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Thursday, April 14, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2016

Prices in the Midwest up 0.6 percent in March and 0.5 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.6 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly advance was largely attributable to a 20.2-percent increase in motor fuel prices. The broader energy index was 7.7 percent higher over the month. Food prices declined 0.4 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was up 0.3 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 0.5 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 11.6 percent, but prices for food were up 0.6 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

  Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, March 2013-March 2016

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.4 percent in March. The index for food at home decreased 0.9 percent while costs for food away from home were up 0.3 percent.  

From March 2015 to March 2016, the index for food advanced 0.6 percent. Rising costs for food away from home (2.5 percent) were responsible for the yearly advance. Prices for food at home registered their sixth consecutive over-the-year decline, down 0.6 percent since March 2015. 

Energy

The energy index turned up 7.7 percent in March following eight consecutive monthly declines and had the greatest upward impact on the all items index. The increase in energy costs was mainly attributable to a 20.2-percent advance in motor fuel prices, the largest one-month gain since June 2000. Costs for electricity registered little movement (0.1 percent) and prices for utility (piped) gas service were 1.3 percent lower over the month.

Despite the monthly advance, energy prices fell 11.6 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. Prices for motor fuel and utility (piped) gas service were down 18.9 and 14.4 percent, respectively. Costs for electricity were 0.4 percent higher over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.3 percent in March. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.2 percent), used cars and trucks (1.5 percent), medical care services (0.3 percent), and recreation (0.4 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. A 2.6-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 3.7-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 224.621 in March 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $224.62 in March 2016.

CPI-W

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.761, up 0.8 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8

February

0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4

March

1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5

April

0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1    

May

-0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8    

June

-0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7    

July

0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5    

August

0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3    

September

0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8    

October

-0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3    

November

-0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2    

December

-0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0    

The April 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, May 17, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.301 223.196 224.621 0.5 0.6 0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

363.324 363.153 365.470      

Food and beverages

241.228 240.839 240.000 0.7 -0.5 -0.3

Food

240.910 240.425 239.494 0.6 -0.6 -0.4

Food at home

230.695 229.779 227.791 -0.6 -1.3 -0.9

Food away from home

257.959 258.214 259.091 2.5 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

243.266 244.264 244.757 1.1 0.6 0.2

Housing

213.978 214.511 214.948 1.6 0.5 0.2

Shelter

252.717 253.512 254.079 2.6 0.5 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

251.478 252.375 252.535 2.7 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

256.205 256.960 257.322 2.5 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

256.195 256.948 257.309 2.5 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

209.516 209.027 209.184 -2.7 -0.2 0.1

Household energy

171.981 171.352 170.820 -4.8 -0.7 -0.3

Energy services (1)

179.413 178.723 178.097 -4.2 -0.7 -0.4

Electricity (1)

197.846 196.735 196.855 0.4 -0.5 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

138.180 138.218 136.418 -14.4 -1.3 -1.3

Household furnishings and operations

114.861 115.264 115.511 -0.2 0.6 0.2

Apparel

115.113 117.623 117.964 -1.0 2.5 0.3

Transportation

185.470 182.112 188.629 -4.2 1.7 3.6

Private transportation

179.619 176.285 182.902 -4.4 1.8 3.8

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.592 99.063 99.422 -0.3 0.8 0.4

New vehicles

141.020 141.195 140.696 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.786 99.911 99.453 -0.2 -0.3 -0.5

New cars (4)

137.361 137.367 136.600 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

142.892 144.399 146.614 -0.4 2.6 1.5

Motor fuel

165.273 146.354 175.857 -18.9 6.4 20.2

Gasoline (all types)

164.221 145.296 174.991 -18.7 6.6 20.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

158.679 139.779 169.684 -19.8 6.9 21.4

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

193.684 174.959 206.842 -15.4 6.8 18.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

189.455 171.411 196.600 -12.3 3.8 14.7

Medical Care

460.482 462.960 464.165 3.4 0.8 0.3

Medical care commodities

372.142 375.338 375.463 2.2 0.9 0.0

Medical care services

490.115 492.328 493.913 3.7 0.8 0.3

Professional services

398.690 399.648 400.045 3.3 0.3 0.1

Recreation (3)

