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15-481-KAN Tuesday, March 24, 2015

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – February 2015

Prices in the Midwest up 0.3 percent in February but 0.5 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.3 percent in February, following four consecutive monthly declines, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly increase was largely attributable to an 11.3-percent advance in motor fuel prices. Overall, the energy index was 3.8 percent higher. The indexes for food (-0.1 percent) and all items less food and energy (0.1 percent) registered little movement over the month.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 0.5 percent from February 2014 to February 2015. Food prices increased 2.6 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 19.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.3 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, February 2012-February 2015

 

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were little changed (-0.1 percent) in February. The index for food at home declined 0.3 percent while costs for food away from home rose 0.2 percent.  

From February 2014 to February 2015, the index for food increased 2.6 percent. Rising costs for food at home (2.2 percent) and food away from home (3.3 percent) both contributed to the yearly advance.

Energy

The energy index turned up 3.8 percent in February following seven consecutive monthly declines and had the greatest upward impact on the all items index. Motor fuel prices rebounded 11.3 percent, the largest one-month gain since February 2013, after falling a total of 46.6 percent over the prior seven months. Costs for utility (piped) gas service and electricity were down 4.5 and 0.6 percent, respectively, over the month.

Despite the monthly increase, the index for energy fell 19.3 percent from February 2014 to February 2015, led by a drop of 33.1 percent in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 9.4 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices advanced 5.0 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest registered little movement (0.1 percent) in February due to offsetting movements. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.1 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (0.5 percent). In contrast, medical care services (-0.5 percent) and recreation (-0.4 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent from February 2014 to February 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.2 percent) and medical care (2.3 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 222.301 in February 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $222.30 in February 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In February, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 217.027, up 0.4 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.9 0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3

February

0.3 2.2 0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5

March

0.9 2.7 1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5    

April

0.7 3.3 0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9    

May

0.6 3.8 -0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6    

June

0.0 3.9 -0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7    

July

0.1 3.8 0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8    

August

0.2 3.8 0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6    

September

0.2 3.9 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6    

October

-0.6 3.3 -0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6    

November

0.0 3.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2    

December

-0.2 2.8 -0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7    

The March 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 17, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.821 221.545 222.301 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

362.542 360.466 361.696      

Food and beverages

238.848 239.433 239.275 2.5 0.2 -0.1

Food

238.502 239.148 238.916 2.6 0.2 -0.1

Food at home

230.585 231.378 230.747 2.2 0.1 -0.3

Food away from home

251.640 252.035 252.483 3.3 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

241.346 240.980 241.966 1.3 0.3 0.4

Housing

210.686 211.328 211.179 1.4 0.2 -0.1

Shelter

245.502 246.573 246.874 2.2 0.6 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

244.632 244.939 245.410 2.6 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

249.958 250.385 250.690 1.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

249.951 250.378 250.685 1.8 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

218.569 217.721 215.005 -1.0 -1.6 -1.2

Household energy

184.385 182.922 179.695 -2.3 -2.5 -1.8

Energy services (1)

190.767 189.470 186.000 0.0 -2.5 -1.8

Electricity (1)

194.159 196.851 195.755 5.0 0.8 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

176.334 167.872 160.257 -9.4 -9.1 -4.5

Household furnishings and operations

115.787 116.099 116.183 -1.3 0.3 0.1

Apparel

118.655 115.993 116.338 -2.7 -2.0 0.3

Transportation

196.890 186.659 192.031 -10.0 -2.5 2.9

Private transportation

191.399 180.875 186.370 -10.5 -2.6 3.0

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.346 98.024 98.552 -0.3 0.2 0.5

New vehicles

139.677 139.278 140.017 1.0 0.2 0.5

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.806 98.557 99.092 1.1 0.3 0.5

New cars (4)

136.115 136.062 136.720 1.0 0.4 0.5

Used cars and trucks

142.324 141.597 143.466 -3.2 0.8 1.3

Motor fuel

224.340 179.847 200.255 -33.1 -10.7 11.3

Gasoline (all types)

222.214 178.034 198.686 -33.1 -10.6 11.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

218.865 174.164 194.779 -33.8 -11.0 11.8

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

247.863 203.169 228.057 -31.0 -8.0 12.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

