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14-1558-SAN August 19, 2014

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Consumer Price Index, Honolulu – First Half 2014

Area prices up 0.5 percent over the past six months, up 1.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the greater Honolulu area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.5 percent in the first half of 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that this latest six-month increase was influenced by higher prices for food, electricity, rent of primary residence, and recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, six-month-to-six-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.1 percent. (See chart 1.) Energy prices advanced 0.6 percent, mainly due to an increase in the price of electricity. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent over the year.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Honolulu, Second half 2010-First half 2014

 

Food

Food prices advanced 0.7 percent in the first half of 2014. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.6 percent for the past six months. Prices for food away from home increased 0.5 percent for the same period.

For the year ending in the first half of 2014, food prices rose 1.1 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 2.4 percent during the past 12 months, and prices for food at home increased 0.6 percent.

Energy

Energy prices increased 2.6 percent since the second half of 2013, strongly influenced by a 3.0 percent increase in the price of electricity. Natural gas service prices gained 5.5 percent and gasoline prices gained 1.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 0.6 percent over the year mainly due to a 2.8 percent increase in the price of electricity. Gasoline prices decreased 2.0 percent, and natural gas service prices declined 0.3 percent during the past 12 months.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent from the second half of 2013 to the first half of 2014. Among the index components, increases were recorded for recreation (1.7 percent), rent of primary residence (1.0 percent), and education and communication (1.0 percent). In contrast, lower prices were reported for apparel (-5.4 percent) during the past six months.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.2 percent. Prices increased for education and communication (2.7 percent), recreation (2.5 percent), rent of primary residence (1.4 percent), and medical care (1.4 percent). Partially offsetting the increases were lower prices for apparel (-5.9 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-2.1 percent).

Table A. Honolulu CPI-U semi-annual and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual

First Half

-1.0 0.3 0.8 2.5 2.5 3.5 1.3 2.8 1.2 1.8 0.5 1.1

Second Half

1.7 0.7 0.9 1.7 1.4 4.0 0.7 2.0 0.6 1.7    

 

CPI-W

In the first half of 2014, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 253.417, up 0.3 percent. The CPI-W increased 0.7 percent over the year.

The second half of 2014 Consumer Price Index for Honolulu is scheduled to be released mid-February 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Honolulu, HI metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Oahu County in the State of Hawaii.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Honolulu, HI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2014 from-
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

253.202 254.646 255.989 1.1 0.5

All items (1967=100)

697.058 701.033 704.730 - -

Food and beverages

250.337 251.508 252.895 1.0 0.6

Food

250.151 251.289 253.021 1.1 0.7

Food at home

255.888 253.349 257.455 0.6 1.6

Food away from home

238.991 243.411 244.746 2.4 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

250.987 252.586 248.693 -0.9 -1.5

Housing

269.213 270.557 271.656 0.9 0.4

Shelter

285.152 286.807 286.992 0.6 0.1

Rent of primary residence

281.093 282.052 284.996 1.4 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1)

295.814 297.184 296.319 0.2 -0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1)

295.814 297.184 296.319 0.2 -0.3

Fuels and utilities

361.822 365.647 372.764 3.0 1.9

Household energy

327.720 326.213 336.199 2.6 3.1

Energy services

323.087 321.536 331.319 2.5 3.0

Electricity

319.216 318.495 328.140 2.8 3.0

Utility (piped) gas service

337.828 319.212 336.870 -0.3 5.5

Household furnishings and operations

154.423 151.969 151.243 -2.1 -0.5

Apparel

119.349 118.673 112.261 -5.9 -5.4

Transportation

232.743 233.523 237.614 2.1 1.8

Private transportation

236.782 236.249 238.868 0.9 1.1

Motor fuel

330.172 318.978 323.852 -1.9 1.5

Gasoline (all types)

339.865 328.085 332.979 -2.0 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular (2)

361.351 348.933 353.670 -2.1 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (2) (3)

264.255 254.443 260.927 -1.3 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (2)

299.731 289.686 292.718 -2.3 1.0

Medical care

343.253 347.116 348.133 1.4 0.3

Recreation (4)

116.347 117.289 119.313 2.5 1.7

Education and communication (4)

138.251 140.594 141.981 2.7 1.0

Other goods and services

446.226 448.131 450.011 0.8 0.4
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

253.202 254.646 255.989 1.1 0.5

Commodities

200.687 200.516 200.215 -0.2 -0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

168.153 167.275 166.088 -1.2 -0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

214.632 212.447 210.735 -1.8 -0.8

Durables

117.098 117.645 117.045 0.0 -0.5

Services

299.462 302.237 304.968 1.8 0.9
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

248.469 249.794 251.148 1.1 0.5

All items less shelter

239.785 241.146 242.799 1.3 0.7

Commodities less food

171.426 170.629 169.359 -1.2 -0.7

Nondurables

233.924 233.430 233.276 -0.3 -0.1

Nondurables less food

216.873 214.926 213.093 -1.7 -0.9

Services less rent of shelter (1)

317.844 322.198 327.664 3.1 1.7

Services less medical care services

294.687 297.254 299.966 1.8 0.9

Energy

326.666 320.375 328.699 0.6 2.6

All items less energy

250.048 252.007 253.086 1.2 0.4

All items less food and energy

251.405 253.532 254.519 1.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(3) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 19, 2014

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News Release Information

14-1558-SAN August 19, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Honolulu – First Half 2014

Area prices up 0.5 percent over the past six months, up 1.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the greater Honolulu area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.5 percent in the first half of 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that this latest six-month increase was influenced by higher prices for food, electricity, rent of primary residence, and recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, six-month-to-six-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.1 percent. (See chart 1.) Energy prices advanced 0.6 percent, mainly due to an increase in the price of electricity. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent over the year.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Honolulu, Second half 2010-First half 2014

 

Food

Food prices advanced 0.7 percent in the first half of 2014. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.6 percent for the past six months. Prices for food away from home increased 0.5 percent for the same period.

