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15-662-KAN Friday, April 17, 2015

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2015

Prices in the Midwest up 0.6 percent in March but 0.9 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.6 percent in March, following an increase of 0.3 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly gain was broad based, led by increases in the indexes for all items less food and energy (0.4 percent) and motor fuel (8.3 percent). Overall, the energy index was 3.7 percent higher while the index for food decreased 0.4 percent over the month.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 0.9 percent from March 2014 to March 2015. Food prices increased 1.8 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 21.0 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.4 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, March 2012-March 2015

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.4 percent in March. The index for food at home decreased 0.7 percent while costs for food away from home were little changed (0.1 percent).  

From March 2014 to March 2015, the index for food increased 1.8 percent. Rising costs for food at home (1.0 percent) and food away from home (3.1 percent) both contributed to the yearly advance.

Energy

The energy index rose 3.7 percent in March following an increase of 3.8 percent in February. Rising motor fuel prices, up 8.3 percent, were largely responsible for the monthly advance. Costs for utility (piped) gas service declined 0.5 percent and electricity prices registered little movement (0.1 percent) over the month.

Despite the monthly increase, the index for energy fell 21.0 percent from March 2014 to March 2015, led by a 32.8-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 21.9 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices advanced 4.9 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.4 percent in March. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.3 percent), apparel (2.4 percent), and new and used motor vehicles (1.2 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent from March 2014 to March 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.3 percent) and medical care (2.2 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 223.550 in March 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $223.55 in March 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.486 up 0.7 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.5 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.9 0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3

February

0.3 2.2 0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5

March

0.9 2.7 1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9

April

0.7 3.3 0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9    

May

0.6 3.8 -0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6    

June

0.0 3.9 -0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7    

July

0.1 3.8 0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8    

August

0.2 3.8 0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6    

September

0.2 3.9 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6    

October

-0.6 3.3 -0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6    

November

0.0 3.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2    

December

-0.2 2.8 -0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7    

The April 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 22, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

221.545 222.301 223.550 -0.9 0.9 0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

360.466 361.696 363.728      

Food and beverages

239.433 239.275 238.426 1.8 -0.4 -0.4

Food

239.148 238.916 238.005 1.8 -0.5 -0.4

Food at home

231.378 230.747 229.093 1.0 -1.0 -0.7

Food away from home

252.035 252.483 252.839 3.1 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

240.980 241.966 242.094 1.2 0.5 0.1

Housing

211.328 211.179 211.611 1.0 0.1 0.2

Shelter

246.573 246.874 247.671 2.3 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

244.939 245.410 245.907 2.8 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

250.385 250.690 251.079 1.9 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

250.378 250.685 251.076 1.9 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

217.721 215.005 215.017 -3.9 -1.2 0.0

Household energy

182.922 179.695 179.444 -5.8 -1.9 -0.1

Energy services (1)

189.470 186.000 185.834 -5.2 -1.9 -0.1

Electricity (1)

196.851 195.755 195.988 4.9 -0.4 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

167.872 160.257 159.376 -21.9 -5.1 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

116.099 116.183 115.728 -1.5 -0.3 -0.4

Apparel

115.993 116.338 119.180 -2.8 2.7 2.4

Transportation

186.659 192.031 196.851 -10.2 5.5 2.5

Private transportation

180.875 186.370 191.410 -10.6 5.8 2.7

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.024 98.552 99.690 0.5 1.7 1.2

New vehicles

139.278 140.017 140.770 1.6 1.1 0.5

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.557 99.092 99.671 1.7 1.1 0.6

New cars (4)

136.062 136.720 137.488 1.6 1.0 0.6

Used cars and trucks

141.597 143.466 147.134 -1.7 3.9 2.6

Motor fuel

179.847 200.255 216.852 -32.8 20.6 8.3

Gasoline (all types)

178.034 198.686 215.352 -32.8 21.0 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

174.164 194.779 211.598 -33.5 21.5 8.6

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

203.169 228.057 244.607 -31.1 20.4 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

190.240 208.943 224.100 -29.4 17.8 7.3

Medical Care

448.542 447.300 448.997 2.2 0.1 0.4

Medical care commodities

363.130 365.206 367.210 4.6 1.1 0.5

Medical care services

477.121 474.584 476.141 1.4 -0.2 0.3

Professional services

389.035 385.706 387.102 0.9 -0.5 0.4

Recreation (3)

