 10,407 9,229 9,034 9,546 7.9 9.4 8.4 8.1 8.4

At closing establishments

1,881 2,273 1,839 1,908 2,277 1.7 2.1 1.7 1.7 2.0

Net employment change (2)

2,126 -864 759 1,405 -504 2.0 -0.8 0.6 1.3 -0.4

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

7,523 8,939 7,477 8,889 7,851 3.0 3.5 2.9 3.5 3.0

At expanding establishments

6,821 8,445 7,041 8,417 7,506 2.7 3.3 2.7 3.3 2.9

At opening establishments

702 494 436 472 345 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Gross job losses

7,453 6,320 6,912 7,589 6,977 2.9 2.5 2.7 3.0 2.7

At contracting establishments

6,942 5,800 6,264 6,902 6,325 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.4

At closing establishments

511 520 648 687 652 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Net employment change (2)

70 2,619 565 1,300 874 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.5 0.3

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,571 6,167 5,254 5,847 5,761 4.7 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.8

At expanding establishments

4,419 5,101 4,329 4,799 4,752 3.7 4.2 3.6 3.9 4.0

At opening establishments

1,152 1,066 925 1,048 1,009 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

5,435 5,016 5,193 5,339 5,535 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.6

At contracting establishments

4,235 3,871 4,351 4,383 4,350 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.6

At closing establishments

1,200 1,145 842 956 1,185 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

136 1,151 61 508 226 0.2 1.0 0.1 0.4 0.2

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

16,255 18,425 15,516 17,379 16,545 5.3 6.0 5.1 5.6 5.4

At expanding establishments

14,056 16,336 13,173 15,716 14,479 4.6 5.3 4.3 5.1 4.7

At opening establishments

2,199 2,089 2,343 1,663 2,066 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7

Gross job losses

16,739 14,653 17,807 15,305 16,660 5.5 4.8 5.8 5.0 5.3

At contracting establishments

15,014 12,803 16,076 13,796 14,379 4.9 4.2 5.2 4.5 4.6

At closing establishments

1,725 1,850 1,731 1,509 2,281 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-484 3,772 -2,291 2,074 -115 -0.2 1.2 -0.7 0.6 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,223 4,955 4,323 5,838 5,232 5.0 5.9 5.0 6.8 5.9

At expanding establishments

3,382 4,292 3,694 5,318 4,421 4.0 5.1 4.3 6.2 5.0

At opening establishments

841 663 629 520 811 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.9

Gross job losses

5,115 4,200 3,884 3,473 5,384 6.0 4.9 4.6 4.0 6.1

At contracting establishments

4,411 3,769 3,324 2,938 4,732 5.2 4.4 3.9 3.4 5.4

At closing establishments

704 431 560 535 652 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-892 755 439 2,365 -152 -1.0 1.0 0.4 2.8 -0.2

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,921 2,264 2,177 2,064 1,664 3.7 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.4

At expanding establishments

1,476 2,124 1,792 1,666 1,422 2.8 4.1 3.4 3.2 2.9

At opening establishments

445 140 385 398 242 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.5

Gross job losses

2,021 1,872 2,049 2,301 1,669 3.9 3.6 3.9 4.4 3.3

At contracting establishments

1,729 1,670 1,813 1,861 1,453 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.6 2.9

At closing establishments

292 202 236 440 216 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-100 392 128 -237 -5 -0.2 0.8 0.2 -0.4 0.1

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

5,729 6,318 6,259 7,209 6,825 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.6 4.3

At expanding establishments

4,553 5,151 5,059 5,759 5,387 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.4

At opening establishments

1,176 1,167 1,200 1,450 1,438 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

6,732 5,509 6,201 6,260 6,415 4.4 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.1

At contracting establishments

5,375 4,588 4,924 4,960 5,264 3.5 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.4

At closing establishments

1,357 921 1,277 1,300 1,151 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,003 809 58 949 410 -0.7 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.2

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

21,946 24,848 26,454 29,676 23,356 6.2 7.0 7.4 8.2 6.4

At expanding establishments

17,852 20,228 21,830 23,784 19,312 5.0 5.7 6.1 6.6 5.3

At opening establishments

4,094 4,620 4,624 5,892 4,044 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.1

Gross job losses

24,261 21,108 24,256 21,415 23,358 6.8 5.9 6.8 5.9 6.4

At contracting establishments

20,366 17,093 19,894 16,915 19,078 5.7 4.8 5.6 4.7 5.2

At closing establishments

3,895 4,015 4,362 4,500 4,280 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-2,315 3,740 2,198 8,261 -2 -0.6 1.1 0.6 2.3 0.0

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

17,715 18,164 19,150 19,021 18,418 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.3

At expanding establishments

13,786 14,405 15,190 14,433 14,050 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.3

At opening establishments

3,929 3,759 3,960 4,588 4,368 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

17,858 17,418 17,450 14,846 16,608 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.5 3.9

At contracting establishments

14,429 14,245 13,395 12,116 13,369 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.1

At closing establishments

3,429 3,173 4,055 2,730 3,239 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-143 746 1,700 4,175 1,810 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