117.035 117.977 118.423 0.5 1.2 0.4

Education and communication (3)

140.759 140.329 140.305 0.3 -0.3 0.0

Other goods and services

404.001 405.629 406.810 1.8 0.7 0.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.301 223.196 224.621 0.5 0.6 0.6

Commodities

173.702 172.721 174.833 -1.9 0.7 1.2

Commodities less food & beverages

141.346 140.158 143.386 -3.7 1.4 2.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

176.365 173.387 180.382 -5.2 2.3 4.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

216.630 210.121 221.418 -6.6 2.2 5.4

Durables

105.740 105.962 106.174 -1.2 0.4 0.2

Services

274.459 275.247 275.973 2.0 0.6 0.3

Rent of shelter (2)

259.585 260.370 260.998 2.6 0.5 0.2

Transportation services

295.273 295.789 296.699 1.8 0.5 0.3

Other services

329.565 330.888 332.058 1.7 0.8 0.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.075 211.847 213.282 0.2 0.6 0.7

All items less food

220.340 220.295 222.095 0.4 0.8 0.8

All items less shelter

214.900 214.473 216.216 -0.4 0.6 0.8

Commodities less food

144.511 143.374 146.546 -3.5 1.4 2.2

Nondurables

208.046 206.289 209.582 -2.1 0.7 1.6

Nondurables less food

179.932 177.175 183.807 -4.8 2.2 3.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

217.696 211.880 222.168 -5.9 2.1 4.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

306.664 307.502 308.376 1.5 0.6 0.3

Services less medical care services

258.377 259.060 259.722 1.8 0.5 0.3

Energy

169.831 161.307 173.728 -11.6 2.3 7.7

All items less energy

231.350 232.074 232.431 1.6 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

230.318 231.263 231.855 1.7 0.7 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

144.964 145.862 146.051 -0.4 0.7 0.1

Energy commodities

165.933 147.858 176.121 -19.0 6.1 19.1

Services less energy services

286.596 287.547 288.421 2.5 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.406 217.002 218.761 0.1 0.6 0.8

All items (December 1977=100)

351.594 350.941 353.785      

Food and beverages

241.307 240.951 239.989 0.5 -0.5 -0.4

Food

241.015 240.570 239.513 0.4 -0.6 -0.4

Food at home

231.145 230.355 228.384 -0.7 -1.2 -0.9

Food away from home

259.032 259.306 260.146 2.5 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

244.304 245.408 245.996 1.4 0.7 0.2

Housing

208.964 209.482 209.859 1.5 0.4 0.2

Shelter

241.844 242.636 243.086 2.5 0.5 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

252.081 252.973 253.145 2.7 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

238.818 239.532 239.862 2.5 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

238.820 239.534 239.861 2.5 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

210.607 210.129 210.408 -2.6 -0.1 0.1

Household energy

172.874 172.252 171.760 -4.6 -0.6 -0.3

Energy services (1)

178.924 178.226 177.673 -4.0 -0.7 -0.3

Electricity (1)

196.188 195.083 195.335 0.4 -0.4 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

139.096 139.151 137.209 -14.4 -1.4 -1.4

Household furnishings and operations

113.211 113.594 113.835 -0.3 0.6 0.2

Apparel

113.929 115.258 115.538 -1.7 1.4 0.2

Transportation

181.247 177.526 185.173 -4.9 2.2 4.3

Private transportation

177.641 173.913 181.634 -5.1 2.2 4.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.099 98.841 99.477 -0.2 1.4 0.6

New vehicles

144.190 144.582 144.213 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

143.507 145.015 147.239 -0.4 2.6 1.5

Motor fuel

165.692 146.423 176.242 -19.0 6.4 20.4

Gasoline (all types)

164.562 145.317 175.295 -18.8 6.5 20.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

158.866 139.683 169.849 -19.9 6.9 21.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

193.747 174.560 206.631 -15.5 6.6 18.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

189.441 171.138 196.371 -12.4 3.7 14.7

Medical Care

466.316 468.582 469.981 3.4 0.8 0.3

Medical care commodities

366.005 369.033 369.153 2.3 0.9 0.0

Medical care services

497.385 499.356 501.198 3.8 0.8 0.4

Professional services

401.087 402.160 402.541 3.6 0.4 0.1

Recreation (3)