For the year ending in the first half of 2014, food prices rose 1.1 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 2.4 percent during the past 12 months, and prices for food at home increased 0.6 percent.

Energy

Energy prices increased 2.6 percent since the second half of 2013, strongly influenced by a 3.0 percent increase in the price of electricity. Natural gas service prices gained 5.5 percent and gasoline prices gained 1.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 0.6 percent over the year mainly due to a 2.8 percent increase in the price of electricity. Gasoline prices decreased 2.0 percent, and natural gas service prices declined 0.3 percent during the past 12 months.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent from the second half of 2013 to the first half of 2014. Among the index components, increases were recorded for recreation (1.7 percent), rent of primary residence (1.0 percent), and education and communication (1.0 percent). In contrast, lower prices were reported for apparel (-5.4 percent) during the past six months.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.2 percent. Prices increased for education and communication (2.7 percent), recreation (2.5 percent), rent of primary residence (1.4 percent), and medical care (1.4 percent). Partially offsetting the increases were lower prices for apparel (-5.9 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-2.1 percent).

Table A. Honolulu CPI-U semi-annual and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual

First Half

-1.0 0.3 0.8 2.5 2.5 3.5 1.3 2.8 1.2 1.8 0.5 1.1

Second Half

1.7 0.7 0.9 1.7 1.4 4.0 0.7 2.0 0.6 1.7    

 

CPI-W

In the first half of 2014, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 253.417, up 0.3 percent. The CPI-W increased 0.7 percent over the year.

The second half of 2014 Consumer Price Index for Honolulu is scheduled to be released mid-February 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Honolulu, HI metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Oahu County in the State of Hawaii.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Honolulu, HI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2014 from-
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

253.202 254.646 255.989 1.1 0.5

All items (1967=100)

697.058 701.033 704.730 - -

Food and beverages

250.337 251.508 252.895 1.0 0.6

Food

250.151 251.289 253.021 1.1 0.7

Food at home

255.888 253.349 257.455 0.6 1.6

Food away from home

238.991 243.411 244.746 2.4 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

250.987 252.586 248.693 -0.9 -1.5

Housing

269.213 270.557 271.656 0.9 0.4

Shelter

285.152 286.807 286.992 0.6 0.1

Rent of primary residence

281.093 282.052 284.996 1.4 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1)

295.814 297.184 296.319 0.2 -0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1)

295.814 297.184 296.319 0.2 -0.3

Fuels and utilities

361.822 365.647 372.764 3.0 1.9

Household energy

327.720 326.213 336.199 2.6 3.1

Energy services

323.087 321.536 331.319 2.5 3.0

Electricity

319.216 318.495 328.140 2.8 3.0

Utility (piped) gas service

337.828 319.212 336.870 -0.3 5.5

Household furnishings and operations

154.423 151.969 151.243 -2.1 -0.5

Apparel

119.349 118.673 112.261 -5.9 -5.4

Transportation

232.743 233.523 237.614 2.1 1.8

Private transportation

236.782 236.249 238.868 0.9 1.1

Motor fuel

330.172 318.978 323.852 -1.9 1.5

Gasoline (all types)

339.865 328.085 332.979 -2.0 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular (2)

361.351 348.933 353.670 -2.1 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (2) (3)

264.255 254.443 260.927 -1.3 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (2)

299.731 289.686 292.718 -2.3 1.0

Medical care

343.253 347.116 348.133 1.4 0.3

Recreation (4)

116.347 117.289 119.313 2.5 1.7

Education and communication (4)

138.251 140.594 141.981 2.7 1.0

Other goods and services

446.226 448.131 450.011 0.8 0.4
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

253.202 254.646 255.989 1.1 0.5

Commodities

200.687 200.516 200.215 -0.2 -0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

168.153 167.275 166.088 -1.2 -0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

214.632 212.447 210.735 -1.8 -0.8

Durables

117.098 117.645 117.045 0.0 -0.5

Services

299.462 302.237 304.968 1.8 0.9
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

248.469 249.794 251.148 1.1 0.5

All items less shelter

239.785 241.146 242.799 1.3 0.7

Commodities less food

171.426 170.629 169.359 -1.2 -0.7

Nondurables

233.924 233.430 233.276 -0.3 -0.1

Nondurables less food

216.873 214.926 213.093 -1.7 -0.9

Services less rent of shelter (1)

317.844 322.198 327.664 3.1 1.7

Services less medical care services

294.687 297.254 299.966 1.8 0.9

Energy

326.666 320.375 328.699 0.6 2.6

All items less energy

250.048 252.007 253.086 1.2 0.4

All items less food and energy

251.405 253.532 254.519 1.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(3) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 19, 2014