229.751 190.240 208.943 -29.3 -9.1 9.8

Medical Care

445.585 448.542 447.300 2.3 0.4 -0.3

Medical care commodities

361.396 363.130 365.206 4.4 1.1 0.6

Medical care services

473.715 477.121 474.584 1.7 0.2 -0.5

Professional services

386.698 389.035 385.706 0.6 -0.3 -0.9

Recreation (3)

116.968 117.892 117.470 0.1 0.4 -0.4

Education and communication (3)

139.531 139.651 139.657 0.6 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

394.717 398.280 397.738 1.2 0.8 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.821 221.545 222.301 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

Commodities

178.370 174.605 176.435 -4.0 -1.1 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

148.847 143.337 145.962 -8.1 -1.9 1.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

191.442 179.848 184.760 -12.2 -3.5 2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

239.170 221.800 229.659 -14.8 -4.0 3.5

Durables

106.551 106.515 107.062 -1.3 0.5 0.5

Services

268.852 270.031 269.730 1.9 0.3 -0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

252.083 253.195 253.509 2.2 0.6 0.1

Transportation services

289.221 290.298 290.801 2.8 0.5 0.2

Other services

324.173 326.324 325.980 1.3 0.6 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.278 210.802 211.653 -0.8 -0.3 0.4

All items less food

220.172 218.584 219.501 -1.1 -0.3 0.4

All items less shelter

216.928 214.755 215.691 -1.7 -0.6 0.4

Commodities less food

151.808 146.403 148.998 -7.7 -1.9 1.8

Nondurables

214.935 209.039 211.580 -4.9 -1.6 1.2

Nondurables less food

194.133 183.107 187.821 -11.4 -3.3 2.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

238.109 222.209 229.469 -13.7 -3.6 3.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

302.904 304.224 303.202 1.6 0.1 -0.3

Services less medical care services

253.549 254.568 254.424 1.9 0.3 -0.1

Energy

202.495 182.372 189.377 -19.3 -6.5 3.8

All items less energy

227.440 228.107 228.223 1.5 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

226.116 226.789 226.969 1.3 0.4 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.572 145.105 145.475 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

Energy commodities

225.032 181.925 201.538 -33.2 -10.4 10.8

Services less energy services

279.085 280.543 280.589 2.0 0.5 0.0

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.963 216.078 217.027 -1.1 -0.4 0.4

All items (December 1977=100)

352.495 349.446 350.981      

Food and beverages

239.338 239.991 239.666 2.6 0.1 -0.1

Food

239.080 239.768 239.385 2.7 0.1 -0.2

Food at home

231.515 232.308 231.542 2.4 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home

252.648 253.129 253.490 3.4 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

241.812 241.893 242.511 1.0 0.3 0.3

Housing

206.164 206.640 206.414 1.3 0.1 -0.1

Shelter

235.306 236.119 236.406 2.2 0.5 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

245.286 245.595 246.060 2.6 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

232.969 233.400 233.691 1.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

232.975 233.407 233.700 1.8 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

219.178 218.536 215.810 -0.8 -1.5 -1.2

Household energy

184.674 183.411 180.209 -2.0 -2.4 -1.7

Energy services (1)

189.589 188.456 185.079 0.0 -2.4 -1.8

Electricity (1)

192.669 195.526 194.393 4.9 0.9 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

177.632 168.633 160.916 -9.9 -9.4 -4.6

Household furnishings and operations

114.258 114.507 114.487 -1.7 0.2 0.0

Apparel

117.288 114.597 114.419 -2.2 -2.4 -0.2

Transportation

194.759 183.096 189.218 -11.7 -2.8 3.3

Private transportation

191.321 179.522 185.670 -12.0 -3.0 3.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

97.870 97.498 98.217 -1.1 0.4 0.7

New vehicles

143.063 142.641 143.328 0.8 0.2 0.5

Used cars and trucks

142.955 142.225 144.095 -3.2 0.8 1.3

Motor fuel

225.180 180.515 200.933 -33.1 -10.8 11.3

Gasoline (all types)

222.983 178.650 199.303 -33.1 -10.6 11.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

219.488 174.659 195.253 -33.8 -11.0 11.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

247.730 203.070 228.044 -31.0 -7.9 12.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

229.935 190.409 208.996 -29.3 -9.1 9.8

Medical Care

450.786 453.803 452.580 2.3 0.4 -0.3

Medical care commodities

355.343 356.996 358.683 4.3 0.9 0.5

Medical care services

480.157 483.667 481.278 1.7 0.2 -0.5

Professional services

387.930 390.217 387.210 0.7 -0.2 -0.8

Recreation (3)

