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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – April 2015

Prices in the Midwest little changed in April but 1.1 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest registered little movement in April (0.1 percent), following an increase of 0.6 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. A 7.9-percent decline in costs for utility (piped) gas service helped to offset increases in the indexes for food and all items less food and energy, each up 0.2 percent. Overall, the energy index was 1.1 percent lower over the month.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 1.1 percent from April 2014 to April 2015. Food prices increased 1.6 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 22.2 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.3 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, April 2012-April 2015

Food

Food prices in the Midwest increased 0.2 percent in April. The index for food at home was little changed (0.1 percent) while costs for food away from home rose 0.4 percent.  

From April 2014 to April 2015, the index for food was up 1.6 percent led by a 3.2-percent rise in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home also contributed to the increase with a gain of 0.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index for the Midwest turned down 1.1 percent in April. The decline was largely attributable to utility (piped) gas service costs which fell 7.9 percent over the month. Costs for electricity were unchanged while motor fuel prices advanced 0.5 percent over the month.

The index for energy fell 22.2 percent from April 2014 to April 2015, led by a 33.6-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 26.3 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices advanced 4.4 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.2 percent in April. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included medical care services (0.9 percent), used cars and trucks (2.0 percent), and household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent from April 2014 to April 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.2 percent) and medical care (2.7 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 223.797 in April 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $223.80 in April 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In April, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.701, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.7 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.9 0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3

February

0.3 2.2 0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5

March

0.9 2.7 1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9

April

0.7 3.3 0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1

May

0.6 3.8 -0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6    

June

0.0 3.9 -0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7    

July

0.1 3.8 0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8    

August

0.2 3.8 0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6    

September

0.2 3.9 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6    

October

-0.6 3.3 -0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6    

November

0.0 3.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2    

December

-0.2 2.8 -0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7    

The May 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Thursday, June 18, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.301 223.550 223.797 -1.1 0.7 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

361.696 363.728 364.130      

Food and beverages

239.275 238.426 238.898 1.6 -0.2 0.2

Food

238.916 238.005 238.467 1.6 -0.2 0.2

Food at home

230.747 229.093 229.209 0.6 -0.7 0.1

Food away from home

252.483 252.839 253.892 3.2 0.6 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

241.966 242.094 242.707 1.3 0.3 0.3

Housing

211.179 211.611 211.339 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Shelter

246.874 247.671 247.830 2.2 0.4 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

245.410 245.907 246.118 2.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

250.690 251.079 251.318 1.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

250.685 251.076 251.316 1.8 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

215.005 215.017 210.883 -5.0 -1.9 -1.9

Household energy

179.695 179.444 174.941 -7.3 -2.6 -2.5

Energy services (1)

186.000 185.834 181.324 -6.9 -2.5 -2.4

Electricity (1)

195.755 195.988 196.065 4.4 0.2 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.257 159.376 146.758 -26.3 -8.4 -7.9

Household furnishings and operations

116.183 115.728 116.649 -0.9 0.4 0.8

Apparel

116.338 119.180 118.888 -3.7 2.2 -0.2

Transportation

192.031 196.851 197.917 -10.5 3.1 0.5

Private transportation

186.370 191.410 192.152 -10.9 3.1 0.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.552 99.690 100.176 0.6 1.6 0.5

New vehicles

140.017 140.770 140.375 1.1 0.3 -0.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.092 99.671 99.387 1.3 0.3 -0.3

New cars (4)

136.720 137.488 137.151 1.2 0.3 -0.2

Used cars and trucks

143.466 147.134 150.055 -0.9 4.6 2.0

Motor fuel

200.255 216.852 217.847 -33.6 8.8 0.5

Gasoline (all types)

198.686 215.352 216.441 -33.6 8.9 0.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

194.779 211.598 212.664 -34.2 9.2 0.5

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

228.057 244.607 245.031 -32.3 7.4 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

208.943 224.100 225.736 -30.0 8.0 0.7

Medical Care

447.300 448.997 452.309 2.7 1.1 0.7

Medical care commodities

365.206 367.210 368.360 4.9 0.9 0.3

Medical care services

474.584 476.141 480.267 2.1 1.2 0.9

Professional services

385.706 387.102 392.309 1.7 1.7 1.3

Recreation (3)