117.892 117.470 117.834 0.5 0.0 0.3

Education and communication (3)

139.651 139.657 139.817 0.4 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

398.280 397.738 399.511 1.5 0.3 0.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

221.545 222.301 223.550 -0.9 0.9 0.6

Commodities

174.605 176.435 178.233 -4.3 2.1 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

143.337 145.962 148.832 -8.0 3.8 2.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

179.848 184.760 190.312 -12.0 5.8 3.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

221.800 229.659 236.976 -14.7 6.8 3.2

Durables

106.515 107.062 107.504 -0.9 0.9 0.4

Services

270.031 269.730 270.445 1.5 0.2 0.3

Rent of shelter (2)

253.195 253.509 254.351 2.3 0.5 0.3

Transportation services

290.298 290.801 291.422 2.7 0.4 0.2

Other services

326.324 325.980 326.611 1.2 0.1 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

210.802 211.653 212.880 -1.1 1.0 0.6

All items less food

218.584 219.501 221.101 -1.3 1.2 0.7

All items less shelter

214.755 215.691 217.124 -2.2 1.1 0.7

Commodities less food

146.403 148.998 151.812 -7.6 3.7 1.9

Nondurables

209.039 211.580 214.134 -5.3 2.4 1.2

Nondurables less food

183.107 187.821 193.099 -11.3 5.5 2.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

222.209 229.469 236.166 -13.5 6.3 2.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

304.224 303.202 303.812 0.8 -0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

254.568 254.424 255.078 1.5 0.2 0.3

Energy

182.372 189.377 196.429 -21.0 7.7 3.7

All items less energy

228.107 228.223 228.883 1.4 0.3 0.3

All items less food and energy

226.789 226.969 227.923 1.4 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.105 145.475 146.607 -0.4 1.0 0.8

Energy commodities

181.925 201.538 217.372 -32.3 19.5 7.9

Services less energy services

280.543 280.589 281.406 2.0 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

216.078 217.027 218.486 -1.5 1.1 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

349.446 350.981 353.341      

Food and beverages

239.991 239.666 238.850 1.8 -0.5 -0.3

Food

239.768 239.385 238.516 1.9 -0.5 -0.4

Food at home

232.308 231.542 230.019 1.1 -1.0 -0.7

Food away from home

253.129 253.490 253.897 3.2 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

241.893 242.511 242.526 1.0 0.3 0.0

Housing

206.640 206.414 206.814 0.9 0.1 0.2

Shelter

236.119 236.406 237.080 2.3 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

245.595 246.060 246.588 2.8 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

233.400 233.691 234.095 1.9 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

233.407 233.700 234.105 1.9 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

218.536 215.810 215.945 -3.7 -1.2 0.1

Household energy

183.411 180.209 180.066 -5.6 -1.8 -0.1

Energy services (1)

188.456 185.079 185.035 -5.1 -1.8 0.0

Electricity (1)

195.526 194.393 194.621 4.8 -0.5 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

168.633 160.916 160.335 -22.6 -4.9 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

114.507 114.487 114.123 -1.9 -0.3 -0.3

Apparel

114.597 114.419 117.486 -2.1 2.5 2.7

Transportation

183.096 189.218 194.755 -11.8 6.4 2.9

Private transportation

179.522 185.670 191.345 -12.0 6.6 3.1

New and used motor vehicles (3)

97.498 98.217 99.651 0.0 2.2 1.5

New vehicles

142.641 143.328 144.103 1.5 1.0 0.5

Used cars and trucks

142.225 144.095 147.769 -1.7 3.9 2.5

Motor fuel

180.515 200.933 217.516 -32.8 20.5 8.3

Gasoline (all types)

178.650 199.303 215.927 -32.8 20.9 8.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

174.659 195.253 212.015 -33.4 21.4 8.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

203.070 228.044 244.428 -31.2 20.4 7.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

190.409 208.996 224.112 -29.3 17.7 7.2

Medical Care

453.803 452.580 454.386 2.2 0.1 0.4

Medical care commodities

356.996 358.683 361.026 4.6 1.1 0.7

Medical care services

483.667 481.278 482.825 1.4 -0.2 0.3

Professional services

390.217 387.210 388.588 0.9 -0.4 0.4

Recreation (3)