113.750 114.132 114.057 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Education and communication (3)

131.794 131.951 131.885 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Other goods and services

437.049 441.322 440.161 1.0 0.7 -0.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.963 216.078 217.027 -1.1 -0.4 0.4

Commodities

181.034 176.612 178.621 -4.7 -1.3 1.1

Commodities less food & beverages

152.744 146.162 149.165 -9.3 -2.3 2.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

199.315 185.389 191.073 -13.9 -4.1 3.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

250.045 229.357 238.547 -16.7 -4.6 4.0

Durables

108.310 108.200 108.822 -1.5 0.5 0.6

Services

261.968 262.946 262.700 1.9 0.3 -0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

233.619 234.435 234.724 2.1 0.5 0.1

Transportation services

288.068 289.670 290.358 3.4 0.8 0.2

Other services

301.171 302.686 302.749 1.0 0.5 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

209.019 206.957 207.984 -1.4 -0.5 0.5

All items less food

213.894 211.544 212.734 -1.9 -0.5 0.6

All items less shelter

214.145 211.281 212.475 -2.4 -0.8 0.6

Commodities less food

155.460 149.027 151.978 -8.9 -2.2 2.0

Nondurables

219.550 212.646 215.436 -5.7 -1.9 1.3

Nondurables less food

201.438 188.251 193.667 -13.0 -3.9 2.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

247.696 228.820 237.257 -15.5 -4.2 3.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

268.647 269.714 268.890 1.6 0.1 -0.3

Services less medical care services

247.483 248.308 248.187 1.9 0.3 0.0

Energy

202.801 181.292 189.124 -20.3 -6.7 4.3

All items less energy

221.576 222.101 222.207 1.5 0.3 0.0

All items less food and energy

218.259 218.751 218.960 1.2 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.382 147.884 148.147 -0.8 -0.2 0.2

Energy commodities

226.120 182.538 202.323 -33.2 -10.5 10.8

Services less energy services

271.540 272.796 272.963 2.0 0.5 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 24, 2015

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News Release Information

15-481-KAN Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – February 2015

Prices in the Midwest up 0.3 percent in February but 0.5 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.3 percent in February, following four consecutive monthly declines, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly increase was largely attributable to an 11.3-percent advance in motor fuel prices. Overall, the energy index was 3.8 percent higher. The indexes for food (-0.1 percent) and all items less food and energy (0.1 percent) registered little movement over the month.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 0.5 percent from February 2014 to February 2015. Food prices increased 2.6 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 19.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.3 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, February 2012-February 2015

 

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were little changed (-0.1 percent) in February. The index for food at home declined 0.3 percent while costs for food away from home rose 0.2 percent.  

From February 2014 to February 2015, the index for food increased 2.6 percent. Rising costs for food at home (2.2 percent) and food away from home (3.3 percent) both contributed to the yearly advance.

Energy

The energy index turned up 3.8 percent in February following seven consecutive monthly declines and had the greatest upward impact on the all items index. Motor fuel prices rebounded 11.3 percent, the largest one-month gain since February 2013, after falling a total of 46.6 percent over the prior seven months. Costs for utility (piped) gas service and electricity were down 4.5 and 0.6 percent, respectively, over the month.

Despite the monthly increase, the index for energy fell 19.3 percent from February 2014 to February 2015, led by a drop of 33.1 percent in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 9.4 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices advanced 5.0 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest registered little movement (0.1 percent) in February due to offsetting movements. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.1 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (0.5 percent). In contrast, medical care services (-0.5 percent) and recreation (-0.4 percent) were among the expenditure categories posting lower prices over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent from February 2014 to February 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.2 percent) and medical care (2.3 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 222.301 in February 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $222.30 in February 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In February, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 217.027, up 0.4 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.9 0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3

February

0.3 2.2 0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5

March

0.9 2.7 1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5    

April

0.7 3.3 0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9    

May

0.6 3.8 -0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6    

June

0.0 3.9 -0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7    

July

0.1 3.8 0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8    

August

0.2 3.8 0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6    

September

0.2 3.9 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6    

October

-0.6 3.3 -0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6    

November

0.0 3.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2    

December

-0.2 2.8 -0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7    

The March 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 17, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.821 221.545 222.301 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