117.470 117.834 117.673 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Education and communication (3)

139.657 139.817 139.798 0.0 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

397.738 399.511 399.240 1.2 0.4 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.301 223.550 223.797 -1.1 0.7 0.1

Commodities

176.435 178.233 178.592 -4.6 1.2 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

145.962 148.832 149.135 -8.3 2.2 0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

184.760 190.312 190.305 -12.7 3.0 0.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

229.659 236.976 237.153 -15.2 3.3 0.1

Durables

107.062 107.504 108.064 -0.8 0.9 0.5

Services

269.730 270.445 270.585 1.4 0.3 0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

253.509 254.351 254.489 2.1 0.4 0.1

Transportation services

290.801 291.422 293.419 2.8 0.9 0.7

Other services

325.980 326.611 326.858 1.0 0.3 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.653 212.880 212.982 -1.4 0.6 0.0

All items less food

219.501 221.101 221.313 -1.5 0.8 0.1

All items less shelter

215.691 217.124 217.407 -2.4 0.8 0.1

Commodities less food

148.998 151.812 152.124 -8.0 2.1 0.2

Nondurables

211.580 214.134 214.354 -5.7 1.3 0.1

Nondurables less food

187.821 193.099 193.124 -11.9 2.8 0.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

229.469 236.166 236.376 -14.0 3.0 0.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.202 303.812 303.960 0.7 0.2 0.0

Services less medical care services

254.424 255.078 254.939 1.3 0.2 -0.1

Energy

189.377 196.429 194.290 -22.2 2.6 -1.1

All items less energy

228.223 228.883 229.381 1.4 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

226.969 227.923 228.429 1.3 0.6 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.475 146.607 146.893 -0.6 1.0 0.2

Energy commodities

201.538 217.372 217.927 -33.0 8.1 0.3

Services less energy services

280.589 281.406 282.057 2.0 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.027 218.486 218.701 -1.7 0.8 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

350.981 353.341 353.688      

Food and beverages

239.666 238.850 239.278 1.6 -0.2 0.2

Food

239.385 238.516 238.920 1.7 -0.2 0.2

Food at home

231.542 230.019 230.075 0.8 -0.6 0.0

Food away from home

253.490 253.897 254.974 3.3 0.6 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

242.511 242.526 243.345 1.3 0.3 0.3

Housing

206.414 206.814 206.454 0.7 0.0 -0.2

Shelter

236.406 237.080 237.230 2.2 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

246.060 246.588 246.793 2.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

233.691 234.095 234.327 1.9 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

233.700 234.105 234.338 1.9 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

215.810 215.945 211.898 -4.8 -1.8 -1.9

Household energy

180.209 180.066 175.677 -7.0 -2.5 -2.4

Energy services (1)

185.079 185.035 180.687 -6.7 -2.4 -2.3

Electricity (1)

194.393 194.621 194.694 4.3 0.2 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.916 160.335 147.365 -27.0 -8.4 -8.1

Household furnishings and operations

114.487 114.123 115.025 -1.2 0.5 0.8

Apparel

114.419 117.486 117.348 -2.9 2.6 -0.1

Transportation

189.218 194.755 195.874 -12.1 3.5 0.6

Private transportation

185.670 191.345 192.325 -12.4 3.6 0.5

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.217 99.651 100.462 0.2 2.3 0.8

New vehicles

143.328 144.103 143.715 1.1 0.3 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

144.095 147.769 150.700 -0.9 4.6 2.0

Motor fuel

200.933 217.516 218.378 -33.6 8.7 0.4

Gasoline (all types)

199.303 215.927 216.885 -33.6 8.8 0.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

195.253 212.015 212.953 -34.3 9.1 0.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

228.044 244.428 244.792 -32.3 7.3 0.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

208.996 224.112 225.583 -30.0 7.9 0.7

Medical Care

452.580 454.386 457.501 2.7 1.1 0.7

Medical care commodities

358.683 361.026 362.113 4.9 1.0 0.3

Medical care services

481.278 482.825 486.704 2.0 1.1 0.8

Professional services

387.210 388.588 393.374 1.7 1.6 1.2

Recreation (3)