25,243 25,749 21,042 28,321 23,616 8.8 9.0 7.4 9.8 8.1

At expanding establishments

21,203 21,160 17,145 23,043 19,653 7.4 7.4 6.0 8.0 6.7

At opening establishments

4,040 4,589 3,897 5,278 3,963 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.4

Gross job losses

21,904 24,882 25,018 22,661 22,076 7.7 8.7 8.8 7.9 7.5

At contracting establishments

18,127 21,751 21,843 19,254 19,079 6.4 7.6 7.7 6.7 6.5

At closing establishments

3,777 3,131 3,175 3,407 2,997 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

3,339 867 -3,976 5,660 1,540 1.1 0.3 -1.4 1.9 0.6

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

4,748 5,132 4,936 4,477 5,333 6.8 7.3 7.0 6.3 7.6

At expanding establishments

3,897 4,223 3,974 3,613 4,304 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.1 6.1

At opening establishments

851 909 962 864 1,029 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.5

Gross job losses

3,957 4,662 5,105 4,699 4,567 5.6 6.7 7.2 6.7 6.4

At contracting establishments

3,231 3,780 4,257 3,869 3,633 4.6 5.4 6.0 5.5 5.1

At closing establishments

726 882 848 830 934 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3

Net employment change (2)

791 470 -169 -222 766 1.2 0.6 -0.2 -0.4 1.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Dec. 2014 Mar. 2015 Mar. 2014 June 2014 Sept. 2014 Dec. 2014 Mar. 2015

United States (1)

6.1 6.5 6.3 6.6 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7

  Alabama

5.7 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.4

  Alaska

10.8 10.8 9.5 10.6 10.4 9.7 11.0 10.4 10.4 9.2

  Arizona

5.9 6.0 6.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.3 5.7

  Arkansas

5.9 5.6 6.0 6.6 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.7

  California

6.9 7.0 7.1 7.4 6.8 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.4 6.2

  Colorado

6.8 7.2 7.3 7.0 6.9 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1

  Connecticut

5.1 5.7 5.2 5.4 4.8 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.1

  Delaware

6.3 6.6 6.3 7.0 5.7 5.9 5.2 6.2 5.4 7.3

  District of Columbia

5.9 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4

  Florida

6.5 7.2 7.3 7.1 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.6

  Georgia

6.6 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.9 5.5 5.6

  Hawaii

4.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.8

  Idaho

8.4 7.7 7.5 8.0 9.1 7.2 7.9 7.3 7.0 7.0

  Illinois

5.8 6.2 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.7

  Indiana

5.3 5.9 5.4 6.3 5.3 5.6 5.0 5.3 5.0 5.3

  Iowa

5.8 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.4

  Kansas

5.7 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.8

  Kentucky

6.2 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.3 6.0

  Louisiana

6.8 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.9 5.8 6.7

  Maine

6.8 7.8 6.7 7.2 6.5 7.1 6.5 7.0 7.2 7.0

  Maryland

6.0 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.2

  Massachusetts

5.5 6.3 5.7 6.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2 5.4

  Michigan

5.4 6.4 5.4 6.2 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.2 5.1

  Minnesota

5.2 6.5 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.7 5.4 5.2

  Mississippi

5.8 6.2 6.2 6.9 5.5 6.0 6.6 6.0 5.4 6.4

  Missouri

5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.4

  Montana

7.3 8.2 8.1 8.5 9.1 8.0 7.7 8.1 8.0 7.2

  Nebraska

5.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.6

  Nevada

6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3

  New Hampshire

5.9 6.9 5.9 6.9 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.7

  New Jersey

6.0 7.0 6.3 6.9 5.8 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.0

  New Mexico

6.5 6.8 6.6 7.2 6.4 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.5

  New York

6.2 6.7 6.4 6.6 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9

  North Carolina

6.0 6.4 6.2 6.5 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

  North Dakota

8.7 7.6 8.2 8.7 7.1 6.7 7.0 6.9 6.7 8.7

  Ohio

5.6 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.6

  Oklahoma

6.2 6.3 6.2 6.7 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.5 6.1

  Oregon

7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.7

  Pennsylvania

5.2 5.6 5.2 5.6 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.1 4.9 5.2

  Rhode Island

5.7 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.8

  South Carolina

6.2 6.4 6.0 6.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.0 5.5

  South Dakota

6.5 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7

  Tennessee

5.5 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.2

  Texas

5.9 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.7

  Utah

6.5 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.3 6.0 6.7 6.0 5.8 5.9

  Vermont

6.9 7.3 6.9 7.5 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.3 6.7 6.8

  Virginia

5.4 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.6

  Washington

6.9 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.0 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.6

  West Virginia

6.5 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.7 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.7

  Wisconsin

5.3 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.2 5.1

  Wyoming

8.6 8.7 8.3 9.3 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.0 8.9

  Puerto Rico

5.3 5.5 5.6 6.4 5.3 6.5 6.3 6.0 4.9 6.4

  Virgin Islands

5.0 6.2 6.6 6.2 5.5 6.0 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.9

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 18, 2015