362.542 360.466 361.696      

Food and beverages

238.848 239.433 239.275 2.5 0.2 -0.1

Food

238.502 239.148 238.916 2.6 0.2 -0.1

Food at home

230.585 231.378 230.747 2.2 0.1 -0.3

Food away from home

251.640 252.035 252.483 3.3 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

241.346 240.980 241.966 1.3 0.3 0.4

Housing

210.686 211.328 211.179 1.4 0.2 -0.1

Shelter

245.502 246.573 246.874 2.2 0.6 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

244.632 244.939 245.410 2.6 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

249.958 250.385 250.690 1.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

249.951 250.378 250.685 1.8 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

218.569 217.721 215.005 -1.0 -1.6 -1.2

Household energy

184.385 182.922 179.695 -2.3 -2.5 -1.8

Energy services (1)

190.767 189.470 186.000 0.0 -2.5 -1.8

Electricity (1)

194.159 196.851 195.755 5.0 0.8 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

176.334 167.872 160.257 -9.4 -9.1 -4.5

Household furnishings and operations

115.787 116.099 116.183 -1.3 0.3 0.1

Apparel

118.655 115.993 116.338 -2.7 -2.0 0.3

Transportation

196.890 186.659 192.031 -10.0 -2.5 2.9

Private transportation

191.399 180.875 186.370 -10.5 -2.6 3.0

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.346 98.024 98.552 -0.3 0.2 0.5

New vehicles

139.677 139.278 140.017 1.0 0.2 0.5

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.806 98.557 99.092 1.1 0.3 0.5

New cars (4)

136.115 136.062 136.720 1.0 0.4 0.5

Used cars and trucks

142.324 141.597 143.466 -3.2 0.8 1.3

Motor fuel

224.340 179.847 200.255 -33.1 -10.7 11.3

Gasoline (all types)

222.214 178.034 198.686 -33.1 -10.6 11.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

218.865 174.164 194.779 -33.8 -11.0 11.8

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

247.863 203.169 228.057 -31.0 -8.0 12.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

229.751 190.240 208.943 -29.3 -9.1 9.8

Medical Care

445.585 448.542 447.300 2.3 0.4 -0.3

Medical care commodities

361.396 363.130 365.206 4.4 1.1 0.6

Medical care services

473.715 477.121 474.584 1.7 0.2 -0.5

Professional services

386.698 389.035 385.706 0.6 -0.3 -0.9

Recreation (3)

116.968 117.892 117.470 0.1 0.4 -0.4

Education and communication (3)

139.531 139.651 139.657 0.6 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

394.717 398.280 397.738 1.2 0.8 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.821 221.545 222.301 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

Commodities

178.370 174.605 176.435 -4.0 -1.1 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

148.847 143.337 145.962 -8.1 -1.9 1.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

191.442 179.848 184.760 -12.2 -3.5 2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

239.170 221.800 229.659 -14.8 -4.0 3.5

Durables

106.551 106.515 107.062 -1.3 0.5 0.5

Services

268.852 270.031 269.730 1.9 0.3 -0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

252.083 253.195 253.509 2.2 0.6 0.1

Transportation services

289.221 290.298 290.801 2.8 0.5 0.2

Other services

324.173 326.324 325.980 1.3 0.6 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.278 210.802 211.653 -0.8 -0.3 0.4

All items less food

220.172 218.584 219.501 -1.1 -0.3 0.4

All items less shelter

216.928 214.755 215.691 -1.7 -0.6 0.4

Commodities less food

151.808 146.403 148.998 -7.7 -1.9 1.8

Nondurables

214.935 209.039 211.580 -4.9 -1.6 1.2

Nondurables less food

194.133 183.107 187.821 -11.4 -3.3 2.6

Nondurables less food and apparel

238.109 222.209 229.469 -13.7 -3.6 3.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

302.904 304.224 303.202 1.6 0.1 -0.3

Services less medical care services

253.549 254.568 254.424 1.9 0.3 -0.1

Energy

202.495 182.372 189.377 -19.3 -6.5 3.8

All items less energy

227.440 228.107 228.223 1.5 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

226.116 226.789 226.969 1.3 0.4 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.572 145.105 145.475 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

Energy commodities

225.032 181.925 201.538 -33.2 -10.4 10.8

Services less energy services

279.085 280.543 280.589 2.0 0.5 0.0

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.963 216.078 217.027 -1.1 -0.4 0.4