114.057 114.502 114.326 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Education and communication (3)

131.885 131.979 131.974 -0.6 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

440.161 442.505 441.953 1.0 0.4 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.027 218.486 218.701 -1.7 0.8 0.1

Commodities

178.621 180.817 181.249 -5.3 1.5 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

149.165 152.648 153.076 -9.5 2.6 0.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

191.073 197.626 197.646 -14.4 3.4 0.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

238.547 247.230 247.342 -17.1 3.7 0.0

Durables

108.822 109.577 110.339 -0.8 1.4 0.7

Services

262.700 263.337 263.307 1.3 0.2 0.0

Rent of shelter (2)

234.724 235.417 235.541 2.2 0.3 0.1

Transportation services

290.358 290.842 292.184 3.4 0.6 0.5

Other services

302.749 303.328 303.588 0.6 0.3 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.984 209.428 209.536 -2.0 0.7 0.1

All items less food

212.734 214.613 214.793 -2.4 1.0 0.1

All items less shelter

212.475 214.229 214.469 -3.2 0.9 0.1

Commodities less food

151.978 155.384 155.823 -9.1 2.5 0.3

Nondurables

215.436 218.437 218.655 -6.6 1.5 0.1

Nondurables less food

193.667 199.875 199.937 -13.6 3.2 0.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

237.257 245.184 245.352 -15.9 3.4 0.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

268.890 269.402 269.201 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Services less medical care services

248.187 248.767 248.511 1.2 0.1 -0.1

Energy

189.124 196.786 194.866 -23.1 3.0 -1.0

All items less energy

222.207 222.911 223.391 1.3 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

218.960 219.996 220.493 1.3 0.7 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.147 149.579 150.022 -0.5 1.3 0.3

Energy commodities

202.323 218.310 218.807 -33.2 8.1 0.2

Services less energy services

272.963 273.689 274.227 2.0 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 22, 2015

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Contacts

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Media contact:
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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – April 2015

Prices in the Midwest little changed in April but 1.1 percent lower over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest registered little movement in April (0.1 percent), following an increase of 0.6 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. A 7.9-percent decline in costs for utility (piped) gas service helped to offset increases in the indexes for food and all items less food and energy, each up 0.2 percent. Overall, the energy index was 1.1 percent lower over the month.

The CPI-U for the Midwest declined 1.1 percent from April 2014 to April 2015. Food prices increased 1.6 percent and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 22.2 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.3 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, April 2012-April 2015

Food

Food prices in the Midwest increased 0.2 percent in April. The index for food at home was little changed (0.1 percent) while costs for food away from home rose 0.4 percent.  

From April 2014 to April 2015, the index for food was up 1.6 percent led by a 3.2-percent rise in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home also contributed to the increase with a gain of 0.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index for the Midwest turned down 1.1 percent in April. The decline was largely attributable to utility (piped) gas service costs which fell 7.9 percent over the month. Costs for electricity were unchanged while motor fuel prices advanced 0.5 percent over the month.

The index for energy fell 22.2 percent from April 2014 to April 2015, led by a 33.6-percent drop in motor fuel prices. Costs for utility (piped) gas service were 26.3 percent lower over the year, while electricity prices advanced 4.4 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.2 percent in April. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included medical care services (0.9 percent), used cars and trucks (2.0 percent), and household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent from April 2014 to April 2015. Higher costs for shelter (2.2 percent) and medical care (2.7 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 223.797 in April 2015. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $223.80 in April 2015. Because regional CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the regional indexes.

CPI-W

In April, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.701, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W decreased 1.7 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.9 0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3

February

0.3 2.2 0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5

March

0.9 2.7 1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9

April

0.7 3.3 0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1

May

0.6 3.8 -0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6    

June

0.0 3.9 -0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7    

July

0.1 3.8 0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8    

August

0.2 3.8 0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6    

September

0.2 3.9 0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6    

October

-0.6 3.3 -0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6    

November

0.0 3.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2    

December

-0.2 2.8 -0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7    

The May 2015 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Thursday, June 18, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.301 223.550 223.797 -1.1 0.7 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