113.315 114.165 114.733 0.2 1.3 0.5

Education and communication (3)

132.671 132.209 132.292 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

450.972 451.919 453.042 2.4 0.5 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.406 217.002 218.761 0.1 0.6 0.8

Commodities

175.493 173.990 176.830 -2.2 0.8 1.6

Commodities less food & beverages

144.058 142.150 146.399 -4.1 1.6 3.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

181.446 176.450 185.478 -6.1 2.2 5.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

223.470 214.891 228.936 -7.4 2.4 6.5

Durables

107.546 107.992 108.512 -1.0 0.9 0.5

Services

267.013 267.765 268.419 1.9 0.5 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

240.189 240.957 241.433 2.6 0.5 0.2

Transportation services

295.558 296.807 297.099 2.2 0.5 0.1

Other services

305.329 306.217 307.478 1.4 0.7 0.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.866 207.359 209.132 -0.1 0.6 0.9

All items less food

212.896 212.501 214.705 0.0 0.8 1.0

All items less shelter

211.060 210.225 212.470 -0.8 0.7 1.1

Commodities less food

147.024 145.173 149.361 -3.9 1.6 2.9

Nondurables

211.209 208.398 212.709 -2.6 0.7 2.1

Nondurables less food

184.632 179.937 188.549 -5.7 2.1 4.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

223.618 215.824 228.765 -6.7 2.3 6.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

271.488 272.155 272.941 1.3 0.5 0.3

Services less medical care services

251.781 252.456 253.036 1.7 0.5 0.2

Energy

168.830 159.565 173.126 -12.0 2.5 8.5

All items less energy

225.128 225.775 226.145 1.5 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

222.160 223.008 223.644 1.7 0.7 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.090 148.833 149.248 -0.2 0.8 0.3

Energy commodities

166.562 148.184 176.686 -19.1 6.1 19.2

Services less energy services

278.666 279.597 280.401 2.5 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, April 14, 2016

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News Release Information

16-756-KAN
Thursday, April 14, 2016

Contacts

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Media contact:
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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – March 2016

Prices in the Midwest up 0.6 percent in March and 0.5 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest rose 0.6 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The monthly advance was largely attributable to a 20.2-percent increase in motor fuel prices. The broader energy index was 7.7 percent higher over the month. Food prices declined 0.4 percent while the index for all items less food and energy was up 0.3 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest advanced 0.5 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, fell 11.6 percent, but prices for food were up 0.6 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

  Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Midwest region, March 2013-March 2016

Food

Food prices in the Midwest declined 0.4 percent in March. The index for food at home decreased 0.9 percent while costs for food away from home were up 0.3 percent.  

From March 2015 to March 2016, the index for food advanced 0.6 percent. Rising costs for food away from home (2.5 percent) were responsible for the yearly advance. Prices for food at home registered their sixth consecutive over-the-year decline, down 0.6 percent since March 2015. 

Energy

The energy index turned up 7.7 percent in March following eight consecutive monthly declines and had the greatest upward impact on the all items index. The increase in energy costs was mainly attributable to a 20.2-percent advance in motor fuel prices, the largest one-month gain since June 2000. Costs for electricity registered little movement (0.1 percent) and prices for utility (piped) gas service were 1.3 percent lower over the month.

Despite the monthly advance, energy prices fell 11.6 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. Prices for motor fuel and utility (piped) gas service were down 18.9 and 14.4 percent, respectively. Costs for electricity were 0.4 percent higher over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest rose 0.3 percent in March. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included shelter (0.2 percent), used cars and trucks (1.5 percent), medical care services (0.3 percent), and recreation (0.4 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. A 2.6-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care services had the next largest upward impact with a 3.7-percent increase.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 224.621 in March 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $224.62 in March 2016.