All items (December 1977=100)

352.495 349.446 350.981      

Food and beverages

239.338 239.991 239.666 2.6 0.1 -0.1

Food

239.080 239.768 239.385 2.7 0.1 -0.2

Food at home

231.515 232.308 231.542 2.4 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home

252.648 253.129 253.490 3.4 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

241.812 241.893 242.511 1.0 0.3 0.3

Housing

206.164 206.640 206.414 1.3 0.1 -0.1

Shelter

235.306 236.119 236.406 2.2 0.5 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

245.286 245.595 246.060 2.6 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

232.969 233.400 233.691 1.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

232.975 233.407 233.700 1.8 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

219.178 218.536 215.810 -0.8 -1.5 -1.2

Household energy

184.674 183.411 180.209 -2.0 -2.4 -1.7

Energy services (1)

189.589 188.456 185.079 0.0 -2.4 -1.8

Electricity (1)

192.669 195.526 194.393 4.9 0.9 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

177.632 168.633 160.916 -9.9 -9.4 -4.6

Household furnishings and operations

114.258 114.507 114.487 -1.7 0.2 0.0

Apparel

117.288 114.597 114.419 -2.2 -2.4 -0.2

Transportation

194.759 183.096 189.218 -11.7 -2.8 3.3

Private transportation

191.321 179.522 185.670 -12.0 -3.0 3.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

97.870 97.498 98.217 -1.1 0.4 0.7

New vehicles

143.063 142.641 143.328 0.8 0.2 0.5

Used cars and trucks

142.955 142.225 144.095 -3.2 0.8 1.3

Motor fuel

225.180 180.515 200.933 -33.1 -10.8 11.3

Gasoline (all types)

222.983 178.650 199.303 -33.1 -10.6 11.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

219.488 174.659 195.253 -33.8 -11.0 11.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

247.730 203.070 228.044 -31.0 -7.9 12.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

229.935 190.409 208.996 -29.3 -9.1 9.8

Medical Care

450.786 453.803 452.580 2.3 0.4 -0.3

Medical care commodities

355.343 356.996 358.683 4.3 0.9 0.5

Medical care services

480.157 483.667 481.278 1.7 0.2 -0.5

Professional services

387.930 390.217 387.210 0.7 -0.2 -0.8

Recreation (3)

113.750 114.132 114.057 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Education and communication (3)

131.794 131.951 131.885 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Other goods and services

437.049 441.322 440.161 1.0 0.7 -0.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.963 216.078 217.027 -1.1 -0.4 0.4

Commodities

181.034 176.612 178.621 -4.7 -1.3 1.1

Commodities less food & beverages

152.744 146.162 149.165 -9.3 -2.3 2.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

199.315 185.389 191.073 -13.9 -4.1 3.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

250.045 229.357 238.547 -16.7 -4.6 4.0

Durables

108.310 108.200 108.822 -1.5 0.5 0.6

Services

261.968 262.946 262.700 1.9 0.3 -0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

233.619 234.435 234.724 2.1 0.5 0.1

Transportation services

288.068 289.670 290.358 3.4 0.8 0.2

Other services

301.171 302.686 302.749 1.0 0.5 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

209.019 206.957 207.984 -1.4 -0.5 0.5

All items less food

213.894 211.544 212.734 -1.9 -0.5 0.6

All items less shelter

214.145 211.281 212.475 -2.4 -0.8 0.6

Commodities less food

155.460 149.027 151.978 -8.9 -2.2 2.0

Nondurables

219.550 212.646 215.436 -5.7 -1.9 1.3

Nondurables less food

201.438 188.251 193.667 -13.0 -3.9 2.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

247.696 228.820 237.257 -15.5 -4.2 3.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

268.647 269.714 268.890 1.6 0.1 -0.3

Services less medical care services

247.483 248.308 248.187 1.9 0.3 0.0

Energy

202.801 181.292 189.124 -20.3 -6.7 4.3

All items less energy

221.576 222.101 222.207 1.5 0.3 0.0

All items less food and energy

218.259 218.751 218.960 1.2 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.382 147.884 148.147 -0.8 -0.2 0.2

Energy commodities

226.120 182.538 202.323 -33.2 -10.5 10.8

Services less energy services

271.540 272.796 272.963 2.0 0.5 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 24, 2015