361.696 363.728 364.130      

Food and beverages

239.275 238.426 238.898 1.6 -0.2 0.2

Food

238.916 238.005 238.467 1.6 -0.2 0.2

Food at home

230.747 229.093 229.209 0.6 -0.7 0.1

Food away from home

252.483 252.839 253.892 3.2 0.6 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

241.966 242.094 242.707 1.3 0.3 0.3

Housing

211.179 211.611 211.339 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Shelter

246.874 247.671 247.830 2.2 0.4 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

245.410 245.907 246.118 2.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

250.690 251.079 251.318 1.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

250.685 251.076 251.316 1.8 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

215.005 215.017 210.883 -5.0 -1.9 -1.9

Household energy

179.695 179.444 174.941 -7.3 -2.6 -2.5

Energy services (1)

186.000 185.834 181.324 -6.9 -2.5 -2.4

Electricity (1)

195.755 195.988 196.065 4.4 0.2 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.257 159.376 146.758 -26.3 -8.4 -7.9

Household furnishings and operations

116.183 115.728 116.649 -0.9 0.4 0.8

Apparel

116.338 119.180 118.888 -3.7 2.2 -0.2

Transportation

192.031 196.851 197.917 -10.5 3.1 0.5

Private transportation

186.370 191.410 192.152 -10.9 3.1 0.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.552 99.690 100.176 0.6 1.6 0.5

New vehicles

140.017 140.770 140.375 1.1 0.3 -0.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.092 99.671 99.387 1.3 0.3 -0.3

New cars (4)

136.720 137.488 137.151 1.2 0.3 -0.2

Used cars and trucks

143.466 147.134 150.055 -0.9 4.6 2.0

Motor fuel

200.255 216.852 217.847 -33.6 8.8 0.5

Gasoline (all types)

198.686 215.352 216.441 -33.6 8.9 0.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

194.779 211.598 212.664 -34.2 9.2 0.5

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

228.057 244.607 245.031 -32.3 7.4 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

208.943 224.100 225.736 -30.0 8.0 0.7

Medical Care

447.300 448.997 452.309 2.7 1.1 0.7

Medical care commodities

365.206 367.210 368.360 4.9 0.9 0.3

Medical care services

474.584 476.141 480.267 2.1 1.2 0.9

Professional services

385.706 387.102 392.309 1.7 1.7 1.3

Recreation (3)

117.470 117.834 117.673 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Education and communication (3)

139.657 139.817 139.798 0.0 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

397.738 399.511 399.240 1.2 0.4 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.301 223.550 223.797 -1.1 0.7 0.1

Commodities

176.435 178.233 178.592 -4.6 1.2 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

145.962 148.832 149.135 -8.3 2.2 0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

184.760 190.312 190.305 -12.7 3.0 0.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

229.659 236.976 237.153 -15.2 3.3 0.1

Durables

107.062 107.504 108.064 -0.8 0.9 0.5

Services

269.730 270.445 270.585 1.4 0.3 0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

253.509 254.351 254.489 2.1 0.4 0.1

Transportation services

290.801 291.422 293.419 2.8 0.9 0.7

Other services

325.980 326.611 326.858 1.0 0.3 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.653 212.880 212.982 -1.4 0.6 0.0

All items less food

219.501 221.101 221.313 -1.5 0.8 0.1

All items less shelter

215.691 217.124 217.407 -2.4 0.8 0.1

Commodities less food

148.998 151.812 152.124 -8.0 2.1 0.2

Nondurables

211.580 214.134 214.354 -5.7 1.3 0.1

Nondurables less food

187.821 193.099 193.124 -11.9 2.8 0.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

229.469 236.166 236.376 -14.0 3.0 0.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

303.202 303.812 303.960 0.7 0.2 0.0

Services less medical care services

254.424 255.078 254.939 1.3 0.2 -0.1

Energy

189.377 196.429 194.290 -22.2 2.6 -1.1

All items less energy

228.223 228.883 229.381 1.4 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

226.969 227.923 228.429 1.3 0.6 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.475 146.607 146.893 -0.6 1.0 0.2

Energy commodities

201.538 217.372 217.927 -33.0 8.1 0.3

Services less energy services

280.589 281.406 282.057 2.0 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.027 218.486 218.701 -1.7 0.8 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