114.132 114.057 114.502 0.5 0.3 0.4

Education and communication (3)

131.951 131.885 131.979 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Other goods and services

441.322 440.161 442.505 1.3 0.3 0.5
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

216.078 217.027 218.486 -1.5 1.1 0.7

Commodities

176.612 178.621 180.817 -5.0 2.4 1.2

Commodities less food & beverages

146.162 149.165 152.648 -9.1 4.4 2.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

185.389 191.073 197.626 -13.7 6.6 3.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

229.357 238.547 247.230 -16.5 7.8 3.6

Durables

108.200 108.822 109.577 -1.0 1.3 0.7

Services

262.946 262.700 263.337 1.4 0.1 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

234.435 234.724 235.417 2.3 0.4 0.3

Transportation services

289.670 290.358 290.842 3.4 0.4 0.2

Other services

302.686 302.749 303.328 0.9 0.2 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

206.957 207.984 209.428 -1.7 1.2 0.7

All items less food

211.544 212.734 214.613 -2.1 1.5 0.9

All items less shelter

211.281 212.475 214.229 -2.9 1.4 0.8

Commodities less food

149.027 151.978 155.384 -8.8 4.3 2.2

Nondurables

212.646 215.436 218.437 -6.1 2.7 1.4

Nondurables less food

188.251 193.667 199.875 -12.9 6.2 3.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

228.820 237.257 245.184 -15.3 7.2 3.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

269.714 268.890 269.402 0.6 -0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

248.308 248.187 248.767 1.4 0.2 0.2

Energy

181.292 189.124 196.786 -21.9 8.5 4.1

All items less energy

222.101 222.207 222.911 1.4 0.4 0.3

All items less food and energy

218.751 218.960 219.996 1.3 0.6 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.884 148.147 149.579 -0.4 1.1 1.0

Energy commodities

182.538 202.323 218.310 -32.4 19.6 7.9

Services less energy services

272.796 272.963 273.689 2.1 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, April 17, 2015

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News Release Information

15-662-KAN Friday, April 17, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2015

Prices in the Midwest up 0.6 percent in March but 0.9 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.6 percent in March, following an increase of 0.3 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly gain was broad based, led by increases in the indexes for all items less food and energy (0.4 percent) and motor fuel (8.3 percent). Overall, the energy index was 3.7 percent higher while the index for food decreased 0.4 percent over the month.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 0.9 percent from March 2014 to March 2015. Food prices increased 1.8 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 21.0 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.4 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, March 2012-March 2015

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.4 percent in March. The index for food at home decreased 0.7 percent while costs for food away from home were little changed (0.1 percent).  

From March 2014 to March 2015, the index for food increased 1.8 percent. Rising costs for food at home (1.0 percent) and food away from home (3.1 percent) both contributed to the yearly advance.

Energy

The energy index rose 3.7 percent in March following an increase of 3.8 percent in February. Rising motor fuel prices, up 8.3 percent, were largely responsible for the monthly advance. Costs for utility (piped) gas service declined 0.5 percent and electricity prices registered little movement (0.1 percent) over the month.

Despite the monthly increase, the index for energy fell 21.0 percent from March 2014 to March 2015, led by a 32.8-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 21.9 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices advanced 4.9 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.4 percent in March. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.3 percent), apparel (2.4 percent), and new and used motor vehicles (1.2 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent from March 2014 to March 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.3 percent) and medical care (2.2 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 223.550 in March 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $223.55 in March 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.486 up 0.7 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.5 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.9 0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3

February

0.3 2.2 0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5

March

0.9 2.7 1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9

April

0.7 3.3 0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9    

May

0.6 3.8 -0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6    

June

0.0 3.9 -0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7    

July

0.1 3.8 0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8    

August

0.2 3.8 0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6    

September

0.2 3.9 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6    

October

-0.6 3.3 -0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6    

November

0.0 3.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2    

December

-0.2 2.8 -0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7    

The April 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 22, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

221.545 222.301 223.550 -0.9 0.9 0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