CPI-W

In March, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 218.761, up 0.8 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.1 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8

February

0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4

March

1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5

April

0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1    

May

-0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8    

June

-0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7    

July

0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5    

August

0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3    

September

0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8    

October

-0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3    

November

-0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2    

December

-0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0    

The April 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, May 17, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.301 223.196 224.621 0.5 0.6 0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

363.324 363.153 365.470      

Food and beverages

241.228 240.839 240.000 0.7 -0.5 -0.3

Food

240.910 240.425 239.494 0.6 -0.6 -0.4

Food at home

230.695 229.779 227.791 -0.6 -1.3 -0.9

Food away from home

257.959 258.214 259.091 2.5 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

243.266 244.264 244.757 1.1 0.6 0.2

Housing

213.978 214.511 214.948 1.6 0.5 0.2

Shelter

252.717 253.512 254.079 2.6 0.5 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

251.478 252.375 252.535 2.7 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

256.205 256.960 257.322 2.5 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

256.195 256.948 257.309 2.5 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

209.516 209.027 209.184 -2.7 -0.2 0.1

Household energy

171.981 171.352 170.820 -4.8 -0.7 -0.3

Energy services (1)

179.413 178.723 178.097 -4.2 -0.7 -0.4

Electricity (1)

197.846 196.735 196.855 0.4 -0.5 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

138.180 138.218 136.418 -14.4 -1.3 -1.3

Household furnishings and operations

114.861 115.264 115.511 -0.2 0.6 0.2

Apparel

115.113 117.623 117.964 -1.0 2.5 0.3

Transportation

185.470 182.112 188.629 -4.2 1.7 3.6

Private transportation

179.619 176.285 182.902 -4.4 1.8 3.8

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.592 99.063 99.422 -0.3 0.8 0.4

New vehicles

141.020 141.195 140.696 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.786 99.911 99.453 -0.2 -0.3 -0.5

New cars (4)

137.361 137.367 136.600 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

142.892 144.399 146.614 -0.4 2.6 1.5

Motor fuel

165.273 146.354 175.857 -18.9 6.4 20.2

Gasoline (all types)

164.221 145.296 174.991 -18.7 6.6 20.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

158.679 139.779 169.684 -19.8 6.9 21.4

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

193.684 174.959 206.842 -15.4 6.8 18.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

189.455 171.411 196.600 -12.3 3.8 14.7

Medical Care

460.482 462.960 464.165 3.4 0.8 0.3

Medical care commodities

372.142 375.338 375.463 2.2 0.9 0.0

Medical care services

490.115 492.328 493.913 3.7 0.8 0.3

Professional services

398.690 399.648 400.045 3.3 0.3 0.1

Recreation (3)

117.035 117.977 118.423 0.5 1.2 0.4

Education and communication (3)

140.759 140.329 140.305 0.3 -0.3 0.0

Other goods and services

404.001 405.629 406.810 1.8 0.7 0.3
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.301 223.196 224.621 0.5 0.6 0.6

Commodities

173.702 172.721 174.833 -1.9 0.7 1.2

Commodities less food & beverages

141.346 140.158 143.386 -3.7 1.4 2.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

176.365 173.387 180.382 -5.2 2.3 4.0

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

216.630 210.121 221.418 -6.6 2.2 5.4

Durables

105.740 105.962 106.174 -1.2 0.4 0.2

Services

274.459 275.247 275.973 2.0 0.6 0.3

Rent of shelter (2)

259.585 260.370 260.998 2.6 0.5 0.2

Transportation services

295.273 295.789 296.699 1.8 0.5 0.3

Other services

329.565 330.888 332.058 1.7 0.8 0.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

212.075 211.847 213.282 0.2 0.6 0.7

All items less food

220.340 220.295 222.095 0.4 0.8 0.8

All items less shelter

214.900 214.473 216.216 -0.4 0.6 0.8

Commodities less food

144.511 143.374 146.546 -3.5 1.4 2.2

Nondurables

208.046 206.289 209.582 -2.1 0.7 1.6

Nondurables less food

179.932 177.175 183.807 -4.8 2.2 3.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

217.696 211.880 222.168 -5.9 2.1 4.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

306.664 307.502 308.376 1.5 0.6 0.3

Services less medical care services

258.377 259.060 259.722 1.8 0.5 0.3

Energy

169.831 161.307 173.728 -11.6 2.3 7.7

All items less energy

231.350 232.074 232.431 1.6 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

230.318 231.263 231.855 1.7 0.7 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

144.964 145.862 146.051 -0.4 0.7 0.1

Energy commodities

165.933 147.858 176.121 -19.0 6.1 19.1

Services less energy services

286.596 287.547 288.421 2.5 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.406 217.002 218.761 0.1 0.6 0.8