350.981 353.341 353.688      

Food and beverages

239.666 238.850 239.278 1.6 -0.2 0.2

Food

239.385 238.516 238.920 1.7 -0.2 0.2

Food at home

231.542 230.019 230.075 0.8 -0.6 0.0

Food away from home

253.490 253.897 254.974 3.3 0.6 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

242.511 242.526 243.345 1.3 0.3 0.3

Housing

206.414 206.814 206.454 0.7 0.0 -0.2

Shelter

236.406 237.080 237.230 2.2 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

246.060 246.588 246.793 2.8 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

233.691 234.095 234.327 1.9 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

233.700 234.105 234.338 1.9 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

215.810 215.945 211.898 -4.8 -1.8 -1.9

Household energy

180.209 180.066 175.677 -7.0 -2.5 -2.4

Energy services (1)

185.079 185.035 180.687 -6.7 -2.4 -2.3

Electricity (1)

194.393 194.621 194.694 4.3 0.2 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.916 160.335 147.365 -27.0 -8.4 -8.1

Household furnishings and operations

114.487 114.123 115.025 -1.2 0.5 0.8

Apparel

114.419 117.486 117.348 -2.9 2.6 -0.1

Transportation

189.218 194.755 195.874 -12.1 3.5 0.6

Private transportation

185.670 191.345 192.325 -12.4 3.6 0.5

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.217 99.651 100.462 0.2 2.3 0.8

New vehicles

143.328 144.103 143.715 1.1 0.3 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

144.095 147.769 150.700 -0.9 4.6 2.0

Motor fuel

200.933 217.516 218.378 -33.6 8.7 0.4

Gasoline (all types)

199.303 215.927 216.885 -33.6 8.8 0.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

195.253 212.015 212.953 -34.3 9.1 0.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

228.044 244.428 244.792 -32.3 7.3 0.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

208.996 224.112 225.583 -30.0 7.9 0.7

Medical Care

452.580 454.386 457.501 2.7 1.1 0.7

Medical care commodities

358.683 361.026 362.113 4.9 1.0 0.3

Medical care services

481.278 482.825 486.704 2.0 1.1 0.8

Professional services

387.210 388.588 393.374 1.7 1.6 1.2

Recreation (3)

114.057 114.502 114.326 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Education and communication (3)

131.885 131.979 131.974 -0.6 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

440.161 442.505 441.953 1.0 0.4 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.027 218.486 218.701 -1.7 0.8 0.1

Commodities

178.621 180.817 181.249 -5.3 1.5 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

149.165 152.648 153.076 -9.5 2.6 0.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

191.073 197.626 197.646 -14.4 3.4 0.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

238.547 247.230 247.342 -17.1 3.7 0.0

Durables

108.822 109.577 110.339 -0.8 1.4 0.7

Services

262.700 263.337 263.307 1.3 0.2 0.0

Rent of shelter (2)

234.724 235.417 235.541 2.2 0.3 0.1

Transportation services

290.358 290.842 292.184 3.4 0.6 0.5

Other services

302.749 303.328 303.588 0.6 0.3 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.984 209.428 209.536 -2.0 0.7 0.1

All items less food

212.734 214.613 214.793 -2.4 1.0 0.1

All items less shelter

212.475 214.229 214.469 -3.2 0.9 0.1

Commodities less food

151.978 155.384 155.823 -9.1 2.5 0.3

Nondurables

215.436 218.437 218.655 -6.6 1.5 0.1

Nondurables less food

193.667 199.875 199.937 -13.6 3.2 0.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

237.257 245.184 245.352 -15.9 3.4 0.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

268.890 269.402 269.201 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Services less medical care services

248.187 248.767 248.511 1.2 0.1 -0.1

Energy

189.124 196.786 194.866 -23.1 3.0 -1.0

All items less energy

222.207 222.911 223.391 1.3 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

218.960 219.996 220.493 1.3 0.7 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.147 149.579 150.022 -0.5 1.3 0.3

Energy commodities

202.323 218.310 218.807 -33.2 8.1 0.2

Services less energy services

272.963 273.689 274.227 2.0 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 22, 2015