Mountain-Plains Information Office

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13-1558-KAN

Thursday, August 1, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Salt Lake City, May 2012


Workers in the Salt Lake City Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.51 in May 2012, slightly below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 5 of the 22 major occupational groups, including sales and related, transportation and material moving, and personal care and service. Thirteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including life, physical, and social science; computer and mathematical; and management.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including office and administrative support, construction and extraction, and computer and mathematical. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including food preparation and serving related; education, training, and library; and personal care and service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Salt Lake City Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Salt Lake City United States Salt Lake City Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.01 $21.51* -2

Management

4.9 4.9 52.20 48.25* -8

Business and financial operations

4.9 5.3* 33.44 30.49* -9

Computer and mathematical

2.7 3.4* 38.55 34.12* -11

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.2* 37.98 35.11* -8

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.8* 32.87 28.15* -14

Community and social services

1.4 1.0* 21.27 20.40* -4

Legal

0.8 0.9* 47.39 45.36 -4

Education, training, and library

6.4 5.2* 24.62 21.33* -13

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.6* 26.20 22.79* -13

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.9 5.0* 35.35 36.03 2

Healthcare support

3.0 2.3* 13.36 12.62* -6

Protective service

2.5 2.4 20.70 18.37* -11

Food preparation and serving related

8.9 7.1* 10.28 10.46 2

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 3.1* 12.34 11.25* -9

Personal care and service

2.9 1.9* 11.80 12.49* 6

Sales and related

10.6 11.1 18.26 19.98* 9

Office and administrative support

16.4 19.8* 16.54 15.66* -5

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 11.65 14.56* 25

Construction and extraction

3.8 5.6* 21.61 19.69* -9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.9 21.09 21.66* 3

Production

6.6 6.1* 16.59 16.45 -1

Transportation and material moving

6.7 6.5 16.15 17.58* 9

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Salt Lake City is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—office and administrative support—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Salt Lake City had 122,960 jobs in office and administrative support, accounting for 19.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 16.4-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $15.66, measurably below the national wage of $16.54.

With employment of 22,670, customer service representatives was the largest occupation within the office and administrative support group, followed by general office clerks (14,680) and secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (10,110). Among the higher paying jobs were postal service mail carriers and postal service clerks, with mean hourly wages of $25.78 and $24.15, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service ($10.42) and hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks ($10.55). (Detailed occupational data for office and administrative support are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_41620.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Salt Lake City Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the office and administrative support group. For instance, data entry keyers were employed at 2.3 times the national rate in Salt Lake City, and customer service representatives at 2.1 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks had a location quotient of 1.0 in Salt Lake City, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Utah Department of Workforce Services.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Salt Lake City Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Salt Lake City Metropolitan Statistical Area included 4,594 establishments with a response rate of 76 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical includes Salt Lake, Summit, and Tooele Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro7. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Salt Lake City Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Office and Administrative Support Occupations

122,9601.2$15.66$32,580

First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers

8,9701.423.4848,850

Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service

3300.613.2427,550

Telephone Operators

2504.912.2425,460

Bill and Account Collectors

2,6101.417.3636,100

Billing and Posting Clerks

1,9800.916.1333,540

Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

7,3201.016.4134,130

Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks

6700.818.2938,050

Procurement Clerks

4201.317.4136,210

Tellers

2,6701.011.3023,500

Financial Clerks, All Other

(5)(5)16.7934,910

Brokerage Clerks

2901.020.6342,910

Correspondence Clerks

(5)(5)18.3738,210

Court, Municipal, and License Clerks

4300.715.1531,510

Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks

3701.517.0935,540

Customer Service Representatives

22,6702.115.0431,280

Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs

7301.217.6036,610

File Clerks

6500.913.4828,050

Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks

1,0300.910.5521,950

Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan

9901.112.9326,890

Library Assistants, Clerical

3700.810.7722,400

Loan Interviewers and Clerks

1,5901.716.4934,300

New Accounts Clerks

1500.613.9228,960

Order Clerks

1,1701.214.3329,810

Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping

5700.917.0635,480

Receptionists and Information Clerks

4,9101.112.0725,110

Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks

3,9006.015.5932,430

Information and Record Clerks, All Other

4900.618.7338,960

Cargo and Freight Agents

(5)(5)14.1729,470

Couriers and Messengers

3400.911.2223,340

Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers

4601.016.7734,880

Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance

1,0901.218.4938,460

Meter Readers, Utilities

1000.522.6047,010

Postal Service Clerks

2100.624.1550,230

Postal Service Mail Carriers

8900.625.7853,620

Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators

5300.823.2248,310

Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks

1,4201.122.1246,010

Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks

3,2601.014.2829,690

Stock Clerks and Order Fillers

8,0100.911.6024,120

Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping

4201.315.1431,500

Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants

4,5401.221.2844,270

Legal Secretaries

1,0301.019.2239,990

Medical Secretaries

2,2400.914.7030,580

Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive

10,1101.015.6332,510

Computer Operators

5001.515.1031,410

Data Entry Keyers

2,2702.314.8730,920

Word Processors and Typists

2800.614.1929,520

Desktop Publishers

500.618.0937,630

Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks

1,6101.516.3033,900

Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service

6501.310.4221,670

Office Clerks, General

14,6801.112.7526,520

Office Machine Operators, Except Computer

3501.112.3425,660

Proofreaders and Copy Markers

2103.815.3331,880

Statistical Assistants

701.019.0139,530

Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other

6800.615.3431,900

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Salt Lake City, UT, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_41620.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

Last Modified Date: August 1, 2013

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