All items (December 1977=100)

351.594 350.941 353.785      

Food and beverages

241.307 240.951 239.989 0.5 -0.5 -0.4

Food

241.015 240.570 239.513 0.4 -0.6 -0.4

Food at home

231.145 230.355 228.384 -0.7 -1.2 -0.9

Food away from home

259.032 259.306 260.146 2.5 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

244.304 245.408 245.996 1.4 0.7 0.2

Housing

208.964 209.482 209.859 1.5 0.4 0.2

Shelter

241.844 242.636 243.086 2.5 0.5 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

252.081 252.973 253.145 2.7 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

238.818 239.532 239.862 2.5 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

238.820 239.534 239.861 2.5 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

210.607 210.129 210.408 -2.6 -0.1 0.1

Household energy

172.874 172.252 171.760 -4.6 -0.6 -0.3

Energy services (1)

178.924 178.226 177.673 -4.0 -0.7 -0.3

Electricity (1)

196.188 195.083 195.335 0.4 -0.4 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

139.096 139.151 137.209 -14.4 -1.4 -1.4

Household furnishings and operations

113.211 113.594 113.835 -0.3 0.6 0.2

Apparel

113.929 115.258 115.538 -1.7 1.4 0.2

Transportation

181.247 177.526 185.173 -4.9 2.2 4.3

Private transportation

177.641 173.913 181.634 -5.1 2.2 4.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.099 98.841 99.477 -0.2 1.4 0.6

New vehicles

144.190 144.582 144.213 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

143.507 145.015 147.239 -0.4 2.6 1.5

Motor fuel

165.692 146.423 176.242 -19.0 6.4 20.4

Gasoline (all types)

164.562 145.317 175.295 -18.8 6.5 20.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

158.866 139.683 169.849 -19.9 6.9 21.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

193.747 174.560 206.631 -15.5 6.6 18.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

189.441 171.138 196.371 -12.4 3.7 14.7

Medical Care

466.316 468.582 469.981 3.4 0.8 0.3

Medical care commodities

366.005 369.033 369.153 2.3 0.9 0.0

Medical care services

497.385 499.356 501.198 3.8 0.8 0.4

Professional services

401.087 402.160 402.541 3.6 0.4 0.1

Recreation (3)

113.315 114.165 114.733 0.2 1.3 0.5

Education and communication (3)

132.671 132.209 132.292 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

450.972 451.919 453.042 2.4 0.5 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

217.406 217.002 218.761 0.1 0.6 0.8

Commodities

175.493 173.990 176.830 -2.2 0.8 1.6

Commodities less food & beverages

144.058 142.150 146.399 -4.1 1.6 3.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

181.446 176.450 185.478 -6.1 2.2 5.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

223.470 214.891 228.936 -7.4 2.4 6.5

Durables

107.546 107.992 108.512 -1.0 0.9 0.5

Services

267.013 267.765 268.419 1.9 0.5 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

240.189 240.957 241.433 2.6 0.5 0.2

Transportation services

295.558 296.807 297.099 2.2 0.5 0.1

Other services

305.329 306.217 307.478 1.4 0.7 0.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.866 207.359 209.132 -0.1 0.6 0.9

All items less food

212.896 212.501 214.705 0.0 0.8 1.0

All items less shelter

211.060 210.225 212.470 -0.8 0.7 1.1

Commodities less food

147.024 145.173 149.361 -3.9 1.6 2.9

Nondurables

211.209 208.398 212.709 -2.6 0.7 2.1

Nondurables less food

184.632 179.937 188.549 -5.7 2.1 4.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

223.618 215.824 228.765 -6.7 2.3 6.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

271.488 272.155 272.941 1.3 0.5 0.3

Services less medical care services

251.781 252.456 253.036 1.7 0.5 0.2

Energy

168.830 159.565 173.126 -12.0 2.5 8.5

All items less energy

225.128 225.775 226.145 1.5 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

222.160 223.008 223.644 1.7 0.7 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.090 148.833 149.248 -0.2 0.8 0.3

Energy commodities

166.562 148.184 176.686 -19.1 6.1 19.2

Services less energy services

278.666 279.597 280.401 2.5 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, April 14, 2016