360.466 361.696 363.728      

Food and beverages

239.433 239.275 238.426 1.8 -0.4 -0.4

Food

239.148 238.916 238.005 1.8 -0.5 -0.4

Food at home

231.378 230.747 229.093 1.0 -1.0 -0.7

Food away from home

252.035 252.483 252.839 3.1 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

240.980 241.966 242.094 1.2 0.5 0.1

Housing

211.328 211.179 211.611 1.0 0.1 0.2

Shelter

246.573 246.874 247.671 2.3 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

244.939 245.410 245.907 2.8 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

250.385 250.690 251.079 1.9 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

250.378 250.685 251.076 1.9 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

217.721 215.005 215.017 -3.9 -1.2 0.0

Household energy

182.922 179.695 179.444 -5.8 -1.9 -0.1

Energy services (1)

189.470 186.000 185.834 -5.2 -1.9 -0.1

Electricity (1)

196.851 195.755 195.988 4.9 -0.4 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

167.872 160.257 159.376 -21.9 -5.1 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

116.099 116.183 115.728 -1.5 -0.3 -0.4

Apparel

115.993 116.338 119.180 -2.8 2.7 2.4

Transportation

186.659 192.031 196.851 -10.2 5.5 2.5

Private transportation

180.875 186.370 191.410 -10.6 5.8 2.7

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.024 98.552 99.690 0.5 1.7 1.2

New vehicles

139.278 140.017 140.770 1.6 1.1 0.5

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

98.557 99.092 99.671 1.7 1.1 0.6

New cars (4)

136.062 136.720 137.488 1.6 1.0 0.6

Used cars and trucks

141.597 143.466 147.134 -1.7 3.9 2.6

Motor fuel

179.847 200.255 216.852 -32.8 20.6 8.3

Gasoline (all types)

178.034 198.686 215.352 -32.8 21.0 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

174.164 194.779 211.598 -33.5 21.5 8.6

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

203.169 228.057 244.607 -31.1 20.4 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

190.240 208.943 224.100 -29.4 17.8 7.3

Medical Care

448.542 447.300 448.997 2.2 0.1 0.4

Medical care commodities

363.130 365.206 367.210 4.6 1.1 0.5

Medical care services

477.121 474.584 476.141 1.4 -0.2 0.3

Professional services

389.035 385.706 387.102 0.9 -0.5 0.4

Recreation (3)

117.892 117.470 117.834 0.5 0.0 0.3

Education and communication (3)

139.651 139.657 139.817 0.4 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

398.280 397.738 399.511 1.5 0.3 0.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

221.545 222.301 223.550 -0.9 0.9 0.6

Commodities

174.605 176.435 178.233 -4.3 2.1 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

143.337 145.962 148.832 -8.0 3.8 2.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

179.848 184.760 190.312 -12.0 5.8 3.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

221.800 229.659 236.976 -14.7 6.8 3.2

Durables

106.515 107.062 107.504 -0.9 0.9 0.4

Services

270.031 269.730 270.445 1.5 0.2 0.3

Rent of shelter (2)

253.195 253.509 254.351 2.3 0.5 0.3

Transportation services

290.298 290.801 291.422 2.7 0.4 0.2

Other services

326.324 325.980 326.611 1.2 0.1 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

210.802 211.653 212.880 -1.1 1.0 0.6

All items less food

218.584 219.501 221.101 -1.3 1.2 0.7

All items less shelter

214.755 215.691 217.124 -2.2 1.1 0.7

Commodities less food

146.403 148.998 151.812 -7.6 3.7 1.9

Nondurables

209.039 211.580 214.134 -5.3 2.4 1.2

Nondurables less food

183.107 187.821 193.099 -11.3 5.5 2.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

222.209 229.469 236.166 -13.5 6.3 2.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

304.224 303.202 303.812 0.8 -0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

254.568 254.424 255.078 1.5 0.2 0.3

Energy

182.372 189.377 196.429 -21.0 7.7 3.7

All items less energy

228.107 228.223 228.883 1.4 0.3 0.3

All items less food and energy

226.789 226.969 227.923 1.4 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.105 145.475 146.607 -0.4 1.0 0.8

Energy commodities

181.925 201.538 217.372 -32.3 19.5 7.9

Services less energy services

280.543 280.589 281.406 2.0 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

216.078 217.027 218.486 -1.5 1.1 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

349.446 350.981 353.341      

Food and beverages

239.991 239.666 238.850 1.8 -0.5 -0.3

Food

239.768 239.385 238.516 1.9 -0.5 -0.4

Food at home

232.308 231.542 230.019 1.1 -1.0 -0.7

Food away from home

253.129 253.490 253.897 3.2 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

241.893 242.511 242.526 1.0 0.3 0.0

Housing

206.640 206.414 206.814 0.9 0.1 0.2

Shelter

236.119 236.406 237.080 2.3 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

245.595 246.060 246.588 2.8 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

233.400 233.691 234.095 1.9 0.3 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

233.407 233.700 234.105 1.9 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

218.536 215.810 215.945 -3.7 -1.2 0.1

Household energy

183.411 180.209 180.066 -5.6 -1.8 -0.1

Energy services (1)

188.456 185.079 185.035 -5.1 -1.8 0.0

Electricity (1)

195.526 194.393 194.621 4.8 -0.5 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

168.633 160.916 160.335 -22.6 -4.9 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

114.507 114.487 114.123 -1.9 -0.3 -0.3

Apparel

114.597 114.419 117.486 -2.1 2.5 2.7

Transportation

183.096 189.218 194.755 -11.8 6.4 2.9

Private transportation

179.522 185.670 191.345 -12.0 6.6 3.1

New and used motor vehicles (3)

97.498 98.217 99.651 0.0 2.2 1.5

New vehicles

142.641 143.328 144.103 1.5 1.0 0.5

Used cars and trucks

142.225 144.095 147.769 -1.7 3.9 2.5

Motor fuel

180.515 200.933 217.516 -32.8 20.5 8.3

Gasoline (all types)

178.650 199.303 215.927 -32.8 20.9 8.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

174.659 195.253 212.015 -33.4 21.4 8.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

203.070 228.044 244.428 -31.2 20.4 7.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

190.409 208.996 224.112 -29.3 17.7 7.2

Medical Care

453.803 452.580 454.386 2.2 0.1 0.4

Medical care commodities

356.996 358.683 361.026 4.6 1.1 0.7

Medical care services

483.667 481.278 482.825 1.4 -0.2 0.3

Professional services

390.217 387.210 388.588 0.9 -0.4 0.4

Recreation (3)

114.132 114.057 114.502 0.5 0.3 0.4

Education and communication (3)

131.951 131.885 131.979 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Other goods and services

441.322 440.161 442.505 1.3 0.3 0.5
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

216.078 217.027 218.486 -1.5 1.1 0.7

Commodities

176.612 178.621 180.817 -5.0 2.4 1.2

Commodities less food & beverages

146.162 149.165 152.648 -9.1 4.4 2.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

185.389 191.073 197.626 -13.7 6.6 3.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

229.357 238.547 247.230 -16.5 7.8 3.6

Durables

108.200 108.822 109.577 -1.0 1.3 0.7

Services

262.946 262.700 263.337 1.4 0.1 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

234.435 234.724 235.417 2.3 0.4 0.3

Transportation services

289.670 290.358 290.842 3.4 0.4 0.2

Other services

302.686 302.749 303.328 0.9 0.2 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

206.957 207.984 209.428 -1.7 1.2 0.7

All items less food

211.544 212.734 214.613 -2.1 1.5 0.9

All items less shelter

211.281 212.475 214.229 -2.9 1.4 0.8

Commodities less food

149.027 151.978 155.384 -8.8 4.3 2.2

Nondurables

212.646 215.436 218.437 -6.1 2.7 1.4

Nondurables less food

188.251 193.667 199.875 -12.9 6.2 3.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

228.820 237.257 245.184 -15.3 7.2 3.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

269.714 268.890 269.402 0.6 -0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

248.308 248.187 248.767 1.4 0.2 0.2

Energy

181.292 189.124 196.786 -21.9 8.5 4.1

All items less energy

222.101 222.207 222.911 1.4 0.4 0.3

All items less food and energy

218.751 218.960 219.996 1.3 0.6 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.884 148.147 149.579 -0.4 1.1 1.0

Energy commodities

182.538 202.323 218.310 -32.4 19.6 7.9

Services less energy services

272.796 272.963 273.689 2.1 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, April 17, 2015